Rare and valuable minerals

What are the best diamonds in the world?

Most diamonds are “round” in shape with 57 facets. It is considered a classic cut. And in this, Russian masters have succeeded so much that all over the world the ideal cut of diamonds is called Russian cut. But there are also other, no less beautiful shapes – squares (cushion), rectangles (princess, asscher, emerald, radiant), ovals, hearts, pears and marquises. Cutting is a painstaking work that requires professionalism and experience. Only a properly executed cut can reveal the full beauty of a diamond. The weight of a diamond is measured in carats. This ancient term comes from the name of the seeds of the Keratonia tree. Hundreds of years ago, long before the advent of precision scales, traders used carob seeds, each weighing exactly 0,2 grams, to weigh small items. The size of diamonds is directly related to the number of their facets and weight. Professionals use a huge variety of different shades of color by which they evaluate diamonds – from D to M. The more colorless a diamond is, the brighter it plays in the light, and therefore the higher it is valued. The fewer cracks and inclusions a diamond has, the brighter its shine. Natural diamonds are born under conditions of enormous temperature and pressure in the bowels of the earth. As a result of this process, inclusions, cracks, clouds and other defects may appear inside the stone. When grading a diamond, the number, nature, size and location of the diamonds are determined, as well as how much they affect the appearance of the stone. There are very few absolutely pure diamonds in the world. The closer a stone is to the ideal of purity, the higher its cost. Diamonds are famous for their ability to transmit light and sparkle so intensely. We often think of a diamond’s cut as a shape (round, heart, oval, marquise, pear), but the quality of a diamond’s cut also depends on how well the diamond’s facets interact with light. Cutting is a very precise craft that requires skill and experience to ensure that its proportions, symmetry and polish produce the magnificent play of light only possible in a diamond. Only the right cut can fully reveal the beauty of a diamond. Diamonds are a hundred times older than humanity. They are even older than dinosaurs. Their story began two hundred kilometers from the surface of the earth. Subjected to extreme pressure and temperature, which causes the stone to melt, the carbon atoms combine in a special way and become incredibly beautiful crystals. Origin All our diamonds come from Russia. ALROSA mines diamonds from 11 kimberlite pipes and 16 placer deposits. Two of this number of pipes are located in the Arkhangelsk region – in the North-West of Russia. The remaining deposits are located in Yakutia – in the north of Siberia Today, from the very moment a diamond emerges from the ore into daylight, we assign it a unique ID and can already say exactly when and where it was mined. The year of birth of a diamond can become a reminder of a significant event and date for you. Diameter/length Diameter/length of a diamond is a geometric parameter that determines the size of a diamond in millimeters; for round diamonds it corresponds to the average value of several diameter measurements, for fancy diamonds it corresponds to the largest size in the girdle section. The width of a diamond is a geometric parameter that defines the size of a diamond in millimeters, smaller than its length and measured differently across the girdle for different diamond cuts. Fluorescence Fluorescence is the natural ability to glow under ultraviolet light. It appears during the birth of a diamond, when its crystal lattice changes under the influence of a number of factors. This feature can appear at a concert or in a nightclub, and is usually invisible under electric light. This extraordinary property can enhance a diamond’s appearance without affecting its clarity or brilliance. Thus, yellowish-colored diamonds, due to the internal blue glow that neutralizes them, look more colorless in bright sunlight. Polishing is a characteristic of finishing a diamond’s facets. It eliminates all surface imperfections such as scratches, natural defects, sanding lines, giving it a mirror-like shine and smoothness. Symmetry determines how