Stones by zodiac signs

How to choose the right natural pearls?

Pearl jewelry is a favorite in jewelry fashion, instantly adding femininity and charm to any look. For compositions, designers are increasingly using pearls mined in freshwater bodies, rightly assessing their beauty and quality. Cosmetics manufacturers are not lagging behind, using the healing properties of mother-of-pearl for the benefit of beautiful ladies. Many connoisseurs are interested in the difference between freshwater pearls and sea pearls. The main difference is a more affordable price; otherwise, the beads have the same noble appearance and delight with the depth of color with beautiful tints.

How to choose high-quality freshwater pearls

  • A natural mineral rarely has a perfectly even shape. Usually it is a spherical bead with small, barely noticeable irregularities. But there are also samples of oval, pear-shaped, slightly elongated or irregular shape. Too flawless appearance of pearls can give away their artificial or cultured origin. When choosing a shape, take into account your style of clothing and other decorations so that they all harmonize with each other.
  • Often counterfeit dealers coat the imitation with a special compound that imitates natural irregularities – if you run your fingernail across the surface, scratches will remain on it.
  • Freshwater pearls range in color from white, milky and cream to pink, lavender, green and blue. The rarest and most expensive is black. White pearls are a universal option for everyday and formal looks. Jewelry with pink or cream mother-of-pearl looks more catchy. Colorful bright beads are the lot of evening looks and extravagant everyday outfits.
  • The size of freshwater mother-of-pearl rarely exceeds 11 mm, the average diameter of the beads is 2-10 mm, larger samples should be studied very carefully, there is a high chance that this is a fake.
  • Freshwater pearls are characterized by a bright shine, and the cost of the beads directly depends on its intensity.

Pearls also have healing “talents” – cleansing, soothing, and helps identify certain diseases. It is believed to relieve infertility and prolong youth. Pearl powder is used in folk medicine as medicine. But the healing properties of freshwater pearls are inherent only to nacre of organic origin; artificially grown pearls do not possess them.

Where to buy natural freshwater pearls

Taking into account the large number of fakes, it is wiser to purchase pearl products in trusted places:

  • In specialized stores focused on selling products with pearls. Before purchasing, do not forget to read reviews about the outlet and inquire about the availability of product certificates.
  • On the market, the chance of purchasing a fake is higher here, but if you have a certificate, you can take a risk. You can verify the authenticity of your purchase by submitting it to a jewelry workshop for examination.
  • Directly from jewelry manufacturers. It is unlikely that a large jewelry factory will sell counterfeits.
  • In an online store, the evaluation criteria are the same as for a regular jewelry department – reviews, licenses, certificates for goods.

An important factor when buying freshwater pearls is the price. Natural mother of pearl cannot be cheap. If they offer you a price that is too tempting, they are probably lying.

At the same time, river mother-of-pearl is much cheaper than sea mother-of-pearl, which is why it is often mistaken for a fake or imitation. The difference in price is explained by the complexity of extraction and production, and the cost of production. The shell of a sea mollusk can only bear 1-3 pearls at a time; river shells yield several dozen beads in one batch.

Freshwater mother-of-pearl is more cost-effective than sea mother-of-pearl. At the same time, in terms of quality and decorative properties, it is in no way inferior to its expensive marine counterpart.

Caring for products with freshwater pearls

No matter what shape, size or color the freshwater pearls in your box are, caring for them is the same.

To prevent precious beads from losing their brightness and shine, store them away from the sun in a cool place. Keep them separate from other items, preferably in a special velvet bag, so that the pearls do not get scratched.

Excessive humidity or dry air is harmful to the stone – with excess moisture it becomes cloudy, with dryness the mother-of-pearl flakes off. Therefore, keep jewelry away from radiators and heaters, and in hot weather, place a container of water or a humidifier nearby.

Protect pearls from dust – it negatively affects the condition of the nacre and causes microcracks on the surface.

