Tips for stone care

What are non-silver jewelry called?

A ring is a piece of jewelry worn on a finger. The main structural part of the ring is the shank (rim). If the ring has an insert, then cast, welt and overlays are added to the design. The critical parameter of the ring is the diameter of the shank, which determines the compatibility of the jewelry with the finger. Types of rings: men’s and women’s, wedding, rings, signets. Wedding rings are made of gold and symbolize the bond of marriage. In Russia, it is customary to wear a wedding ring on the right ring finger. The traditional wedding ring has a smooth shape and no inserts. There is no difference between a man’s and a woman’s wedding ring, except for the size. Ring – a ring made, as a rule, of gold or silver with a large precious stone or without a stone, but with initials – if it is a signet. Women’s rings differ from men’s in greater elegance of shape. Rings are worn on any finger of the hand. Signets, or signet rings – large rings depicting initials or family symbols (for example, a coat of arms), usually made of precious metals. The signet is supposed to be worn on the left hand on the little finger or ring finger.


Earrings (earrings) are usually paired pieces of jewelry attached to the ears, usually with the help of a special puncture in the lobe, as well as earrings and a hook. Although earrings originally originated as men’s jewelry, it is now customary for women to wear these pieces of jewelry as jewelry. Earrings are made both without and with inserts.
Earrings – pendants are earrings made in the form of a pendant. “Studs” are called small earrings that do not fall below the lobe and have an original fastening in the form of a stud without earrings and a hook, like traditional earrings.


A necklace is a piece of jewelry that is a thread on which typical decorative elements (stones, pearls, coins) are attached (or strung), worn around the neck.
A necklace with a distinct central element (usually a pendant) is called a “necklace».

Chains (chains)

Chains are jewelry worn around the neck by both men and women, structurally consisting of standard parts movably connected to each other, called links. In jewelry workshops, chains are usually made from gold and silver. It is possible to attach a pendant to the chain as a central element of the decoration. According to the manufacturing method, chains of machine and hand weaving are distinguished. The variability of the method of weaving chains, the density and shape of the links provides the external variety of these decorations. In the jewelry industry, the most popular types of weaving have received their standard names, such as “Bismarck”, “Rose”, “Italy”, “Cartier”, “Anchor”, etc. The design of chain locks is also varied.


Like chains, bracelets are a series connection of standard metal parts-links, but, unlike chains, they are worn on the wrist. Bracelets can be made with or without inserts. As with chains, the appearance of bracelets is determined by the shape of the links, as well as various inserts. The bracelet is both a women’s and a man’s jewelry.


Jewelry pendants mean jewelry that is suspended from something and is made of metal with or without inserts. Pendants in modern jewelry are often integral (usually central) elements of jewelry such as earrings or necklaces. Pendants worn around the neck are usually called “pendants».


Jewelry set is a set of jewelry made in the same style. The main purpose of the headset is a harmonious combination of various simultaneously worn jewelry. Examples of sets: rings + earrings, rings + earrings + necklace, earrings + necklace, etc. Can’t afford fine jewelry? It’s okay: now you can be a style icon without exorbitant costs. Costume jewelry is once again triumphantly returning to the catwalks, simultaneously taking on a wide variety of forms. Why do people need jewelry? Naturally, to look even more attractive both in the eyes of society and in your own. Costume jewelry fully copes with this task, without forcing us to spend fabulous sums in pursuit of something exclusive.

What is costume jewelry?

Decoration is something designed to decorate and enliven our images. Most people associate this word with jewelry. But its significance does not end there, because elegant jewelry can be created not only from noble metals and precious stones, but also from more affordable materials: jewelry alloys, ornamental stones, beads, ceramics, beads, leather, bone, and so on. The word “costume jewelry” comes to us from the French language and literally means “trade in jewelry.” There is not the slightest hint of cheapness or fakeness in it. Costume jewelry combines brilliantly with all looks, from everyday to evening, which, in fact, is what jewelry is for. It enlivens images and, when used correctly, looks no less respectable than jewelry.

The symbols and meaning of jewelry are very diverse: with their help you can convey not only your own worldview in principle, but also simply your current mood. Costume jewelry copes with this task much better than expensive jewelry.

How is costume jewelry different from jewelry?