geometrically correct the stone’s edges are positioned in relation to each other. Unlike cut quality, this parameter has much less impact on how sparkling a diamond is. But if you’re comparing two diamonds with the same clarity and color ratings, symmetry can be a deciding factor. The land is the flat face on the top of the diamond. Its size can affect the appearance and brilliance of the diamond. A diamond’s table percentage is the average of four measurements, expressed as a percentage of the average girdle diameter. Optimal values ​​for a round shape are in the range of 55–63%. The height or depth of a diamond is the distance from the table to the culet. The ratio of the distance from the platform to the culet to the average diameter of the girdle is expressed as a percentage. Optimal values ​​for a round shape are in the range of 57–65%. The lowest part of the diamond’s surface. If a diamond has a prong, it does not have a culet. If the bottom of the diamond is adjusted and the tenon is filed down, it means it has a large culet. If the culet is too large, it may be mistaken for an inclusion when viewing the diamond. Date added
Table view
Color F 3, clarity VVS 3, diameter 3.16, width 5.46
Color F 3, clarity VVS 3, diameter 3.33, width 5.04
Color G 4, clarity VVS 3, diameter 3.22, width 5.5
Color G 4, clarity VVS 3, diameter 3.32, width 4.93
Color G 5, clarity VS1 6, diameter 5.41, width 3.76
Color D 2, clarity SI1 7A, diameter 5.45, width 3.89
Color F 4, clarity VVS2 5, diameter 4.87, width 3.33
Color D 2, clarity SI1 7A, diameter 5.76, width 3.85
Color G 4, clarity SI1 5, diameter 3.42
Color G 4, clarity SI1 5, diameter 3.42
Color G 4, clarity SI2 6, diameter 3.32
Color F 3, clarity SI1 5, diameter 3.55, width 3.59
Color F 3, clarity SI1 5, diameter 3.6, width 3.64
Color F 4, clarity VS2 7, diameter 4.19
Color G 5, clarity VVS2 5, diameter 4.77, width 3.27
Color F 4, clarity SI2 8, diameter 6.89, width 3.96
Color F 4, clarity VS2 7, diameter 5.43, width 3.75
Color F 3, clarity SI1 5, diameter 3.6, width 3.64
Color F 3, clarity SI2 6, diameter 3.45, width 3.49
Color F 3, clarity VS2 5, diameter 3.55, width 3.59
Color F 3, clarity VS2 5, diameter 3.6, width 3.64
Color E 2, clarity SI1 5, diameter 3.65, width 3.69
Color I 4, clarity VVS 3, diameter 3.5, width 3.54
Color I 4, clarity VVS 3, diameter 3.5, width 3.54
Thanks Error Your application has been accepted show more Large, impeccably cut, everything just right—diamonds from Yakutia are valued all over the world. Thanks to the innate purity: there are no large inclusions in Yakut stones, so they sparkle and shimmer especially juicily, as if they “vibrate” in the light. It is not surprising that the demand for them is consistently high. If you are considering diamonds as an investment asset, be sure to study the catalog on the official website of the ALROSA Diamonds online store. Here are the best gems obtained from diamonds mined in Yakutia. Each of them is available for order with convenient delivery anywhere in Russia. The best diamonds from jewelry experts All precious stones mined by ALROSA have a personal company certificate. It confirms the natural origin and guarantees the highest characteristics of diamonds. The heaviest gemstones are additionally accompanied by a certificate. If you wish, you can give the diamond a name and also accompany it with a unique personal message. This is especially true if the diamond is intended for someone you care about. A wide range of gemstones of different shapes, weights, colors and clarity makes it easy to choose a piece that will perfectly suit all your needs. Column management Select from 4 to 10 options: Id Shape Weight Color Clarity Cut Age Origin Year Certificate Diameter/Length Width Fluorescence Subscribe to our newsletter Be the first to know about special collections and new products On November 27, at the Magnificent Jewels auction at Christie’s auction house in Hong Kong, the legendary Moon of Baroda diamond, the first news of which dates back to the 1953th century and in which Marilyn Monroe starred for the promotion of the XNUMX film “Gentlemen Prefer Blondes,” was sold. Kommersant Style has compiled a detailed list of other famous and most expensive diamonds of the XNUMXst century, as well as when, by whom and for how much they were purchased.