Try to avoid rooms where people smoke – tobacco smoke “kills” natural pearls.

Do not clean pearls with hard sponges, brushes or abrasives – this will lead to scratches and damage to the mother-of-pearl layer. Jewelry can only be cleaned with a soft cloth without chemicals or cleaning compounds.

You can wash it only in warm water without chlorine – with baby soap or shampoo. No ammonia, vinegar or other “helpers”. After washing, be sure to dry the pearls at room temperature; under no circumstances should they be put into the box damp.

Freshwater pearls are used to create everyday and exclusive jewelry, wedding accessories and luxurious holiday compositions. With the right choice, the product will delight you for many years, maintaining its color saturation and shine.

You probably already want to buy something cute and stylish with pearl inserts or pendants? Then it’s time to check out DAME!

We have the best selection of pearls and high-quality products, complete with certificates and manufacturer guarantees. In the store’s catalog you will find jewelry for special occasions and for every day, for school and work, dates and special occasions.

We also have good prices and discounts, regular arrivals and delivery anywhere in Russia.

Pearl is a material of organic origin, a mineraloid. It is produced by marine and freshwater bivalves when a foreign body, such as a grain of sand, enters the shell. This is a defense mechanism. In terms of popularity, pearls can compete with diamonds, sapphires, emeralds and rubies.

Description of pearls

Is a pearl a stone? According to the mineral nomenclature approved by the International Mineralogical Association, pearls are not a mineral, but contain the mineral aragonite, while at the same time containing the organic substance conchiolin.

The Law of the Russian Federation “On Precious Metals and Precious Stones” equates natural pearls in their natural and processed form with precious stones in value.

History of the fishery

Pearls have been known to people since ancient times. Thus, mentions of him are contained in the collection of the most ancient sacred scriptures of Hinduism, the Vedas, and on clay tablets discovered during excavations in Persia. Mentions are also found in the Bible.

The first news of mining near Sri Lanka dates back to the 1901nd century AD. e. The Louvre exhibit features the oldest pearl necklace from Susa, which was found in XNUMX. And in Plutarch’s story, pearl earrings belonging to Cleopatra are mentioned.

It is reliably possible to trace the history of the oldest discovered pearl – “Peregrina” – caught in the middle of the 16th century. Until the late Middle Ages, pearls were valued as the greatest treasure.

Pearl varieties

By origin, pearls can be natural or cultured. It is a mistake to consider cultured pearls artificial. According to the habitat of the mollusks, freshwater and saltwater pearls are distinguished.

Natural pearls

Pearls are a natural formation that arose accidentally, without human intervention, inside a mollusk. The composition of natural pearls is an organic substance called scleroprotein, called conchiolin, and calcium carbonate (usually aragonite), arranged in concentric layers. The exception is pink pearls, the layers of which consist of radial segments.

Cultured pearls

Cultured pearls are nacreous formations that are secreted inside a living mollusk. The outer layers of cultured pearls are composed of concentric layers of scleroprotein and calcium carbonate.

The formation of mother-of-pearl layers occurs due to the metabolism of a living mollusk; human intervention only initiates the release of mother-of-pearl. The above applies to any cultured pearl – with a hard core and/or with an organic implant.

Three-quarter or half cultured pearls. Such pearls are purposefully cultured (3/4 or 1/2) from a round pearl by separating the nacre layers with a mollusk.

Currently, the market is dominated by natural cultured pearls, that is, grown with human participation. Pearl farm specialists place an irritant in the form of a mother-of-pearl ball the size of small beads into the body of the oyster; this ball is called the nucleus.

After which the process of pearl formation continues in the same way as during the formation of a natural pearl: the oyster begins to cover it with the same layers of natural mother-of-pearl, as in the case of a natural pearl.

