Mineral Review

What is the difference between an artificial ruby ​​and a real one?

Unsurpassed, magnificent and majestic – these are just some of the possible epithets that can be applied to a ruby. It can rightfully be called the “king” among gems, while it is one of the four highest category precious stones. Works of art were dedicated to this stone, so it is not surprising that this gem at different times adorned the robes of the most significant people of its time. The popularity of ruby ​​remains at a very high level. Why is this happening? What is it about it that attracts buyers in different parts of the world? Today we will understand the main features of a ruby, and also tell you how to choose the right stone so as not to run into a fake.

A short digression into the history

Ruby is a mineral that is a type of corundum. It has the entire spectrum of red shades – from bright pink to rich scarlet and purple. It is assumed that it began to be mined in Burma already in the Bronze Age. In many Asian countries, this stone was highly valued, associating it with the myth of Fire, where the ruby ​​represented “the strength of the lion, the fearlessness of the eagle and the wisdom of the snake.” Another beautiful legend is associated with this mineral. According to her, once upon a time power in the world belonged to the demon Val. Even the almighty heavenly ruler Indra could not cope with him. But the ancient gods managed to grab the demon and tie him to the sacrificial altar. Each of them stabbed him with a dagger, and the Sun God took the blood for himself. But the heavenly ruler Indra was extremely outraged by this behavior of the Sun God and sent his entire army after him. During the chase, the Sun God dropped the vessel from his hands, and where drops fell from this vessel, magnificent stones of rich red color blossomed.

Description of the stone and main deposits

  • Hardness on the Mohs scale is 9. This is only one value less than the hardest stone – diamond.
  • Density – 4 g/cm3.
  • Color – red. This is the most important indicator of the value of a ruby. Both the shade and its tone, as well as saturation, are important here. The most valuable shade is a bright and pure red, the tone is medium, not too light, but not too dark. The more saturated the color of a stone, the more attractive and valuable it is.
  • Strength – fragile. Even despite its high hardness, the mineral remains quite brittle. Therefore, when wearing ruby ​​jewelry, you must avoid dropping it on a hard surface.
  • Purity. Natural rubies almost always have a sufficient number of inclusions and color defects. It is impossible to find an absolutely pure stone. If inclusions are not visible to the naked eye, this is already an excellent indicator, and the more they are scattered throughout the stone, the better. There are three categories of ruby ​​purity, where the first is small dots or stripes invisible to the eye, and the third is opaque stones with visible opacities.
  • Features of processing. A ruby ​​with a beautiful and bright natural color is a rare phenomenon and very valuable on the jewelry market. Most stones undergo some type of treatment to improve the color and clarity of the stone. This does not affect the quality of the ruby ​​refined in this way, but greatly increases the cost of single natural specimens, the only processing of which is mechanical hand cutting. Among special treatments, thermal treatment is considered the highest quality, while thermal treatment with the addition of special substances and filling cracks with lead glass is considered to be of lesser quality.
  • Cut. The most valuable is the round cut of a ruby, which reveals the beauty of the stone in its entirety. Marquise or pear cuts are less valuable. Opaque rubies with large inclusions are cut in a cabochon style.
  • Size. The presence of chromium in the composition of rubies determines the possibility of its splits and cracks, as a result of which specimens weighing more than one carat are extremely rare and extremely highly valued.

There are several places in the world where the most valuable rubies are mined. The main exporting countries are Myanmar (formerly Burma), Sri Lanka and Thailand. There are deposits in Kenya, Tajikistan, Japan, Afghanistan, Nepal, Madagascar and other countries.

There are no independent deposits in Russia, so rubies are most often found when searching for corundum.

In general, rubies are found everywhere – from Europe to Africa. Thus, in 2014, a new deposit was discovered in Greenland, the main feature of which is the extraction method – from bedrock, and not from alluvial placer. The only continent where these minerals have not yet been found is Antarctica.

The main varieties

There are not many shades of ruby ​​and they all have a reddish tint in one way or another. Perfectly transparent minerals without defects are very rarely found in nature, so lower quality stones tend to be heated.

