Myths and legends

How to determine whether shungite is real or not?

Shungite is a very beautiful, coal-black stone. This color is not accidental, because shungite is coal that is millions of years old! A unique rock that was formed back in the Precambrian period. It is quite difficult to determine the exact age of such rocks. According to many researchers, the age of shungite deposits can reach 2 billion years! The story about shungite is a story not only about the aesthetic beauty of the stone, but mainly about how valuable qualities it has. The mineral is a unique natural formation in Russia, which has no analogues in the world! It is safe to say that shungite is one of the most healing stones on our planet. During the time of Peter I, the Marcial Waters resort was extremely famous in Russia, which was located on springs gushing from shungite deposits. At this resort, wounded Russian soldiers and officers were “raised” after the most difficult and numerous battles and battles. The healing qualities of the source were manifested thanks to the properties of shungite – it is a natural filter! Shungite purifies water, disinfects it, and imbues it with healing properties, which we will discuss in more detail.

This valuable medicinal rock was discovered by the Russian geologist A. A. Inostrantsev in 1877. He gave it the name “shungite”, named after the Zaonezh village of Shunga, where the rock was first discovered. The first adit opened there. In Rus’, because of its coal-black color, shungite was called a “slate stone,” that is, a snake stone, since the black color in the Russian mentality has a negative emotional connotation. Nevertheless, there were legends about the “slate stone” among the people. Very quickly, our ancestors noticed that coal-black stone has simply fantastic healing properties: it helps to heal from diseases, improves health, rejuvenates, and gives beauty.

