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To whom did the dying Alexander Pushkin give a ring with an emerald?

Pushkin had 7 rings and each of them is famous in its own way. The theme of mysticism and providence is given great importance in the life and work of the poet. But most of the legends have gathered around his famous rings. One of the legends says that Pushkin became the owner of 7 rings, which closed the magic circle and made him the ruler of the world and brought immortal glory. Were the relic thieves really hunting for Pushkin’s rings and what was their fate? And is it true that Pushkin mixed up the rings before the duel, which became the cause of the tragedy? According to various sources, which are incredibly contradictory in everything related to Pushkin’s rings, before going to the duel, the poet took off the ring with an emerald (or turquoise?) and put on Vorontsova’s carnelian talisman ring. A ring with turquoise, which protected against violent death, was shortly before given to Pushkin by his friend Nashchokin. Even before the duel, Pushkin gives this ring to his lyceum comrade and his second Danzas. The poet wore a ring with an emerald all his life; one of the legends connected it with the ring of Polycrates, sung by Schiller. The legend said that the more happiness it brings, the more terrible the retribution will be. The real Polycrates was treacherously killed. Vorontsov’s ring with carnelian protected against betrayal. Maybe Pushkin was thinking about this in the last hours before the fatal duel and why was he fingering his rings at the moment when Danzas came for him? V.A. Tropinin, portrait of A.S. Pushkin – like the portrait of Kiprensky, painted in 1827. Among the large number of contradictory information and misconceptions about Pushkin’s rings, there is a statement that on the thumb of Pushkin’s right hand in Tropinin’s portrait there is a ring with carnelian. In fact, on the thumb there is another, no less famous ring of the poet – with an emerald.
A twisted talisman ring with carnelian is also present in the portrait, researchers believe – it is worn on the index finger of the right hand and turned with the stone down. The portrait was painted three years after the ring was presented to the poet by Countess Vorontsova. Paired rings with carnelian and with mysterious inscriptions were a kind of diplomatic gift from the Karaite khan to her husband, General Vorontsov; the ring was quite recognizable. The second, paired ring remained with the countess herself. Therefore, Pushkin, who had not removed the ring since then, hid the stone. MAGIC CRYSTAL – PUSHKIN’S EMERALD RING Most of all, legends surround the origin of the emerald ring. According to one of them, the most earthly one, the ring was given to the poet before his exile to Bessarabia by his uncle, Vasily Lvovich (also a day of sadness). It was considered a family property; it previously belonged to Ksenia, the daughter of Boris Godunov, and Tsar Ivan III was among its owners. In a word, the ring was a royal gift to one of Pushkin’s ancestors, most likely to Abram Hannibal. Another legend says that it was almost the ring of Polycrates (which he once threw into the sea, but it turned out to be in the fish served to him, he was so lucky). Schiller’s ballad gave this version a special romanticism, and the engraved lyre with bees symbolized the divine poetic gift. The next legend says that this is the ring of King Solomon himself, which he gave to the Queen of Sheba and by which he recognized his son Menelik. King Solomon, by the way, was also a recognized writer. As you can see, not one of the most legendary rings was ignored and all the legends invariably emphasized the connection with literary talent, fate and providence. According to another legend, the ring was a parting gift from the wife of a wealthy Polish count, Catherine Stroynovskaya (which, however, there is no evidence), and the emerald was part of Marie Antoinette’s necklace, stolen by Jeanne de Lamotte and sold to her husband. The count was secretly engaged in the trade in rarities. True, by the time Pushkin met with the Countess, Jeanne de Lamotte had been dead for almost 20 years. This version appeared with the light hand of Pylyaev, a writer and jewelry connoisseur. Contemporaries call Countess Stroynovskaya one of the women who became the prototype of Tatiana in “Eugene Onegin”. It was not without reason that Pushkin’s emerald was associated with this famous jewelry of the 2th century, because it also inspired writers. Novels about him were written by Dumas the Father (The Queen’s Necklace) and Stefan Zweig (Marie Antoinette). The modern writer Juliette Benzoni, known for her love detective novels about famous jewelry, talks about it in parts 3 and 2001 of the “Gyrfalcon” series, dedicated a chapter of the book “The Casket of Marie de Medici” to the necklace by E.I. Parnov, and the Americans in XNUMX dedicated it to the necklace film “The Affair of the Necklace”.
