Rare and valuable minerals

How does the smell of hyacinth affect a person?

Flowers can bring coziness to your home and decorate any interior, complementing it with exquisite colors and a wonderful aroma. This category includes hyacinth, thanks to which your home will be filled with celebration. But do not forget that excessive passion for this plant can affect the health of people and animals living in the same area as you. Hyacinth is a strongly aromatic plant, the smell of which can be dangerous for some categories of people suffering from allergic asthma, an attack of which can be triggered by being near this flower.

Is hyacinth poisonous or not?

There are many beautiful plants in nature, but despite their beauty, not every one is safe for human health and pets. Their leaves, flowers, and roots contain substances that can cause poisoning of varying severity. And yet, is hyacinth poisonous or not? Yes! Hyacinth belongs to the category of poisonous plants, since its bulbs are rich in oxalic acid and accidental ingestion of them can cause severe poisoning. Dermatitis may occur upon contact with sensitive skin. If the bulb of this plant is eaten by a child, he will suffer severe poisoning, including vomiting and diarrhea. You also need to be very careful with the leaves and flowers of the plant and under no circumstances eat them. If your hands come into contact with the bulb, you should immediately wash them with soap.

The smell of hyacinth: harm and benefit

Hyacinth has a rich and bright aroma that can easily cause headaches, migraines and high blood pressure even in a healthy person. Could you be allergic to hyacinth? Yes! It can provoke an asthma attack, so it is not advisable to plant this flower if there are people in the house with a predisposition to asthma or allergies. But the reaction of each asthmatic and allergy sufferer to this smell is strictly individual; not everyone reacts to it.
But this does not mean that it is absolutely forbidden to have it in an apartment; on the contrary, the smell of this plant has a beneficial effect on the body: it calms the nervous system, stimulates creative activity, and lifts the mood.

What does hyacinth smell like?

Hyacinth has a slightly sharp, rich aroma. Many people associate it with spring, the smell of water and the awakening of nature. People call hyacinth the “flower of rain”; with its aroma it personifies the atmosphere of pre-storm calm. It’s worth adding that not everyone likes it, but there is a category of people who simply adore it. Different varieties of hyacinths have different shades of aroma, for example, raspberry-colored varieties have a predominant sweetness, while purple varieties have a cold-bitter hue. Moreover, the warmer the room where the plant is located, the richer the aroma.

Can hyacinth give you a headache?

As mentioned earlier, the scent of hyacinth affects everyone differently. It is quite difficult for people suffering from migraines, high blood pressure, asthmatics and allergy sufferers. When flowering, hyacinth releases essential oils into the air, which are not always beneficial for people and are irritants, which subsequently leads to headaches and migraines, since the body cannot resist the aromatic attack.

Allergy to hyacinth: symptoms

  • swelling of the nasal mucosa and profuse runny nose;
  • itching and burning in the nose, which leads to frequent sneezing;
  • the eyes become red, itchy, and watery;
  • headache;
  • sore throat, difficulty breathing;
  • increased body temperature;
  • severe itching all over the body and the appearance of a reddish small rash.

If, when moving away from the object of irritation, the symptoms do not go away, but continue to intensify, this can cause Quincke’s edema, anaphylactic shock, or even death. Therefore, if you have appropriate symptoms, call an ambulance or consult a doctor.

A similar situation is possible not only in relation to adults, but also to children; they can also react to hyacinth in a similar way. Children’s complaints about discomfort, which may arise at the initial stage, and if ignored, lead to serious consequences, should not be neglected.

Is it possible to keep hyacinth in the bedroom?

Some housewives like to plant greenery throughout the entire apartment, including the bedroom. It is better to remove all the plants that are in it away from the bed and, before “settling” them in the bedroom, you should make sure that they are not poisonous and do not cause allergic reactions, since this does not always reflect well on the external atmosphere of the bedroom premises.

Many people grow hyacinth not only in the living room, but also in other rooms: is it possible to keep it in the bedroom? You can, but remember: everything is good in moderation, you can take the flower out to the balcony or into another room for a while, or just ventilate it and do not leave the plant in the bedroom overnight.

It should be borne in mind that hyacinth has a bright and rich aroma and encourages action rather than relaxation. It can trigger an attack in asthmatics or allergy sufferers, as well as cause headaches and increased blood pressure. Therefore, under no circumstances place the plant in the bedroom.