SHUNGITE is not a precious stone, but, nevertheless, products made from it are increasingly beginning to appear in the jewelry trade. This is primarily due to the fact that shungite is a healing stone. Moreover, its healing properties are not mystical and speculative in nature – they are proven by science! It is still unknown exactly how much and for whom it is beneficial to wear this stone on the body, however, household water filters with natural shungite are recognized as real magic: they not only purify the water, but also change its taste for the better. Shungite waters are considered beneficial; there is even a resort founded by Peter the Great near the largest outlet of shungite waters in Karelia!
SHUNGITE is a stone, in general, nondescript, gray or black. That is why it can easily be replaced with any stone from the road. Let’s figure out how to distinguish real shungite from such roadside cobblestones! From a large volume of different tests, we selected only those that allow us to distinguish a fake at home.
If you see shiny, polished shungite in front of you, it’s definitely a fake! Shungite does not shine, it is rough to the touch. Shungite is quite fragile, so its stones are usually cut into rounded cabochons or beads, but never cut. Maybe you will come across shungite, ground in the form of a simple three-dimensional figure – for example, a pyramid or octahedron. In this case, its edges should not be clear – they are smoothed, rounded. Examine the stone. If you see golden veins in it, then the stone is most likely genuine. This is iron ore, it often lies in layers of shungite. However, the presence of such veins is not necessary. If you receive shungite in a package, especially a bead or bracelet, consider it. The package should contain at least a little gray or black (the color of the stone) shungite dust. Shungite is very susceptible to abrasion.
CARE AND STORAGE: Store shungite jewelry in a box or in a fabric bag, separately from other jewelry. If it gets dirty, wash it with running water and it will always be like new. Good afternoon!
I read your article about shungite and was very impressed. Just like your site! Can I ask a question about the electrical conductivity of shungite? I purchased a batch of shungite beads, it seems like a reliable supplier. But the beads don’t conduct current; when broken, they shine like shungite or glass or something else? Is it possible that they were made from a material with a low carbon content or does it not matter, they must conduct current?
Thank you very much, good luck to you and your business! Irina Indeed, shungite, due to the presence of iron in it, conducts electric current, and this is its distinctive feature from other minerals. In addition to electrical conductivity, shungite has another unusual property –diamagnetism. Diamagnetism is one of the types of magnetism, which manifests itself in the magnetization of a substance towards the direction of the external magnetic field acting on it. Diamagnetism increases with increasing carbon content in it. Shungite also has a rare feature for rocks – the complete absence of residual magnetization. The electromagnetic properties of shungite were the basis for the creation on its basis of a wide class of electrically conductive materials with radio-shielding and radio-absorbing properties. However, the composition of shungite is heterogeneous and depends on the amount of carbon, the presence of fullerenes, macro- and microelements and other substances. Shungites differ in the composition of the mineral base (aluminosilicate, siliceous, carbonate) and the amount of shungite carbon. Shungite rocks with a silicate mineral base are divided into low-carbon shungite-containing (up to 5% C), medium-carbon shungite (5 – 25% C) and high-carbon shungite (25 – 80% C) [4]. The composition of the shungites we studied from the Zazhoginsky deposit in Karelia includes carbon (30 wt.%), quartz (45 wt.%) and silicate micas (about 20 wt.%). Sum (C+SiO2) in shungites of the Zazhoginsky deposit is within 83 – 88%. In addition to carbon, the composition of shungite mined from the Zazhoginsky deposit in Karelia also includes SiO2 (57,0 wt.%), TiO2 (0,2 wt.%), Al2O3 (4,0 wt.%), FeO (2,5 wt.%), MgO (1,2 wt.%), MnO (0,15 wt.%), K2O (1,5 wt.%), S (1,2 wt.%). Zazhoginsky shungite characterized by high carbon content (up to 30%), high porosity (5%), high electrical conductivity (1500 sim/m) and thermal conductivity (3,8 W/m 2 0 K), adsorption capacity (up to 20 m 2 /g ), rich mineral composition, quite significant content of fullerenes (up to 0,001%). In appearance it resembles coal. If you sand it, you can find veins of silver, golden or red color on its surface. The red color of the veins is due to the presence of iron compounds in the mineral – iron oxides. Such shungite, as a rule, conducts electricity poorly. Other varieties of shungite are similar in appearance to the shungite from the Zazhoginsky deposit, but have a different composition and physical properties. Some types of shungite are lighter in appearance, sometimes even gray in color, and hardly get dirty. There is much less carbon in such varieties (10%), and there are almost no fullerenes. The mineral composition is quite rich. Such shungites, as a rule, conduct electric current. The third type of shungite is shungite shale. It resembles shungite in its structure. This is a breed that is used mainly in construction. Usually in design. It is made from оfacing material. Shungite slate is used primarily in construction and interior design. Tests have shown that due to its low carbon content, it does not have beneficial properties. Some unscrupulous manufacturers use shungite in addition to shungite slate to make products. shungizite – a product obtained by thermal firing of shungite. Shungizite is even more different in appearance from shungite. It contains small amounts of V (0,015 wt.%), B (0,004 wt.%), Ni (0,0085 wt.%), Mo (0,0031 wt.%), Cu (0,0037 wt.% ), Zn (0,0067 wt.%), Co (0,00014 wt.%) As (0,00035 wt.%), Cr (0,0072 wt.%), Zn (0,0076 wt.%) and other elements. Real unprocessed shungite is an intensely black mineral, heterogeneous when broken, with veins, and very dirty on your hands. If this is not the case, then either the carbon content in the mineral is low or it is a fake. Moreover, the presence of electrical conductivity in the mineral is a characteristic feature of shungites with low (10-15%) carbon content. Shungites with a high carbon content (30-50%) usually do not conduct electric current or conduct them poorly. The so-called elite shungite with a high carbon content (more than 50%) has a changed porous structure (outwardly it is shiny, as if covered with varnish). The lack of a porous structure leads to loss of beneficial properties. Even within the same deposit, there are different shungites with different contents of carbon and mineral components. Therefore, such differentiation is not exact and can be used to estimate electrical conductivity rather tentatively. The electrical conductivity of shungite depends both on the presence of carbon (like graphite) and iron compounds in the mineral. For example, in graphite, similar to shungite, electrical conductivity is explained by the presence of free electrons in unoccupied hybridization orbitals between carbon atoms. In the case of shungite, iron compounds make an additional contribution to electrical conductivity. The content of carbon and mineral elements in shuntites shows a certain correlation. As a rule, the higher the carbon content, the lower the mineral composition, but there are exceptions. Everything is determined by the type of shungite and its source of origin. Therefore, it is difficult to derive any specific patterns in the composition of shungite and the proportions between organic and inorganic components. Naturally, different varieties of shungite are used for different purposes. For example, in water treatment and purification, highly porous shungite with a carbon content of 30-50% is used; for the manufacture of jewelry, harder, low-porous varieties of shungite are used, since highly porous shungite crumbles very much during processing. It all depends on the manufacturer, what type of mineral with what percentage of carbon and mineral elements he uses. To distinguish shungite from a fake, you need to check whether the mineral conducts electric current. To do this, it is enough to assemble a simple circuit from a battery (like a crown) and a copper wire, and then connect shungite to it. Before conducting an experiment, you need to make sure that the electrical circuit is functioning normally. To do this, touch the exposed wire with a high-sensitivity indicator screwdriver. If the indicator lights up, it means the electrical circuit is working. After this, you need to connect the shungite to the electrical circuit. The components of the electrical circuit must be in the following sequence: battery – wire – stone. If the light is on, it means the shungite is genuine. If not, then this or a fake or the shungite composition is different (more likely). The authenticity of shungite can also be determined by its strength. Shungite is a very fragile mineral, so if a stone breaks or crumbles in your hands, it is real shungite. Thus the availability electrical conductivity cannot be a reliable way to check the quality of shungite. Necessary, at least 3 types of tests – microscopic studies, testing the mineral for strength, electrical conductivity and diamagnetism.

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Quite by accident I found my question asked many years ago! Thank you!! You gave a exhausting answer, there are too many articles about 100% current conductivity with Shungite, which is not always true.

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