Pushkin treated a ring with an emerald as a talisman – he believed that the emerald brings creative inspiration and reveals the secret of the word. The poet’s attitude towards emerald is perhaps clarified by these lines from Eugene Onegin: Many, many days have passed
Since young Tatiana
And Onegin is with her in a vague dream
Appeared to me for the first time –
And the distance of a free romance
Me through a magic crystal
I couldn’t distinguish it clearly yet.
On his deathbed, Pushkin handed over the emerald ring to Vladimir Dahl, a doctor and writer, with the words: “Take it, friend, I can’t write anymore.” Dahl’s daughter subsequently handed it over to the President of the Academy of Sciences. book Konstantin Konstantinovich, now, like Volkonskaya’s carnelian ring, it is kept in the museum on the Moika. Be that as it may, Vladimir Dal became the author of the most famous dictionary of the Russian language. In Dahl’s correspondence with the poet Odoevsky there are the following lines: “Pushkin’s ring, which he called – I don’t know why – a talisman, for me it is now a real talisman. I can tell you this. You will understand me. As soon as I look at him, I want to get down to something decent. Soon. “There is an assumption that Pushkin’s original emerald ring was stolen and a copy of it is kept in the Pushkin Museum on the Moika. CARNELIK TALISMAN In this portrait of Pushkin, created by order of Nashchokin after Pushkin’s death, historical justice is believed to be restored: a talisman ring with carnelian is on the thumb of the left hand. Nashchokin’s attentiveness to Pushkin’s rings can also serve as proof of the authenticity of this image. Let me remind you that it was he who gave Pushkin the turquoise ring that Danzas so mediocrely lost.
A description of the carnelian ring was published in the catalog of the first Pushkin exhibition of 1880 in Moscow (and in the Lodz List in 1889) – a large gold ring of a twisted shape with a large red stone with an oriental inscription. There is a lot of evidence that the stone was octagonal. The imprint of this signet ring was preserved on many of Pushkin’s letters, and on the draft of the poem “Talisman” Pushkin left as many as 8 imprints. Lyra betrayed Pushkin with her singing – his affair with the married Countess Vorontsova became public knowledge. In the creative poetic environment of the early 5th century, the legend of Pushkin’s Vorontsov ring was well known, as are only the stories about the Voloshin carnelian beach. Even Yesenin, after returning from a trip to Baku, had a ring with carnelian on his thumb; it was noticed, at least, during Yesenin’s speech shortly before his death in the building of the current Literary Institute. There was even a legend that this was the same Pushkin ring, but it also disappeared without a trace.
In the collection “Yesenin in life. A Systematized Collection of Memoirs of Contemporaries,” edited by E. Guslyarov, mentions a fragment from the memoirs of V.I. Erlich, where the author describes how Yesenin came to him on Basseynaya and showed him a large copper ring worn on the thumb of his right hand. Yesenin said that this ancient ring of Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich was given to him by Klyuev. And to Erlich’s remark “Like Pushkin,” Yesenin replied: “. Just guess what? Do not tell anybody! They are stupid – they won’t notice it themselves. And I’m pleased.” The dying Pushkin bequeathed a talisman ring with carnelian to Zhukovsky, who loved it very much and wore it all his life next to his engagement ring. The ring became a kind of transferable insignia of the best writers of the era. K. Bryullov. Portrait of V.A. Zhukovsky, 1937 After the death of Zhukovsky, the ring passed to Turgenev, then by Polina Viardot it was transferred to the Pushkin Museum of the Alexander, the former Tsarskoye Selo Lyceum. From there, the ring was stolen by a lyceum janitor in 1917. Since then, the fate of the ring is unknown. The thief was found, as were all the things he had stolen, except for the ring itself. Whether the new owner of the stolen Pushkin talisman knew about its value is unknown. But there remains a vague feeling of a possible hoax – if there was a hunt for Pushkin’s relics, the real thief could have set up or exploited this situation. But this mystery is shrouded in darkness and, perhaps, the ring is lost forever. But, who knows, maybe it is waiting for the appearance in Russian poetry of a genius equal to Pushkin in talent. After all, the ring is no longer just a talisman of the poet’s love, it is a symbol of honoring all the best created in Russian literature. There is a version that Pushkin’s carnelian ring was stolen during an exhibition that took place in the building of the Noble Assembly (House of Unions) in July 1880 and for the aging Turgenev, who provided the ring, the exhibition organizers were forced to make a copy. Moreover, at the same time, Volkonskaya’s carnelian ring could have been stolen, which they also tried to request from the heirs for exhibition (see the film at the end of the page for more details). If