Mineral Review

What function does the Kremlin perform today?

Tour operator “Region”: the most interesting sights of Moscow

Moscow – the capital of Russia and the largest city in the country. This is a huge metropolis, which is the historical, political and spiritual heart of the Russian Federation. Moscow is the largest capital of Europe, filled with attractions, historical and cultural monuments, as well as world-class museums. This is a city of incredible dynamics and size that cannot be grasped in one trip.

Moscow Kremlin

The Kremlin is one of the most important monuments in Russia and the largest active fortress in Europe. In addition to its elegant towers, the Kremlin is beautiful for its architectural ensemble: behind its walls you can visit magnificent cathedrals and palaces from different eras, interesting museums, the Armory Chamber and the Diamond Fund. Now the Kremlin is the main historical and artistic complex of Moscow and the official residence of the President of Russia. Assumption Cathedral. Russian tsars were crowned here. The temple has preserved an iconostasis from the 17th century, and the paintings on the walls are from the same period. One of the main relics of the cathedral, besides the relics of the saints, is the staff of Metropolitan Peter, who lived in the second half of the 13th – early 14th centuries (he himself was also buried here).
Blagoveshchensky cathedral. Built in 1489, it houses many icons of that time. They say some were written by Rublev himself. In the basement there is an exhibition “Treasures of the Moscow Kremlin”: jewelry, weapons found during excavations.
Church of the Deposition of the Robe, built in the 15th century. Survived looting and fire. Now it is a museum, although services are also held, but only on patronal holidays. The exhibition includes carved sculptures and icons.
The Tsar Bell 18th century. Cast in a specially prepared pit, which was located nearby. This huge bell (height with lintel – 6,24 meters, diameter – 6,6 meters, weight – 202 tons) was never installed on the church and never rang.
Tsar Cannon. Cast in 1586, it was also never fired. Rather, it was a monument to Russian foundry art. True, the cannon was once brought into combat readiness when the troops of the Crimean Khan were approaching the city, but still no shot was fired. Not far from the Tsar Cannon, on Ivanovskaya Square, an exhibition of Russian artillery guns from the 2012th and 17th centuries was opened in 18.
Excavations. They passed here quite recently, and did not begin to bury the place. Behind heavy-duty glass you can see fragments of the Small Nicholas Palace and what remains of the Chudov Monastery, in which the infants of the royal family were baptized: the children of Ivan the Terrible, the future Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich, and his son Peter the Great. Founded in the 14th century, this friary was destroyed in the late 1920s.
Grand Kremlin Palace. The famous architect Konstantin Ton built the palace in 1838 as a residence for the royal family, which at that time, as we know, lived most of the time in St. Petersburg. Now it is the ceremonial residence of the country’s president. There are excursions here, but only by appointment and as part of a group.
Kremlin Palace of Congresses. Built under Khrushchev, it was used to host Communist Party congresses. Nowadays big concerts are held here.
Patriarchal Chambers, where there is an exhibition dedicated to our culture of the 17th century: precious church and secular dishes, jewelry, antique furniture.
Armouries – museum-treasury of the royal family. You will see state regalia, ceremonial royal clothes and the famous Monomakh hat, which was used to crown the great princes of Rus’ until Peter I (he replaced the wedding rite with the coronation rite). A double throne is also presented here, which was made specifically for the coronation of two brothers: 15-year-old Ivan Alekseevich and 10-year-old Pyotr Alekseevich (the future Peter I).
Diamond fund created in 1719 under Peter I, who ordered that coronation regalia belong to the state and be kept in the treasury. Here you will see the crown of Catherine the Great and all subsequent emperors, decorated with five thousand diamonds.
Ivan the Great belltower. It houses the Museum of Moscow Kremlin architecture. You can go up and see the surroundings from above. The height of the entire bell tower is 81 meters, the height of the rise to the observation deck is 25 meters, the number of steps is 137. The bell tower was built in honor of Ivan the Third (15th century), “the collector of Russian lands.” During the Time of Troubles, False Dmitry I wanted to organize a church here for the courtiers of Maria Mniszech. Before the appearance of the Cathedral of Christ the Savior in 1860, the bell tower was the tallest building in Moscow. At the beginning of the Great Patriotic War, there was a command post of the Kremlin regiment here.
Red Square. Many centuries ago this place was called Torg. At the beginning of the war, in 1941, the first parade took place here, from which soldiers went straight to the front. You can visit the Lenin Mausoleum (free of charge), see the monument to Minin and Pozharsky, visit the Intercession Cathedral, better known by the name of one of its boundaries – St. Basil’s Cathedral. Tours are offered here. However, you can simply come to the temple, light a candle and pray.

