Myths and legends

How to determine if a stone is jade?

They make everything from jade – decorative figurines, boxes, dishes, even decorate rooms with it. In the distant past, axes and hammers were made from this durable material. Later they decorated the handles of daggers, musical instruments and used them as a heating pad. But people began to decorate themselves with jewelry with this mineral since Neolithic times. This stone is especially valued in the Middle Kingdom. We will tell you here what properties of jade are loved by connoisseurs, why it was often used in magical rituals and to whom it suits according to their zodiac sign.

Characteristics and description of jade

Jade comes from the group of amphiboles, natural silicates, which consist of tiny crystals, similar to ribbons. This structure gave the mineral high strength and toughness, comparable to durable metal. It is 2 times stronger than steel. In ancient civilizations, axes and weapons were made from it. It is almost impossible to break a strong mineral just like that; this will require a lot of effort or special tools. Despite its exceptional strength, it is a fairly malleable mineral that can be easily processed and polished. Its hardness is 5,5-6,5 on the Mohs scale, and its density is 2,90 – 3,32 g/cm3. Jade can have a glassy or matte luster, and its degree of transparency can range from opaque to translucent. The color of the stone that is familiar to us is green, but in nature there are white, yellowish, gray, red, and even black samples. The gem is valued due to its unique optical properties. Due to its internal structure, light is refracted in an amazing way, creating a mysterious internal glow, similar to fog. This is one of the most common minerals on Earth – it is mined everywhere, and its reserves are not yet depleted. The Russian Federation accounts for 10% of all world production, and the main deposits are located in Buryatia.

The symbol and meaning of jade – Chinese legends and beliefs

Jade has been a part of Chinese civilization since ancient times. It was used as a material for practical or decorative purposes in the early period of history, but even today it has not lost its significance. There are many legends associated with this mineral – Chinese and not only. For example, the Chinese believed that jade nectar was eaten by the gods and spirits of heaven and earth in the morning and at noon, and thanks to this they lived forever. Therefore, jade stone was intended only for noble Chinese families, and was inaccessible to mere mortals. The beautiful color, texture and properties of jade made it a mysterious stone for the Chinese. Therefore, vessels for sacrifices were made from it, and they were often buried along with the dead. Still in the same Land of the Rising Sun, it was believed that this mineral, firstly, prolongs life, and secondly, has the ability to resurrect. Thanks to the legend about the possible resurrection of the dead, the custom arose of putting pieces of jade into the mouths of the deceased. The more noble the family, the more chic. For example, Liu Sheng, the prince of the state of Zhongshan, was buried in a luxurious jade suit consisting of 2498 pieces of jade sewn together with gold thread. This was in 113 BC, and such painstaking work was not within the power of everyone, and even beyond the means of an ordinary person. The mineral is still valued for its musical qualities. It was believed that its gentle melodic sound with a resonance effect helps to heal mental wounds and find harmony with one’s inner essence. For this purpose, at first simple plates or stones were used, and later more complex instruments began to be made from jade – flutes, bells, jew’s harps. One of the legends is connected precisely with the musical properties of the mineral. They tell. that Confucius, who tried to instill righteousness, respect and devotion to each other in his compatriots, played on a jade stone in moments of despair. One day, a passing peasant, hearing this melody, exclaimed: “The heart of the one who beats the musical stone like that is truly full!” However, Confucius appreciated not only the sound of the stone. He was convinced that jade is the personification of 11 virtues: benevolence, justice, decency, truth, trust, music, fidelity, heaven, earth, morality and intelligence. Other, no less noble, meanings were attributed to the properties of the stone. Its brilliance represents purity, its extreme hardness symbolizes the stability of the mind. The virtues of the sage, by the way, were compared precisely with jade. The corners of the stone, which do not cut, although they seem sharp, represent justice, and internal flaws remind of sincerity. This nugget was also called the stone of victory and was considered a symbol of power, so only representatives of noble families were supposed to have it. The white, opaque variety was especially valued in Ancient China; to the Chinese emperors it resembled lamb fat. Ordinary people were forbidden to have such a nugget – they were executed for disobedience.