Costume jewelry includes all jewelry not made from gold, silver or platinum group metals. It is much more diverse than jewelry, which provides the widest field for design experiments. Would you say that jewelry is less durable and resistant to external influences? Yes, in most cases this is true. However, if most people with an average income buy jewelry once and for the rest of their lives, then jewelry can be changed constantly. It has fallen into disrepair, is lost, is no longer liked – we replace it! Some people say they cannot wear jewelry due to allergic reactions. Previously, nickel was used in the manufacture of inexpensive jewelry (it was even added to jewelry alloys as a brightener). Indeed, it often caused allergic reactions, so it was banned from being used for the production of jewelry. Nowadays, costume jewelry often uses copper alloy, which is characterized by minimal risks of allergic reactions. Essentially, it is an alloy based on steel with the addition of other elements. The alloy is coated on top with a thin layer of gold (it is applied by galvanization), so that jewelry made from this material looks like gold.

Medalloy, as the name suggests, is used in medicine and cosmetology. All kinds of surgical instruments are made from it. By the way, ears are usually pierced under earrings made of copper alloy.

The list of materials that almost never cause allergic reactions does not end there. For example, titanium, which is distinguished by its champion strength, is often used in the production of men’s jewelry and almost never causes allergies. Wood, bone, coral, natural latex, ceramics, leather (provided it is properly processed) and so on are also non-allergenic.

A bit of history

The history of jewelry began at the dawn of mankind: fashionistas of the Stone Age also wanted to look attractive in the eyes of other members of the tribe. Archaeologists have found a lot of evidence for this hypothesis. During excavations at the Neanderthal site, eagle claws with holes were found, which were clearly worn on a cord. These ancient jewelry is about 135 thousand years old! In Israel, in the Skhul cave, shells with holes were discovered, which our ancestors drilled over 110 thousand years ago. And in Altai they discovered the remains of a stone bracelet created using a technology that, according to all scientific calculations, did not exist 40 thousand years ago! As you can see, the history of costume jewelry began much earlier than people learned to process metals. And with the advent of the Bronze Age and then the Iron Age, it did not stop!

For our ancestors, jewelry served not only an aesthetic function. They were totemic symbols, talismans and amulets that corresponded to ideas about the structure of the world of that time.

Costume jewelry was known and skillfully made in all ancient states. For example, an ancient Egyptian necklace made of glass figurines that has survived at least five thousand years has come down to us. And in the Ancient Roman Empire, the art of making jewelry reached an unprecedented peak. Only representatives of the upper classes could wear gold. And what did other people have to decorate themselves with? By the way, in Ancient Rome they very successfully imitated pearls through special glass processing. In Medieval Europe, costume jewelry gradually became associated with counterfeiting. Craftsmen created jewelry from alloys based on copper and zirconium and passed them off as gold and diamonds. No, of course, there was also “honest” jewelry that was not disguised as jewelry, but it was worn mainly by ordinary people. Many aristocrats of the 17th-19th centuries could not afford jewelry befitting their status, so they bought fakes quite deliberately in order to show off their imaginary financial well-being. Jewelry made of brass and glass was sometimes worn even at European courts.

In 1720, the enterprising German chemist Joseph Strass established a very brisk trade in glass “diamonds” of his own production. Now we know these sparkling crystals as “rhinestones”.

In short, just recently only those who could not afford gold and precious stones wore jewelry. This situation remained almost until the beginning of the last century. It is believed that the talented violinist and engineer Daniel Swarovski introduced the fashion for jewelry. He invented a crystal polishing technology that was revolutionary for his time, as a result of which the crystals shone like real diamonds!

  • Swarovski brand jewelry in the Sunlight catalog

    The twentieth century deafened the world with two devastating global wars, and fashion for jewelry decisively declared its rights, pushing classic jewelry onto the stage.

    An important role in the popularization of costume jewelry was played by the unforgettable Coco Chanel, who introduced long strands of large pearls (of course, artificial ones) into fashion. And in general, she advocated for large, bright jewelry that should please the eyes and hearts.

    Next came the hippie era with a variety of baubles made of threads, beads and shells, then the disco of the 80s with bright and large plastic jewelry, the 90s with the fashion for jewelry made from natural but inexpensive materials: leather, stone, wood.

    Now there is another boom in costume jewelry in a variety of forms: from mass to luxury. It is worn by pop divas and wives of oligarchs, and luxury fashion houses pay tribute to it. And the creations of the brands Cerruti, Nature Bijoux, Philippe Ferrandis, Les Nereides, Amaro and others like them are true works of art!

    Even very rich ladies prefer to store expensive jewelry in safes, and sometimes in safe deposit boxes. They order absolute copies of them from jewelers and are not afraid that the originals will be stolen. Even at high-society receptions, women often shine in costume jewelry!

    What types of decorations are there?

    Let’s see what kind of jewelry there is, although this is not an easy task. Jewelry is much more uniform: it is much easier to classify them according to certain characteristics.

