Rare and valuable minerals

How to check if amber is real at home?

The variety of amber jewelry today is amazing and can surprise even the most demanding customers. However, thanks to the active development of technology and the imagination of manufacturers, it is quite problematic to purchase truly genuine amber, and not a cheap copy. How to distinguish a natural stone from an artificial gem at home? We will tell you about all the intricacies of choosing jewelry and help you choose the perfect piece for every amber lover. Quite often, for large products inlaid with frozen resin, ordinary resin is used. In such cases, you can determine whether they are slipping you a fake by examining the gem. If it is natural, then it has small clots of air, small frozen particles of insects, and wavy inclusions formed during sintering. Copal is a resin from a tropical tree that has an almost identical appearance to an amber gem. You can find out whether a stone is real or not by heating it. Resin gives off a pleasant aroma, and copal has a very sharp, medicinal smell. Copal also has a lower density, and in order to distinguish it from the real thing, you need to run a needle over it. There will be barely noticeable damage to the natural gem, but the copal will have a good scratch. Kauri or dammar – the resin of these trees is also very similar to resin, however, a fake from these resins is formed in a matter of days, unlike a natural mineral that is several thousand or even millions of years old.

How to distinguish real amber from a fake?

Many jewelry stores sell well-processed glass instead of the original, and after making a purchase, you can’t always be sure of its quality. How to distinguish amber from a fake at home? You can check whether they really slipped you a glass pebble, which is worth nothing, using a needle. If on copal the scratch from the needle remains very noticeable, on amber it is slightly noticeable, then there will not be a trace on the glass. In order not to spoil an expensive (possibly) piece of jewelry, it is worth using another, simple, homemade, but very effective way to detect a fake. Dip your stone or product into a saline solution prepared from 300 ml of water/50 g of salt. The real one will float on the surface, and the glass imitation will fall to the bottom of the glass. Counterfeits of resin can be made not only from resin from various trees and glass. There are also samples made of plastic. How to distinguish amber from plastic? When pressed hard, plastic will burst or break off in pieces, and amber will only crumble. Technologies for the production of artificial oleoresin gems today can also offer another no less relevant option for simulating a natural gem. Ambroid is pressed particles of amber, which is obtained by vacuum compression. If ambroid, in fact, has the same composition as an amber stone, then, in this case, how can pressed amber be distinguished from the original gem? Ambroid is no less beautiful, but, despite its incredible appearance, the shades with which the fake resin shimmers sharply replace one another, which is not what you will find in natural stone, which has soft, calm transitions. Of course, when making a purchase in a jewelry store, no one will allow you to scratch or drown the product in salt, so you can only purchase truly high-quality and original jewelry in trusted places. The Mineral Market online store is a place where customers are taken care of. From us you can purchase exclusively natural precious and ornamental stones in a large assortment and at an affordable price. You can get acquainted with the catalog of products, information about stones and their properties at mineralmarket.ru! Other products made from this stone: To create artificial stones, plastics, glass, epoxy resin and young resins that are not completely fossilized are used – copals. Copals are essentially the same amber resin, but immature. Its age is up to 5 million years, in contrast to the age of amber – 35–50 million years. Density check In a saturated salt solution (10 teaspoons of salt per glass of water), imitations such as glass and plastic will sink, natural amber will float. Hardness test If you carefully scratch real amber with a sharp metal object (nail scissors), it will crumble finely. Chips will form in the plastic, but the glass will most likely not be scratched at all. Electrostatic testing If you rub the sample vigorously on a woolen cloth, the amber begins to become electrified and can attract small, light pieces of paper. Imitations do not have this property. Flammability test If you heat a piece of steel wire, natural amber will smoke and smell like resin. Plastic smells like burnt plastic, glass will not give any reaction.

3. How to check the authenticity of jewelry?

All of the above methods can destroy jewelry. By checking the product’s reaction to ultraviolet light, authenticity can also be determined. If you illuminate natural amber in the dark with an ultraviolet flashlight with a wavelength of 365 mm or a standard bill detector, it will “respond” with a luminescent glow.

4. There are products made from African amber in different colors on the market. They are quite attractive. What is the difference between Baltic amber and gems from other deposits?

Other fossil resins are mostly more fragile and are often much inferior to Baltic amber in beauty, richness of color shades and brilliance. Only Baltic succinite contains a unique succinic acid, the healing properties of which have not yet been fully studied. Pick up and examine amber products as often as possible. Beads and bracelets use a minimum of other material; their appearance makes it easier to determine the authenticity of amber. In a fairly short period of time you will gain insight. It will help you respond to counterfeits in the future. First you need to remember three main rules. firstnatural amber weighs very little. Even voluminous bracelets or beads will be light, while surrogates have a very noticeable weight. Secondly, real amber cannot be monochromatic; it always differs in color and saturation. Due to the layers formed millions of years ago, amber shimmers in the sun, so if you are offered a stone that does not sparkle in the light, then it is an imitation. The thirdNatural amber does not and cannot have any sparkles. All of them are added artificially. The best solution is to buy Baltic gold from trusted manufacturers. The official and only amber miner in the Kaliningrad region is the Amber Plant. He also introduces amber products to the market. Additionally, its sealed tag provides information about the quality of the product. This is the so-called jewelry passport, which contains all the basic information about it. JSC “Kaliningrad Amber Plant” founded on July 21, 1947 on the basis of the Koenigsberg Amber Manufactory. The Amber Plant is the only industrial enterprise in Russia and the world’s largest amber mining enterprise, located in the village of Yantarny in the Kaliningrad region, where about 90% of the world’s amber reserves are concentrated. In 2013, according to the decree of Russian President Vladimir Putin, the plant was transferred under the management of the state corporation Rostec. In 2021, 575 tons of amber were extracted, which was a historical record for production volumes at the Primorsky quarry, which has been developed since 1976. Raw amber is sold on the electronic trading platform of JSC St. Petersburg Exchange and auctions for processors. The Amber Plant is a full-cycle enterprise – from the extraction of raw materials to the production of finished jewelry and souvenirs. Rostec State Corporation – one of the largest industrial companies in Russia. Unites more than 800 scientific and industrial organizations in 60 regions of the country. Key areas of activity are aircraft manufacturing, radio electronics, medical technologies, innovative materials, etc. The corporation’s portfolio includes such well-known brands as AVTOVAZ, KAMAZ, UAC, Russian Helicopters, ODK, Uralvagonzavod, Shvabe, and Kalashnikov Concern. Rostec is actively involved in the implementation of all 12 national projects. The company is a key supplier of Smart City technologies, is engaged in the digitalization of public administration, industry, and social sectors, and is developing plans for the development of 5G wireless communication technologies, the industrial Internet of things, big data and blockchain systems. Rostec acts as a partner of the world’s leading manufacturers, such as Boeing, Airbus, Daimler, Pirelli, Renault. The corporation’s products are supplied to more than 100 countries around the world. Almost a third of the company’s revenue comes from the export of high-tech products.

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