Myths and legends

How to distinguish natural stone from synthetic?

Modern jewelry amazes the imagination with original designs and unusual inserts. However, not all stones that craftsmen use in jewelry are natural. Cubic zirconia, tsavorite, moissanite are minerals that were created artificially. How are they different from natural stones?

Artificial stones: how are they made?

The first artificial minerals began to be produced at the beginning of the 20th century. This was a real breakthrough in jewelry, because the cost of products has noticeably decreased. The pioneers among synthetic stones were rubies – red corundums. They were quickly put into production both for the jewelry industry and for industry. In 1970, Soviet scientists successfully synthesized cubic zirconia, an artificial stone that was used in laser equipment. However, the beauty and similarity of the mineral to a diamond helped it quickly gain popularity among jewelers. Today, three methods of making stones are most often used:

  • Verneuil – in production they use a method of forming a mineral from crushed low-grade raw materials;
  • Czochralski – made from melt. Most often these are sapphires, garnets, spinels, which are grown by the pulling method;
  • hydrothermal – stones are recreated from an aqueous solution into which crushed natural mineral is placed. Aquamarines, sapphires, emeralds and morganites are made this way.

It is important to distinguish between the concepts of artificial and fake stones: many unscrupulous craftsmen sell products with fake inserts under the sign of artificial ones. The main difference that can be noticed between them is shine and durability.

Fake stones are made from plastic and glass. Over time, they fade, become covered with cracks and chips, and lose their appearance. Artificial stones synthesized in laboratories are reliable and durable. They do not darken for many decades and are more resistant to mechanical damage.

The main differences between artificial and natural stones

An untrained buyer will not be able to distinguish a synthetic mineral from a natural one. To understand whether earrings with sultanite are natural or not, you will need special equipment and experience. That is why it is important to purchase jewelry from certified stores, where each product has a manufacturer’s description and relevant documents.

Natural stones differ from artificial ones in the following points:

Almost all minerals produced in laboratories and institutes do not have any defects. They grow in “greenhouse” conditions, where the stone is not affected by natural processes. High purity is the criterion by which natural minerals are evaluated. For example, sapphires and diamonds without defects are extremely rare, so their price can reach hundreds of thousands of dollars. While the cost of pure artificial stone is much less.

The shimmer of a natural diamond is like snowflakes – unique and mesmerizing. If you place a natural stone on a light emitter, you will see an intricate pattern around it caused by the play of light. The artificial mineral has a more elongated and less artistic glow.

Natural stones have a harder structure – they do not suffer scratches or chips due to mechanical stress.

The value of natural stones is much higher – they are formed in rocks for decades, and the pattern of the mineral is unique. Products with natural inserts do not become cheaper and can be passed on as a family heirloom from generation to generation.

Unfortunately, over time, artificial stones fade.

It’s up to you to decide which jewelry to choose, with natural or synthetic inserts. Both products are distinguished by their grace and beauty, so it can be extremely difficult to decide. If you want to preserve and increase the value of your jewelry, it is better to choose natural stones.

In 7 Karat stores you can buy earrings with agate, rings with diamonds, pendants with sapphires. Choose a suitable decoration in the catalog and add it to your cart – give yourself and your loved ones only real treasures!

Natural hard rocks are used in a variety of areas of life. But the most extensive of them is jewelry and handicrafts. Today, more and more art lovers prefer jewelry made from natural stones. Beads made from Turquoise, Amethyst, pearls and other gems are widely used in needlework.

But is it possible to be 100% sure of their naturalness? To check this, you need to know how natural minerals differ from artificial ones.

How to distinguish a real stone from a fake?

There are unique methods that allow you to determine the reality (the naturalness of a gem). They are based on knowledge of the unique properties of stones, and today we will try to understand how to distinguish a real stone from an artificial one by examining several popular minerals.

There is no clear answer to the question of how much a real stone costs. Because stones are different. The most expensive of them are those that are officially considered precious. However, this is not what this topic is about. Now it is important to figure out how to understand that the stone is real. Being aware of this, you will be able to accurately determine the value of the mineral.

How to check whether a stone is real or not

Often people involved in the jewelry industry have to deal with different imitations of stones. These simulated minerals are very similar to natural stones. It is very difficult to distinguish them visually from each other.

The most commonly imitated stones, and ways to distinguish natural from artificial

Turquoise – the most leading stone in imitation. Genuine turquoise is a very rare breed. This explains the fact of leadership among fakes.

There is only one way to check whether a stone is real – place it in clean water for a while, the mineral will absorb moisture and change color if it is natural.

Pomegranate – a stone that has its name for a reason. It is no larger in size than a real pomegranate seed. And this is its first distinguishing feature from a fake.

Another way to distinguish a pomegranate from an imitation:

  • Place the mineral on the metal scale;
  • Move a magnet over it;
  • The weight of the stone will be less if it is real, as it tends to become magnetic.

Aquamarine – very famous in the field of handicrafts. From it, in particular from aquamarine beads, they create the most beautiful jewelry (beads, etc.) To find out whether aquamarine is natural, you need to look at the stone from different angles. When natural, the stone will change its shade depending on the angle you look at it from.

Pearls are determined to be natural very simply. Experts recommend putting the bead in your mouth. If the stone is natural, it will leave a salty taste in your mouth. If sellers express vehement dissatisfaction in response to your request to check the mineral, this will be evidence of the presence of a fake in front of you.

Dyed jasper or synthetic spinel – none of these fakes can compare with the deep and pure color of natural lapis lazuli. You can recognize this miracle of nature only by one shade. It is soft and at the same time rich. However, if you have doubts, you can resort to another way to check:

You need to place the stone in (clean) water. If afterwards the water takes on a tint, then it is a fake.

Be careful when purchasing natural stones, and it is better to purchase them from trusted places. Large selection of beads made from natural minerals here .

General methods for testing natural stones

– Defects. Perfection is not nature’s trump card. Therefore, if the stone is smooth and without flaws and looks beautiful, then most likely it is a fake;

– Natural stones do not heat up for a long time and are quite cold to the touch. If you bring a gem to your cheek and it quickly becomes warm, it means it’s an imitation;

– Excessive brightness and uniformity of shade are a clear sign of a fake stone;

– The presence of bubbles in the structure of the stone indicates its laboratory origin.

Do you have decorations made from natural stones at home? Check, perhaps you are not the owner of natural minerals, but their imitation.

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