Geological classification

How often should you change the zeolite in an aquarium?

Water filtration – this is one of the key moments of the successful existence of an aquarium. The main task of filtration is not only mechanical purification, but also, above all, biological preparation and disinfection of water. Improper filtration is most often the cause of fish disease, poor aquarium plant growth and serious algae problems! Currently, there is a huge variety of narrowly targeted fillers for filtering aquarium water from the world’s leading manufacturers that solve specific problems, but there are also three main types of filtration materials that can cope with the main problems in the aquarium – Coal, Bio-balls and Zeolite. COAL Activated carbon – a unique filler for chemical filtration of aquarium water in freshwater and marine aquariums. Ideal for canister and external mounted filters, as well as internal filters adapted to bulk substrates. How does activated carbon work? Activated carbon has excellent sorbing properties, thanks to which it absorbs toxic substances dissolved in water from water. Neutralizes heavy metal ions and chlorine present in tap water, making it suitable for aquariums. Removes dyes from water, returning it to crystal purity. Absorbs drug residues at the end of fish treatment and any other chemicals. How to use activated carbon in an aquarium? Activated carbon is ready for immediate use. Sometimes a little pre-rinsing to remove fine dust may be necessary. For optimal results, activated carbon should be placed in the canister filter basket behind the mechanical filtration media but before the biological filtration media. How long does activated carbon last? The way this filler functions means that as it fills, it gradually becomes unusable. To maintain optimal filtration properties, it is recommended to replace it at least once every 4 weeks. BIO-BALLS Ceramic filter balls (BIO-BALLS) is a unique filler designed for biological filtration of water in freshwater and marine aquariums, paludariums and aquaterrariums. These are balls in shape, made of finely porous sintered glass, which provides a very high working filtration surface. How does ceramic filter media work? Over time, strains of beneficial nitrifying bacteria of the Nitrosomonas and Nitrobacter species settle on the inside of the pores of the balls in the aquarium filter. In their vital activity, these microorganisms use metabolic products that are toxic to fish: ammonia (Nitrosomonas) and nitrites (Nitrobacter) – oxidizing them to nitrates, which are much safer for the inhabitants of the aquarium. How to use ceramic filler in an aquarium? Ceramic filter balls are an excellent substrate for canister and external mounted filters, sumps, and drainage shafts. Equally suitable for use in both freshwater and marine aquariums. Particularly recommended for aquariums with large fish or aquariums with a high population density. For optimal results, ceramic beads should be placed behind mechanical filtration media and before chemical filtration media. What is the service life of ceramic filler? This filler can be used for a long time without replacement, but it gradually deteriorates, which reduces its effectiveness. To ensure optimal effect, it is recommended to replace approximately 6/12 of the filler with a new one every 1 to 3 months. When cleaning the filter, the filler should be rinsed in dirty water drained from the aquarium. Attention. Ceramic filter balls cannot be washed in tap water – this will lead to the destruction of beneficial microorganisms! ZEOLITE Zeolite – a unique filler designed for biological and chemical filtration of water in freshwater aquariums, palludariums and terrarium pools. It is a natural material of volcanic origin, with a microporous molecular structure. Thanks to this, it absorbs toxic nitrogen compounds dissolved in water – absorbs ammonia from water, and also binds and neutralizes nitrite and nitrate ions. How does zeolite function in filtration? Zeolite has excellent absorption properties, thanks to which it absorbs toxic nitrogen compounds dissolved in water from water. Absorbs ammonia from water, and also binds and neutralizes nitrite and nitrate ions dissolved in it. Protects fish from nitrogen compounds harmful to them, and also allows you to limit the amount and frequency of water changes. How to use zeolite? Zeolite is excellent as a filter layer for canister and overflow filters, as well as internal filters with replaceable filler. Recommended for all types of decorative freshwater aquariums. Zeolite should be poured into a basket or filter chamber. In order to ensure optimal results from use, it is recommended to place zeolite behind fillers for mechanical filtration and in front of fillers for biological filtration of water. What is the service life of zeolite? The mode of action of this filler is the reason why it undergoes gradual filling and depletion. In order to maintain optimal filtration properties, it is necessary to change it at least every 4 weeks. Nitrates, nitrites and ammonium are all toxic compounds that negatively affect plants and fish. If the biological balance is stabilized, then the concentration of nitrogen compounds in the water remains at an acceptable level. But aquarists often make mistakes in caring for an aquarium , due to which the amount of harmful substances increases. As a rule, beginners make such mistakes. To correct the situation and reduce the amount of ammonium in the water, zeolite is used in the aquarium. Zeolite must be used correctly, because it can not only bring benefits, but also harm. The use of zeolite in aquarium farming will be discussed in more detail in this article.

What is zeolite

Zeolite is a mineral belonging to the group of aluminosilicates. There are several types of zeolite, the most common of which are chabazite, stilbite, natrolite and clinoptilolite. Externally, the mineral looks like a crystal with a pearlescent color. The action of zeolite is the selective release of harmful substances in water and their subsequent absorption. It is also a mineral responsible for cation exchange.

