Geological classification

How much is the rarest stone in the world worth?

The history of precious stones begins with the history of mankind. The fashion of decorating yourself with sparkling amazing gems is as ancient as the world; over time, we have learned to combine the beauty of stones and precious metals, framing diamonds, emeralds, rubies, amethysts with silver, gold or platinum. It takes millions of years for a gemstone to form! The cost of a stone is determined by many factors, its rarity, quality, and cut. See below our top 10 most expensive stones in the world: The history of precious stones begins with the history of mankind. The fashion of decorating yourself with sparkling amazing gems is as ancient as the world; over time, we have learned to combine the beauty of stones and precious metals, framing diamonds, emeralds, rubies, amethysts with silver, gold or platinum. It takes millions of years for a gemstone to form! The cost of a stone is determined by many factors, its rarity, quality, and cut. See our t belowTop 10 most expensive stones in the world: 1. If you suddenly have an extra $83 million, buy this luxurious diamond! Its name is Fancy Vivid Pink, which means “Stunning Vivid Pink”, it was mined in 1999 in South Africa, 59.6 carats. It was sold at Sothesby’s for a record $83 million, making it the most expensive gemstone in history to date.
2. In the 1950s, geologist Arthur Payne discovered a brownish stone in Burma, which turned out to be one of the rarest stones on our planet. For many years, only two similar examples were known, which made this stone not just expensive, but practically priceless. In recent years, several more crystals have been found. If someday one of the lucky owners decides to sell this stone, the price will be up to 50-60 thousand dollars per carat.
3. This gemstone of the Taafeite family comes in different shades from sparkling greenish gray to purple. Musgravite was discovered in 1967 in South Australia; for quite a long time, only eight samples existed in the world. Although several small deposits have recently been discovered in Greenland, Antarctica, Sri Lanka, Madagascar and Tanzania, this stone is still considered very rare and is very expensive – about 35 thousand dollars per carat.
4. Jadeite is often confused with jade, its name in English and many other languages ​​sounds very similar to its inexpensive cousin, but it is important to know that jadeite is a rare and very expensive stone. Its price is higher, the better its color, especially the deep transparent green, which is mined in very limited quantities in Burma.
In 1997, at the famous Christie’s auction, a jadeite necklace was sold for $10 million. This gemstone can be worth millions of dollars if well cut and polished, so very often unscrupulous sellers pass off other stones painted in the desired color as jadeite. The average price of real jadeite is $20 per carat. 5. Alexandrite is named after the Russian Tsar Alexander II, this stone is considered extremely rare; in the 1830s, the only deposit of alexandrite known at that time in the Urals dried up and it was assumed that what was extracted was the only reserves in the world. However, recently the stone has been discovered in small quantities in Brazil, East Africa and Sri Lanka. Alexandrite is notable because it changes color like a chameleon, surprisingly it can be red or green depending on the light. 6. Red beryl, also known as scarlet emerald or bixbite, is currently found only in the US states of Utah and New Mexico, the only mine where it is mined on an industrial scale is located in the mountains of Utah. Red beryl costs 1000 times more than gold, with well-cut stones typically selling for $2000 to $10 per carat.
7. Discovered in the San Benito River region of California in 1907, benitoite is a blue to purple gemstone that sparkles pure blue in ultraviolet light. A few examples have been found in Japan and Arkansas, but the only commercial mine for this stone is in California.
Benitoite is the official stone of the state of California, it is highly valued by collectors and jewelers; jewelry with this stone is expensive. Unfortunately, benitoite is extremely rare in sizes larger than 1 carat. The average price is $3000-4000 per carat.
8. Black opal is the rarest type of this stone mined in Australia, and the most expensive. Almost all natural black opals on the market come from the Lightnin’ Ridge mine in New South Wales. The stunning play of light, the fire that seems to be contained in this stone, as well as its very small reserves, ensure a price of $ 2300 per carat
9. Taafite got its name in honor of the Australian gemologist Richard Taaf, who discovered this stone in 1945. So far, only a small handful of these gems have been mined, so each of them is very expensive. The color of taafite varies from almost transparent to lavender and purple. Its main deposits are located in Sri Lanka and Tanzania. Although deposits continue to appear in different parts of the planet, very limited reserves of this stone make it extremely expensive.