Types of jade: what color is jade and what does it look like?

Usually this dense mineral is opaque; only on chips or the thinnest plates can a slight translucency be noticed. The stone has a fairly wide palette of colors and a beautiful pattern, and the color can vary depending on the amount of iron, chromium or manganese impurities.

  • White is the rarest type, which can have different shades from milky, grayish to boiling white, while other shades can be mixed in – for example, green or blue. It was used only for decoration or making sacred statues – it was from white stone that two Buddha statues were erected in China. In the Chinese city of Anshan there is the largest Buddha statue, carved from a single nugget of jade. Its height is 7,95 meters.
  • Black also has different shades and saturation depending on the graphite content. Among the black representatives of the mineral there is a rare variety – bianshi, which is used for therapeutic purposes.
  • Blue is a variety called “dianite.” The pebble, found in Yakutia in 1997, received its name in honor of the deceased Princess Diana. True, the name was not fixed as official, but the free version remained in use among specialists and buyers. By the way, it is considered the most expensive variety.
  • Red – all shades from pale pink to bright scarlet. It is considered quite rare, so it is not easy to find jewelry with it, but if you do, consider yourself lucky, it looks amazing.
  • Yellow – from sunny to brown. The highest quality jades in this spectrum are found in Burma. They are used for jewelry, while yellow specimens from other parts of the world are considered ornamental.
  • Green is the most common and varied in color. There are countless shades of green, from light, apple, emerald to swampy or dark olive with a brown undertone.

The amazing patterns of each stone are unique, they depend on the internal structure. The drawing can be:

  • cloudy – with a beautiful gradient in the form of clouds;
  • spotted – spots similar to the color of a turtle appeared due to the uneven distribution of minerals;
  • banded – stripes in such stones appeared due to the oxidation of iron in small cracks of the mineral.
  • homogeneous – due to the uniform coloring, a glowing effect appears in a dense stone.

Interesting fact: Russia has always loved the deep emerald shades of the imperial mineral, but the Japanese prefer the rare black variety.

Magical and healing properties of the stone

It is believed that jade stone helps with diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, and simply improves digestion. Apparently, this is why jade dishes and chopsticks were in great demand among Chinese emperors.

Inflammatory processes, they say, also go away faster if you regularly apply a piece of the mineral to the sore spot. The properties of jade allow you to quickly relieve pain and reduce swelling. True, the stone needs to be warmed up a little first (just not in the microwave, otherwise you never know). In fact, there is no mysticism – simply because of its physical properties, jade retains heat well and is used as a heating pad.

In addition, jade is valued for its durability, beauty and musical properties. By the way, the St. Petersburg Mining Museum houses a fragment of a unique slab of singing jade originally from Southern Siberia with its own amazing history.

From an esoteric point of view, the mysterious mineral also distinguished itself. There is an opinion that a magic nugget has magical properties: it helps to find oneself, gain wisdom, and even prolong life. In addition, it will help to avoid impulsive actions; it will be useful to those who are inclined to act under the influence of a momentary impulse.

Jade is a “strong” stone. It helps change life for the better, and also gives vitality, good health, and brings wealth. If in China a person wants to get rich, he buys jade fish figurines.

Until now, every Chinese resident considers it obligatory to wear a piece of jade on himself. Judging by how actively the Celestial Empire is developing, the stone really “works.”

Is jade a gemstone or not?

According to the legislation of the Russian Federation and according to the classification of E. Ya. Kievlenko, jade does not belong to precious stones. This semi-precious stone is considered a first-order jewelry and ornamental mineral.

Silver ring with synthetic jade and cubic zirconia 000-335715

Although millions of Chinese, for whom jade is almost priceless, would probably argue with this statement. But still, the rest of humanity is not so sensitive to the mineral.

How to distinguish a fake

On the jewelry stone market, one can easily confuse natural jade with pressed jade. The pressed “stone” is glued together from crumbs – waste of a natural mineral, and outright fakes are even more common. In order not to fall for the tricks of scammers, let’s see how to distinguish a real jade stone from a fake.

