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What is the curse of the Black Prince Ruby?

Gemstones have been the subject of obsession for centuries. Many are believed to have healing and protective properties, but others are known for their mystery and intrigue. One such mystery stone is the Black Prince Ruby, which is neither a ruby ​​nor black. Ruby of the Black Prince and Don Pedro the Cruel The Black Prince Ruby is believed to have been mined in Kuh-i-Lala, the famous ruby ​​mines of Badakhshan, in what is now Afghanistan and Tajikistan. The gem was first discovered in the 14th century when it was stolen from Prince Abu Said of the Moorish kingdom of Granada by Don Pedro the Cruel, ruler of Seville, Spain. According to historical records, Prince Said was about to surrender to King Don Pedro when he captured Granada, but Pedro had cruel plans. In 1366, Don Pedro received Prince Said and his retainers to negotiate the terms of his surrender and killed him. After searching the prince’s body, Don Pedro found a large red gem the size of an egg and took it for himself. This brutal murder was believed to have caused a curse that haunted Don Pedro from that day on. In addition, it was believed that this curse would bring misfortune and death to whoever owned the gem. Shortly after the Cruel acquired the gem, his brother, Henry of Trastámara (1334 – 1379), declared war on Castile for the right to rule. Don Pedro was forced into an alliance with Edward of Woodstock, also known as the “Black Prince,” to defeat Henry of Trastamara, and in 1367 gave him the gem as payment. The Black Prince’s Ruby and the Royal Family The Black Prince’s Ruby reappeared in the hands of Henry V, also called Henry of Monmouth, who was King of England from 1413 until his death in 1422. On October 25, 1415, at the Battle of Agincourt, King Henry V appeared in his most magnificent attire. His helmet was adorned with a crown of rubies, sapphires and pearls, including the Black Prince’s ruby. The helmet was not just a decoration, it saved the king’s life and helped him defeat the French troops. Since then, the gem has passed through the hands of the British royal family, including Henry VIII and his daughter Elizabeth I. The Earl of Dorset described the stone in his inventory of the Crown Jewels. The gem was set into the crown of King James I, and the small hole in the top of the gem, drilled to be worn as a necklace, was capped with a small ruby. After the coronation of Charles I, the gem was not placed in the jewelry house along with other treasures. This was a lucky chance, since if he had been among them, the gem would have been stolen along with other treasures when Cromwell came to power and Charles I was executed in 1649. According to the Parliamentary sales list, the Black Prince’s Ruby was sold to an unknown party and purchased by Charles II, who nearly lost the ruby ​​when Irish Colonel Thomas Blood attempted to steal the English Crown Jewels in 1671. Today, the Black Prince’s Ruby is found in the Imperial State Crown of England and is one of the most famous gems of the British Crown. Ruby of the Black Prince or “Great Pretender” Despite its name, the “Black Prince’s Ruby” is not a ruby, which is why it is called the “great impostor.” In fact, this stone is a blood-red uncut spinel, which was named after the “black prince,” Edward of Woodstock, Prince of Wales. At that time, all red transparent gemstones were considered rubies, and it was only through technological advances in the study of minerals that the Black Prince Ruby was determined to be a red spinel. Although ruby ​​and spinel share physical characteristics, ruby ​​can be distinguished by its hardness and density as it is slightly harder and denser than spinel. Small red spinels are considered rarer than rubies and can often be even more valuable. One of the world’s largest uncut spinel, the Black Prince Ruby weighs approximately 170 carats and is almost 5 centimeters long. The gemstone has a lightly polished surface with three facets and a hole into which a small real ruby ​​is set. The gemstone is set in the front of the Imperial State Crown, directly above the famous Cullinan II Diamond, also known as the Second Star of Africa, and is covered with gold foil to enhance its brilliance. The Black Prince Ruby is perhaps one of the most famous gemstones of all time. British Crown Jewels. Despite its name, the stone is neither black nor ruby, which is perhaps why the stone became so famous. The Black Prince Ruby is actually a sparkling red rough spinel that has been owned by the British royal family since 1367. The gemstone was named after the “Black Prince”, Edward of Woodstock, Prince of Wales, and is one of the oldest gemstones. part of the Royal Crown Jewels Collection. It currently sits in the cross on the front of the Imperial State Crown, directly above the Lesser Star of Africa, also known as the Cullinan II, one of the largest diamonds in the world. A fine red spinel is actually considered rarer than a ruby ​​in occurrence and can often be even more valuable. The Black Prince Ruby is one of the world’s largest uncut red spinel gemstones, weighing an estimated 170 carats and measuring almost 5 centimeters in length. The Black Prince Ruby is lightly polished to enhance its brilliance and beaded. It was previously drilled, strung and worn as a pendant and various other pieces of jewelry before being placed in the Imperial Crown where it can be seen today. Close observation reveals that the small drilled hole was plugged with a smaller ruby. Most of the time, all red clear gemstones were simply considered “rubies”, so the royal gem was considered a ruby ​​for centuries. It was only through technological advances in mineral research that it was discovered that Black Prince spinel is actually red spinel. Spinel and ruby ​​share many physical characteristics, but ruby ​​(corundum) can be distinguished by its hardness and density. Ruby is slightly harder and denser than spinel. Ruby is also dichroic, like most other gemstones, whereas spinel is singly refractive; an optical property that is actually quite rare, shared only by a few known types of gemstones, including diamond and garnet. Ruby red spinel gemstones scattered The Black Prince Ruby was originally believed to have belonged to Prince Abu Said of the Moorish kingdom of Granada sometime in the 14th century. It was believed that it was mined by some of modern Tajikistan, which was then known as Badakhshan. At the time, Don Pedro the Cruel, ruler of Castile, was capturing Granada, the last Muslim outpost in Spain, as part of his Christian reconquista. At this time, the power of Castile was centralized in Spain. According to historical records, Prince Said planned to surrender to King Don Pedro, but Pedro had other plans, earning him the nickname “The Cruel”. Don Pedro welcomed Prince Abu Said and his servants to Seville to discuss the terms of his surrender, but the Moorish prince’s servants were killed and Don Pedro may have personally stabbed Abu Said. Don Pedro acquired Abu Said’s wealth after his death, and after searching his body, Don Pedro discovered a large red gem and added it to his possessions. It is said that the gruesome murder of the prince caused a curse that would haunt Don Pedro from that day forward. It is said that the curse brought misfortune or even death to those who owned the “Ruby of the Black Prince”. Soon after Don Pedro acquired the gem from Abu Said, his half-brother Henry of Trastamara declared war on Castile for the right to rule. The rebellion prompted Don Pedro to form an alliance with Prince Edward III, known as the “Black Prince” of England. Edward was a great knight, but in the Middle Ages even great knights fought for profit, not just chivalry. The Black Prince successfully defeated Henry of Trastamara and immediately demanded the jewel from Don Pedro as payment for his alliance. The Black Prince brought the gem back to England, where it has remained ever since, although it is not mentioned in written records. history from some time around the 1400s.

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