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What is the green stone called in jewelry?

According to research, people whose favorite color is green are sociable and friendly. They have a calm character and are not prone to conflicts. Such people also subconsciously choose green stones for jewelry.

Shades of green in gemstones

  • green (Green);
  • bluish green;
  • yellowish green.

Further, each of these color groups is divided into gradations of intensity, which are determined by the overall sensation of color depending on the lightness and saturation of the color of the stone:

  • pastel (Pastel);
  • very light (Very Light);
  • light (Light);
  • average (Medium);
  • strong (Strong);
  • intensive (Intense);
  • saturated (Vivid);
  • deep (Deep);
  • dark (Dark).

Thus, the color of the stone will be indicated, for example, as “light bluish green” (Light Bluish Green) or “deep green” (Deep Green). Also, for the main jewelry stones, these color gradations in our company have visual standards in the form of specially calibrated photographs of cut stones. The same principle applies to all green-colored stones: the brighter the color of the stone and the closer it is to pure spectral, the more expensive it is. Therefore, the most expensive stones will be those that have an intense and rich green color. Thus, abroad, the top colors of green stones are often referred to in commerce as “Vivid Green” (“rich green”). It is interesting that often an additional blue tint in trade does not in any way reduce the price of a green stone, but an additional yellow tint in some cases already reduces the value of the stone (for example, in demantoid garnets or peridots).

Main green colored gemstones

Let’s look at the most important green gemstones, which are found in the form of transparent gemstones. We have arranged them in descending order of their conditional Gemlovers rating, which takes into account the rarity of the stone, its cost, beauty and hardness.

1. Green Diamond

Natural green diamonds are extremely rare. Many collectors and investors are hunting for them. Their color is associated with the effect of natural radiation on the structure of the mineral. Often, only the near-surface zones of a rough diamond crystal are colored green. Therefore, after cutting, most of these diamonds lose their rare color. The mass of cut stones is usually represented by specimens up to 1 carat. Note that the hardness of diamond is the highest of all precious stones – 10 on the Mohs scale.

According to the Gemological Institute of America (GIA) system, green diamonds are classified into the following colors with shades: Green, Greyish Green, Bluish Green, Greyish Bluish Green, Greyish Yellowish Green, Gray Yellowish Green, Yellowish Green, Blue-Green, Grey-Green, Yellow- Green. And the following gradations of color intensity are distinguished: Faint, Very Light, Light, Fancy Light, Fancy, Fancy Intense, Fancy Vivid and Fancy Deep. Basically, on the world market, the color of green diamonds is represented by stones of weak saturation, dark specimens, and yellowish ones. The rarest and most valuable color is Fancy Vivid Green. Those. bright green.

Our company can find unique green diamonds for you to order, as well as make jewelry of any complexity with them. These stones will be sourced from collectors and the most reputable suppliers. We will analyze the market for them and provide the best offers. Please note that these days diamonds can also be given a green color artificially by irradiation. Therefore, when purchasing such a stone, we must provide a certificate from the reputable GIA laboratory. It contains information about the natural origin of color, the weight of the stone, characteristics of color and purity, and cutting parameters. In jewelry, small green diamonds usually take center stage in white gold rings, which are often heavily studded with colorless diamonds.

2. Emerald

Emerald is a precious variety of the mineral beryl. Its hardness is 7,5-8. The most valuable color for deep green stones is Vivid Green. Typically, emeralds have an additional bluish tint. Greens with a yellowish tint are less valuable. The cheapest are light emeralds. In Russia, there is a classification of emerald colors according to specifications, which distinguishes 5 color groups:

  1. dark green;
  2. medium-dark green;
  3. medium green;
  4. medium light green;
  5. light green.

According to this classification, the most expensive emeralds have 1 color. But keep in mind that too dark “deaf” specimens also end up there. Therefore, it is better to pay attention to your personal impressions of the stone, and not to the numbers of Soviet specifications (developed for Ural emeralds) in the certificate. Most emeralds on the market have 3 and 4 colors according to specifications, and they can be beautiful too. In Gem Lovers, to classify emerald colors, we have identified 4 color groups that correspond to the ranges as in the Specifications, but we have removed the non-liquid, too light 5th color and assigned the following designations to the colors in accordance with the approach to assessing the color of emeralds on the world market:

  1. deep green (Deep Green);
  2. rich green (Vivid Green);
  3. intense green (Intense Green);
  4. light green (Light Green).

We recommend our clients to choose emeralds in the Intense Green and Vivid Green color gradations. Please note that almost all emeralds are refined by impregnating the cracks with oils, then the cracks become less noticeable. Visually pure and, at the same time, bright stones without refining are very rare and are highly valued.

3. Green sapphire

Unlike classic blue sapphires and even emeralds, green sapphires are found thousands of times less often. These are very beautiful stones. And the head of Gem Lovers likes them more than others 🙂 The peculiarity of their colors is that they are often zonal. In the stone you can see alternating zones of blue and yellow, which, overlapping each other, give the green color of the stone. Hence, there are two main color types of such sapphires: yellow-green and blue-green. Uniformly colored stones are also found, but much less frequently. Such sapphires are very sensitive to the type of lighting. In cold light, the blue shades in the stone appear more strongly. And in warm light, sapphire becomes more yellowish. Stones with low color saturation often appear grayish regardless of lighting.