Ruby “Pigeon’s Blood”

The most valuable gemstone is the ruby, which is called “Pigeon’s Blood”. It has a bright red hue with a purple tint. This type of mineral is also called Burmese because it is mined in Myanmar. This name was given by a gemologist from Switzerland, who compared the shade of the stone to the blood of a just shot pigeon. We agree that the comparison is not entirely correct, but it is part of the story that cannot be ignored.

“Star” ruby

Stones that have a six-pointed star on their surface after cutting are highly valued – this is a special effect that is obtained due to rutile impurities in the composition. In mineralogy, this phenomenon is called “asterism.” The color directly depends on the place where the stone was found.

Cat’s Eye

Minerals with a “cat’s eye” effect look very interesting – a white moving stripe in the center of the stone, which is formed due to the inclusion of other minerals.


Representatives of this group are considered the most common. The color is very rich, so the gem looks very organic in jewelry.


Stones with a characteristic admixture of red and yellow tints. But the main color is still red.


Pink rubies are often confused with sapphires. There are various shades found in nature, but the most common color is crimson.

The magical properties of the stone

Ruby jewelry is primarily valued for its aesthetics, magnificent setting and the nobility of the stone itself, but often the buyer is also interested in another point – does this gem have any special properties? This is understandable, since most precious stones have special energy, so you should not ignore this point when purchasing.

Ruby has several magical properties that are attributed to it:

  • From an esoteric point of view, a ruby ​​is a gem that cannot radically change a person. It only strengthens his character traits – both good and bad. Therefore, we can say that it will bring only success, goodness and good luck to a person with good thoughts and intentions.
  • It gives a person vitality, which is why the “philosopher’s stone” was often depicted in similar shades.
  • Previously, it was considered an effective amulet against damage, so it was worn before meeting a stranger.
  • Ruby is a source of inspiration, so the gem is recommended for creative individuals to wear in moments of depression and emotional exhaustion.
  • For men, this stone helps raise their authority, strengthen their spirit, and also achieve great success in life.
  • It helps women become more feminine and attractive, helping them find love, as well as realize themselves as a loving wife and mother.
  • Wearing a ruby ​​allows you to protect yourself from energy attacks, damage, the evil eye, as well as various machinations of ill-wishers.

It has always been believed that ruby ​​helps to reveal a person’s potential, as well as to develop intuition in him, which would help him make a big profit and succeed in every possible way in life.

Medicinal properties

In the past, the medicinal properties of many precious stones were taken quite seriously. How to approach this now is only your decision, but quite often you have to deal with the fact that various observations of the ancients actually had a basis.

Here are the main medicinal properties of ruby:

  • It helps maintain youthful skin if you touch it tactilely every day, transferring your energy and warmth to it.
  • This is a good sedative for depression and stress.
  • The shade of the stone has a beneficial effect on the blood vessels of the brain.
  • Previously, water was infused with ruby, which could be used to wash your face, improving skin tone. In addition, ruby ​​water was even used to get rid of the effects of poisoning.
  • In ancient times, the stone was considered a hemostatic agent, promoting wound healing.

Of course, lithotherapy (stone treatment) is not official medicine, so if you have serious health problems, you should seek medical help. But if you believe at least a little in all these healing properties, then this will already have a positive effect on your psycho-emotional state, because you will know that the stone “helps” you.

Refined and hydrothermal ruby ​​– what is it?

In nature, it is extremely difficult to find a pure gem with a perfectly bright color. Often you come across stones whose shade is either too light or too cloudy. But today there are quite a large number of modern techniques that make it possible to make these stones better so that they look decent in jewelry.

Refinement is the general name for special techniques for processing precious and semi-precious stones, which can improve their appearance and also improve their performance. In the case of rubies, heat treatment is most often used, which allows you to color the stones in the desired color or remove unwanted inclusions. At the same time, the stone itself still remains natural and not artificial.

Another thing is hydrothermal ruby, which is a gem obtained artificially, but its characteristics are completely identical to natural ruby.

Industrial production of hydrothermal ruby ​​began after 1902. The beginning was made in 1892, when Auguste Verneuil synthesized ruby ​​crystals from aluminum oxide. As a result of the technology he invented and specialized equipment, it was possible to obtain stones weighing up to 30 carats from pure aluminum oxide.