10. Tanzanite has so far only been discovered in a valley at the foot of Mount Kilimanjaro in Northern Tanzania, this blue-violet gemstone is one of the most expensive in the world. Since its reserves are limited, they are expected to run out in 20-30 years, so the price of tanzanite will only increase. Now it costs 600-1000 dollars per carat.
And now the good news: to buy beautiful jewelry made from natural stones, you don’t have to be the lucky owner of 83 million dollars! The prices on our website are much more modest, and the jewelry is worthy of a queen. See our catalog, choose, we wish you a good mood and look like a million! If you still think that the most expensive stones in the world are diamonds, then this video will definitely surprise you. Because there are other, rarer minerals in the world, the price of which often exceeds the cost of diamonds. The rarity of a stone is an extremely relative concept. For example, a diamond. Previously considered a very rare mineral and gemstone. And now several tens of tons of diamonds are mined every year. At the same time, there are such incredibly rare stones, including semi-precious stones, that their price exceeds the cost of precious diamonds, sapphires and emeralds. But first things first. By the way, the video version of this article is presented in this video. So, below is a selection of the 20 most rare and expensive gems on the planet. 20th place: Eremeevit 20th place in our list of rare and very expensive stones is taken by Eremeevit. This is a mineral from the borate group – a very rare gemstone. It is aluminum with fluorine molecules attached to it. The mineral was named after the Russian mineralogist Pavel Eremeev, who first discovered it in 1883 in the southeastern part of the Trans-Baikal region. At first it was mistaken for aquamarine, since the first crystals found were light blue. By the way, the color of this mineral is not bright and rich. The color of Eremeevite varies from colorless to light blue, yellowish-brown, greenish. Over the last century, light yellow and even colorless examples have been discovered, but blue ones are still the most expensive on the gem market. The mineral has a glassy luster and is transparent. Eremeevit hardness is 7-7,5 on the Mohs scale It is reliably known that at the moment there are several hundred faceted eremeyevites, the cost of which averages $1500 per carat. 19th place: Blue garnet. Sometimes it is called blue. The stone was first discovered in Madagascar in the 90s of the 20th century. Today it is found in Tanzania, USA, Sri Lanka, Kenya, Russia. Hardness – 7-7,5 Mohs. It is valued for its exceptional color for garnets and the “Alexandrite effect” – the ability to change its hue when the lighting changes. So in daylight they acquire blue, indigo and green tints, and in artificial light they become purple or red. Today, the average cost of this high-quality gemstone is 1500 USD. per carat 18th place: Fire opal In 18th place on our list is fire opal. Fire opals are transparent to translucent stones, mostly with colors ranging from hyacinth red to wine yellow, almost red. Variations with opalescence are mined in Mexico. The hardness of the stone is the same as that of other opals – 6-6,5 according to Mohs. The cost of fire opals on the world market today averages $2300 per carat 17th place: Black opal Among Noble Opals, black is king. Our black noble opal belongs to the 2nd order precious stones. Australia is the birthplace of excellent quality black opals and is their national stone. Other rich deposits are Brazil, USA, Mexico. The color of opals of this type can vary from grayish to black with a rich variety of shimmering tints of all colors of the rainbow. Although today these precious stones are no longer considered as rare as they used to be, they are nevertheless quite expensive. The cost of high quality black opal is approximately $2 per carat. 16th place: Demantoid. Demantoid is a green or yellowish-green gemstone from the group of garnets, long known only among collectors. The main deposits of these gems are located in Iran, Pakistan, Russia, Kenya, Namibia and Tanzania. The hardness of the mineral is 6,5 Mohs. Excellent quality demantoids are found in the Middle Urals, its second name is “Ural emerald”. The mineral is valued for its appearance: inclusions of bissolite and other minerals may be visible inside – as if golden sparkling threads were placed inside the stone. Every year the popularity of the mineral is steadily increasing, along with which comes an increase in its value. Currently, a top-class carat of demantoid can be purchased on the world gemstone market for an average of $2000. 15th place: Taffeite Taffeite is one of the rarest gemstones in the world. The mineral was named after its discoverer, Count Eduard Taffe, who in 1945 accidentally discovered an unusual specimen in a purchased batch of cut gems that he had never encountered before. The Mohs hardness of Taffeite is 8,5. The stone has amazing transparency and purity – if you look at it, you will notice two focal refractions. The color of the stone may vary. Depending on its composition, it ranges from lavender to pale pink and lilac. Today, the unique mineral is found in small quantities only in some deposits of Sri Lanka and southern Tanzania. The cost of high-quality taffeite specimens varies from 2 to 5 thousand dollars per carat. 