Hyacinth for cats

All owners of cats and cats constantly face the problem of furry pets spoiling potted plants, and even worse, trying to fang them or simply devouring some species. This may be due to a lack of vitamins and minerals in the animal’s body. The result of this behavior can be the death of the flower, but there is another side: some varieties of indoor plants are poisonous not only to animals, but also to people. If a cat comes into contact with it, it can become poisoned and even die. Not only the leaves can be poisonous, but also the soil in which the plant grows. Hyacinths have a dangerous bulb that is very toxic. The harmful substances contained in it can cause the animal to salivate, vomit and diarrhea. Therefore, when planting hyacinths in a house where a furry pest lives, be extremely careful and place them in places inaccessible to the animal.

Hyacinth is a perennial bulbous plant. Thanks to its large, bright inflorescences and wonderful aroma, hyacinth has found wide application in modern floriculture; it is grown both in open ground and indoors, and is used for cutting and forcing.

Table of contents

  • Application
  • Classification
  • Botanical description
  • Distribution
  • Procurement of raw materials
  • Chemical composition
  • Pharmacological properties
  • Application in folk medicine
  • Historical information

Flower formula

Hyacinth flower formula: *O3+3 T3+3 P1.

In medicine

Hyacinth is not used in official medicine and is not listed in the State Pharmacopoeia. The plant is poisonous and is used in folk medicine in some countries, as well as in traditional Chinese and Indian medicine. It is known that hyacinth oil also has some medicinal properties, which has also found use in traditional medicine in Asian countries.

Contraindications and side effects

All parts of hyacinth are poisonous! Experts recommend refraining from using this plant for medicinal purposes. Taking the plant is strictly contraindicated for pregnant women, nursing mothers and children. It is important to remember that the hyacinth plant, as well as herbal preparations made on its basis, can cause severe poisoning, accompanied by vomiting, stomach upset, weakness, loss of consciousness, and convulsions. Hyacinth essential oil is also toxic and should not be taken orally!

In perfumery and cosmetology

Hyacinth essential oil is widely used in the perfume and cosmetics industry and is included in high-end French perfumes. Oriental and floral perfumes are also flavored with hyacinth oil.

Hyacinth oil is added to various creams and face masks; it moisturizes dry and aging skin, increases firmness and elasticity, rejuvenates, eliminates fine wrinkles, tones and nourishes the skin.

In gardening

Hyacinth is a favorite of almost all gardeners and landscape designers due to its decorative appearance and rich color range. Hyacinths are not only beautiful and spectacular, they are also popular because they bloom in early spring, when most plants are still dormant.

The species of greatest value for gardening is the Eastern Hyacinth (Hyacintus orientalis), which is the ancestor of all existing garden forms and varieties of hyacinth. A characteristic feature of hyacinth is its curly inflorescence.

Based on color, hyacinths are divided into 6 groups: white, pink, red, blue and light blue, purple and lilac, yellow and orange. Within each color there are simple and double varieties. At the same time, breeders do not stop there and are constantly looking for new shades of different colors. For example, there are already types of hyacinths with black flowers.

For successful cultivation of hyacinths, soil fertility, permeability and drainage are very important. The bulbs are planted in the fall, right before frost, mulched with straw or covered with spruce on top. In spring, the covering material is removed shortly before the end of frost, and the young shoots are shaded for some time. At the end of summer, the bulbs are dug up, dried in the shade in the fresh air in a warm place (this is necessary for sufficient ripening of the bulbs for the next season) and stored in a dry place, in the sand, until autumn planting in the ground or until forcing. Hyacinths are propagated by both seeds and bulbs. Propagation by seeds is a rather lengthy process, since hyacinths grown from seeds bloom only in the fifth or sixth year. This method is used by breeders to obtain new varieties.

Hyacinths can be grown in open ground in central Russia, although this is difficult due to the low winter hardiness of the plants. It is advisable to cover hyacinth bulbs with fallen leaves or sawdust, since not all varieties can withstand severe frosty winters.

In other areas

The distillation of hyacinths

Year-round cultivation of hyacinths in pots is called “forcing.” Preparation of the plant for forcing begins in the summer, at the time of collecting and storing the bulbs. The bulbs are dug up after the leaves have dried, sorted, washed, dried in the shade in a draft and placed in storage. For forcing, select absolutely healthy, heavy, dense, medium-sized (but not less than 6 cm in diameter) bulbs. During the forcing process, hyacinth needs to artificially create an autumn-winter period, during which the synthesis and accumulation of substances that affect the growth of shoots in the bulbs occurs. Therefore, planting material is cooled for a long time in the dark at a temperature not exceeding +9°C. However, hyacinth bulbs prepared for forcing should be cooled only after a long period of dormancy, after the flower buds have formed. If this condition is not met, the plant will develop “blind” buds.

Also, hyacinth bulbs prepared in advance for forcing (that is, those that have undergone a cooling period) can be purchased in specialized stores or garden centers. With timely and correct forcing of the bulbs in the fall, it is quite possible to decorate your home with fresh fragrant hyacinths for Christmas or New Year.

