History of use

How does synthetic stone differ from natural stone?

Often we are faced with the need to make an initial assessment of jewelry products. You walked into a store or approached a stand at a jewelry exhibition. There are many stones or decorations before your eyes. How to form a first opinion about the seller and what exactly should be avoided in such situations?

How do grown stones differ from natural ones?

  1. the totality of all shades of color,
  2. optical parameters,
  3. features of the “inner life” of a particular stone.

Such a detailed analysis requires significant experience in working with natural stones and their artificial analogues. But there are still some things within our power.

So, how to distinguish natural stone from artificial?

1. Pay attention to the cleanliness of the stone

The best advice: shine a flashlight on the stone from all sides. In natural inserts with such intense light there is often that same “inner life” that you will definitely notice. It can be:

  • spots,
  • stripes,
  • strange refractions of light,
  • cloudy areas,
  • rows of small dots,
  • cracks inside
  • areas with different saturation.

Artificial imitations are usually pure and perfect. It is rare to find large hollow bubbles, smooth cracks like in glass, or uniform milky turbidity. For the Russian market, this rule has almost no exceptions, but abroad it is already losing relevance (there, “second grade” is in use – defective crystals)

There are also exceptions to this rule; they relate, first of all, to hydrothermal stones: emerald and other beryls, sapphires and quartz, which, both in their natural form and in laboratory grown ones, can have the same internal defects.

2. Study the color of the stone

This requires experience and understanding of what colors this or that type of mineral can be. For some natural stones, it is specific to noticeably change shade when viewing angle or lighting changes. It happens that a different tone is noticeable on different faces; or when the middle of the stone is one color, and new shades are added to the edge. For example, some blue sapphires will have a violet cast, and tourmalines and tanzanites will completely change shade even with a slight change in viewing angle.

3. Pay attention to the shine and play of a particular type of mineral

Each natural stone has its own unique optical characteristics, regardless of color. With some experience, you can see when it is a natural stone and when it is an imitation. For example, the multi-colored rainbow play on the edges of topaz can be a serious cause for concern. Natural blue topaz plays only within its range: blue, indigo and their shades.

Emerald, aquamarine, ruby ​​and sapphire also cannot be iridescent.

4. Compare the size, appearance of the stone and its price

If we are talking about first-order stones, then it is natural that their natural inserts are rarely of significant size (more than 5 carats). But even kilogram cuts can be made from some synthetic materials.

Large dimensions and high purity are possible in nature, but they come with a significant price tag. About thousands and tens of thousands of dollars per carat.

If we are talking about topaz, quartz (crystal, amethyst, citrine), aquamarine, garnet and other popular, but not top stones, then the definition becomes more difficult. They can indeed be of considerable size and, moreover, defect-free. However, you should be wary if the entire batch of large stones on the counter has the same even color and play.

But all the points relate mainly to imitations, or, as they are also called, “cheap synthetics,” and are not suitable for determining the grown stone. It is better to take the grown stone to the laboratory. Sometimes serious and expensive research is required. Especially when it comes to diamonds.

On the other hand, there are some nuances: gemstones of very low quality or “deviant” shades are not usually grown. For example, orange grown sapphire is not very rich brown, while natural stones may well be very dark in color. This is due to economic infeasibility.

Natural gemstones are required to have a certificate, either individually or per batch. Upon request, a certificate can be made for absolutely any stone – even in a product. To clearly understand what you actually bought.

Thus, we see that without specific knowledge and experience it is very difficult to give an objective assessment of a specific stone. There is only a certain small list of what “certainly cannot be.” It’s also good that jewelry stores are required to indicate the origin and type of insert. All you have to do is carefully study the product tag and believe.

For more expensive and unique stones, contact a trusted supplier.

Large silver drop pendant with a large suit. mystic

Large drop pendant with a large suit. mystic

Price: 5300 3790 rubles.

Original silver pendant – pendant Boy with a dog

Silver pendant boy

Price: 3500 2390 rubles.

Silver pendant smiling cat – tadpole with enamel

Funny silver pendant with a cat theme

Price: 2590 1990 rubles.

Large silver studs with blue crystals, 1 cm

Silver balls on studs (studs) for those who love more!

Price: 990 790 rubles.

Silver pendant Caterpillar and mushroom (Alice in Wonderland), enamel and rhodium plated

Silver pendant – a creative embodiment of L. Carroll’s characters

Price: 3900 2890 rubles.