VDNKh (Exhibition of National Economic Achievements)

The Exhibition of Achievements of National Economy turned 2019 in 80! It consists of seven thematic areas: Museum City, an amusement park, an educational “Knowledge Park”, a landscape park, a crafts park, an EXPO zone and an Ostankino park. The name of VDNKh in Moscow has changed more than once: first it was the All-Union Agricultural Exhibition, then the Exhibition of Achievements of the National Economy, the All-Russian Exhibition Center and again VDNKh. Whatever you call it, this is one of the most visited places in the capital: 25 million guests come here every year. People come here to take a walk, have fun, and see the best examples of Soviet architecture of various styles: from Art Deco and Stalinist Empire style to Soviet modernism. The symbols of VDNKh are the sculpture “Worker and Collective Farm Woman” and the fountain “Friendship of Peoples”. However, now it is not at all a reserve of Soviet symbols. Here you can watch dolphins in the Moskvarium, control the Buran rocket plane, feed goats and ducks at the City Farm, relax by the water in the Fisherman’s Village, try dishes of the former Soviet republics in the Moscow Sky restaurant, paint silk and make stained glass windows in the House of Crafts. VDNKh hosts many concerts, lectures and exhibitions.

The Bolshoi Theatre

March 28, 1776 is considered to be the day the theater was founded. Initially, it was private and belonged to Prince Peter Urusov. Several times the theater burned down completely, but then the building was rebuilt. The Bolshoi Theater that we are used to seeing now opened in 1856, during the coronation of Alexander II. The theater has not lost its high status to this day. Therefore, getting there is not an easy task. But if you are not a big fan of opera or ballet, and just want to see the legendary theater from the inside, then this is easy to do. Tours of the historic building are offered every Thursday.

Novodevichy – Mother of God Smolensk Monastery

It is officially believed that the Novodevichy Convent in Moscow was built in the 16th century by Vasily the Third in honor of the capture of Smolensk in 1514. They say that before the campaign, the Grand Duke made a vow to himself to build a temple if he returned victorious, and he kept his word. However, some historians believe that it was not for nothing that the prince remembered his vow already in 1524: by this time, having lived with his wife Solomonia Saburova is almost 20 years old, he realized that he would not have children from her. What about the heirs? Here, they say, the tsar decided to build a monastery not far from the Kremlin in order to tonsure his barren wife there: she would be in business, and he would be free to marry further. True, for some reason, in the end, the ex-princess was exiled to Suzdal, and in Novodevichy, one of the chapels in the main – Smolensk – temple was dedicated to her. The Novodevichy Mother of God-Smolensky Monastery in Moscow later became a place of imprisonment for other prominent women from different years of our harsh history. This sad story has been surprisingly transformed in modern times into the following sign: they say, if you come to the Naprudnaya Tower, where the sister of Peter the Great was languishing, and make a wish, it will certainly come true. Moreover, there is a belief that the souls of all prisoners of the Novodevichy Convent favor the women who come to the monastery, trying to help them in any way they can.

The Cathedral of Christ the Savior

The huge temple on the banks of the Moscow River was built according to the design of the architect Konstantin Ton to commemorate the victory in the War of 1812. The cathedral took 44 years to build and was completed by 1883. Half a century later it was destroyed. In the 1990s, the Cathedral of Christ the Savior in Moscow was recreated in the same Russian-Byzantine style, but according to the design of Alexei Denisov, Zurab Tsereteli and Mikhail Posokhin. The Cathedral of Christ the Savior is the largest religious building in Russia. It can accommodate up to 10 people. The height of the dome with the cross alone is 000 meters, and the entire temple is 35 meters, which is one and a half meters more than St. Isaac’s Cathedral in St. Petersburg. There are three thrones in the temple: the main one, in honor of the Nativity of Christ, and two side ones – in the name of Nicholas the Wonderworker and the Holy Prince Alexander Nevsky. The rector of the Cathedral of Christ the Savior – the Cathedral of the Russian Orthodox Church is His Holiness Patriarch Kirill of Moscow and All Rus’.

Zaryadye Park

The “floating” bridge offers panoramic views of the Kremlin and the Moscow River embankment. Nature and music, historical monuments and futuristic projects, museums and restaurants. Zaryadye Park in Moscow immediately fell in love with both residents of the metropolis and tourists. You can spend the whole day here without getting tired or bored.

