Tips for stone care

How to care for mother-of-pearl jewelry?

Jewelry is a unique touch to your look. In order for them to maintain their beauty and nobility and always please the eye, do not forget to take care of them. Tips for caring for gold jewelry Alkaline detergents, substances containing chlorine and iodine also have a negative effect on jewelry. To prevent dark stains from coming into contact with the skin on gold and platinum rings, earrings, bracelets, and watches, remove the item and wipe it with suede or flannel. Do not allow mercury-based cosmetics to come into contact with gold jewelry. Mercury destroys gold and changes its color. Products with natural inserts should be protected from exposure to rapidly changing temperatures and prolonged exposure to sources of heat and light. If the stone in your jewelry has lost its shine, it must be cleaned of accumulated dirt. Rinse it in a solution of water with ammonia (5-10 drops of alcohol per glass of water) or put it in a warm solution of washing powder for several hours, then rinse and dry. This way you can update products with topaz, beryl, aquamarine, amethyst, citrine, chrysolite, garnet, tourmaline, chrysoprase. Particular care should be taken when handling jewelry with natural turquoise, coral, pearls, and mother-of-pearl. Under the influence of soap suds, cosmetics, perfumes, chemicals, and sunlight, their color may change. It is recommended to wash items with turquoise and coral in clean cold water and wipe with suede or flannel. You can remove fat deposits from pearls or mother-of-pearl by washing them in clean warm water and drying them. Jewelry with enamel is cleaned with a mixture of tooth powder and a few drops of ammonia. Tips for caring for silver jewelry. Remember that silver items darken over time! Dark plaque also forms in conditions of high humidity and poorly ventilated areas. Plaque can be removed by cleaning the silver item with tooth powder or finely ground chalk. Silver and silver-plated items can be refreshed by washing them in warm water with baking soda (50 g per 1 liter of water) or in warm soapy water with ammonia (1 tablespoon per 1 liter of water). After washing, rinse the product with clean water and wipe dry with a soft cloth. Silver-plated dishes and cutlery made of silver, when in contact with food containing acids, quickly darken and lose their shine. The same thing happens when such products are stored in packaging, paper, cardboard, or cases with viscose silk. Therefore, these products require periodic cleaning. Jewelry storage Store your products in a case in a dry place. Many gemstones lose their color when exposed to ultraviolet rays from the sun. With careful storage and timely care, jewelry will last you forever, and visits to the jewelry workshop will be rare. How to care for gemstones Jewelry with natural precious stones requires constant good care. Here are some tips on this matter. First of all, you need to find out what hardness your stone has. For example, diamond, sapphire, emerald, ruby, quartz, topaz, ordinary beryl, aquamarine and some other stones have a hardness coefficient of at least five. Therefore, products with them can be cleaned in a solution of any washing powder using a soft brush, but only on the condition that the metal of the product is gold or platinum, and not silver. Then the decoration is washed in distilled water. But products with stones whose hardness coefficient is below five (turquoise, opal, apatite, sunflower, malachite, moonstone) should be washed in the same way, but only in a soap solution. Jewelry with ruby, sapphire and alexandrite can be washed in warm soapy water with the addition of ammonia (1 teaspoon in half a glass of water), then rinsed in clean water and wiped. Multi-stone gold jewelry, the inserts of which are not subject to the destructive reactions of chemicals, for example, diamonds, rubies, sapphires and their synthetic analogues, are well cleaned by immersing for a short time in a heated solution consisting of 120 grams of baking soda, 50 grams of bleach, 30 grams table salt and half a liter of water. After washing, the jewelry must be rinsed in cold water and then dried. But remember: before washing the jewelry, check that the stones are not attached to the glue. If so, wash very carefully. To remove dust in a ring from under a stone, wrap a piece of cotton wool around a match, soak it in cologne, glycerin or a mixture of magnesia and ammonia and gently wipe the stone and its setting from top and bottom. Then use a piece of flannel or suede to polish the ring. Under no circumstances should the stone setting be cleaned with sharp objects – this can damage it. To prevent the stones from getting dirty and losing their shine, remove the rings when you wash your hands. It is better to store all jewelry in a closed box or casket away from heating devices. Do not store products in the bathroom under any circumstances, as there is high humidity there. Artificially irradiated stones, such as topazes, fade when stored in bright sunlight. Rubies, garnets and turquoise are also afraid of light, so always put them away in a box. All products with stone inserts must be protected from exposure to rapidly changing temperatures. For example, a ruby ​​can completely lose its color when exposed to extreme heat. How to care for a diamond In the Middle Ages, only monarchs and members of their families were allowed to wear diamond jewelry. In those days, it was believed that these precious stones symbolized strength and courage, and such virtues were exclusive to royalty. But, oddly enough, even these “invincible” creations of nature have enemies who can turn them from the most beautiful decorations into dull, inconspicuous trinkets. First of all, this enemy is time. Therefore, caring for diamonds is a very serious matter. A clean diamond not only reflects light better, but also looks larger than a stone with a coating of skin, soap, cosmetic and household fats. Diamonds easily become coated with oil and therefore need to be cleaned monthly. To remove grease from diamonds, add detergent to a bowl of warm water and, after placing the jewelry in it, gently brush it with a toothbrush. It has been noted that in such cases it is best to use liquid soap or shampoo, since laundry soap reduces the shine of gold or platinum, in which diamonds are usually set. Then, after stringing the decorations onto the wire, rinse them in running warm water. Jewelry with diamonds should be wiped with a soft cloth that does not leave lint on the surface of the stone. You can also clean diamonds this way. Drop some ammonia into a mug of cold water and place the decoration in there for 30 minutes. Then use a brush to clean around and on the back of the frame. Dip into the solution again briefly and, without rinsing, blot with paper. Ammonia and ordinary vodka, which are also used to clean these jewelry, have a good effect on diamonds. Particular attention should be paid to rings. In them, most of the dust usually accumulates just under the stone. Wrap a piece of cotton wool around a match, soak it in cologne, glycerin or a mixture of magnesia and ammonia and gently wipe the stone and its setting from top and bottom. Then use a soft cloth to polish the ring. Under no circumstances should the stone setting be cleaned with sharp objects as this can damage it. Avoid contact of diamond jewelry with bleach. This will not harm the diamond itself, but it may discolor the setting. Be sure to remove diamond rings when washing dishes or doing rough housework – the stone can quickly lose its shine. With strong impacts, even the smallest particles can break off the surface of a diamond, despite its highest strength. Do not store different diamond jewelry in the same box. The friction of stone against stone can cause scratches, both on the diamonds themselves and on other jewelry. Be sure to take your diamonds to a jeweler once a year. He will check the strength of the frame – God forbid, a stone will fall out of it and get lost – and refresh the polish. Caring for products made of pearls, mother-of-pearl, coral, amber, jet, bone Pearls, mother-of-pearl, coral, amber, jet, and bone require special care when wearing them, since organic materials of natural origin are mostly soft, porous, and fragile. When washing, do not use acidic, alkaline or ammonia additives. Any powders are contraindicated when cleaning such products. Ordinary tooth powder can be used as much as possible for amber. Warm water and a soft cloth or brush will perfectly clean the jewelry from dirt. Cosmetics (creams, lotions, etc.), especially those containing mercury and sulfur, can have a negative chemical reaction upon contact and negatively affect the appearance of jewelry. Mechanical shock must be avoided (especially for pearls and mother-of-pearl). Pearls, turquoise, malachite, corals and amber do not tolerate high humidity. When worn, they may fade and become pale. Extreme dryness and high air humidity are contraindicated for pearls. It is also very sensitive to the effects of acids, skin sweat, cosmetics, and hairspray (especially in the form of aerosols). Fat deposits on natural pearls will disappear if you wash them in soapy water, rinse and dry. Amber ignites from fire and becomes electrified when rubbed, just like jet. Products with inserts should be protected from exposure to rapidly changing temperatures. Jewelry with turquoise, pearls, and corals require special attention. It is not recommended to leave rings (both wedding rings and those with stones) on your hand while doing household work, as scratches may appear on the surface of the ring. The color of these stones, especially turquoise, may change from exposure to soap suds, cosmetics, perfumes, water, acetone, acids, and sunlight. Pearls are susceptible to grease deposits, which can be easily removed with a soap solution, then the product should be rinsed with clean water and dried. Beautiful overflow Mother of pearl has been attracting jewelry makers for a long time. An amazing crystal in combination with precious metals allows you to create the real Masterpieces. Having become the happy owner of such jewelry, it is important to treat it with care, not forgetting about right care.