Moon of Baroda

Moon of Baroda diamond, 24 carats

Photo: Christie’s The 24-carat yellow diamond with Fancy Vivid characteristics was the largest stone that Hollywood star Marilyn Monroe wore in her lifetime for a photo to promote the film Gentlemen Prefer Blondes. While during the performance of the famous song from the film “Diamonds are a Girl`s Friend” the actress was wearing jewelry with artificial stones. In addition, the stone is famous for its origin from the Indian mines of Golconda, which were closed for mining at the beginning of the 1926th century. The discovery of the stone dates back to the 27th–1,339th centuries, and among its previous owners were the Indian Maharajas of the Gaekwad dynasty from Baroda. In XNUMX, Prince Ramachandra brought the diamond to America and sold it to new owners. Marilyn Monroe was presented with the diamond by Meyer Rosenbaum, president of Meyer Jewelry Company. After the stone became famous, it was sold to private collectors. Yesterday, November XNUMX, it was bought at Christie’s in Hong Kong for $XNUMX million.

Pink Legacy

The Winston Pink Legacy diamond, weight 18,96 carats

Photo: Christie’s An 18,96-carat pink diamond with Fancy Vivid characteristics was sold at Christie’s November auction this year for $50 million by jewelry company Harry Winston, who immediately renamed it The Winston Pink Legacy. The stone became the second most expensive gemstone in the world after the Pink Star.

Lesedi LaRona

Lesedi La Rona diamond, weight 1109 carats

Photo: Reuters The Lesedi La Rona diamond (1109 carats), found in 2015 in Botswana, is the second largest in the world after the Cullinan diamond (3106 carats), found in 1905. Measuring 65x56x40 mm, which is close to the size of a tennis ball, and with exceptional characteristics of transparency and quality, its estimate at Sotheby’s auction in 2016 was $70 million, but the auction stopped at $61 million, and the stone was never sold sold. After this high-profile incident in September 2017, Lawrence Graff, founder of the Graff jewelry company, bought it for $53 million, which is much less than the cost of stones with similar characteristics.

The Meya Prosperity

Meya Prosperity diamond, weight 476 carats

Photo: Graff press service 2017 was a very successful year for Graff. Following the acquisition of Lesedi La Rona, the jewelers added the 476-carat Meya Prosperity diamond, found in the mines of Sierra Leone, to their collection. The stone was purchased for $16,5 million in December last year.


An 813-carat diamond acquired by Fawaz Gruosi, founder of the de Grisogono jewelry brand

Photo: Reuters In May 2017, Fawaz Gruosi, founder of the de Grisogono jewelry brand, announced the acquisition of an 813-carat diamond from the Karowe mine in Botswana. The cost of the stone was $77,649 per carat, that is, Mr. Gruosi paid $63 million for the entire stone.

The 14 February

The 14 Febreiro diamond weighing 404 carats, The Art of de Grisogono necklace

Photo: de Grisogono Press Service The 163,41-carat emerald or rectangular cut diamond is the center stone of The Art of de Grisogono necklace, created by the brand in honor of its 25th anniversary. The diamond was cut from the 14-carat The 404 Febreiro diamond, found in the mines of Angola on February 14, 2016. Along with it, 30 more pure diamonds were obtained from the diamond, and the cutting, polishing and production of the necklace took a little less than two years. The necklace was sold at Christie’s Magnificent Jewels auction in November 2017 for $33,7 million.

Raj Pink

Raj Pink diamond, weight 37,3 carats

The same Sotheby’s auction in November 2017, where The Art of de Grisogono necklace was sold, included a 37,3-carat cushion-cut pink diamond with Fancy Intense parameters, found in South Africa. The estimate was $20–30 million, but bidding stopped at $10,02 million, and the stone was not sold.


Flawless diamond, weight 102,34 carats

Photo: Reuters In February 2017, the Sotheby’s Diamonds boutique opened on London’s Bond Street. This year, in honor of the first anniversary, the auction house presented a diamond weighing 102,34 carats with exceptional characteristics. Of the seven diamonds weighing more than 100 carats that have ever appeared at auction, this is the only one with a round cut, while cutters usually prefer pear-shaped or rectangular. The diamond was obtained from a 425-carat diamond mined by the De Beers group in Botswana. The stone ranks second in the most expensive colorless diamond category after The 14 Febreiro, but was sold directly to a private buyer for an undisclosed amount.

Pink star

Pink Star Diamond, 59,6 carats

Photo: Reuters The Pink Star diamond (59,6 carats) in April 2017 broke the world record for the value of precious stones sold at auction. The stone went under the hammer for $71,2 million, with a top estimate of $60 million. It is the largest flawless fancy pink diamond ever certified by the Gemological Institute of America. The stone was purchased by Chow Tai Fook, who bid by telephone, and subsequently renamed it CTF Pink.

