Geological classification

How many diamonds are in the imperial crown?

on the mirror field of the disk there is a relief image of the State Emblem of the Russian Federation, above it along the edge there is an inscription in a semicircle: “RUSSIAN FEDERATION”, framed on both sides by double rhombuses, below under the coat of arms: on the left – designations of the precious metal and alloy sample, on the right – the content of chemically pure metal and the trademark of the mint, in the lower center in three lines – the inscription: “BANK OF RUSSIA”, coin denomination: “3 RUBLES”, year of issue: “2016”.

Reverse

in the center of the disk there is an image of the Great Imperial Crown against the background of elements of traditional Russian ornament, at the top along the edge there is the inscription: “DIAMOND FUND OF RUSSIA”.

Authors

Artists: E.V. Kramskaya (obverse), A.D. Shchablykin (reverse).
Sculptor: A.A. Dolgopolova (obverse, reverse).
Mintage: St. Petersburg Mint (SPMD).
Edge design: 300 corrugations.

Historical and thematic information

Series: Diamond Fund of Russia Diamond Fund of Russia Part Number: 5111-0341 The Diamond Fund of the Russian Federation is a collection of works of jewelry art from the 18th-20th centuries, rare precious stones, gold and platinum nuggets of great historical and scientific significance and enormous material value. The Diamond Fund exhibition is located on the territory of the Moscow Kremlin and is managed by the Gokhran of Russia. The formation of the collection began in the first half of the 1719th century, when Peter I decided to create a state repository of valuables, which primarily included coronation regalia. According to the regulations of the Chamber College, approved in XNUMX by the emperor, valuable and significant objects were separated “as things belonging to the state” and were stored in the rentere (treasury) – a chest behind three locks. Only by the will of the sovereign, officials gathered together could obtain precious objects and present them to the royal court for solemn ceremonies. Throughout the reign of the Romanov dynasty, the treasury was replenished with jewelry. In the fifties of the twentieth century, the collection was replenished with a number of large domestic diamonds and works by modern jewelers. The unique exhibits of the Diamond Fund include seven world-famous precious stones. These are three diamonds and four gems with a rich and unusual history. The largest and most famous of them is the Orlov diamond, which adorned the scepter of Catherine II in 1774. The smoothly polished golden surface of the scepter is intercepted by diamond rims, the handle is embossed with flutes (vertical grooves), enhancing the play of chiaroscuro. The scepter is completed by a cast gold double-headed eagle – the coat of arms of the Russian Empire, decorated with black enamel and diamonds. The precious stone decorating the scepter was found in India at the end of the 189,62th – beginning of the 1773th century; after processing, the weight of the stone was XNUMX carats. The diamond was purchased in Amsterdam from a Persian merchant by the court jeweler I. Lazarev. According to one version, the stone was bought from Lazarev by Count G.G. Orlov and in XNUMX presented to Catherine II. For the coronation of Empress Catherine II in 1762, the court jeweler Georg Friedrich Eckart and master Jeremiah Pozier created the Great Imperial Crown. The Crown of the Russian Empire is decorated with 4936 diamonds and the most famous of the crown’s gems, a rich ruby-colored spinel weighing 398,72 carats. The stone was purchased in 1676 from the Chinese Emperor Kangxi. The famous jewelry insert originally adorned the imperial headdress of Elizabeth Petrovna. For a long time, the precious stone was mistaken for a huge ruby, and only at the end of the last century did gemologists prove that the stone was a spinel. The collection of the Diamond Fund contains an orb also made for the coronation of Catherine II by court jeweler Georg Friedrich Eckart – a smoothly polished gold ball surrounded by diamond belts. The power is crowned with a Ceylon sapphire under a cross weighing 195 carats. In addition to symbols of imperial power, the museum displays insignia of orders of the Russian Empire, which were made specifically to reward members of the imperial house. The highest order of Russia until 1917 was the Order of St. Apostle Andrew the First-Called, established by Peter I at the end of the XNUMXth century. The badge of the Order has the form of a blue oblique cross with the image of the figure of the crucified St. Andrew, the first of the followers of the teachings of Christ. The cross itself is placed on the image of the coat of arms of the Russian state – a double-headed eagle under the imperial crown with a pommel in the form of a straight cross. Well, if the sight of unique and very expensive jewelry does not please you, maybe the sight of unique and priceless things will please you? Today I propose to take a sightseeing tour of the crowns and tiaras of the Russian Empire. Yes, gallop. A small part of all this splendor is stored in the Diamond Fund, but