Mother of pearl belongs to the element of Water, so it is recommended to wear jewelry with it for the water signs of the zodiac: Pisces, Cancer and Scorpio

A little about the stone

Mother of pearl is not quite a stone in the usual sense. He is internal layer shells of river and sea mollusks. Aquatic inhabitants have been producing this secretion for a long time, which settles on the walls and becomes hard. Stone high appreciated jewelers for its mesmerizing shine and soft shimmer. The color range of mother-of-pearl is represented not only by a silver-white tone, but also by the most delicate pastel shades blue, pink, green. Due to its origin and appearance it is often confused with pearls There are several varieties of mother of pearl, but most valuable obtained from the abalone shell.

Basic rules of care

Mother of pearl has many weaknesses, so it requires careful care and careful handling.

Jewelers advise adhering to the following Recommendations:

  • Do not wear mother-of-pearl jewelry if it is applied to your skin. cosmetics, containing sulfur and mercury substances. It can be lotion, spray, cream. Otherwise, upon contact with the body, the gem will enter into a chemical reaction, which will lead to its deformation.
  • Protect mother of pearl from temperature changes, since they have a destructive effect on him. Remove jewelry before going to the bathhouse, sauna, taking a hot bath or shower.
  • Avoid mechanical impact on the stone: falls, blows, pressure, vibration, contact with sharp and scratchy objects. Store separately from other jewelry in a bag or special case.
  • Protect mother of pearl from high humidity. Remove products before any water procedures, and also try not to spray perfume or cosmetic sprays on it. Otherwise, the stone will turn pale and lose its shine.
  • Do not wear mother-of-pearl jewelry in sunny weather. Contact with direct ultraviolet rays causes the stone to fade and change its color.

Mother of pearl has no expiration date: if you take good care of it and be careful when wearing it, the jewelry can be passed on from generation to generation

How to clean properly

To make a product with mother-of-pearl look presentable и handsomely, it is important to always keep it clean. To remove dirt, wipe with a damp cloth soaked in mild water-soap solution. Use a very soft fabric, such as suede.

Never use powder or liquid cleaning agents. with abrasive particles, they may scratch the surface of the stone. Detergent compositions with acids, alkalis, and ammonia are also contraindicated. Gem may collapse under the influence of chemistry.

Remember that the soap solution must be slightly warm, not hot. You just need to wipe the mineral with it, and not keep it in water. Excess moisture harms mother of pearl. After washing, leave the jewelry to dry on open air. Place in dark areas to avoid exposure to the sun.

These simple rules will help you keep the original appearance natural stone and wear the jewelry for many, many years to come!

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