    Costume jewelry is so diverse that it does not lend itself to any gradation. Well, what can be common between a necklace with Swarovski crystals and a bauble made of beads and threads? But it’s all jewelry!

    Let’s start with the fact that jewelry can be:

    • Luxury. There are jewelry made from inexpensive materials, but they cost more than jewelry from the mass sector. These are predominantly creations of luxury brands, both jewelry and those specializing exclusively in costume jewelry.
    • Jewelry. This group includes jewelry that visually resembles jewelry analogues. They are often made from medical alloy and other metals that visually resemble precious metals. Inserts – imitation of precious stones or their artificial analogues.
    • Designer. Costume jewelry is constantly becoming the object of close attention of fashion designers. Jewelry is often created by hand using a variety of techniques and materials. They exist either in a single copy or in extremely limited quantities.
    • Handmade. This category includes all handmade jewelry. These can be either products of designers and masters of decorative and applied arts (which in this case are the same thing), or jewelry that we create for ourselves and our immediate environment.
    • Massive. Mass jewelry is produced in huge batches using an industrial method. Its cost directly depends on the materials used and the status of the manufacturer. For example, Chinese manufacturers offer hundreds of thousands of jewelry models for literally pennies. Change them at least every day!

    Synthetic stones and imitations are not equivalent concepts. Artificial stones (emeralds, sapphires, rubies, diamonds) are identical to natural ones in chemical composition. They are cheaper than natural minerals, but are used in the jewelry industry, and not in the production of costume jewelry.


    There is no style in the world that cannot be conveyed with the help of jewelry. Fortunately, now fashion is very loyal to all sorts of experiments, so you can combine previously incompatible things. But if you are not sure of your own taste, it is better not to get too carried away by alliances of contradictions.

    If you want to create a summer look in the now trendy boho-chic style, you can complement your look with jewelry in ethnic and eco-styles. These can be multilayer necklaces made of beads, beads and shells, interspersed with leather and rope laces, all kinds of bracelets (hoops of various widths, baubles, chains with large links).

    For office looks, they usually use either discreet jewelry in a classic style (a la jewelry), or the now fashionable geometry and asymmetry.

    And in the evening. Here you need to look at what image you want to present to the world: you can complement a little black dress with a long strand of large artificial pearls and go to a restaurant, liven up your look with jewelry with Swarovski crystals and shine at a theater premiere, add brightness and shine with multi-layered necklaces and bracelets – and go party with friends!

    With the help of jewelry with floral motifs, incredibly delicate and memorable wedding images are created. Bracelets, necklaces, rings, hair jewelry for every taste – and all this is made from affordable alloys, beads, crystals, imitation pearls and other inexpensive materials!

  • Jewelry at luxury brand shows


    What are trendy jewelry made from today? For the production of jewelry, oriental-style jewelry, vintage necklaces, earrings and bracelets, they mainly use metal alloys that are as similar as possible to precious metals. They are complemented by a wide range of inserts: imitation precious stones, ornamental minerals, crystals, epoxy resin, ceramics, enamel in all forms, and so on.

    But the list of materials that designers use does not end there: wood is held in high esteem (often in combination with epoxy), leather, imitation pearls, all kinds of beads, lace, fur and, of course, the recognized hero of recent seasons – beads!

    And men’s favorites were and remain steel, titanium, leather and all kinds of stones of dark shades.

    Nowadays the fashion for handmade jewelry is simply stunning. This is especially noticeable in the increased popularity of beadwork. Perhaps this is a hit of recent seasons: not only girls and craftswomen-fans, but also many other women began to weave jewelry from beads.

    The reason for the resounding rise of beadwork is forced self-isolation. On the one hand, the incomes of the majority of our compatriots have decreased, and the need to save money has arisen. On the other hand, you need to somehow occupy your own time and apply your creativity somewhere!

    What jewelry should every woman have?

    The unforgettable Coco Chanel said: “People wear jewelry with taste. Everyone else has to wear gold.” This means that, for example, a gold chain or ring can be worn with any look and you don’t have to worry too much about matching. But jewelry cannot tolerate such neglect!

    The importance of jewelry in creating a harmonious image cannot be overestimated, so there should be a lot of jewelry for all occasions. Fortunately, it’s not economically expensive!

    Every lady should have in her arsenal both elegant necklaces and “cheerful” multi-layered necklaces, all kinds of chains, various beadwork, including incredibly elegant lariats. The trend is in composite jewelry and unexpected solutions such as phalangeal rings and monorings for several fingers.

    Now you can be a style icon without special expenses. The main thing is good taste and inner confidence in your own irresistibility!

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