14th place: Poudretteite Pudrettite is a rare pink mineral first discovered in 1987 in Quebec, Canada. It got its name in honor of the Poudrette family, which still owns the very mine where the first sample was found. Quality stones only began to appear in 2000, when several specimens were found in Myanmar. Since 2005, the mineral has not been discovered there, and the Canadian deposit has given the world only about 300 stones of varying quality. Pudrettite is of interest to collectors, first of all, for its pleochroism (changes color depending on the direction of the axes): from colorless through light brown to purple-pink. The only negative: the stone is fragile, hardness 5. Depending on the color saturation and purity, the cost of powderetteite can range from 3 to 5 thousand dollars. 13th place: Musgravit. Musgravite is a close relative of taffeite, to which it is similar in appearance and chemical composition. It was first discovered in 1967 in Australia’s Musgrave Range. Later, the mineral was found in Greenland, Tanzania, Madagascar and even in the depths of the cold lands of Antarctica. This gem comes in several colors, but the most common are green and purple. Due to the fact that very small quantities of these precious stones have been found throughout history, their price reaches quite expected levels: the cost of a carat of high-quality green musgravite is 2-3 thousand dollars, while for one carat of a purple faceted mineral you will have to pay about 6 thousand conventional units. 12th place: Benitoite Benitoite is a deep blue gemstone whose only deposit is located in San Benito County, California, USA, where it was first discovered back in 1907. In 1984, it was officially designated as the State Gemstone of the state. On the world market, the average cost of small benitoite weighing 1 carat, of which there is an extremely limited quantity in the world (no more than a dozen), is 4000-6000 USD. 11th place: Sapphire As you know, during their engagement, Prince Charles gave the future Princess Diana a ring decorated not with a diamond, but with a sapphire. The most valuable and high-quality blue sapphires are mined in Kashmir – local stones have a standard cornflower blue color that does not fade even under artificial lighting, and a signature shine that makes you hold your breath to watch the iridescence on the edges. Less common are pink, green and yellowish-orange gems. And the rarest varieties include blue star sapphire and padparadscha – an orange and red-yellow stone, which we will talk about today. The largest sapphire is considered to be the Millennium stone, weighing 61,5 thousand carats. On its edges, the artist Alessio Boschi carved 134 portraits of prominent personalities. The stone is currently on sale for $180 million. The most famous sapphire deposits are located in India, Russia, Vietnam, Thailand, USA, Australia, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, China and Madagascar. Today, high-quality specimens of sapphires on the world market can be purchased for approximately 4-6 thousand dollars per carat. 10th place: Emerald Tenth place on our list is occupied by emerald – a very rare and expensive gemstone of the first order. Sometimes it is also called the second precious stone after the diamond. The gem is a subspecies of beryl. The most expensive emerald is the two-kilogram Fura stone, found in Colombia. It was valued at $150 million. Another record holder among emeralds is the Teodora gem, recovered from a mine in Brazil. It weighs five times more than the Fura emerald (11,5 kilograms), but experts valued it at only $1,5 million. The Theodora is the fifth largest emerald ever mined and the largest ever cut. Before treatment he weighed 28 kilograms. But, of course, not all emeralds are so expensive. Today, the price of emeralds on the world market averages from 2 to 25 thousand dollars per carat 9th place: Painite Painite was first discovered by British mineralogist Arthur Charles Payne in 1951 and was recognized as a new mineral in 1957. For many years, only one example of the dark red crystal existed, which was kept in the British Museum in London, making it the rarest in the world a precious stone. Later, two more such stones were discovered. This went on for many decades. Until two more crystals were found in 2005. Thus, according to official statistics, a total of only 23 painite crystals have been found in the world today, which has made this stone truly priceless. However, some sources say that in 2006 another deposit was discovered in Myanmar, where more than 1000 stones have already been mined, but they are of lower quality. 