Types of pearls

There are many types of pearls, some of which you may have heard of: South Sea pearls, Tahitian pearls, Akoya pearls, Mabe pearls, Keshi pearls, Abalone pearls, Paragon pearls, Melo pearls, Conk pearls, “Kasumi.”

Properties and characteristics of pearls


When choosing pearl jewelry, it is important to pay attention to its shine, or luster: it should be intense and deep. The pearl should seem to glow from within, and not just shimmer like its imitation. The brightness of a pearl’s luster is determined by the light that is reflected by the numerous layers of nacre.

In high quality pearls, there is a sharp contrast between the brightest area where the light hits and the shaded area, creating the illusion of a ball inside the pearl.

Thickness and quality of mother of pearl

The thickness of the mother-of-pearl layer determines the main thing – the durability of the pearl, and the high quality of the mother-of-pearl determines the light reflecting ability of the pearl. Bright shine and deep glow are provided by only the highest quality mother-of-pearl layer.

Colors and shades

Pearls have a rich number of colors and shades. In nature, white, pink, peach, beige, purple, lilac, green, bluish, golden, metallic gray, chocolate brown and black pearls are found. Classic pearls are snow-white or white with shades ranging from pink to cream.

The color of the pearl depends on the color of the mollusk shell. There are 3 stages of color perception:

● overtone – an additional color that is visible in a pearl in sunlight: according to the GIA system, pinkish, bluish and greenish overtones are distinguished.


The shape of a pearl directly affects its price. A pearl with a more regular shape is valued more expensive. Slight irregularity, where the pearls are elongated or flattened at the poles, reduces the value, but is quite acceptable.

There are three main forms of pearls:

Spherical specimens are the least common in nature, which is why they are more expensive. Baroque pearls, the popularity of which has now sharply increased, have an irregular shape, are not often found in nature, and therefore are not cheap.

Symmetrical pearls (such as “rice”, “corn”, pear-shaped and other symmetrical non-spherical shapes) are much cheaper than their spherical counterparts.

But these are not all options. Keshi pearls, for example, have a flattened shape due to the absence of a core, while Mabe pearls have a hemispherical shape. The most unusual sea pearls in shape are “Abalon” in the form of a horn or shark tooth and “Paragon” in the form of natural phenomena, silhouettes of animals or people.


The size of a pearl is no less important than its shape. Determined by diameter and measured in millimeters. Large spherical cultured pearls are less common and therefore more expensive.

The price of pearls from 8 mm in diameter begins to rise rapidly. Large pearls can reach 25 mm in diameter. Larger sizes are typical for sea pearls.


Pearls have a hardness of 3,5 to 4,5 on the Mohs scale. But the hardness of Abalon pearls reaches 5 points.

Where and how are pearls mined?

The main places of production are the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf. Pearl mussels are also caught off the coast of Sri Lanka and Japan. Black pearls from Tahiti are highly prized. Freshwater pearls are mined in Germany, China and North America.

There are pearl farms in Japan, China, Thailand, Vietnam, and South Korea. South Sea pearls are the most expensive due to their large size (from 8 to 16–18 mm), the thickness of the mother-of-pearl layer (reaches 6 mm) and good preservation due to this, as well as color (rich gold, champagne). The centers of its cultivation are the shores of Australia, the Philippines, Myanmar and Indonesia.

The main dangers for pearl mussels are red tides (harmful algae blooms) and temperature changes. In some countries, pearl mussels are still caught the old fashioned way, for example in Bahrain.

What stones do pearls go with?

Since pearls are classified as precious stones, they can most often be found in tandem with diamonds or sapphires, including colored ones. In more everyday jewelry, jewelers combine it with topazes and amethysts. By the way, pearls are easily combined not only with stones, but also with enamel.

Whatever form you decide to wear pearls – in the form of a ring, earrings, bracelet, brooch or pendant – they will harmoniously complement your look. Choose pearl jewelry made of gold or silver in combination with other precious stones in the catalog of the Moscow Jewelry Factory. We especially recommend paying attention to our new Naomi collection.

