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How can you cure hemorrhoids permanently?

Today there are several most common and effective non-surgical methods for treating hemorrhoids – infrared photocoagulation, sclerotherapy and ligation (alloying) of hemorrhoids with latex rings. Let’s look at each of them.

Infrared photocoagulation

Began to be used since 1989. Using a photocoagulator device, thermal cauterization of the hemorrhoidal vessels occurs through a light guide. The consequence of this is a decrease in blood flow, a reduction in the size of the node and its fixation to the intestinal wall. The radiation generated by the device is absolutely safe; its spectrum and intensity corresponds to a conventional incandescent lamp. During the procedure, the patient experiences a feeling of warmth in the area of ​​manipulation. The indications are only small bleeding hemorrhoids in the early stages of hemorrhoids. Sclerotherapy. Used since the beginning of the last century. The essence of the procedure is to introduce into the lumen of the hemorrhoidal node using a syringe a special drug – a sclerosant, which causes the replacement of vascular cavities with connective tissue – as if “sealing” the hemorrhoidal node, stopping the blood flow through it. Thus, bleeding disappears, previously prolapsed nodes are reduced and pulled into the anal canal. The procedure is completely painless.

Ligation of hemorrhoids

In use since 1963. An elastic rubber ring is applied to the base of the hemorrhoid using a special device, disrupting its blood supply. As a result, the hemorrhoidal node is rejected on its own after 7-10 days. The method is somewhat more painful than the previous ones. The indication for this method is large prolapsed internal hemorrhoids in the late stages of hemorrhoids.

Other methods (cryotherapy, ultrasound-guided ligation of feeding arteries, electrocoagulation) are little used due to their low effectiveness, lack of study of long-term results, or are fraught with complications.

Surgery

In advanced cases – when the nodes increasingly fall out and practically cannot be set – the patient ends up on the operating table. Surgical removal of hemorrhoids eliminates hemorrhoids forever. True, it takes quite a long time to recover after the operation – about 1,5-2 months. And it’s quite painful.

A fundamentally new approach to surgery for hemorrhoids was developed by the Italian Antonio Longo in 1993 and received his name. During the operation, the hemorrhoids themselves are not excised; only a small section of the rectal mucosa above them is removed. As a result, hemorrhoids seem to be pulled upward into the rectum, fall out less and sharply decrease in volume due to a decrease in blood flow, which leads to their desolation and overgrowth with connective tissue. Today this is the best and optimal method of surgical treatment of hemorrhoids. Typically, the operation using the Longo method lasts 15-25 minutes, while the classic removal of hemorrhoids takes at least 40 minutes. 3-4 days after the operation you can already go to work, and a week later you can play sports. Among the disadvantages of the method, one can note the insufficient study of long-term results. In addition, although short, hospitalization in a hospital is still necessary.

So, let’s summarize. It must be remembered: the absence of pronounced pain does not mean that the disease does not exist. Therefore, it is imperative to undergo periodic preventive examinations. If the problem still exists, then it is necessary to make an accurate diagnosis, of course not on your own. And, most importantly, the earlier treatment is started, the less painful and burdensome it will be. After all, it is easier and better to prevent any disease or “catch it” at an early stage than to bring yourself to a critical state, when only an unpleasant operation can cure the disease.

It is up to the patient to decide which path to choose and which method of treating hemorrhoids to ultimately give preference to – surgery or minimally traumatic treatment.

Mikhail Dmitrievich Krylov –
coloproctologist at the Scandinavian Medical Center,
Candidate of Medical Sciences, member of the Association of Coloproctologists of Russia

It must be remembered: the absence of pronounced pain does not mean that the disease does not exist. Therefore, it is imperative to undergo periodic preventive examinations. If the problem still exists, then it is necessary to make an accurate diagnosis, of course not on your own. And, most importantly, the earlier treatment is started, the less painful and burdensome it will be. After all, it is easier and better to prevent any disease or “catch it” at an early stage than to bring yourself to a critical state, when only an unpleasant operation can cure the disease.

