History of use

How to properly prepare Icelandic moss?

During the period of intervention and civil war in the USSR in the 20s, which caused famine in certain regions of the country, the peoples of the Russian north used Icelandic moss thallus as an additional food product. After removing the bitter substances from the cetraria with soda or alkali and drying the peeled thallus, they mixed it into flour and baked bread. Among many northerners, cetraria of that time was known as bread moss. In ancient times, mountain peoples ate Icelandic moss in the form of a thick jelly with honey and survived in times of famine with the help of sheep’s milk and moss boiled in it. This not only improves digestion, but also cleanses the blood, lymph, and has an anti-inflammatory effect. The traditional recipe for preparing a decoction of moss is the following: take five hundred milliliters of boiling water or hot milk and one tablespoon of crushed dry lichen, mix, boil in a water bath for five minutes, and then leave for thirty minutes and filter. This is how a decoction is prepared for internal use. For external use, it is prepared exclusively with water. The extract from moss is obtained in this way: pour one hundred grams of crushed cetraria into a liter of cold water, leave for a day, filter, place in a water bath and evaporate to half the original volume. Take three times a day half an hour before meals. Moss extract is used as a laxative. The duration of treatment is two weeks. Icelandic moss tea is used for colds, bronchitis, and pneumonia. This remedy has gained recognition among many peoples of Europe, in particular among Yugoslav peasants. They brew it like this: put a teaspoon of lichen in a cup of boiling water, infuse it and drink it like regular tea once a day, preferably before bed. The duration of treatment with such tea varies depending on the circumstances and the patient’s well-being in each specific case and ranges from one to three months. The local population was so accustomed to adding cetraria to bread that they preferred flour products containing Icelandic moss. Thanks to this, the price of cetraria remained quite high, especially during years of shortage of basic types of food. In the capital of Iceland, Reykjavik, in 1916, 2 kg of rye flour was exchanged for 1 kg of dry lichen. Icelandic lichen grows not only in Iceland, it is widespread throughout the globe: in Europe, Asia, Africa, America and Australia. In the CIS it grows everywhere except the steppes. In terms of its chemical composition, this is an interesting plant. Its thalli produce lichen acids: cetraric, protocetraric, fumarprotocetraric, paralychesterolic, protolychesteric and usnic. The amount of carbohydrates reaches 80%, a significant part being lichen starch lichenin. When heated with acids, it turns into sugar, which contains about 97% glucose, 2,5% galactose, 0,5% mannose. Protein in cetraria is from 0,5 to 3%, fat from 1 to 2%, the rest is wax, gum, pigments, mineral salts, ascorbic and folic acids and vitamin B12. 100 g of product contains 100 mg of iron, 2 mg of copper, 2,1 mg of manganese, 2.7 mg of titanium, 0,4 mg of nickel, 0,4 mg of chromium, 0.2 mg of boron and traces of molybdenum. Many types of lichens are producers of gelling substances.
Collection and storage of Icelandic moss
Harvesting lichen can be done independently in dry weather; the collected lichen after rain will be very heavy and difficult to carry to the processing site. Moss is hygroscopic; one kilogram of moss can absorb 10 volumes of water. A conventional manual meat grinder is used for grinding.
Icelandic moss takes up little space when dried. Properly dried moss should remain “alive”; if it is moistened with water, it comes to life in a few minutes and takes on a bright green shape. Shelf life – unpeeled, uncrushed Cetraria Iceland moss remains alive for 2-3 years, already cleared of impurities, with torn thalli – stored for 1-1,5 years, and crushed – 3 months, in the cold for no more than 6 months. Storage – in a glass jar, in the dark, no air should enter the container. Gavrilin Igor Igorevich
Doctor specializing in physical and medical rehabilitation

What is Iceland moss?

  • disinfects and anesthetizes;
  • normalizes the flow of bile in the liver and gall bladder;
  • tones and improves metabolism;
  • has an antibacterial effect;
  • promotes better expectoration;
  • accelerates regeneration;
  • soothes the nervous system;
  • strengthens the immune system.