8th place: Bixbit or red beryl Bisxbite, also known as red beryl or red emerald, is such a rare stone that the Utah Geological Survey says only one is mined for every 150 gem-quality diamonds. Pure beryl is colorless and acquires its shades only from impurities: chromium and vanadium give beryl a green color, forming an emerald; iron adds a blue or yellow tint, creating aquamarine and golden beryl, and manganese adds a deep red color, creating red beryl. Red beryl is found only in the US states of Utah, New Mexico, and Mexico, but most of the stones found are only a few millimeters in length (that is, too small to be cut and faceted). It is extremely difficult to purchase high-quality red beryl, and the price for a stone weighing about 1 carat is more than 10-12 thousand US dollars. Determining the average cost of this mineral is quite difficult due to the small number of high-quality stones offered for sale. 7th place: Alexandrite Alexandrite is a famous gemstone famous for its ability to change color. In daylight, its color is characterized by bluish-green, dark blue-green and olive green, while in artificial light its iridescence can take on pink-crimson, red, purple or violet-red. The first crystal was discovered in 1833 at an emerald mine in the vicinity of Yekaterinburg. The cost of this gemstone, depending on its quality, can range from 10 to 15 thousand dollars. 6th place: Paraiba Tourmaline In sixth place on our list of the rarest and most expensive stones in the world is a beautiful and very rare crystal of bright blue-turquoise color, discovered in 1987 in the state of Paraiba, in eastern Brazil. For a long time, this gemstone was mined in only one place, but today there are already deposits of it in Madagascar and Mozambique. The hardness of Paraiba tourmaline is 7,5 Mohs. The mineral has a unique shade of neon blue; its “glow” is the main factor that increases the value of the stone tenfold. Brazilian blue tourmalines today cost between 12-15 thousand dollars per carat, and a truly unique gem of the highest quality can far exceed these figures. Ruby is a type of corundum mineral, one of the most valuable gems born in the depths of our planet. Ruby color can vary from brown to pink; It is this factor that primarily determines the final price of the found gem. Jewelers also pay attention to the number of foreign inclusions – the fewer, the better. And the rarest and most expensive rubies have a rare shade – the so-called “pigeon blood color”. Such rubies are mined from deposits in Myanmar and Sri Lanka. The cost of high-quality natural rubies on the world market ranges from 15 to 18 thousand dollars per carat. 4th place: Jadeite (imperial) Jadeite (imperial) is a green mineral that has long held the status of one of the most mysterious stones on our planet. Today, its main sources are in China, Upper Myanmar, Japan, Mexico, Kazakhstan, Guatemala and the USA. The approximate cost of a carat of high quality jadeite on the world market is 20 thousand dollars. 3th place: Padparadscha Sapphire Padparadscha sapphire (meaning “sunrise color” in Tamil) is a pinkish-orange sapphire that was historically mined in Sri Lanka, Tanzania and Madakascar. Now in Sri Lanka there is practically no padparadscha left in its natural form, so the rare color of the mineral is obtained by heating corundum in a furnace to the desired condition. The last classic (that is, unheated) padparadscha weighing 1,65 carats was sold in Sri Lanka about 20 years ago for $18. Now padparadscha weighing over five carats is considered collectible and can be valued at up to 30 thousand dollars for each carat of weight. If the color of the sapphire has not been refined, the difference with the refined sample is tens of thousands of dollars. 2th place: Grandidierite Grandidierite is a rare mineral of greenish-blue, greenish-blue or bluish-green color. The first sample of the mineral was discovered in Sri Lanka. At the beginning of the twentieth century, it was described by the French explorer Alfred Grandidier, who was engaged in the study of Madagascar, on the territory of which the bulk of these minerals are still mined today. Faceted grandidierites exist today in extremely limited quantities. There are about two dozen such stones in the world. The approximate cost of the unique mineral is more than 30 thousand dollars per carat. 1st place: Red Diamond Diamond is still one of the most expensive and desirable gemstones. The reason for this, of course, is the enormous popularity of cut diamonds, known to everyone as diamonds. The most expensive and rare among diamonds are colored minerals, among which the red diamond stands out as the most expensive representative of its family and, at the same time, the most expensive gemstone in the world. In the entire history of mankind, only a few specimens of this mineral have been found and most of them have a very small weight – less than 0,5 carats. The color of a natural red diamond is called purple-red by gemologists. The only deposit of colored diamonds is in the Argyle diamond mine in Australia, from which only a few stones are mined each year. Gemstones weighing more than 0,1 carats typically only appear at auctions where the price per carat is more than one million dollars. For comparison, the cost of ordinary cut D-color diamonds today averages about 15000 thousand dollars per carat. So, these were the top 20 rarest and most expensive stones in the world. Write in the comments which stones you like best. And we will talk about them in the following publications.

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