this is so, then a copy of this ring is also kept in the Pushkin Museum on the Moika, and the janitor of the Alesandrovsky Lyceum stole Vorontsova’s carnelian ring for the second time and the stolen ring was already a copy. I.Repin. Portrait of I.S. Turgenev, 1879 In the famous poem “The Talisman,” Pushkin describes the ring given to him as a farewell gift by Elizaveta Vorontsova, which, as it turned out, was forever. The reason for Pushkin’s expulsion was precisely his affair with the wife of Count Vorontsov, the hero of the War of 1812, the Novorossiysk governor-general, under whom Pushkin served. Field Marshal Vorontsov was a loyal and enlightened man – the residents of Odessa even erected a monument to him. But he did not want to tolerate compromising rumors around his beautiful wife. According to legend, she still had a second, paired ring, with which she sealed letters to Pushkin. The fact that Pushkin is referring to Vorontsova’s ring in these verses is evidenced by 5 imprints of an ancient inscription on a stone made on a page of the draft. If you carefully re-read this poem, it becomes clearer exactly what meaning Pushkin attached to the ring. Pushkin knew well that it does not protect against illness and death; he himself wrote about this. “My talisman will save me from treason and oblivion. “Sometimes they talk about Pushkin’s fatal mistake in wearing the wrong ring. But he thought about it and made a conscious choice. Where the sea always splashes
On the desert rocks,
Where the moon shines warmer
In the sweet hour of the evening darkness,
Where, enjoying in harems,
Muslims spend their days
There is a sorceress there, caressing
She handed me a talisman. And, caressing, she said:
“Keep my talisman:
It has mysterious power!
It was given to you by love.
From illness, from the grave,
In a storm, in a terrible hurricane,
Your head, my dear,
My talisman won’t save me. And the riches of the East
He won’t give you a gift
And the prophet’s worshipers
He will not conquer you;
And you to the bosom of a friend,
From sad foreign countries,
To the native land to the north from the south
My talisman will not run away. But when the eyes are treacherous
They will suddenly enchant you,
Or lips in the darkness of the night
They will kiss without loving –
Dear friend! from crime
From new heart wounds,
From betrayal, from oblivion
Will save my talisman! No less famous is his other work, dedicated to the ring, which Pushkin treasured very much: Protect me, my talisman,
Keep me in the days of persecution,
In days of repentance and excitement:
You were given to me on the day of sorrow. The ring was mentioned in Pushkin’s poems “In the Secret Cave” and “Burnt Letter”. Disputes and disagreements about which ring the poems are dedicated to concern mainly the poem “Keep Me, My Talisman” – many studies believe that Pushkin means in this case a ring with an emerald. And although many facts support the version of the Vorontsov ring, nevertheless, if you read it carefully, you can find differences in what properties Pushkin attributed to the ring in these two poems about talismans. As for the days of sadness, parting with Vorontsova may not have been the only sad day in the poet’s life. Imprint of Pushkin’s talisman ring An imprint of a signet ring, a drawing by Pushkin depicting a ring. Pushkin gave his other ring with carnelian for prizes in a charity lottery in 1820, in Gurzuf, Crimea. It came to Maria Nikolaevna Raevskaya and, again, there is a legend that he wanted this ring to go to her. Cupids in a boat were carved on orange carnelian. Later, Maria Raevskaya would marry Count Sergei Volkonsky and follow him to Siberia, where Volkonsky would be exiled after the Decembrist uprising. Volkonskaya treasured the Pushkin ring; in 1915, her grandson gave it to the Pushkin House, from where it was transferred to the Pushkin Museum on the Moika, where it is still kept. It is interesting that the story with Raevskaya’s ring happened 4 years before the story with Vorontsova’s ring, which means that Pushkin had heard about the magical properties of rings with carnelian before and therefore the choice of Vorontsova’s gift was not accidental. This is also supported by the fact that in the Crimea, where the sea throws up whole placers of carnelians on the shores, this stone is especially famous, and it is not without reason that, thanks to Pushkin’s light hand, the “stone disease” – the search for carnelians, infected all the poets of the Silver Age. Voloshin and Tsvetaeva even gave the collection of their poems the name “Carnelian”. And in Pushkin’s frivolous attitude towards this ring there is also something symbolic, because carnelian is a light stone, it is a stone of the joy of life and love. Pushkin at this time had not yet encountered a serious feeling that would make him deeply experience separation. Vorontsova’s ring from the Pushkin Museum And finally, Pushkin’s third carnelian ring, which most likely was the first in a row, if you build a chronological order, as far as possible. Members of the semi-Masonic secret society “Green Lamp” ordered