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How to refresh natural pearls at home?

Jewelry with pearls can only be cleaned with clean water, as it “does not like” soap. To prolong the life of pearls, they need to be worn. Human sweat, which has a slightly acidic reaction, has a beneficial effect on pearls, protecting them from dehydration and dissolving weathered layers that are removed over time.A pearl that is worn retains its natural shine and beauty for a long time.Pearls from the last millennium. Discovering various burials of commoners, warriors and traders, tombs of dignitaries and nobility, scientists very often found pearls in them. Most often, decorations were found, naturally, in the tombs of the nobility and priests, but simpler decorations could also be seen among the middle class. About a third of all jewelry was made using pearls of varying quality. Surprisingly, in some burials the beads were in completely good condition, that is, they retained the shine and integrity of the outer layer, while in others the pearls were found already damaged – dull, cracked, often collapsing at the slightest touch. Scientists conducted a number of tests, but did not find out why some pearls became long-lived, while others did not carry their beauty to this day. Tsar Ivan the Terrible himself had a staff decorated with a large pearl. Both the staff and the pearl itself were very old, so the pearl dyeing began to slowly become cloudy and deteriorate. It was possible to restore the shine of the royal staff by using an old Russian recipe. The pearl was lowered into cold sea water. Sprinkled with salt. Wrapped in cloth and placed in warm sea water. After this procedure, the pearl was dried in a room out of direct sunlight and wind. Today, many experts consider washing pearls in salt water very beneficial for the “health” of jewelry. Periodically wiping pearls with soapy water will not be superfluous. It is best to take natural soap, without any cosmetic additives. There is also an opinion that pearls also like white wine, so after such a bath the jewelry acquires a special shine. Pearls are well preserved in sea water. For several centuries, the treasures of the “Invincible Armada,” sent in 1588 by the King of Spain to conquer England, rested on the seabed. The raised cameos of lapis lazuli, framed by eight pearls, and the golden chain, decorated with pearls and rubies, amaze with their splendor. However, the pearls from a ship that sank 400 years ago off the reefs of the southern coast of Bermuda, under the influence of sea water or for some other reason, formed channels from the surface to the center of the sphere. The pearls turned light brown. The content of protein and amino acids in the nacre of raised pearls was an order of magnitude lower than in the nacre of modern pearl oyster shells. In museum premises, in places that are slightly shaded, not too dry and not very wet, pearls are preserved not for 50-70 years, as some experts claimed, but for 300-400 years or more. This is confirmed by a number of precisely dated pearl embroideries. In the Zagorsk Museum, this is a shroud embroidered with sea pearls “The Appearance of the Mother of God Sergius” (1525) and an air (light blanket) with pearl embroidery depicting the Old Testament Trinity (1601), a cover with the image of the founder of the monastery Sergius of Radonezh (1666), richly embroidered with fresh and sea pearls, decorated with rubies and sapphires. In these and other products, pearls have not lost their shine, color and freshness. The pearls on the clothes and household items of the royal collection of the Armory Chamber are well preserved. From the above it follows that the “life” of pearls largely depends on the conditions of its storage. How to care for pearls? Soapy water, salt and white wine are the “cleaning products” that should be used for preventative cleaning. Pearls are very conservative and do not like to take water procedures in other liquids. Sometimes you can find advice on cleaning pearls with vinegar or ammonia. You should not use these caustic substances even in the most extreme cases, because pearls dissolve perfectly in them and cannot be restored. Pearls are sensitive to changes in the external environment, but if stored well, they do not lose their beauty and attractiveness for many hundreds of years. To determine the optimal conditions for storing pearls, it is necessary to find out not only the general cause of their destruction, but also the influence of environmental factors on the safety. This issue has not yet become the subject of special research by mineralogists. Since pearls react very sensitively to the slightest changes in the external environment, their safety largely depends on the location of the gems. It is influenced by four main factors: high temperature, significant humidity, increased light brightness and air pollution. When worn, dry skin has a detrimental effect on it. Biruni also considered the high temperature of the surrounding air and its excessive dryness to be the first condition for the inevitable “disease” of pearls. He wrote: “If you want to preserve the good color of a pearl, protect it from the wind.” Elevated temperatures cause dehydration of organic matter and thereby accelerate its decomposition. Under room conditions, the surface layer of the pearl dehydrates slowly. However, with increasing temperature, this process accelerates sharply, which leads to disruption of the structure of organic molecules. The upper layers of pearls, dehydrated, become pierced by cracks and are divided into small scales, which gradually peel off. A pearl that has lost water loses its unique shine, fades, loses color, and, accordingly, value. Sudden temperature changes also have a detrimental effect on pearls. Even tobacco smoke is harmful to pearls; it causes pearl products to become dull. No less dangerous are aerosols – the smallest solid particles formed as a result of incomplete combustion of fuel. Due to their stickiness, they easily attach to the surface of the gem, depriving it of its shine. And the most important rule to maintain the shine of pearls is to wear them more often!

