History of use

Is it possible to see a large imperial crown?

On November 8, the presentation of the new Great Imperial Crown took place in Moscow. The original was created for the coronation of Catherine II the Great. Now, for the first time in 250 years, its “updated version” has been created and presented to the public. This jewelry project was carried out by OJSC PO Kristall and the Smolensk Diamonds jewelry group using Russian diamonds. The implementation of the idea is timed to celebrate a whole bunch of bright historical dates: the 250th anniversary of the coronation of Empress Catherine II, the 400th anniversary of the Romanov dynasty and the 200th anniversary of the victory in the Patriotic War of 1812, as well as the half-century anniversary of the Russian diamond processing industry and the 10th anniversary of the jewelry group “Smolensk Diamonds” Maxim Shkadov, General Director of OJSC PO Kristall, President of the International Association of Diamond Manufacturers, noted that the decision to create a collectible piece of jewelry was not accidental: “The factory is turning 50 years old, and I wanted to celebrate the anniversary with a truly iconic jewelry chord. We sought to demonstrate the highest skill of Russian jewelers. I think we succeeded. The cost of this work is simply impossible to estimate, just as it is impossible to determine the price of starlight and sunlight. Most likely, the largest auction houses in the world will eventually be able to name the cost of this masterpiece, which will only increase every year. It is absolutely certain that the crown will remain in Russia and will not be sold abroad. Its further fate is not yet known, but within a year we are planning a museum tour of the country’s largest exhibition venues.” The press conference was concluded with an inspired speech by the chief custodian of the Diamond Fund of Russia, Evgeniy Gapanyuk: “It’s hard to call this masterpiece a replica. This is an independent piece of jewelry of the highest level, created with obvious love for Russia and respect for its great history. It is impossible not to note the magnificent sound of amazing Smolensk diamonds. And I congratulate this noble assembly on a truly historical moment, of which we are happy witnesses today.”

The Great Imperial Crown Modern Great Imperial Crown

Two Great Imperial Crowns in numbers Original Great Imperial Crown
New Great Imperial Crown
About the project: The Great Imperial Crown is a masterpiece that can only be seen in the Diamond Fund of the Gokhran in Moscow, a visit to which for many is limited by time, geography and ticket prices. In order for more people to see and feel the grandeur and sophistication of the crown, it was decided to recreate it in a modern interpretation. The authors did not set out to exactly repeat the original. This is impossible for a number of reasons: the diamonds of the royal crown have an outdated cut, it uses not the most successful material – silver, and most importantly – simple copying would not allow demonstrating technological progress and the highest degree of skill achieved by jewelers and cutters today. The creation and presentation of the Great Imperial Crown in a modern design is an excellent opportunity to show the world community that jewelry art in Russia is in the world’s leading positions and is capable of surpassing even recognized masterpieces of the past: to demonstrate how these masterpieces could look with the modern level of diamond cutting and the use of new jewelry solutions.
Experts’ preliminary assessment: the cost of the materials of the jewelry miracle alone is more than $5 million. This city is undoubtedly the first in Russia after Moscow, and Tver is the best after St. Petersburg; It is clear in everything that Kazan is the capital of a large kingdom. All along the way the reception was very kind and the same, only here it seems a little higher, due to the rarity of seeing them. However, with Yaroslav, Nizhny and Kazan, may the French proverb come true that horses will grow fat from the master’s gaze: you will already learn in the Senate that I have made orders for these cities Letter to A.V. Olsufiev
CATHERINE II AND KAZAN