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Doctors distinguish two types of disease – hemorrhoids can be internal and external (external). The main difference lies in the place of development of the altered nodes: in the case of the internal form of the disease, the nodes appear in the rectum, directly in its submucosal layer, and in the external form – in the perianal region or on the anus under the layer of skin. The external form is dangerous due to serious complications: if treatment is not started in time, blood clots may form, fistulas that are difficult to treat, etc.

If you have any problems with defecation, itching or pain in the anus, you should visit a proctologist. At the Medical Medical Center of the Federal Medical and Biological Agency of Russia, consultations are conducted by experienced specialists who will carefully conduct an examination, accurately determine the diagnosis and prescribe effective treatment. Here you will find the answer to the question of how to get rid of external hemorrhoids forever.

What is external hemorrhoids

When they say that external hemorrhoids are inflamed, they mean the pathology of the venous weaves. In this case, the vessels increase in size, dilate, lumps appear on them, and normal functioning is disrupted, as the valves are weakened.

Placing the nodes under the skin (next to the anal sphincter) rather than under the mucous membrane minimizes the occurrence of bleeding. At the same time, exacerbations of the disease are accompanied by more severe pain. These are two important differences from the internal form.

Causes of the disease

A genetic predisposition to the disease means that having it in relatives increases the likelihood of problems with venous vessels – expansion and weakening of their walls. That is, the main factor is heredity.

However, lifestyle and other factors also have a strong influence on the development of the disease:

When treating external hemorrhoids, it is important to reconsider your lifestyle and make the necessary changes, only then can you achieve long-term remission. Otherwise, the disease will worsen again and again.

Symptoms of external hemorrhoids

The first manifestations of the disease are subtle, but should not be ignored. At the beginning of development, the problem may manifest itself in the following symptoms:

Gradually, the sensations become brighter: discomfort during defecation is replaced by pain. If the stool is hard, it may be accompanied by slight bleeding.

If the disease enters the acute stage, then swollen nodes are already detected. They can be noticed during examination and palpated. The patient may also experience pain while sitting or going to the toilet.

Attention! You should not self-diagnose and choose treatment based on the description of your symptoms. You can not only miss the initial moment of the disease, but also harm yourself. The first thing that is best to do in case of external hemorrhoids is to consult a specialist. Proctologists of the Medical Center of the Federal Medical and Biological Agency of Russia have extensive experience in helping with delicate problems and will help you restore good health.

What are the dangers of external hemorrhoids – complications

Having learned that with the external form of the disease there is no rectal bleeding, many people think that they can postpone treatment until later.

However, without therapy, other, no less dangerous consequences may develop:

The sooner you start treating external hemorrhoids in women and men, the less likely complications will occur.

How to identify the disease

Diagnosis of external hemorrhoids includes examination and palpation: a proctologist in the clinic immediately determines the location and size of hemorrhoids. At the same time, pain is the main signal of their presence.

However, you should not think that you can make a diagnosis yourself. The patient may incorrectly determine the form of the disease – external or external, and also confuse it with other similar problems.

Treatment of external hemorrhoids – effective methods

Important to remember! Hemorrhoids do not go away on their own, like a runny nose or ARVI.

Treatment of external hemorrhoids should begin at the first stage of the disease. Therefore, you should not delay consulting a doctor: the sooner you visit a specialist, the better.

Among the methods and regimens for the treatment of external hemorrhoids in adults, there are 3 types: conservative therapy with the use of drugs, surgery, and minimally invasive surgery.

Additionally, it may be recommended to change your lifestyle and follow a therapeutic diet.

Drug or conservative treatment of external hemorrhoids

This method is aimed at improving the patient’s health status and can be part of combination therapy.