not all. Most of them have sunk into oblivion. But, enough of the chatter – let’s get down to business. The main value of the Diamond Fund is, perhaps, the Great Imperial Crown. This is the main dynastic regalia of Tsarist Russia. Beginning in 1762, when it was created for the coronation of Catherine the Great, it was used to crown all the monarchs of Russia. The crown is made of silver and gold, it contains almost 5000 diamonds, 75 pearls and one huge spinel weighing almost 400 carats. By the way, the crown never leaves the Kremlin walls. An understudy goes on tour instead of her – a modern copy (2012) made of white gold, 11 Yakut diamonds, Australian pearls and with tourmaline-rubellite on top. Did you think there was only one crown of the Russian Empire? But no. There is also a Small Imperial Crown. In general, as they say, there were several of them, but only one has survived. The purpose of this crown is to decorate the head of the wife (or spouse) of the reigning monarch. This crown was made in the century before last, according to various opinions, in 1801 or 1856. It is made of silver and 248 diamonds. The crown is kept in the Diamond Fund, while its other colleagues were sold abroad in the 1920s, like many other treasures. Now let’s get down to the nitty-gritty. The tiara with a pink diamond weighing 13,35 carats is one of the few genuine historical treasures remaining in the Diamond Fund. It was made, presumably, at the beginning of the XNUMXth century, and often served as part of the wedding attire of royal brides. The diadem with ears of corn was made specifically for the Dowager Empress Maria Feodorovna at the turn of the 1927th-1980th centuries. It is made of gold and diamonds, and its central part is decorated with a huge leucosapphire. Unfortunately, the original tiara “went” abroad and was sold at auction in XNUMX. Where she is now is unknown. The Diamond Fund keeps a copy of the tiara called “Russian Field”, XNUMX. The large diamond tiara was made in the 1830s for Empress Alexandra, wife of Nicholas I. However, it is worth clarifying that in addition to the countless number of diamonds, there are also 113 pearls. Like most of the treasure’s treasures, it was sold in the 1920s and its fate is unknown. Some even believe that it was dismantled and sold in parts. A similar tiara “Russian Beauty” was made for the same Alexandra in the 1840s. It was made of platinum, diamonds and pearls. Unfortunately, she also suffered the same fate as her older sister. However, its fate is known: at first it was worn by the Duchess of Marlborough, then it was bought by the First Lady of the Philippines Imelda Marcos. It was then confiscated by the government (the Philippines, of course). Currently it is privately owned by an unknown person. And the Diamond Fund has a copy of it, made in 1987. The Vladimir tiara bears its name not in honor of the city, but in honor of the customer, Grand Duke Vladimir Pavlovich, who ordered it in 1875 for his wife Maria. The tiara is made up of rings studded with diamonds, and each of them originally contained pearls. In 1921, the tiara was sold and bought by Queen Mary of Great Britain, the grandmother of the now reigning Elizabeth. The royal court jewelers from Garrard played tricks with the tiara, and now pearls can be replaced with emeralds. They wear it this way and that way. The tiara with emeralds is probably the latest. It was made already in 1900. It was originally part of the parure. The tiara is naturally made of diamonds and emeralds on a base of gold and silver. She also left, like children to school, and where she is now is unknown. Kohli’s diadem is named after its creator. It was also part of a parure made in 1894. It was decorated with diamonds and sapphires, and it was also sold. The Romanov sapphire tiara belonged to the aforementioned Empress Alexandra (apparently, Nicholas loved her very much – how many tiaras he gave her!), it was a gift from her husband in honor of their accession to the throne in 1825. As the name suggests, this tiara is decorated with sapphires and diamonds. This tiara managed to secretly leave Russia – Princess Maria Pavlovna took it out. Initially it was stored in Romania, then went to America, where it was sold to an unknown person in 1950. And that’s all – ends in the water. The large sapphire tiara was made at the end of the 18th century. It contained diamonds and five surprisingly large sapphires. It was originally owned by Maria Fedorovna, the wife of Paul I. Well, after the revolution the treasure disappeared. The diadem of Maria Feodorovna (not the one, the wife of Alexander III) was made in the 1880s from diamonds and pearls. It was also part of the parure, like many other tiaras. And her fate also remains a sad mystery. Well, the post turned out to be sad. Why did they sell all this? Because they considered it to have no artistic or historical value. But this is the official version. It is clear that only a blind person could calculate this. And my opinion is that I wanted a lot of money. It’s a shame about the decorations, they really were masterpieces.

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