History of use

How to distinguish a natural jade stone from a fake?

Jade and products made from this mineral have recently become very popular among modern fashionistas and fashionistas. This fashion came to us from the countries of Asia and the Far East. Jade has always been quite popular among priests, shamans and ministers of various cults, and is also known in almost all ancient cultures of our planet. This is due to its amazing properties: hardness and extraordinary strength, as well as a variety of colors. Jade magic Legends about the magical and healing properties of jade go back centuries to various cultures and peoples. Jade would have been known to the Mayans and Aztecs: the culture of jade, as the stone of gods and celestial beings, is known to almost all of Mesoamerica. The ancient Indians revered jade more than gold; various artifacts have been found that indicate that jade was the favorite stone of the Great Inca and various deities. Only the privileged classes of Indian society had the right to wear jade products. Everyone knows the ritual knives and masks of that period in the history of Mesoamerica, which lead us to think about the deification of jade objects. Ancient China is perhaps the most important supplier of myths and legends about this unusual stone. “Jade Emperor”, “jade fox”, “jade rod” is a small list of epithets that the Chinese awarded this noble mineral. Rare, durable, hard, beautiful, with an inner glow – this is why jade was so valued by the ancient inhabitants of the Celestial Empire. “A noble man is like jade!” – say the Chinese. In this saying, the whole attitude towards jade is clearly felt. Jade was also known in ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia. It was valued primarily for its amazing properties. Let us recall famous artifacts, for example, the “Wands of Horus”, or the jade cult knives of the state of Urartu. To summarize this paragraph, I would like to say that jade is a transcultural and transcontinental mineral that has sacred properties in many ancient cultures, with pronounced magical and healing properties. Market for fake jade. Objective reality! The largest consumer of jade and jade products at the moment is China. Prices for raw materials and jade products there are prohibitively high, which is due to the sacred properties of this stone for the Chinese themselves and practicing Buddhists. For example, the price for bright and high-quality white jade in China can easily reach 20000 – 30000 $/kg, and high-quality green (spinach) jade in shades can easily cost about 3000 – 5000 $/kg at auctions in Beijing and Hong Kong. This means that counterfeiting this material is profitable and interesting, which is what happens. The main regions where counterfeit material or products come from are the Middle Kingdom and nearby regions that are oriented towards the Chinese market. The scale of trade in counterfeit jade products in China itself is astonishing. The most famous jade market in Guangzhou, according to experts, is more than 60-70% filled with fake raw materials and products. In this regard, Indonesia is not far behind China, from where there is a powerful flow of counterfeit jade to China and other markets, in particular to Russia. As a rule, finished products or semi-finished products are supplied from Indonesia; raw materials are rarely counterfeited there. Beautiful illustrations of fake jade and its imitation. The main center of jade counterfeiting is the Uyghur Autonomous Region and the surrounding territories of Kyrgyzstan and Mongolia. As a rule, the highest quality fakes come from there – imitations made of ceramics and other minerals painted to look like jade. There are no counterfeit centers in our country yet, because there is sufficient production of high-quality and inexpensive raw materials. Our raw materials are most often refined. The market for counterfeit jade in the Asian region can be compared with the market for natural raw materials, both in terms of money and quantity. The turnover of natural jade in China alone reaches (according to experts) approximately 10-15 billion. dollars. From this we can conclude how profitable and interesting the market for jade counterfeits is. Below we will give some practical tips for our readers on how not to waste money and choose jewelry made from truly natural Russian jade. Let’s look at several ways to identify counterfeits and options on how to avoid purchasing “fake” raw materials, i.e. more serious analysis and certification of jade. Express analysis of jade In RuNet and offline stores in our country there is now a fairly large number of jade products and jewelry, often at very attractive prices. And if for jade jewelry, counterfeiting is not critical. Beautiful and beautiful, not everyone recognizes it at first glance. For people practicing stone therapy, yogic and Buddhist practices, natural jade is the only right purchase. This paragraph will directly focus on quickly analyzing jade and determining the quality of jade. The easiest way to determine whether the jade in front of you is fake or not is the so-called express analysis. This type of determining the authenticity of jade includes several methods of visually identifying jade. You need to start, first of all, with the price. As a rule, natural jade cannot be cheap. Prices for products made from natural jade start from 2000 -3000 rubles. for a unit. For example, a ball bracelet, by definition, cannot cost 600 – 800 rubles, because. manufacturing cost, taking into account the cost of raw materials, is approximately 350 – 400 rubles / ball for green jade and 600 – 1000 rubles / ball for white jade. Accordingly, you can imagine how much the finished product will cost based on the prices of raw materials. Below are some prices for untreated stone in our country (in the Middle Kingdom the price tag will be much higher): White jade (lamb fat) 2500 – 5000$/kg White jade (Golyubinskoye, Kolarskoye deposit) 300 – 400 $/kg Bright green without inclusions (speckles) with a high degree of transparency 700 – 1200 $/kg Bright green (with inclusions 1 – 1,5 mm) 120 -300 $/kg Sea wave 20-50$/kg Honey jade 150-300$/kg Swamp or tobacco jade 20$/kg Miass (light colors) jade 15 – 20$/kg The first step has been taken. Although the seller may deliberately inflate the price of products in order to mislead the buyer. Let’s move on to the second stage of our express analysis. Visual inspection. Natural stone cannot be perfectly clean and uniform. There are always irregularities in color or inclusions. For this method, it is better to arm yourself with a small portable flashlight. Shine through the product, if thickness allows. Light from the edges, in thin places. As a rule, they try to make counterfeits as clean and free of inclusions as possible. Third step. Jade has a beautiful glassy sheen. If the polishing of the product is high-quality, you can see a clear reflection of surrounding objects. If you buy raw materials, then at the break the shine should be glassy, ​​not greasy. Fourth step. Determination of hardness. Jade is a fairly hard mineral. Its hardness on the Mohs scale is 6, which is significantly higher than steel, but lower than quartz glass. Nail, sewing needle – 5 Quartz glass -7 In this simple way, you can accurately identify fakes; they are easily scratched by sewing needles. Thermal conductivity. Jade has a fairly low coefficient of thermal conductivity, so if you take the product in your hand, it will be cold, but it heats up quickly enough from the warmth of your hands, unlike other stones and retains heat for a long time. With express analysis, that’s probably all. In the field, these methods should help you identify crude and medium-quality fakes. If you still doubt that this is natural jade, then it is worth conducting a mineralogical examination. This examination is inexpensive (about 1-1,5 thousand rubles) and, as a rule, reliable and honest sellers easily agree to this procedure and will tell you the addresses and telephone numbers of expert organizations who are engaged in mineralogical analysis. Quality of natural jade and its price. This paragraph will be the most interesting and cornerstone in conversations about jade and products made from it. Experience shows that there is no reliable classification of jade raw materials in terms of quality. Often the Chinese themselves (Chinese experts) are “confused in their testimony.” Therefore, in this article we present only our experience and our assessment, considering it to be the closest to the real market value in our country and China. Approximate price in Russia ($/kg) Approximate price in China ($/kg) White jade (“mutton fat”) Jade is a valuable natural mineral that comes in a wide variety of shades of green. Occasionally you come across stones of white and light yellow color, as well as a bluish tint, which is called dianite. The rarest is jade of red and blue-black color. The most valuable stone is dark green in color with a large number of black inclusions and a high degree of transparency. Very often, jade is confused with jadeite, as they are very similar in appearance. But if you look at the light, then inside jade stone looks pierced with the finest threads that create a unique pattern of fibers. And in jadeite it is in the form of tiny grains. Jade is most valued in China. At all times it was revered as the jewel of kings. But not only in China, but also in other countries of East Asia, it was treated as a symbol possessing magical powers that endow a person worthy of it with special energy. And if it was hopelessly damaged, the jade jewelry quickly began to darken and lose its strength. Among the jewelry, silver items with jade inserts and the famous jade beads are especially valued. They are believed to help relieve painful headaches. If you wear them constantly, you can cure stroke, atherosclerosis, and many eye diseases. Original sculptures and various amulets are created from jade. Chinese jade vases are very beautiful. Often, souvenirs, chess pieces, and magnificent openwork items, such as the famous Chinese balls for magical rituals, are made from this stone. Thin jade plates, touching each other, emit a very gentle melodic sound. Because of this property, Chinese craftsmen used them in the manufacture of musical instruments for religious ceremonies at the court of the emperor. Jade is used in both traditional and folk medicine. Jade products are very popular among European tourists who come on vacation to Eastern countries. Local market traders take advantage of this, trying to hand over counterfeits to ignorant people. In order not to fall for scammers, you need to know a few simple secrets of this unique natural stone in order to be able to distinguish jade from fake.