  • By weight – taking a stone in your hand, you can distinguish natural jade from glass or plastic, which are much lighter than dense stones.
  • By temperature – the mineral will be cool to the touch at first, and when it warms up from the warmth of your hands, it will maintain its temperature for a long time.
  • In terms of shine – glass shines more, looks more glossy, while natural mineral has a more matte surface, and may even have irregularities.
  • According to the internal structure, you need to look at the light through the translucent stones. If you see a homogeneous cloudy structure or ordered inclusions, this is a fake. A real mineral has an intricate internal pattern of interwoven fibers, which is always chaotic and impossible to recreate by hand.
  • By color – the color spots or stripes of jade are clearly defined and clearly distinguishable in bright light. But fakes suffer from blurry boundaries that merge when you look at them in sunlight.
  • In terms of sound, we have already written about the musical properties of our hero. Hitting it with a pebble or coin, the mineral will emit a drawn-out melodic sound, while other materials will have a jerky, dull sound. The method is good for small stones, but is not suitable for large stones, for example, for specimens larger than a quail egg.
  • In terms of resistance to temperature – holding jade over the flame of a candle or lighter, it will become smoky, but no more. Wipe it with a cloth and it will return to its original state. Another thing is plastic or pressed “stone”. After “arson”, such materials will begin to melt and smell unpleasant, while on other, more resistant materials, the blackness will remain for a long time.
  • In terms of strength, jade will easily survive any blow to a hard surface, and if you scratch it with a needle or knife, not a single scratch will remain on the sturdy piece. But there is one nuance – you should not check more fragile inclusions with a sharp metal object. They are made of iron oxide, so they can be damaged.
  • By origin – when purchasing, ask the seller for a quality certificate for the jewelry.

Where is jade used?

Jewelry-quality minerals are used to make jewelry, not only for women, but also for men – rings, bracelets, earrings and pendants, brooches and beads. And also religious attributes – for example, jade rosary beads are very popular.

Ornamental stone is used to create interior or decorative items – souvenirs, boxes, dishes, watches, business card holders, vases, candelabra, table lamps. Their cost is not astronomical, but in appearance such an accessory looks quite expensive and noble.

As a gift, you can present a jade figurine in the form of a sage, a beautiful maiden or an animal, symbolizing something important for the recipient of the gift. For example, a jade stone in the shape of an elephant represents wisdom, strength, prudence, frogs – prosperity and wealth, and a turtle symbolizes tireless movement forward, courage, and intelligence.

Jade stone in the form of slabs or large bars is an ideal material for interior decoration of a bathhouse or sauna. Due to their ability to heat up quickly and retain heat for a long time, these stones are in high esteem among those who like to take a good steam bath. And thanks to its characteristics, the jade mineral can withstand many heating cycles and does not collapse even when it has “innate” cracks.

For the same reasons, jade furniture is ordered for a bathhouse. The pleasure is not cheap, but it is worth it – it is believed that such interior items not only look luxurious, but also help you relax and have healing properties. The benefits of jade are difficult to overestimate.

Which zodiac sign suits jade?

The mineral is compatible with almost all representatives of the zodiac signs, so you can safely take it as a companion. You just have to pay attention to the color of the talisman.

White pebble suitable for Libra, to whom it will bring good luck in financial matters and help in matters of love. Another valuable ability of white jade for Libra is to give peace of mind and impart wisdom. In moments when you need to make a vital decision, a pebble will definitely help.

Blue variety Suitable for Gemini and Aquarius. Jade jewelry or figurines in heavenly shades will give you confidence, empower you, and help you avoid mistakes. Red shades will become faithful allies of Aries, Leo and Sagittarius. The stone will pacify the impulsiveness inherent in these signs, curb stubbornness and selfishness, and bring long-awaited harmony.

Yellow variety as if created for Cancers, Scorpios and Pisces. During times of mental decline or despair, a magic pebble will return strength, vitality, and will. On ordinary days, it will awaken sensitivity to others and give you inner balance.

Jewelry with green stones Astrologers advise Taurus, Virgo and Capricorn to wear it. With their help, you can find family happiness, tame fickle Luck, and reveal your inner potential.