How to distinguish a real ruby ​​from an artificial one

The problem of counterfeits has existed for a very long time. Thus, red spinel was often mistaken for a ruby. Moreover, the red spinel was the central element of the Crown of the Russian Empire, which was specially made for the coronation of Catherine II. The weight of the gem was almost 399 carats, and until the beginning of the 170th century everyone believed that it was a real ruby. Another amazing example is the XNUMX-carat Black Prince ruby ​​that adorns the Crown of the British Empire. It turned out that this was also red spinel.

Here are a few ways that will allow you to understand whether the ruby ​​in front of you is real or not:

  • A real gem always has various defects: microcracks, uneven color, etc.
  • It is a hard mineral, so only a diamond can scratch it.
  • Heat transfer. A ruby ​​remains cool in your hands for a long time, but a crude fake will quickly take on heat. But hydrothermal rubies grown in laboratory conditions will pass this test.
  • You can look through the gem into the bright light from the lamp. The texture of its edges should darken.

Perhaps the most important indicator is the price, so if you are offered jewelry with a ruby ​​at a very low price, then this is a clear sign that this is a fake.

Which zodiac signs does it suit best?

Ruby suits fire zodiac signs very well:

  • Aries. For representatives of this sign, a ruby ​​is a real amulet that will protect against bad people and accidents. For women who have a rather passionate temperament, which is often difficult for them to control, the stone will help them maintain composure. He will make men more thoughtful, which will allow them not to rush into risky adventures (especially in business).
  • Sagittarius. The stone will help them find their inner reserves and stay on their path, regardless of what obstacles may stand in their way. For Sagittarius men, the gem will give a valuable charge of good mood and inexhaustible energy. For women, jewelry with a ruby ​​is a proven love talisman.
  • Lions. The gem will help this sign to succeed in life, become more successful and realize all their dreams. But this does not mean that the stone makes Leo those people who “go over their heads” in order to achieve their goal. On the contrary, ruby ​​makes a person more compassionate, teaches him to think not only about himself, but also about others. This allows a person to become more successful, but not to be lonely, but to surround himself with friends and supporters.

The “friendship” of ruby ​​with other zodiac signs is quite controversial. For representatives of the water element (Scorpios, Pisces and Cancers), the gem will give a charge of vital energy, make them more persistent and sociable, which will allow them to achieve their goals. But the difference between the two energies (fire and water) can lead to a certain fatigue of these zodiac signs. But, again, this is all purely individual.

For representatives of the air element (Gemini, Libra and Aquarius), ruby ​​helps to a certain extent, but not as much as for fire signs.

For Capricorns, an earth sign, this stone can become a real assistant in their affairs, providing all possible assistance in the future. But for Taurus and Virgo, not everything is so simple, because many astrologers recommend that they choose other red stones (for example, garnet), as well as emeralds.

How to Wear Ruby Jewelry

Ruby jewelry is a popular piece of jewelry that is trending today. There are certain rules on how to wear them correctly:

  • The gem is very bright, so it always acts as an accent stone in rings and other jewelry. It is accentuated very well by diamonds. But to create a harmonious look, it is advisable to wear only one piece of jewelry with this mineral, because too many of these bright shades can look too pretentious.
  • Always clean the insert thoroughly before leaving. The stone has a special energy, so it requires special treatment.
  • The best frame is gold of the highest standard. Silver does not look as elegant and makes this stone a little cheaper.

The online store “Diamonds are Forever” offers a large selection of luxury jewelry with this amazing stone. By contacting our company, you will receive professional advice and full support in choosing your ruby. We love this luxurious stone very much and we have a large collection of jewelry featuring it.

Ruby is one of mankind’s favorite stones. Jewelry connoisseurs know that purchasing this stone does not represent a single investment. The natural gem sparkles like a diamond in bright light and shows various shades: from dark red to purple.

To ensure that your purchase does not become a disappointment, you need to ensure the authenticity of the stone. This article will help you with this.

ruby properties

To be able to distinguish natural rubies from synthetic stones and imitations, you need to understand a little about the physical and chemical properties of the red gem.

Firstly, the hardness of a ruby ​​is 9 on the Mohs scale, which is almost the same as the hardness of a diamond. This means that rubies are very durable stones that remain intact after being dropped or hit and are not susceptible to scratches or chips.

