Myths and legends

How to understand that a stone is not natural?

Natural hard rocks are used in a variety of areas of life. But the most extensive of them is jewelry and handicrafts. Today, more and more art lovers prefer jewelry made from natural stones. Beads made from Turquoise, Amethyst, pearls and other gems are widely used in needlework. But is it possible to be 100% sure of their naturalness? To check this, you need to know how natural minerals differ from artificial ones.

How to distinguish a real stone from a fake?

There are unique methods that allow you to determine the reality (the naturalness of a gem). They are based on knowledge of the unique properties of stones, and today we will try to understand how to distinguish a real stone from an artificial one by examining several popular minerals. There is no clear answer to the question of how much a real stone costs. Because stones are different. The most expensive of them are those that are officially considered precious. However, this is not what this topic is about. Now it is important to figure out how to understand that the stone is real. Being aware of this, you will be able to accurately determine the value of the mineral.

How to check whether a stone is real or not

Often people involved in the jewelry industry have to deal with different imitations of stones. These simulated minerals are very similar to natural stones. It is very difficult to distinguish them visually from each other.

The most commonly imitated stones, and ways to distinguish natural from artificial

Turquoise – the most leading stone in imitation. Genuine turquoise is a very rare breed. This explains the fact of leadership among fakes. There is only one way to check whether a stone is real – place it in clean water for a while, the mineral will absorb moisture and change color if it is natural. Pomegranate – a stone that has its name for a reason. It is no larger in size than a real pomegranate seed. And this is its first distinguishing feature from a fake. Another way to distinguish a pomegranate from an imitation:

  • Place the mineral on the metal scale;
  • Move a magnet over it;
  • The weight of the stone will be less if it is real, as it tends to become magnetic.

Aquamarine – very famous in the field of handicrafts. From it, in particular from aquamarine beads, they create the most beautiful jewelry (beads, etc.) To find out whether aquamarine is natural, you need to look at the stone from different angles. When natural, the stone will change its shade depending on the angle you look at it from.

Pearls are determined to be natural very simply. Experts recommend putting the bead in your mouth. If the stone is natural, it will leave a salty taste in your mouth. If sellers express vehement dissatisfaction in response to your request to check the mineral, this will be evidence of the presence of a fake in front of you.

Dyed jasper or synthetic spinel – none of these fakes can compare with the deep and pure color of natural lapis lazuli. You can recognize this miracle of nature only by one shade. It is soft and at the same time rich. However, if you have doubts, you can resort to another way to check:

You need to place the stone in (clean) water. If afterwards the water takes on a tint, then it is a fake.

Be careful when purchasing natural stones, and it is better to purchase them from trusted places. Large selection of beads made from natural minerals here .

General methods for testing natural stones

– Defects. Perfection is not nature’s trump card. Therefore, if the stone is smooth and without flaws and looks beautiful, then most likely it is a fake;

– Natural stones do not heat up for a long time and are quite cold to the touch. If you bring a gem to your cheek and it quickly becomes warm, it means it’s an imitation;

– Excessive brightness and uniformity of shade are a clear sign of a fake stone;

– The presence of bubbles in the structure of the stone indicates its laboratory origin.

Do you have decorations made from natural stones at home? Check, perhaps you are not the owner of natural minerals, but their imitation.

The use of stone in the interior is a successful solution today, which is becoming more popular every year. Thanks to the wide selection of options, choosing the appropriate option, depending on the purpose, wishes and performance characteristics, will not be difficult. The same applies to the price. Both expensive and budget materials are available as finishing materials.

Previously, only natural stone of various types was used for construction and design. However, now it is often replaced with an artificial one. Natural and artificial materials have both common properties and differences that you should know about in advance. A detailed study of the characteristics of the stone used for finishing helps to choose the appropriate solution for each specific case.

Natural stones used in the interior

For interior finishing and facade work, a wide range of natural materials are used:

  1. Granite;
  2. Marble;
  3. Travertine;
  4. Limestone;
  5. Sandstone, etc.

Stones of natural origin differ not only in appearance, but also in properties. Some of them are characterized by increased strength, some are relevant due to simple processing. The choice is made based on the requirements for the material, as well as the style of the interior.