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If you get caught to the Hermitage-Kazan Center until December 15, 2014, you will see the incredible – the Great Imperial Crown of the Russian Empire. The crown was supposed to be shown to Kazan residents until December 8, but the opportunity arose to leave this miracle in Kazan for a few more days.
A separate room was allocated for the crown, in which it is always twilight. Several light bulbs, throwing light on it, cause such a play of glare that it is unlikely that you will ever see something like this again. So many diamonds – in one place! It’s simply breathtaking. Seeing the crown evokes different feelings in people. Some recall the historical events associated with her appearance, others recall the famous film about the elusive avengers who risked their lives to save her. As it turned out, the Bolshevik government gave the main relic to Russia as collateral for a cash loan, and until 1950, the diamonds that adorned the crown remained in a Dublin safe. Eventually the Soviet Union returned the money to Ireland and the crown returned home. In 1984, the unique monument of jewelry art was restored. There are also those who measure the value of an unusual exhibit in carats, or perhaps directly in rubles or dollars. Although we are warned in advance that the crown is not real. This is a so-called replica, that is, the author’s reproduction of the original, which does not guarantee complete similarity with it. As one art connoisseur told me, the replica turned out even better than the original. We managed to find out that the replica crown is slightly higher than the original. But diamonds and pearls are the real thing. Therefore, the value of a museum exhibit is, indeed, expressed in a tidy sum. The Imperial Crown of Russia, also known as the Great Imperial Crown of the Russian Empire, is the main symbol of the power of Russian monarchs and the main imperial regalia until 1917. The crown was created in 1762 specifically for the coronation of Empress Catherine II. The shape of the crown represents two large silver hemispheres, symbolizing two parts of the world – Europe and Asia, West and East, united within the Russian Empire. At the bottom, the grid of hemispheres is covered by laurel branches – a symbol of power and glory, and in the design of the garland, oak leaves and acorns are placed between the hemispheres, which symbolizes the strength and strength of power. To make the crown, craftsmen used 4 diamonds weighing a total of 936 carats. The hemispheres of the crown rest on a crown of 2 diamonds, each weighing about 858 carats, framed on top by two rows of 19 large matte pearls. In the center of the crown is an oval-shaped diamond weighing 5 carats. The crown is crowned with a diamond ornament in the form of a rose and twelve petals, on which there is a diamond cross and a spinel weighing 398,72 carats. It is believed to be the second largest noble spinel in the world. The large imperial crown was made by court jeweler Georg-Friedrich Eckart and diamond craftsman Jeremiah Pozier in record time – just two months. The last time the Great Imperial Crown was used in state events was in 1906 – at the opening ceremony of the first State Duma with the participation of the last Emperor Nicholas I. Currently, it is part of a permanent exhibition in the treasury of the Diamond Fund of the Russian Federation. The height of the real crown with a cross is 27,5 cm, the height of the replica is 35 cm, the length of the lower circumference of the original is 64 cm, weight is 1 grams. The length of the lower circumference of the replica is 63 cm, depth is 31 cm, width is 24,5 cm. Its weight is 2 grams, that is, the replica is heavier in weight. In general, the replica of the Great Imperial Crown stylistically repeats the original product. Materials used: white, not rhodium-plated 312 gold, diamonds, pearls, rubellite. In 2012, the Great Imperial Crown turned 250 years old. In honor of this historical date and in order to demonstrate the continuity of Russian traditions of jewelry, Smolensk craftsmen decided to recreate this key historical symbol of Russian statehood. Preparatory work began with a painstaking study of the original. Invaluable assistance and assistance in this process was provided by the management and employees of the Gokhran of Russia and the Diamond Fund of the Moscow Kremlin. In the spring of 2012, a group of professional artists and jewelers from the Kristall production association and the Smolensk Diamonds jewelry group visited the Diamond Fund specifically for the purpose of studying the Great Imperial Crown and consulting with leading art historians. The replica of the Great Imperial Crown was created using the most modern jewelry making technologies, undergoing careful control at every stage of production. Leading Smolensk jewelers Vladimir Malynsky, Danil Stepantsov, Alexey Kontiev, Ilya Glebov, Andrey Losev worked on the production of the crown under the leadership of chief technologist Yuri Kovalev, and in total more than 60 jewelers participated in the process of creating the crown. If you find yourself in the Kremlin and stop by to admire the Imperial Crown, also visit the “Results of All Centuries” exhibition, which displays personal belongings of the royal family and interior items of the Winter Palace. By the way, on November 3, the Museum of Natural History of Tatarstan hosted a presentation of a musical audio guide to the Kazan Kremlin for smartphones. Now, by downloading a special application, you can not only learn the history of the Kazan Kremlin and individual buildings, but also listen to how it sounds: each building “belongs” to its own melody. So far in Kazan, the Kazan Kremlin Museum-Reserve is the only museum that has such a guide. This is a common occurrence in European museums. Additional Information: Address: Kazan, Kremlin, Hermitage-Kazan Center Phones: 567 80 32; 567 80 34; 567 80 42 E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You must have JavaScript enabled to view it. Tuesday-Thursday, Saturday-Sunday – from 10:00 to 18:00 (the ticket office is open until 17:00); Friday – from 12:00 to 21:00 (ticket office open until 20:00)

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