  1. The first difference is that this stone has very high strength. It is twice as strong as steel. It cannot be cut, there are no dents on it, and at the same time it lends itself well to cutting. To check whether the offered product contains real jade or not, just run the sharp end of a pin over it. This will not harm real jade, but a small scratch will remain on the fake.
  2. All natural stones have low thermal conductivity. Therefore, real jade is always cold. You can feel it by placing it on your face.
  3. Finally, check the product for sound. Hit each other’s beads against each other (or one of the beads against a coin); if you hear a dull sound, then this is a product made of ordinary plastic. And jade has a gentle, melodic sound, with a resonance effect. It’s not for nothing that musical instruments made from white jade plates are so popular in China.

But if you still have doubts, then determine the authenticity of jade can be done using the following methods:

  • Jade is distinguished by high light transmittance. Hold the jade piece up to the light or look at it through a magnifying glass and you will see an amazing pattern of fibers inside it. If the stone is homogeneous, it is a fake. Jade is distinguished from jadeite, which has a glassy sheen, with a matte surface.
  • Another feature that distinguishes real jade from a fake is the transition of colors on its surface, the border of which is visible in the light. In the original stone it is clear, in the fake it is blurred, in places merging from the rays of light falling on it.
  • It is best to purchase a certificate for a jade product confirming its authenticity. After all, products made from this natural stone are very expensive.

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