You can grow hyacinths even in water using simple hydroponics. For this, specially shaped vases or glasses are usually used. Water (preferably soft or rain) is poured into the lower part until the container narrows. The onion is placed in the upper part so that it almost touches the water, but does not submerge in it. Then they proceed in the same way as during normal forcing: the containers with the bulbs are taken to a dry, dark, cool place, and the water is changed every two weeks. The bulbs should eventually send out abundant roots from the edges of the bottom into the water. After this, the hyacinths are taken into a bright room, placed on the windows, the plants begin to grow and bloom.

In other areas

The smell of dried hyacinth petals repels moths and dust mites; for this, flower petals are laid out in fabric bags and placed in cabinets. The smoke from burning dry hyacinth petals will get rid of annoying mosquitoes.

Classification

Hyacinth (lat. Hyacínthus) is a genus of plants of the Asparagus family (lat. Asparagaceae). Previously, it was allocated to its own family Hyacinths (lat. Hyacinthaceae) or included in the Liliaceae family (lat. Liliaceae). Until recently, it was believed that there were about 30 species and 500 varieties of hyacinths. But after the reorganization of classifications in botany, most of the species were transferred to another genus. Now only three types of hyacinths are classified: oriental hyacinth (Latin Hyacinthus orientalis), Litvinov hyacinth (Latin Hyacinthus litwinowii) and Transcaspian hyacinth (Latin Hyacinthus transcaspicus), these species are the basis for the cultivation of countless varieties and varieties of the plant.

Botanical description

Hyacinth is a perennial herbaceous bulbous plant with a height of 20 to 40 cm. The leaves of hyacinth are basal, narrow, linear, grooved, succulent, bright green, from 16 to 20 cm in length, from 1 to 1,5 cm in width. They grow 4-8 pieces on one plant.

The flowers are located on a leafless, fleshy peduncle. Formed into a brush in the form of a spike – a sultan. The flowers are very fragrant, the perianth is in the shape of a bell-shaped funnel, the segments of which are almost equal in length to the tube, crescent-shaped or deflected. Single-row stamens are attached to the middle of the tube, located on short pedicels in the axils of the bracts. The inflorescences of wild hyacinth are blue; in cultivated varieties, the color can be varied: the flowers are blue, lilac, light blue, red, pink, yellow, white, simple and double in shape. The formula of the hyacinth flower is *O3+3 T3+3 P1.

The fruit is a fleshy three-locular capsule of almost spherical shape, containing two seeds in a nest with a fragile peel.

The storage organ is a bulb, round and cone-shaped, with a diameter of 3 to 6 cm. It consists of succulent, open storage leaf and lower scales. The outer scales are filmy, dry, and varied in color. Plants with blue, light blue and violet flowers have purple flowers, plants with white flowers have light gray flowers, and plants with pink flowers have lilac flowers. In the corners of green leaves, other, weaker baby bulbs often form, which can also be separated and planted, but they will bloom only after a few years.

Distribution

The Middle East is considered the homeland of hyacinth. From there, hyacinth came to Turkey, where it gained great popularity, and then was brought to Europe, first to Austria, then to Holland.

Under natural conditions, about 30 wild species are found, widespread in the Mediterranean basin, in Asia Minor and Central Asia.

Regions of distribution on the map of Russia.

Procurement of raw materials

The part used includes hyacinth flowers, which are collected during their flowering. The flowers are carefully collected and laid out on pallets, after which they are placed in a place protected from sunlight and well ventilated. Raw materials should be turned over daily to prevent dampness, which can cause mold growth.

When the flowers have dried well, they are placed in a linen bag and stored in a dry place. The shelf life of dried hyacinth is two years, after which the healing properties of the plant are lost.

Essential oil is also obtained from hyacinth flowers by liquid extraction of the plant with petroleum ether. To obtain 1 kg of essential oil, about 5000 kg of raw materials are processed.

Chemical composition

The chemical composition of the plant has not been sufficiently studied, however, science knows that hyacinth oil contains cinnamic, benzyl, phenylethyl and heptyl alcohols and the corresponding aldehydes, eugenol, methyl eugenol and dimethylhydroquinone, a number of esters, heptanol-1, benzaldehyde, osnanthol, cinnamaldehyde, and also methyl ester of methoxybenzoic and methylanthranilic acid.

Pharmacological properties

Hyacinth essential oil has antiseptic, bactericidal, anti-inflammatory, balsamic, sedative and astringent properties.