Vorobevy gory

The observation deck of the mountains is one of the most beautiful panoramic places in the Mother See. Plus, it is believed to have special energy. Vorobyovy Gory is no less loved by Muscovites. The venue is adored by newlyweds, MSU graduates are nostalgic here, and current students hang out here. In the evenings you can find bikers hanging out, and in the early morning athletes go for long runs. Sparrow Hills in Moscow are considered one of the seven hills of the capital and rise 80 meters above the Moskva River. From above you can see the river bank, cut by ravines and bends. There is a 720-meter cable car from Luzhniki and back, and you can look at the beautiful views of the beautiful capital from a great height.

Old Arbat

Muscovites and tourists who come to the capital associate Arbat with old Moscow. The famous street is located between Prechistenka and New Arbat, connecting Arbat Gate Square and Smolenskaya Square. The numbering of houses begins with the Arbat Gate. The beautiful Moscow promenade attracts with its legends, picturesque facades of apartment buildings, original street design, fashionable cafes, unusual attractions and other attractions. Arbat is famous for its special atmosphere, so it attracts tourists like a magnet. Thoughtful travelers treat a Moscow street like an open-air museum. Street musicians play for the public here. Artists draw caricatures of passers-by, sellers sell traditional Russian souvenirs, and art workshops sell paintings with views of Moscow.

Victory Park

Victory Park is a large memorial complex dedicated to the victory in the Great Patriotic War. It is often called Poklonnaya Gora – after the name of the historical area in which the park is located. People’s festivities are held in Victory Park on holidays, newlyweds come here to lay flowers at the memorial, and citizens and guests of the capital rush here just to take a walk, rollerblade and bike ride, and look at the fountains.

Tsaritsyno Museum-Reserve

Tsaritsyno is a natural and architectural complex in the neo-Gothic style in the southern part of Moscow. The complex was founded by order of Catherine the Great in 1776, but the empress never lived there, although it is a worthy residence for the monarch. The complex includes a palace, a park ensemble, and huge exhibition halls. The museum complex consists of exhibitions of the XNUMXth century, an archaeological exhibition and a museum of applied and decorative arts. A picturesque and romantic landscaped park with sculptures and pavilions is an ideal place for a stroll. The museum-reserve houses the largest dynamic light fountain in Moscow.

Museum-Reserve Kolomenskoye

If you have little time in Moscow, and you want the capital to be remembered not only for its luxury and huge squares, but also for its estates with amazing examples of real Russian architecture, then choose the Kolomenskoye Museum-Reserve. Due to the variety of temples, historical buildings presented here, as well as legends and interesting activities such as a sand sculpture festival or jumping rope competition, the estate of Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich will give odds to all others. The Kolomenskoye Museum-Reserve in Moscow will be of interest to both history buffs and families with children. Getting here won’t be difficult. From the city center by metro it will take no more than 20 minutes.

Luzhniki Stadium

Luzhniki is the largest stadium in Russia. It opened in 1956. Within the walls of the country’s main sports arena, dozens of historical competitions took place, a whole generation of champions grew up and world records were set. The stadium underwent the largest reconstruction in its history. The historical appearance of the main symbol of Russian sports has been preserved. Now Luzhniki is one of the best football stadiums in the world.

Gorky Park

The Maxim Gorky Central Park of Culture and Leisure is the largest park in Moscow, founded almost a hundred years ago. The area of ​​220 hectares includes the territories of the Muzeon art park, Parterre, Neskuchny Garden and the Vorobyovy Gory nature reserve. Every day, Gorky Park, which is an object of cultural heritage of the peoples of the Russian Federation, is visited by tens of thousands of people.

Ostankino Tower

The Ostankino TV Tower is visible from almost any part of Moscow: its height is 540,1 meters. At the time of construction (1967), the tower was the tallest in the world, moving up to 14th place today. But it is still the tallest building in Europe and Russia. For clarity: imagine that in front of you is a 180-story building. Such is the growth of our tower. Lightning strikes it 30-40 times a year, and wind blows across the top. The project allows the deviation of this very top from the vertical position by 14 meters! The record deviation recorded since construction was 6 meters – during the hurricane on June 20, 1998. And the tower is threatened with destruction if the wind is stronger than 40 meters per second. Fortunately, Moscow has never known such winds. Many Russian cities with a long history can boast of having their own Kremlin, but only the Moscow Kremlin has the status of one of the main symbols of Russia and a key attraction of Moscow. The area of ​​the Moscow Kremlin is more than 270 square meters, each of which is remarkable in its own way and is of interest to both tourists and native residents of the capital. What 000 sights of the Kremlin in Moscow can be called the most important and most interesting – read in our material.

Cathedral Square

This is the oldest square on the territory of the Kremlin, which is also the most important. Once it was the compositional center of old Moscow, and now it is a most valuable monument of Russian culture. It is here that the most significant masterpieces of Moscow’s temple architecture and the oldest buildings in the capital are concentrated.