Granite

A popular, albeit expensive stone. It is universal and can be used equally for both exterior and interior decoration. The main advantage of granite is its high strength. Its service life is estimated at tens of years, while the appearance of the product remains virtually unchanged during this time.

In addition to the high cost, it is important to consider weight. Due to the fact that granite is a heavy stone, it cannot always be used, since this involves a significant load on the supporting structures.

Marble

Another equally popular stone of natural origin. It is a strong and durable material, thanks to which it has found application in interior design and landscape design. Also, given its resistance to temperature influences, it is actively used for finishing fireplaces.

It is not suitable as a floor covering in places with large crowds of people, as it will quickly lose its original attractive appearance.

Travertine

Calcareous tuff (another name for travertine) is one of the best solutions for interior decoration, taking into account price and quality. It is a middle form between granite and limestone, which means it combines the properties of both materials. Despite its porosity and light weight, travertine is durable and is used for both interior and exterior decoration. Thanks to the high threshold of abrasion and protection from physical stress, travertine products have a record service life.

The attractive appearance of travertine, similar to expensive rocks, allows it to harmoniously fit into any interior style. With proper processing and proper care, this natural stone is suitable for finishing rooms for various purposes, including the bathroom. You can buy travertine from Petro Stone.

Limestone

Less durable stone than travertine. At the same time, its strength indicators are sufficient to be used for finishing work. This is a lightweight material that can be processed well.

Limestone is widely used in construction and design. They are used to cover walls and floors, stair steps and building facades. Tabletops and other products for interior decoration are made from it.

Sandstone

One of the easiest natural stones for facing work. Sandstone has many advantages that other similar materials have. For example, strength and wear resistance.

However, despite its advantages, sandstone has significant disadvantages. The cladding made from it does not look very impressive and has a rough structure. It is almost impossible to polish sandstone well.

Despite the variety of types, natural stones have common advantages:

  • Long service life. Such material, with proper care and necessary processing, does not lose its attractive appearance for decades;
  • Strength. Stones of natural origin, due to their resistance to external factors, are distinguished by high quality characteristics and are used for both interior and exterior decoration;
  • Natural energy. The use of natural materials in the interior has a positive effect on energy. They create a favorable atmosphere in the room.

Artificial materials in the interior

Artificial stone has not been used for as long as natural stone, but has managed to gain popularity. This is due to the characteristics, as well as the comparative availability of the material. It is cheaper than natural stone.

Types of artificial stone used in the interior:

Quartz agglomerate. At least 90% consists of natural material (quartz). The remaining components are binding materials. Most often used for the production of countertops and window sills. It is durable and resistant to mechanical stress;

Acrylic. A material that is widely used in interiors (wall panels, sinks, etc.). Has a varied color palette;

Polymer composite. A unique artificial stone consisting of silicon oxide and aluminum. The material is durable, protected from mechanical and chemical influences, and has an attractive appearance.

Artificial stone has many advantages. For example, a wide range of colors. Despite this, if you choose between an artificial and natural option, the second will still be more preferable.

How to distinguish natural stone from artificial

The production of artificial material for interior decoration has come a long way. And it is not always possible, by looking at a product, to determine what stone it was made from. However, there are several factors that help distinguish between artificial and natural stone:

  • Weight. Products made from natural materials are heavier than those made from artificial materials;
  • Structure. Natural material has a more heterogeneous structure than artificial material. This is one of the distinguishing features. Natural stone has pores or voids. This is not typical for artificial ones;
  • Color. Natural stones have a smaller range of colors than artificial stones. But at the same time, their advantage is a natural pattern that cannot be repeated. Man-made stones can be any shade;
  • Shine. Even polished natural stone will not shine as well as artificial stone. This is due to the fact that the composition includes special components that begin to sparkle when polished;
  • Temperature. Stone of natural origin is a cold material. It feels cool when touched. Artificial products, on the contrary, are warm to the touch. It is not always possible to immediately distinguish artificial stone from natural one. Making products from it is a complex process, the goal of which is to resemble natural stone (not only in appearance, but also in characteristics). But despite this, the differences between these two materials are significant.

Stones of natural origin are characterized by greater strength and service life. With proper care, products made from them last for decades without losing their properties and original appearance. Artificial materials cannot boast of such an advantage; products made from them will require replacement much earlier.

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