Hyacinth oil is used as a disinfectant for wounds, cuts, and bites. It has analgesic properties in the treatment of catarrhal, purulent and ulcerative skin lesions. Hyacinth oil relieves pain from stretch marks and physical injuries, relieves muscle cramps and migraine headaches.

The amazing floral aroma and relaxing properties of hyacinth oil are widely used in aromatherapy to get rid of neuroses and psychological disorders, calm the nervous system, relieve insomnia and improve sleep.

Application in folk medicine

In some countries, hyacinth is used in folk medicine to treat infections, as well as as an analgesic, wound healing and even rejuvenating agent. An alcohol tincture is prepared from hyacinth, which helps with joint pain; for this purpose, it is rubbed on the affected area several times a day.

Hyacinth essential oil has been popular since ancient Greece, where it was considered an excellent “refreshing and sobering” remedy.

This oil also plays a special role in traditional Chinese and ancient Indian medicine. In the old days, in eastern countries, this oil was considered feminine, since it had the property of restoring the natural hormonal balance of the female body, thereby regulating the menstrual cycle, relieving women of menstrual pain, cramps, tension, and PMS symptoms. Often this oil was used to get rid of frigidity and to stimulate women’s sexual desire.

Indoor hyacinth is useful for growing for people prone to unexpected mood swings and depression. White hyacinths help increase emotional tone, give a state of lightness and inspiration. Hyacinths of dark purple, pink and burgundy colors help fight laziness and apathy. However, it is better not to place hyacinths in the room of a sick person, as their strong smell excites the nervous system.

Historical information

The hyacinth flower is named after a character in ancient Greek myths. Hyacinth, a young man of extraordinary beauty, was the lover of Apollo. When Apollo taught him to throw the discus, the god of the wind, who was also in love with him (in different versions of the myth, Zephyr or Boreas), out of jealousy, directed the discus thrown by Apollo at Hyacinth’s head. The young man died, and then Apollo created a flower of extraordinary beauty from his blood.

The word “hyacinth” appeared in Russian at the beginning of the 18th century; it came from the German language. The Germans took this word from the Romans, where the flower was called hyacinthus – “cinquefoil” for the shape of the leaves, reminiscent of this military weapon.

In India, the word hyacinth means “flower of the rains,” as it bloomed during this season. Until now, Indian beauties decorate their holiday hairstyles with multi-colored fragrant hyacinth arrows. According to Indian tradition, this fragrant flower, and only white, is also necessarily woven into the groom’s wreath.

In Eastern countries, the word hyacinth means “Guria curls.” The great Uzbek poet of the 15th century Alisher Navoi wrote:

“The tangle of black curls will only be scattered by a comb,

And the hyacinths will fall in a stream onto the roses of the cheeks.”

Hyacinth came to Western Europe, more precisely, to Vienna, only in the second half of the 17th century. Here it was cultivated by a limited circle of inveterate flower lovers. He became a public property only after he got to Harlem, quite by accident, on a Genoese ship broken by a storm off the coast of Holland. From cargo crates floating along the shore, hyacinth bulbs that had fallen out were washed ashore, took root, sprouted and bloomed. Flower aficionados – the Dutch – immediately paid attention to them and, amazed by their extraordinary beauty and wonderful smell, began to cultivate them, cross them and thus obtained a huge variety of varieties that delight us to this day.

More than two centuries have passed since then, but hyacinth still remains a favorite flower in Holland. And now, outstanding gardening companies organize annual so-called “ceremonial fields” – gardens of blooming hyacinths, located in tent-covered rooms. A huge number of people come there to admire these wonderful flowers.

Thanks to this kind of exhibitions, the number of new varieties is increasing every year. Of the once 40 varieties, their number now reaches about 2000. And not a year goes by without several new ones being added.

There is also a myth about the propagation of hyacinth. Once the famous gardener Boucher tried to quickly propagate hyacinth, but he did not succeed. But one day an ordinary mouse got to the hyacinth bulb and gnawed the bottom out of it. Babies appeared on this bulb, which accidentally sat until planting. Since then, to obtain children, they began to cut out the bottom of the bulb, or cut the planting material crosswise.

Hyacinth was brought to Russia from Holland in 1730 and received well-deserved recognition mainly as a flower for Christmas, New Year and Easter.

Literature

1. Beketov A. N. Hyacinth, plants // Encyclopedic Dictionary of Brockhaus and Efron: in 86 volumes (82 volumes and 4 additional). – St. Petersburg, 1890-1907.

2. Petrenko N.A. Early spring small-bulbous plants in the home garden. Printing house VIR, 1996.

3. Ryzhenkova Yu.I. Hyacinths. SME Publishing House, 2005.

  1. Cutting L. Flowers. Bulbous and corm plants. Publishing house Sir – Vit, 1997.

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