How to wear pearls and care for jewelry with them

One of the not obvious advantages of pearls is that they are not capricious: they are not afraid of contact with water, normal temperature changes, exposure to fats, soaps and cosmetics, with one caveat. All jewelry should be put on 10 minutes after applying cosmetics and perfume.

At the same time, it is important not to store such jewelry in permanent environments – at elevated temperatures (for example, near a radiator), high humidity, in a greasy environment, etc. Pearls begin to fade from a long stay in the box. Hence the rule to wear pearls as often as possible: from contact with the skin, they become saturated with moisture.

With proper care, quality pearls will last for many years. A pearl necklace is best put on and taken off by holding the jewelry by the clasp, and worn under the body or over delicate fabrics so that the mother-of-pearl layer does not wear off.

Direct sunlight is harmful to pearls; excessive heat can cause pearls to turn yellow or fade, so you should not wear them to the beach.

A good way to preserve your saltwater pearl jewelry and restore its bright shine is to give it occasional seawater baths (plain water with added sea salt), and freshwater baths with freshwater pearls. After which the necklace is dried horizontally on a terry towel.

Keep such jewelry in a separate box or case to prevent tarnishing and damage to the item. A separate rule applies to pearl threads: approximately once every 2-3 years, the thread itself requires updating due to stretching, which a jewelry workshop can help with.

Astrological compatibility: who suits pearls

Pearl jewelry is ideal for water signs of the zodiac, especially Pisces and Scorpio. Mineraloid protects Pisces from unhappy relationships and helps develop intuition. Scorpios should pay attention to black pearls – it will help them get a boost of vigor and good mood.

If we talk about other representatives of the zodiac circle, then Capricorns will be able to find peace from pearl jewelry. But Sagittarius, Leo and Aries are recommended to consider other stones as talismans.

Astrologers consider pearls, like the moon stone, to be feminine. Moreover, by his nature he is the personification of femininity. The properties are enhanced in a silver frame. The magical property of pearls is considered to be their ability to attract love into the lives of single girls and strengthen family happiness. Some stones are credited with the same property. You will learn more about stones according to zodiac signs in this section.

Pearls are especially suitable for women bearing the name Margarita, which goes back to the ancient Greek “margarites”, which translates as “pearl”.

Interesting Facts

There is a lot more interesting things to tell about pearls, here are some facts about them.

1. More than 95% of all pearls for sale were cultured.

2. Nucleated Keshi pearls are 100% mother-of-pearl and therefore have a strong shine.

3. The lifespan of a pearl is on average 300 to 600 years.

4. There are non-nacre pearls – these are “Melo” and “Conk”, which are formed in the shell of gastropods that do not produce mother-of-pearl.

5. Pearls do not need cutting, but there are still faceted pearls: cutting is carried out by such masters as Katsuhito Komatsu, Viktor Tuzlukov.

6. Not long ago they learned to cultivate pearls with a stone instead of a mother-of-pearl core and carve beads; such specimens are called “Galatea”.

7. The two largest pearls were found off the coast of the Philippine island of Palawan. The Pearl of Allah, found in 1937, weighs more than 6 kg and has a diameter of 23 cm. In 2016, a pearl weighing 34 kg and measuring 30 x 67 cm was discovered.

8. In Rus’, fishermen placed pearls extracted from freshwater mollusks into their mouths and kept them there for 2 hours, this process was called pickling.

9. There are 120 shades of pearls.

10. There was a belief that tarnished pearls could be revived if given to a young, energetic girl to wear. Ancient Indian mineralogists recommended another method – you had to let a rooster with bright plumage peck the pearl.

11. In Russian speech, this term expresses the superlative degree of something: for example, a pearl of architecture, collection, painting, etc.

12. Imitations today are made from a variety of materials, including cotton – the so-called cotton pearls.

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