Stones by zodiac signs

Is it possible to wear cinnabar jewelry?

Ancient times cinnabar They used red paint as a basis. The ancient Egyptians, Phoenicians, and Etruscans owned the secrets of its production. In Ancient Rus’, icons were painted with paint. On the rock, cinnabar resembles blood. In open space, the mineral oxidizes and becomes covered with a film of mercury oxide. Translated from ancient Greek (κιναβαρι) or Latin (cinnabari), cinnabar means “red blood.” The Greek name for cinnabar, used by Theophrastus, according to one version, comes from the ancient Persian zinjifrah, which probably meant “dragon’s blood.” However, this mineral also has another name – cinnabarite. Cinnabar is 86% mercury. During crystallization, the mineral forms small diamond-shaped crystals and granular-powdery masses. Cinnabar is characterized by double germination. The peculiarity of the mineral is its unidirectional cleavage. Cinnabar is one of the most common mercury minerals. The mineral is formed in hydrothermal deposits, together with quartz, calcite, pyrote, barite, stibnite, and less often with gold and mercury. Large cinnabar formations are of interest to industry. Twin germination is characteristic. Cleavage is perfect in one direction. Fragile. The color is red, sometimes there is a dark bluish-gray discoloration. In thin fragments, cinnabar is transparent and has a bright “diamond” shine. Hardness on the Mohs mineralogical scale is 2-2,5; density 8,09-8,20 g/cm3. It melts easily and when heated in air to 200°C it completely evaporates with the formation of mercury vapor and sulfur dioxide. Soluble only in aqua regia.

Place of Birth

Cinnabar is mined in Ukraine, Yugoslavia, Italy, and the USA. A large number of deposits have been discovered in Central Asia, the largest of which are in Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan. They are also available in Russia, mainly in Chukotka.

Cinnabar jewelry

Cinnabar is a fairly bright mineral, with a pronounced color, reminiscent of amber. Today jewelry is made from cinnabar – beads, pendants, pendants, various amulets and talismans that act as amulets.

Magical properties

Lithotherapists are convinced that the magical properties of cinnabar are extraordinary. Minerals are able to detect the problems of their owner. However, minerals are not able to get rid of problems, but will only teach you to bear them with ease and calmness, and to relate to difficulties. This stone has the extraordinary ability to change a person’s character. It gives mental strength, gives optimism and encourages a person to listen to life, to its lessons that it presents. Astrologers recommend wearing talismans and cinnabar jewelry for all signs except Scorpios. The mineral does not have an active influence on Taurus. Please note that cinnabar jewelry and talismans should not be worn daily, as this may affect your health – fatigue will appear, and your physical condition will deteriorate. The mineral should be worn only in the most difficult life situations, until the problem takes a positive side. Cinnabar is the stone of businessmen, financiers, all those people who are prone to dramatization and repeatedly repeat their mistakes.

Medicinal properties

Cinnabar is a formation of copper sulfite, and that is why it is widely used for medicinal and preventive purposes. However, you should be very careful with the mineral and not allow its particles to enter the body, as this can cause poisoning and even be fatal. In ancient times, leprosy was cured with the help of cinnabar, and in Europe they treated syphilis and the serious diseases that accompanied it.

Interesting fact

In Ancient Persia, in the palace of the Achaemenid kings (VI-IV centuries BC), inscriptions have been preserved that indicate that cinnabar was used as a dye and was delivered to Persia from Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. It follows from this that in these places in the middle of the first millennium BC. Cinnabar was already being mined quite actively.

Signs of the zodiac

Astrologers believe that cinnabar can help representatives of all zodiac signs. Only one water sign does not enjoy the favor of cinnabar – Scorpio.

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This mineral is one of the most controversial. But it is actively used by people for beauty and practical purposes. In the East, cinnabar stone is called “dragon’s blood.” It is the most common and “promoted” of the mercury-containing minerals.

Mineral in history

Cinnabar has been mentioned in various sources for ten thousand years.

Name

The term “cinnabar” is translated from Arabic as “dragon’s blood.” This combines the properties of the stone: scarlet color, metallic luster, danger to humans, and the ability to transform. According to another legend, these mythical creatures fought for a treasure. The splattered drops of blood became cinnabar.

Application in the world

The bright red stone with a metallic tint became the raw material for humanity’s first purple dyes. They were made by the Phoenicians, ancient Egyptians, inhabitants of Ur of the Chaldeans, Babylon, Mesopotamia, and masters of the Ancient World. But the paint, as it oxidizes over time, fades and darkens. Therefore, today the once scarlet fragments of rock or wall paintings and frescoes look faded. In China, seven thousand years ago, leather for shoes was dyed with the mineral. Large selection of jewelry made from natural stones and minerals with a -50% discount

Alchemists bought (and still buy today) cinnabar as an ingredient in the Great Work, that is, obtaining the philosopher’s stone.