Jewelry with jade will not only be a wonderful decoration, but also a reliable amulet. If the jade rosary helped Erast Fandorin avoid two deaths, perhaps the ancient stone will bring us good luck and longevity.

Jade is an amazing stone .
Nephrite is one of two different mineral forms classified as nephrite (the other being jadeite), and until 1863 nephrite and jade/Jadeite Jade were considered the same mineral.

Nephrite/ Nephrite Jade (it is acceptable to say a type of jadeite) is a fibrous aggregate composition of tremolite-actinolite, a basic calcium magnesium silicate (Ca2 (Mg, Fe 2+) 5 [OHlSi4O11] 2), while jadeite (NaAlSi2O6) is pyroxene.

Jade is more common than jadeite, and although it is slightly softer than jadeite, it is considered tougher due to its denser structure. Valuable precious ornamental stone. Very viscous due to the interweaving of fine-crystalline fibers, and therefore very durable. At the fracture, the surface is uneven with sharp thin edges. Has a waxy sheen on a polished surface at any degree of polishing.

Most jade deposits are located in areas where intrusive igneous rocks intrude into serpentinites. There are rare deposits where jade was formed as a result of the action of magma on magnesium-rich dolomites.

Traditional “Chinese jade” usually refers to jadeite, since there are no real jade deposits in China. Jade differs from jadeite in its lower level of brilliance and transparency. The luster of Jade is more “greasy”, while jadeite is more glassy. Jade is softer than jadeite and can also be distinguished by its lower density (although it is more compact in structure, the specific gravity of jade ranges from 2,90 to 3,03, and jadeite from 3,30 to 3,38).

Completely different green colored gemstones are often passed off as jade – aventurine, serpentine, chrysoprase and others.

One important supplier of jade is New Zealand, where it is commonly found in serpentine rocks and as round pebbles along river banks and sea coasts. Other known jade deposits are in Australia, Brazil, China (Xinjiang), Canada, Russia, Taiwan, Zimbabwe and the USA (Alaska and Wyoming). Jade has also been found in Poland.

Jade is mostly popularized in various shades of green, but it is also very common in light colors ranging from white to gray, yellowish to brownish, almost black and even pink. Single-color stones are quite rare. With a deep and solid green color, jade is considered one of the most valuable.

One way to identify jade from other minerals is by testing its specific gravity. A simple test to distinguish jadeite from jade is the impact test. Jade produces a musical tone, whereas jadeite does not “sing” when struck.
Currently, China, Hong Kong and Taiwan are the leading centers for jade processing and finishing.

The various “jade” trade names used today are considered misleading, as many of them are not actual forms of jade at all.

Jade is especially popular throughout Asia for use in talismans, amulets and especially cameos. Unlike other gemstones, it is not uncommon to find entire pieces of jewelry, such as rings and bracelets, that are entirely cut from a single mass—a single piece of jade.

It is believed that jade is the stone of dreams and it can bless all endeavors. Depending on the actual color of the gemstone, it can have many possibilities. Physically, jade is considered a restorative stone. It is supposed to be very useful for cleansing the body, especially the kidneys, liver and spleen, and helps with joint and bone pain.

Jade in jewelry is ideal for both men and women. It can be “mixed” with other precious stones and combined with gold and silver. Ladies can wear them as pendants, beads or bracelets, charm bracelets, rings, earrings. For men – signets, cufflinks, rosary beads.

In the East, jewelry made from jade and jadeite is even made for small children in the form of bracelets.

Like all stones, jade requires careful care. Although it is considered quite hard, it can be scratched. To clean jade, use regular soapy water and a soft cloth. Be sure to rinse well to remove soap scum.

In the online store rosary.su you can always buy and order quality jade rosary and also beautiful jade bracelets at the best price.

Photo of jade stone


Photo of jade, Russia

jade specimen, Canada

Photo of jade, USA

Jade in the light, Canada

Photo of jade stone, USA

Photo of a jade “nugget”, USA

Photo of white jade, Russia

Photo of jade, Canada

Photo of jade, Russia

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