  • How to clean pearls;
  • Pearl quality.

Any jewelry requires timely cleaning from dirt and careful storage, and products with pearls are no exception. We will give recommendations on how to ensure proper storage and clean pearls at home without damaging them.

Basic rules for caring for pearl products

They try to protect real jewelry, so they wear it only on special occasions. Here’s what’s surprising: you shouldn’t do this with natural wild and cultured pearls, because they retain their properties only with constant contact with the skin. Therefore, the best way to preserve it is to wear it as often as possible.

But all jewelry with pearls should be worn 10 minutes after applying perfume and cosmetics. It is also important to avoid getting hairspray on the product.

Under direct sunlight and exposure to high temperatures, pearls can fade or turn yellow, so in summer it is better to wait out the sun and wear jewelry in the late afternoon. Remember also that changes in humidity are detrimental to the mother-of-pearl layer.

Certain rules apply to the care of pearl threads:

1. After about 2–3 years, the warp thread stretches and needs to be re-stretched. Contact a jewelry workshop for this.

2. It is best to put on and remove the necklace by holding it by the clasp.

3. Do not wear a necklace over clothes made of rough or fleecy fabrics.

And artificial beads require even more careful handling, because their top layer is easily damaged.

How to store pearl jewelry

A case or a separate box with soft upholstery for pearl jewelry is a must. For storage, you can use bags made of natural fabrics that freely allow air and moisture to pass through, but prevent dust from settling. Avoid rooms with very dry air.

If, for example, a string of pearls is stored with other jewelry, the luster of the beads will decrease over time. You should not store the necklace in a vertical position, otherwise the thread will stretch faster.

Methods for cleaning pearls from contaminants

To restore natural sea pearls to their former shine, periodically give your jewelry baths with the addition of sea salt in a ratio of approximately 18 g per 1 liter. As for the river fish, it benefits from fresh water baths. Dry the products with a soft cloth.

Important: pearl threads and necklaces after such baths should be dried horizontally on a terry towel, otherwise the warp thread may stretch out.

During cleaning, the task is to avoid damaging not only the inserts, but also the frame of the product. You can clean and polish pearls as carefully as possible at home using products specially designed for such products – pastes, liquids, foams and napkins.

Jewelry cleaning products are also gentle on the precious gold or silver setting in which the pearl is located. Use a soft cloth to remove any remaining cleaning agent and polish.

You can also use a soap solution: to do this, add a few drops of neutral liquid soap or grated bar soap to a container with warm water, dip the jewelry in the solution and leave for 5-7 minutes. After this, rinse the jewelry with water, preferably distilled, dry and polish with a soft cloth.

If the item contains pearls adjacent to stones, it is better to contact a jeweler for cleaning, because what is good for pearls may be disastrous for other inserts, and vice versa.

How not to clean pearls

To clean pearls, do not use chlorinated water or household chemicals. Hard brushes and sponges are not suitable for this mineraloid, as well as for the precious stones and metals adjacent to it in decoration.

Solvents such as acetic acid, ammonia solution or hydrogen peroxide are contraindicated. The same goes for abrasives like baking soda. Freshwater pearls cannot be cleaned in sea water, and sea pearls cannot be cleaned in fresh water.

So, caring for pearl products and creating optimal storage conditions is not difficult. If you follow all the rules, pearls will last for many years and will delight more than one generation of women in your family.

https://miuz.ru/guide/stones/jewelrystones/zhemchug/kak-pochistit/
How to clean pearls

How to clean pearls at home Basic rules for caring for pearl products How to store pearl jewelry Methods for cleaning pearls from dirt How not to clean pearls Any jewelry requires timely cleaning from dirt and careful care.

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