It’s important! It is believed that the best absorbent for aquarium water is clipnoptilolite. It can be used to improve water quality by absorbing ammonium . But if we consider special preparations containing clinoptilolite, they are quite expensive. It will be much cheaper to purchase other types of zeolites, which are also effective in water purification, but at the same time cost an order of magnitude cheaper.

Benefit and harm

The use of zeolite, if the instructions are strictly followed, almost 100% eliminates the possibility of causing harm to aquarium inhabitants. The mineral brings great benefits:

  • reduces concentration ammonia in aquarium water;
  • normalizes the level acidity ;
  • improves water quality, making it more suitable for fish;
  • speeds up growth aquarium plants, saturating them with useful compounds;
  • binds harmful toxins accumulated in water;
  • change in structure ground (it becomes more porous), due to which oxygen circulates better in it;
  • oppression of undesirables algae in the aquarium and preventing their active reproduction.

Pay attention! Sodium zeolite is not used in general aquariums as it may harm fish and shellfish. Aquarium water becomes unsuitable for them and can lead to their death.

Zeolite Applications

Zeolite is an effective aquarium cleaner. It is used mainly when there is an excess of ammonium in aquarium water. Various factors can provoke water contamination with this compound, for example, poor cleaning of the aquarium or accumulation of food residues and fish waste products .

Zeolite is used in three main ways: as a filter element, as a top dressing and when added to субстрат . Depending on the chosen method, the technology for using zeolite may vary. Now about each method separately.

As a filter

When using a mineral as filter it is included in the aquarium filtration system. What does zeolite do in this case:

  • absorbs excess ammonium in water;
  • cleans liquid from small particles of dirt;
  • feeds soil and water for more active plant growth;
  • Removes drug residues from aquarium water.

Important! A filter with zeolite is an excellent way to purify aquarium water from residual drugs and antiseptics that were previously used in the treatment of bacterial or fungal infections and fish.

Of course, using a zeolite filter has its drawbacks. First of all, you need to regularly change the filter filler, as its effect gradually decreases. In addition, zeolite cannot be added to biofilters. This is due to the weak antibiotic properties of the mineral.

Video – Using zeolite for water purification

As a top dressing

For this method of application, zeolite must be ground to a powder and added to the main fish food. The mineral is used for preventive purposes against infectious diseases. If you use the feed additive in moderation, it is absolutely harmless. In such cases, the fish will grow and gain weight faster.

Introduction to Substrate

Zeolite can also be added to the substrate. To do this, you need to mix a small amount of the mineral with the substrate and place it on the bottom of the aquarium. It is recommended to spread the finished mixture in a small layer, 5-6 cm will be enough. To increase efficiency, some aquarists add other compounds, such as nitrogen, to the mixture.

The method of adding zeolite to the substrate is effective because after adding the mineral, the soil in the aquarium fluffs up and becomes more porous. At the same time, the roots of aquarium plants are saturated with all the necessary elements. All types of aquarium flora develop much better, receiving oxygen and nutrients.

Recommended dosage

When the amount of ammonium in aquarium water increases to 1 ml per 1 liter of water, it is necessary to carry out cleaning. For 10 liters of water, 10 g of mineral is added. Depending on the intensity of contamination of the aquarium, the dosage may be adjusted. Conversely, if the level of contamination is weak enough, the concentration of the drug will correspondingly decrease.

Pay attention! There is no need to worry that after adding a mineral, all useful substances will disappear from the aquarium water. When zeolite is used correctly, overdose is impossible.

Zeolite cost

If we consider the quality, then the drugs from foreign and domestic manufacturers are practically the same, but in terms of cost, the difference between them is significant. First of all, this difference is due to logistical overhead. Depending on the brand, the cost of the mineral may vary. For example, the products of one of the most popular domestic brands Prime will cost 180-200 rubles per liter.

With the help of zeolite you can effectively and, most importantly, safely improve the quality of water in aquarium . But the drug must be used correctly and in accordance with the recommended dosages. Otherwise, you can upset the balance of beneficial microorganisms and nitrogen compounds in the aquarium, which will greatly harm its inhabitants.

Additional recommendations

Before using the drug, you need to familiarize yourself with some facts, namely:

  • For the development of bacterial colonies in an aquarium, two components are needed – zeolite and peat volcanic. They need to be added to the soil to prevent the death of beneficial microorganisms;
  • a filter with zeolite must be changed periodically, since most of the beneficial substances in it evaporate after just a few weeks;
  • If you have a biological filter, you should not use zeolite, since it does not have the good antibacterial properties that are needed for this type of filter element. As an alternative, a special ceramics .

Filters with zeolite gradually remove useful substances from the water, so experts recommend adding special fertilizers to the water. субстрат . This allows you to maintain the ecological balance in the aquarium at an optimal level.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Back to top button