identical rings. The stone could be anything, but everything was engraved in the form of a Menorah – a 7-candle lamp. Pushkin chose carnelian, but the engraving on his ring was different from the others – a drawing of a Pythian tripod was applied to the stone. Even then, his friends recognized his prophetic gift. The next ring is an engagement ring. During the wedding, the ring fell and Pushkin saw this as a bad sign. He was buried with this ring and it is believed that this is the only Pushkin ring of which it is known exactly where it is located. But if his grave were to be disturbed, as sometimes happens, would it be there? Troubled Russian and Soviet history provided many opportunities for hunters of rarities and relics, especially ones like this. And finally, the last ring was given to Pushkin by Anna Kern in 1827. The circle is closed. Was there a hunt for Pushkin relics? This could well be, it is known, for example, what importance the Nazis attached to the search for sacred artifacts, wanting to arm themselves with the support of magic. This was done by an entire institute called “The Heritage of Ancestors” (Ahnenerbe) under the leadership of Heinrich Himmler. Well, if the story about the Russian emigrant who told Tolkien about Pushkin’s rings was real, then it could serve as inspiration for another talented work. This means that the talismans continue to operate. Alexander Sergeevich Pushkin wore 7 rings, but only two of them became truly famous: this ring with an emerald and Vorontsova’s carnelian ring, about which the poet wrote his most famous poem. Each of them is shrouded in mystery. Pushkin himself attached great importance to stones, and later these rings played a huge role in the lives of other people.

Emerald Ring

The poet wore this jewelry from his early youth until the day of his death, and its origin is covered in many legends. The most famous is that this is a family decoration given to young Alexander by his uncle, and before that it adorned the hand of Boris Godunov’s daughter Ksenia. And even earlier it was a treasure of Tsar Ivan III, who gave the ring to Hannibal, Pushkin’s ancestor. The second legend says that this is almost one of the seals of Solomon. As if he gave it to the Queen of Sheba, and she gave it to their common child, and after years the Tsar was able to recognize his son by it. Solomon, by the way, was also quite an outstanding writer, so many people believed and still believe in this version. Pushkin believed that the emerald in the ring was a talisman of his poetic talent, given by God. On his deathbed, he gave the ring to Vladimir Dahl, who at that time combined his writing career with his medical one. The parting words of the dying poet were: “Take it, my friend, now I won’t write anymore.” Later V.I. Dahl compiled a dictionary of the Russian language. Now it is the most famous dictionary in Russia and beyond. In his letters to Odoevsky, Dahl wrote that Alexander Sergeevich’s ring, which he perceived as a talisman of good luck and creativity, now became a talisman for him. Just one look at the iridescent emerald made Dahl want to do something serious. And he succeeded.

Ring with carnelian

The ring with an octagonal carnelian was a signet: its images and prints are preserved on various messages and drafts of the poet. According to legend, it was given to Pushkin by Countess Vorontsova. Prints of this particular ring are on the sheet of paper with the draft poem “Keep Me, My Talisman,” although scientists are still arguing about which of the favorite rings was discussed in specific lines. The poet’s contemporaries confirmed that it was the carnelian signet that he used most often. Carnelian is a talisman for love, family happiness, well-being, and protection from ill-wishers. Astrologers believe that for Gemini (and Pushkin was born under this zodiac sign) carnelian is the best stone for developing creative abilities and hidden talents. Perhaps Countess Vorontsova gave this particular ring for a special reason. Being near death, Pushkin wanted the ring to go to Zhukovsky, and it became a symbol of the best writers of that time. But after the death of the latter, the fate of the ring is lost for some time, until. Yesenin appears with him, saying that Klyuev gave him the jewelry, and before that it was the decoration of Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich. At the hint that the decoration was like Pushkin’s, Sergei Yesenin smiled mysteriously and asked not to tell anyone about it: “The others still won’t understand. And I’m pleased.” In our jewelry workshop “Talisman of Light” everyone can buy a talisman with an emerald or carnelian. And although no one can guarantee the same impressive successes, the history of the stones is complex. Who knows, maybe these are particles of one large stone, or maybe not. In any case, emeralds and carnelian can help develop hidden talents, discover your gift, and become special in your field of activity, bringing something new to it. Emeralds are perfect for creative people.

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