As a rule, various creams, suppositories, ointments and gels are prescribed – the doctor selects a convenient format for a specific situation and calculates the dosage of the active substance. The drugs relieve pain, provide antiseptic, anti-inflammatory effects, tone the outflow of venous blood, etc.

Attention! Drug therapy is a sufficient way to treat external hemorrhoids in girls, women, men, and adolescents only in the early stages of the disease. In advanced cases, more effective methods are needed.

Minimally invasive methods for treating external hemorrhoids

This type of procedure allows you to cure external hemorrhoids and at the same time minimize the consequences of treatment. The recovery period will also be short.

This method is effective when drug therapy no longer helps, but it is possible to cope with inflammation of external hemorrhoids without surgery. This is an average treatment option, which is used when the disease is not very advanced.

There are 2 main methods that differ in methods and tools:

Sclerotherapy, widely used for varicose veins, has no effect on external hemorrhoids, and therefore is not used for its treatment.

How to treat external hemorrhoids: surgical method

The most radical way is surgery. Surgery is resorted to when other methods are no longer effective. This is typical for the last stages of the disease.

The following types of operations are performed: thrombectomy, hemorrhoidectomy, desarterization. In each case, the doctor determines what works best for external hemorrhoids.

Anesthesia can be general or local. As a result, the nodes themselves (bumps) are removed, as well as blood clots in the veins.

The rehabilitation period takes several weeks. At this time, it is important to minimize physical activity, adhere to a special diet, and take prescribed medications.

Traditional methods of treatment: is it worth using them?

In an effort to find the answer to whether it is possible to cure external hemorrhoids on their own in order to get rid of them forever, many patients consider traditional methods: lotions made from herbs, vinegar, onion juice, etc.

However, it is important to understand that these methods have not been proven to be effective. Some herbs can actually relieve inflammation and provide local anesthesia, but this only masks the problem. Swollen nodes and dilated vessels will not disappear anywhere.

Therefore, independently practicing traditional methods, in the hope of quick and effective treatment of external hemorrhoids, is dangerous and fraught with the development of complications. In addition, a severe allergic reaction may occur, which will worsen the condition.

Attention! Only a qualified doctor can, through examination and additional examinations, determine the patient’s condition and determine which comprehensive treatment for external hemorrhoids is best to remove the external node.

How to quickly cure external hemorrhoids during pregnancy?

When carrying a child, women may complain that symptoms of the development of the disease have appeared, as a rule, this is typical for the 3rd trimester, shortly before childbirth. The fruit becomes heavy and puts pressure on the intestines. Blood circulation is disrupted in combination with low mobility, which leads to the development of the disease.

During pregnancy, effective treatment of external hemorrhoids in women differs from the usual regimen. The fact is that many drugs that are prescribed to other patients can harm the child.

Therefore, the goals of treatment are to relieve pain and stabilize the condition, and the main therapy begins after the end of lactation. Doctors are looking for ways to safely reduce external hemorrhoids in size and quickly relieve pain.

Prevention

In order not to have to treat such an unpleasant disease as external hemorrhoids, it is important to monitor your lifestyle.

You can start with light but constant physical activity. Do a warm-up during sedentary work, take a walk during your lunch break. Walk more often: get out of transport or park your car a couple of stops before your destination.

Then take care of your diet: choose vegetables, seeds, dairy products more often, drink clean water. Reduce consumption of fast food, chips, salted fish, alcohol, cookies and sweets. Replace fried foods with baked or boiled ones, cooked in a double boiler.

External hemorrhoids are a delicate problem that prevents you from living a full life. The development of the disease is mainly associated with heredity and lifestyle characteristics. In order to get rid of external hemorrhoids, minimally invasive methods, surgery and drug therapy are used.

If you experience discomfort in the anal area, be sure to consult a proctologist. Specialists from the Siberian District Medical Center of the FMBA of Russia will listen carefully, carefully conduct an examination, determine an accurate diagnosis and prescribe the best possible and most effective treatment for external (external) hemorrhoids, so that you quickly return to good health.

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