Stone in Russia

  • icon painters, starting with Andrei Rublev, used cinnabar paint to depict the blood of Christ;
  • the pigment was used in writing: the “red line” in handwritten books, that is, the first letter of a section, was made of cinnabar.

The famous Russian brand golden-red Khokhloma even today cannot do without it.

What is cinnabar

Cinnabar is a crystalline mercury sulfide, a representative of the class of mercury minerals:

  • chemical formula – HgS:
  • composition – mercury (85–87%), sulfur (12–14%) plus impurities;
  • shine – metallic, diamond;
  • density – 8,01–8,22 g/cm3;
  • cleavage – perfect;
  • hardness on the Mohs scale – 2-2,5;
  • dissolves only in “regia vodka” – a mixture of nitric and hydrochloric acids (HNO3 + 3HCl); each component cannot dissolve it on its own;
  • at 200 °C it melts and evaporates, decomposing into sulfur dioxide and mercury vapor;
  • fracture – conchoidal, uneven;
  • color – red, on a fresh chip it resembles blood; impurities impart a brownish or blackish appearance;
  • crystal sizes – 2–4 cm;
  • crystals are fragile and easily become powder;
  • varieties – metacinnabar and hypercinnabar; their crystals are cubes or hexagons; metacinnabar conducts current.
Color ruby red, scarlet; due to impurities it can change to brown-red, black-red, almost black; characteristic iridescent metallic tarnish on the crystal edges
Line color scarlet, bright red, red-brown
Origin of the name from Latin cinnabaris; has a long history that can be traced back to the Persian word zinjifra, presumably meaning dragon’s blood – due to the red color of the mineral
Opening year known since ancient times
IMA status valid, first described before 1959 (before IMA)
Chemical formula HgS
Brilliance diamond
Transparency transparent
translucent
shines through
Cleavage perfect by
Kink conchoidal
uneven
splintery
Hardness 2-2,5
Thermal properties Cinnabar begins to evaporate at 200°C. When cinnabar is carefully heated in air, mercury vapor and sulfur dioxide are formed: HgS + O2 = Hg + SO2. In closing tr. sublimation of black HgS, in the presence of soda – sublimation of Hg
Luminescence not visible
Strunz (8th edition) 2/C.18-10
Hey’s CIM Ref. 3.5.1
Dana (8th edition) 2.8.14.1
Molecular weight 232.66
Cell Options a = 4.145(2) Å, c = 9.496(2) Å
Attitude a:c = 1 : 2.291
Number of formula units (Z) 3
Unit cell volume V 141.29 ų
Twinning twins fused along , axis [0001]
Point group 3 2 – Trapezohedral
Space group P31 2 1
Density (calculated) 8.2
Density (measured) 8.176
Refractive indices nω = 2.905 nε = 3.256
Maximum birefringence d = 0.351
Type single-axis (+)
Optical relief very tall
Selection form It occurs in the form of small thick columnar or rhombohedral crystals with well-developed faces of pinacoid (0001), prism (1010), rhombohedrons (1011), (2025), (1014), etc. Twin intergrowths along (0001) and combined twins are characteristic; interspersed grains, veins, granular aggregates, powdery masses
Classes on taxonomy of the USSR Sulfides
IMA classes Sulfides
Syngonia trigonal
Microhardness VHN10=82 – 156 kg/mm2
fragility Yes

Mercury does not occur in nature in its pure form, so cinnabar is the only natural “source” of this metal. This is its main meaning.

The international name of the mineral is cinnabarite.

Where is the mineral mined?

Cinnabar is formed in hydrothermal areas and lies shallow. It often “accompanies” other stones and serves as a marker of the close proximity of gold.

The oldest active deposits of mercury stone are Italy and the Fergana Valley.

Younger sources are scattered around the world. In Europe, there is a lot of stone in Spain (cinnabar is mined here the most), Slovenia, and Montenegro. China (the best) and the USA have reserves of the mineral.

In Russia these are Yakutia, Altai, Chukotka, and the North Caucasus.

CIS countries: Ukraine, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan. Of the latter two, the mineral was delivered to Europe along the Great Silk Road.

Artificial mineral

The demand for the mineral forced people to create a man-made analogue.

The ancient Chinese made artificial cinnabar by melting a mixture of sulfur and mercury. The result became common property: Chinese raw materials were used by European artists of the Renaissance.

There are two modern ways to obtain stone – dry and wet:

  • In the dry method, the mercury-sulfur mixture is heated in a closed container. The result is a black powder, which after sublimation and condensation becomes cinnabar. The crystals are larger than natural ones, with a bluish tint.
  • The wet method uses the same mixture, but adds water and grinds everything together. Then add alkali and grind until red.

These methods are not for home experiments. Mercury vapor poisoning is fatal, so they work with the mineral only in specially equipped laboratories.

The description of the newly obtained synthetic cinnabar is attractive: bright, shiny. But over time, the stone turns gray, even black. They can’t do anything about this flaw.

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