Secondly, the chemical structure of the gem produces unusually smooth edges during the cutting process – the processed gem will not receive depressions and convolutions.

Thirdly, natural specimens, as a rule, contain a number of impurities that slightly reduce the transparency of the stone. Flawless specimens of incredible purity can most often be found at auctions; they are rarely sold in ordinary jewelry stores. The jewelry house Maxim Demidov is an exception; in our catalog you will find jewelry with rubies of exceptional quality.

Synthetic rubies

Densely colored, crystal clear – such rubies are very expensive, often more expensive than diamonds. Synthetic specimens have the properties of the best nuggets, but cost tens of times less.

The low cost of artificial stones is associated with their reserves – new gems are synthesized in laboratories literally every day. Therefore, there can be no question of any uniqueness or investment value here.

Artificial rubies flooded the jewelry market at the beginning of the last century, when Verneuil’s laboratory presented the first samples of synthetic red gems. Therefore, some of these stones may be more than 100 years old, because they were distributed in the countries of the East and exchanged for real rubies by employees of the Verneuil laboratory. For this reason, tourists should be especially careful when purchasing supposedly natural gems at a low price.

Imitation rubies

Sometimes more common or cheaper minerals are passed off as rubies. The following stones are similar in appearance to rubies:

  • pomegranate – this stone is very close in color and brightness to ruby, but its brilliance falls far short of corundum. If you hold a garnet up to the light, it will not sparkle as beautifully as rubies do.

External similarity between ruby ​​and garnet

  • tourmaline – this stone comes in different colors, including red varieties that can pass for a ruby. Sometimes gems can only be distinguished in a laboratory under ultraviolet light: tourmaline will turn orange, while ruby ​​will remain red.

External similarity between ruby ​​and tourmaline

  • red glass – painting glass a ruby ​​color is not difficult, but it is impossible to fake the play of light, and besides, the glass will quickly give itself away due to the fragility of the material; scratches and chips will quickly form on it.
  • glass + ruby – such a combination is also possible, its image on the screen of mixing glass with mineral residues after processing rubies. Only specialists can identify such a fake, since in appearance it is very similar to the original.

Mixing ruby ​​with glass is a fairly common practice. Sometimes stones are simply refined using a glass composition, when cracks in the mineral are filled with lead glass – in this case, the result is a specimen, although of low quality, but still natural. If you install too much glass, then it becomes unclear what predominates in the manufacturers: ruby ​​or additives. It’s good that in this case the gem is very cheap – around $30 per carat – so identifying the imitation will not be difficult.

How to distinguish a ruby ​​from synthetics, imitations and fakes

There are several ways to check the authenticity of a stone. Some of these methods are used at home, the other part – in the laboratory.

  1. The easiest way is to pour some water into a transparent glass container and immerse the stone in it. If it glows with red rays, it means the gem is real.
  2. The next technique is to hold the stone up to the light. A natural ruby, like a diamond, will sparkle with hundreds of shimmers. In this case, the side to which the lighting is directed will glow with a dark red light, while the opposite side will glow with a pale and dull light.
  3. You can check the stone using a regular magnifying glass. If you see ordered inclusions inside the mineral, then you are probably looking at a true ruby. This method is especially good for recognizing synthetics.
  4. For synthetic origin of the stone, it can be tested under ultraviolet light. Natural rubies do not change color, but synthetic rubies take on an orange tint.
  5. Many people notice that natural gems remain cool for a long time when held in their hands. Artificial stones or glass very quickly absorb the heat of the human body.
  6. Most fakes are lighter than natural stones. The high hardness of rubies also affects their weight – these stones feel quite heavy. If jewelry with a red gem seems too light to you, this is a reason to think about its authenticity.

So that you can be sure of the quality and quality of the stones you purchase, pay attention to the documents and tags attached to the jewelry – there should be a note about the composition and origin of the stone.

All jewelry from Maxim Demidov undergoes a special examination by expert gemologists in production, confirming its authenticity and origin.

The rubies in Maxim Demidov’s jewelry are created by nature itself and processed by brilliant craftsmen. With rubies decorations! You can evaluate in our catalog right now.

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