Unusual silver pendant Girl with a cat, enamel, rhodium plating

Bright original silver pendant

Price: 3500 2390 rubles.

Artificial (synthesized) stones – what are they?

Dear friends! On the Silver Discount website you will often come across the phrase “Artificial stones”. Don’t rush to get scared. In this article we will try to understand in more detail what is behind this phrase.

First of all, let’s get the terminology in order. The correct formula that deciphers this concept is here: Artificial stones = artificially grown stones = synthetic stones.

You should not think that artificial or synthetic stones are glass or trinkets that have no value. Undoubtedly, the cost of synthetic, artificially grown stones is significantly lower than real precious crystals. But only because this is the creation of human hands, and not nature. Below we will try to explain the differences between materials that cost practically nothing and artificial or synthetic stones and why this stereotype is not true.

The trick is that synthetic (artificial) stones are 100% ANALOGUE of PRECIOUS OR SEMI-PRECIOUS STONES, artificially recreated and completely repeating the chemical and molecular structure of a real stone. Or made in the image of a real stone, but with some differences in the molecular structure. At the same time, practically unchanged, such parameters as appearance, shades, transparency, durability, and the structure of the crystals themselves remain intact.

Allegedly, “artificial stones” can often be found in many simple jewelry. But in fact, these are ordinary fakes, made from simple materials (glass, plastic), nothing more. In contrast, natural artificially grown stones, which are primarily discussed in this article, retain their appearance for many years, precisely thanks to the structure obtained from their natural “ancestors”.

The most popular and valuable group of artificially grown stones can be called, of course, complete analogues of natural ones: emeralds, garnets, rubies, opals, sapphires, turquoise and pearls. Another group is crystals that do not have 100% analogues in nature – cubic zirconia, zirconium, fabulite.

How much lower is the cost of artificially synthesized stone? Is their price always several times lower than the real, precious one? To begin with, we can take synthetic diamond as an example. The original crystal structure of a real diamond is so difficult to “copy” that an artificial one grown in a laboratory, in fact, differs from the real one only in the speed of production. And the cost of such synthesized diamonds is often comparable to the price of real ones.

Another example is emerald. This stone, recreated in unnatural conditions, very often costs only about half of the real, natural one. The price of other stones may differ from the prices of the “originals” by 10, 20, 50 or even 100 times. The size of the stone, the quality of the imitation, and the cut also play a role in this case. Superbly crafted artificial crystals are exhibited in museums and cost incredible amounts of money.

It is worth especially noting the stones, often called “Organic”, i.e. created by living organisms. For example, the same artificial pearls. Created in laboratory conditions, in this case, has almost no value; it can be safely attributed to the group of fakes. The technology for producing “real” artificial pearls has not changed for centuries and is a process that 100% replicates the maturation of pearls in natural conditions. Those. A small ball is implanted into the shell of a mollusk, which over time becomes covered with the same natural iridescent layers as a real pearl that accidentally fell into the same shell in the form of a grain of sand. At the same time, the ripening period for an average-sized artificial pearl is about 5-6 years.

Can synthetic stones be called fakes? Only under one condition – if the artificially grown stone is passed off as real. The creation of artificial stones is in no way a substitution, but only an opportunity for an alternative choice. If you doubt the natural origin of a stone, do not hesitate to contact a stone specialist. An experienced gemologist will always distinguish two similar crystals from each other based on various signs: minor manufacturing defects, microscopic bubbles not visible to the naked eye, cloudiness, unnatural microcracks in the stone, or, conversely, the complete absence of any flaws or foreign inclusions. The latter is one of the most basic differences between artificially recreated stone. Taking their forms under a certain temperature and pressure in laboratory conditions under the strict supervision of specialists, without experiencing movements of the earth’s crust over centuries, exposure to different temperatures and groundwater, mass synthetic stones are recreated under the same conditions, which practically eliminates the unique differences between one and the other.

The same fact (mass production and the lack of uniqueness of each stone), despite a similar or 100% repeating structure, often minimizes the very sense of value of the stone. Despite the beauty and perfect appearance. The absence of the mystery of origin, the centuries-old trials that befell a real crystal, invisible energy, original and unique inclusions – all this, on the one hand, makes synthetic stones less valuable in our eyes and at the same time inexorably increases the value of real precious stones.

But one thing is for sure – a good artificially grown stone will serve you faithfully, causing the admiration of others and delighting you for many years. Moreover, more than one generation of your children will delight with its natural shine. And the choice is always yours!

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