Composition of Icelandic moss

Icelandic moss contains:

  • usnic acid salts;
  • fumarprotocentraric acid;
  • ascorbic acid;
  • B vitamins;
  • essential oils;
  • fungicidal compounds;
  • macro and microelements;
  • essential oils;
  • phytoncides;
  • bioflavonoids.

What are the benefits of moss?

Traditional medicine knows many recipes for using Icelandic moss. It is used to treat diseases and disorders of the gastrointestinal tract during gastritis and ulcers, during a strong, prolonged cough. Moss-based preparations are good for tuberculosis and pneumonia.

In addition, decoctions from centraria are used for better healing of skin pathologies and disinfection of the oral cavity. Moss is most powerful if it has been collected correctly and all storage rules have been followed.

The collection is carried out in dry and hot summer time, the body of the moss is torn off from the base, then thoroughly cleaned and dried. Drying is carried out either in a dark, dry room or in the open air. When the moss is ready, it is packaged in a breathable container, better than natural quality.

For example, wicker or cardboard boxes are considered the best storage option. They should stand in a place protected from moisture and sun. High-quality moss, if collected correctly, after getting wet, restores its qualities and has a pleasant forest smell.

Indications for use

Centraria or Icelandic moss has many indications for use. Among the most famous:

  • diseases of the respiratory system (bronchitis, pneumonia, bronchial asthma)
  • allergies (dermatitis, itchy skin, urticaria)
  • pathologies of the digestive system (constipation, cramps, diarrhea, flatulence, dysbacteriosis)
  • diseases of the cardiovascular system (atherosclerosis, hypertension, consequences of heart attack, stroke)
  • diseases of the nervous system (increased excitability, insomnia, depression, neuroses).

Medicines based on Icelandic moss for cough

The first on the list of cough remedies based on Icelandic moss is alcohol tincture. It is used as a remedy for dry and wet cough, as well as for other pathologies of the respiratory system. The best effect will be from taking the tincture as a course.

If there are no contraindications and the attending physician does not prohibit it, the course of taking the tincture lasts 2 months, 3 times a day. The dosage is selected individually; on average, to relieve cough symptoms, take 10-15 drops diluted in 50 ml of boiled water.

The tincture is easy to prepare. To do this, take dried moss – 50 grams, then pour it with vodka in a ratio of 1/4, leave for 10 days and then use it for its intended purpose.

Also good for bronchitis and pneumonia infusion from centria. It can be used as a separate remedy or in combination with standard drug therapy. It is known that a course of treatment with infusion reduces the intense symptoms of tuberculosis, whooping cough, and reduces cough in smokers.

For preparation use the following recipe:

  • take 2 tea boats of Icelandic moss
  • pour a glass of boiling water in a glass container
  • leave for 30-40 minutes
  • bring to room temperature and accept.

The course of administration depends on the symptoms, on average it is equal to one month of daily intake of 2 tablespoons three times a day. Before starting treatment, you must see your doctor to rule out all contraindications.

Another effective remedy for the treatment of respiratory organs is considered Icelandic moss decoction. It cleanses the bronchi well, soothes coughs, warms, and improves immunity. On average, the healing process when using a decoction is reduced several times.

It is easy to prepare a decoction of cough syrup. To do this, take a tablespoon of Icelandic moss, pour 200 ml of boiling water and leave in a water bath for 15 minutes. Then, the resulting mixture is filtered and taken 2 tablespoons with meals up to 5 times a day.

To enhance the effect, the infusion can be mixed with other medicinal herbs, such as St. John’s wort, celandine, plantain, and black tea. Regular use of products based on Icelandic moss will help overcome cough, relieve inflammation and remove phlegm.

It is not recommended to take medications based on centraria internally if there is severe intolerance to the plant, during pregnancy and breastfeeding. In addition, as a precaution, it is not advisable to give Icelandic moss to children under three years of age.

Especially for the Altai Procurement Company. 2022 Reprint of material only with an active link to the original.

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