Oppenheimer Blue

Oppenheimer Blue Diamond, 14,62 carats

Photo: Reuters The Oppenheimer Blue diamond (14,62 carats), a brilliant fancy blue color, sold for $57,5 million at Christie’s jewelry auction in Geneva in May 2016, breaking the previous record set by the Blue Moon blue diamond. The rectangular-cut stone belonged to Sir Philip Oppenheimer and was sold to an anonymous private collector after a 25-minute bidding war.

Blue Moon

Blue Moon diamond, weight 12,03 carats

Photo: AP/East News Before the Oppenheimer diamond record, the most expensive blue diamond in the world was the Blue Moon, which sold for $48,5 million at Sotheby’s Magnificent Jewels auction in Geneva in November 2015. Private collector Joseph Lau from Hong Kong renamed the stone from Blue Moon to Josephine. In the price per carat category, which in his case is $4 million, the stone is still the leader.

Sweet Josephine

Sweet Josephine pink diamond, 16,08 carats

Photo: Reuters A pink cushion-cut diamond weighing 16,08 carats, like the Blue Moon, was purchased by Joseph Lau from Hong Kong in the same November 2015, but at Sotheby’s auction in Geneva. The final cost was $28,5 million.

Graff Vendome

Diamond Graff Vendome

The 105,07-carat pear-shaped diamond was unveiled alongside the opening of the renovated Ritz boutique in Paris in June 2016. The stone was sourced from a 314 carat diamond along with 12 additional diamonds.


Perfect Diamond, weight 100,02 carats

Photo: Sotheby’s One of only five perfect diamonds sold at auction in the last 25 years. A 100,02-carat rectangular-cut diamond was sold at Sotheby’s in April 2015 for $22,090 million.

Graff Pink

Graff Pink diamond, weight 23,88 carats

Photo: Sotheby’s The stone (23,88 carats) once belonged to Harry Winston, and its appearance in November 2010 among Sotheby’s auction lots caused a great stir. The stone was purchased by Lawrence Graff for $46 million with a top estimate of $38 million, breaking the record for the cost of precious stones at that time.

Pink Promise

Pink Promise Diamond, 14,93 carats

Photo: AFP/East News A pink oval-cut diamond weighing 14,93 carats and with Fancy Vivid characteristics was sold at Christie’s auction in Hong Kong for $31,861 million, that is, $2,13 million per carat. When the stone was purchased by its previous owner, gemologist Stephen Silver, in 2013, it weighed 16,21 carats and was listed as Fancy Intense. It took the jeweler several years to develop a new cut, and as a result, despite the weight reduction, the parameters of the stone improved significantly, and the resulting amount received increased.


Wittelsbach diamond, weight 35,56 carats

Photo: Getty Images First brought to market in December 2008, this 35,56-carat blue diamond was purchased by Laurence Graff for $24,3 million. The stone was first given as a gift to Princess Margaret by her father, the King of Spain. The stone then ended up in the crown of Ludwig I of Bavaria, and is now in the collection of the Smithsonian Institution.

Graff Vivid Yellow

Graff Vivid Yellow Diamond, 100,09 carats

Photo: Reuters The 100,09 carat Fancy Yellow Diamond is no exception. Sold for $16,347 million at Sotheby’s in Geneva in May 2013, it set a record for the cost of yellow diamonds at that time.

Golden Empress

Diamond Golden Empress

In June 2015, Graff introduced The Golden Empress, a 132,55-carat Fancy Intense cushion cut yellow diamond, as part of a 30 yellow diamond necklace. The diamond was created from a 299-carat diamond of the same name, found in the South African mines of Lesotho. Along with this diamond were eight additional diamonds: six pear-shaped and two round.

The Orange

Orange yellow diamond, weight 14,82 carats

Photo: Reuters The 14,82-carat Fancy Vivid The Orange was sold at Christie’s in November 2013 for $35,5 million, or $2 per carat. This is the largest orange diamond. Another famous one, the 398-carat Pumpkin Diamond, sold for $151 million in October 4,19.

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