Towers of the Moscow Kremlin

Each of the 20 towers of the Moscow Kremlin is a separate landmark and deserves close attention. Each of them is unique in its own way, has its own history and personality. Kutafya Tower – the only surviving diversion arrow as part of the fortification complex with the Trinity Tower. Now used as an entrance for visitors to the Kremlin. Tsar’s Tower – the smallest, but no less remarkable than the rest. About 17 meters high, it was presumably once used to greet the people gathered on Red Square to the newly crowned sovereign. Trinity Tower – the highest in the architectural ensemble of the Kremlin, height 80 meters. In its design it is in many ways similar to Spasskaya. Now the tower serves as the main entrance to the territory of the capital’s Kremlin for tourists and citizens. Spasskaya Tower For many, it is the main symbol of the New Year. But in fact, it is notable not only for this, but more so for the fact that the clock located at the top is one of the oldest operating tower mechanisms in the world. Nikolskaya Tower – one of the most elegant and stands out from the rest because it was built in the Gothic style. Vodovzvodnaya Tower considered by many to be one of the most slender and beautiful. Her image is one of the most popular and quoted, a kind of symbol of Moscow, and Russia as a whole. Located on the southwestern corner of the fortress from the Kremlin embankment, it once performed an important defensive function, and now plays the role of one of the main accents of the Kremlin panorama from the Moscow River, including the Bolshoi Kamenny Bridge.

Assumption Cathedral

The Assumption Cathedral is included in the list of the oldest buildings in Moscow. Russian tsars were once crowned here and religious ceremonies that were important throughout the country were held. Nowadays, the 17th-century iconostasis and wall paintings from approximately the same period have been preserved inside. Although the cathedral mostly serves as a museum, sometimes divine services are held here, which are pre-blessed by the Patriarch himself.

Blagoveshchensky cathedral

Founded at the end of the 7th century, the Annunciation Cathedral is not distinguished by its impressive size, because it was intended to be visited mainly by the royal family and their entourage. This was the case until the XNUMXth century. Now the cathedral is a most valuable Orthodox and historical object. Divine services are held here several times a year, the largest being on the Orthodox holiday of the Annunciation on April XNUMX.

Grand Kremlin Palace

Built under the direct supervision of the architect Konstantin Ton, the Grand Kremlin Palace was erected as the Moscow residence of the royal family. Made in the Russian-Byzantine style, it has an area of ​​more than 25 square meters. Now the palace is used as the residence of the President of Russia. You can go inside on a tour as part of an organized group.

Ivan the Great belltower

This is a truly iconic object of enormous value for several reasons. The bell tower was built at the beginning of the 25th century and it was here that royal decrees and orders that were important for the fate of the state were once read out. Now there are excursions to the site that allow you to climb to a height of 137 meters, climbing XNUMX steps. Of particular interest are the placed bells, each of which has its own name and character. By the way, many are sure that the observation deck of the bell tower is an excellent place for making wishes.


Back in the middle of the 1851th century, a separate place was designated on the territory of the Moscow Kremlin for the storage and display of the most valuable items of the royal treasury, the patriarchal sacristy and valuable gifts from foreign states. Nowadays the functions of the treasury of the Russian tsars are performed by the armory. It is located within the walls of a building in the Russian-Byzantine style, which was built in 4000. More than 9 exhibits are distributed across XNUMX halls, a walk through which will not leave anyone indifferent.

Tsar Cannon

The gigantic military weapon was cast in 1586 to protect Moscow from the Khan’s horde. There was no need to use this cannon for its intended purpose, so over time it was decided to place this truly unique weapon on the territory of the Moscow Kremlin, making it one of the attractions. For maximum effectiveness, it was decided to place decorative cannonballs next to the cannon, which is 5 meters long and weighs more than 40 tons.

The Tsar Bell

Another unique attraction on the territory of the Kremlin in Moscow is the Tsar Bell, which is the largest of its kind in the world. More than 6 m high and weighing almost 200 tons, it is a true masterpiece of foundry art. Unfortunately, this bell was never used for its intended purpose, just like the Tsar Cannon.

Tainitsky Garden

The picturesque park area on the territory of the Moscow Kremlin has existed, according to estimates, since the 14th century. There is a lot of greenery and flowers, including unique plants, and this was one of the reasons why the garden is included in the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage List. Among the most valuable attractions is the Cosmos oak tree, once planted by the first cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin. Naturally, this is far from a complete list of the sights of the Moscow Kremlin, but only a list of those that can be called the most interesting and deserving of special attention, in the subjective opinion of the editors of our site.

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