According to the degree of intensity, the following main gradations of color can be distinguished: medium, strong, intense, saturated, deep. Most of the green sapphires on the world market are without refining, the other part is heated, but their price does not decrease much because of this. Mining of green sapphires is extremely unstable. Each stone is very individual in its color and is not similar to the other. We recommend them for purchase to experienced jewelry lovers. They are great for everyday jewelry because their hardness is very high – 9 on the Mohs scale. This means that they will be less scratched and will retain the shine of their edges longer.

4. Garnet demantoid

Demantoids are considered the most expensive variety of garnet. They are characterized by strong dispersion (the play of colored flashes in the stone), even stronger than that of diamonds. Typically, demantoids are divided into yellowish-green and bluish-green based on their shades of green. According to color intensity, Gemlovers divide demantoids into 5 groups:

  1. deep (Deep);
  2. saturated (Vivid);
  3. intensive (Intense);
  4. light (Light);
  5. very light (Very Light).

In the Urals, where the best demantoids are mined, dealers also distinguish 5 similar color groups, but without describing their names. Colors 1 and 2 are the most expensive. In general, a rich green color, without a yellowish tint, is appreciated. Dispersion is best seen in less expensive yellowish color 4 and 5 demantoid stones, especially round cut stones. Here who likes what more. We can find demantoids to suit every taste. The hardness of demantoid ranges from 6,5 to 7 on the Mohs scale. Sometimes Ural demantoids are heat treated to give the stones a brighter green color. This fact has virtually no effect on the cost on the world market. But we understand the rarity of untreated specimens and try to find them for our client collectors, including large ones – from 5 carats.

5. Tsavorite garnet

Tsavorite is another rare and valuable variety of garnet. Typical color is green with a slightly yellowish tint. The darker the stone, the less yellow it becomes and we simply call such stones green. Its color generally looks more advantageous than most emeralds and demantoids; it is brighter.

Gradations of intensity allocated in our company for tsavorites:

  • light (Light);
  • intensive (Intense);
  • saturated (Vivid);
  • deep (Deep);
  • dark (Dark).

Light colored stones are the least valuable. They are sometimes called mint pomegranates in the trade. The hardness of tsavorite is good – 7-7,5. It is worth noting that tsavorite is one of the few precious stones that are not subject to any refining methods. We recommend this rare stone for purchase in weights from 2 to 5 carats. Such stones look impressive, noticeable, and they become more expensive over time.

6. Green tourmaline

Green tourmalines in Russia are often called verdelites. Like many other tourmalines, verdelites come in a very wide range of colors. In general, pure green, bluish-green and yellowish-green shades are characteristic. In terms of their intensity, they can be absolutely anything. Verdelites are often represented by dark-colored specimens with a blue tint. Such stones can sometimes even be heat-treated to lighten them. This is not diagnosed in any way and does not affect the cost of the stones. The hardness of all tourmalines is high – 7-7,5. Bright green chrome tourmaline is highly coveted among connoisseurs. It is rare and costs several times more than ordinary green tourmalines. Also expensive are Paraiba tourmalines, which sometimes have a green, bluish-green or yellowish-green color. Their peculiarity is that the color can be neon. Green tourmalines are good because they can be cut to very large sizes (30-40 carats). They are perfect for lovers of cocktail rings.

7. Peridot

Chrysolite is a type of olivine mineral. The name “peridot” itself can be translated from Greek as “golden stone”. The broader name of the gem “olivine” comes from the Latin “olive” – olive, the color of which also resembles this mineral. Thus, the main color of olivine is yellowish-green. It is also brownish-green. In literary sources, “dark green chartreuse” is mentioned as the most beautiful color – it is similar to the color of Chartreuse liqueur, the shade of which is obtained from an infusion of 130 herbs that make up its composition.

From a gemological point of view, the most expensive color of peridot will be this – rich yellowish-green. In general, according to intensity, they can be divided into the following groups: light, strong, intense, saturated. The yellower the color of the chrysolites, the cheaper they are. It should also be taken into account that with different types of lighting, the yellow tint in the stone can appear to varying degrees. The hardness of the olivine mineral is good – 6,5-7. They are not subjected to refinement. For our clients, we try to select the brightest and greenest chrysolites at a reasonable price. And this is not very easy, believe me.

8. Sphene

Sphenes are rare jewelry stones. Their distinctive feature is very strong dispersion – a play of color flashes in a faceted stone. The color of sphene depends on the impurities. The iron content gives the color yellow, green or even brown. Most specimens on the market are yellowish-green. The most valuable color is bright green, which is due to the chromium content. At Gemlovers, we divide the color intensity of sphenes into the following gradations:

  • strong;
  • intensive;
  • saturated;
  • deep.

They are practically never light. Most sphenes are intense. Chromium sphenes from Pakistan can be dark in weights of 5 carats or more. With increasing mass they become even darker. The hardness of sphenes is not high – 5-5,5, so they must be worn in products carefully.

9. Green zircon

Jewelry-quality zircons are quite rare in nature and come in a variety of different colors. Green zircons are the rarest among them. Usually their color is weakly saturated, the stones appear slightly grayish. But there are also quite bright specimens. Their main color is yellowish-green. Based on intensity, they are divided into medium, strong and intense. The color of the stone is associated with the presence of a small amount of radioactive elements in the structure of the mineral. There are no health hazards to wearing a product with green zircon. We recommend this stone to collectors and advanced gem lovers. The hardness of green zircon is not high – 6 on the Mohs scale. You need to handle it carefully so as not to scratch it. It is very rare that when cut they weigh more than 10 carats, but we have found such large specimens for our clients.

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For jewelry craftsmen, green stone is an excellent material for creating jewelry. Jewelry connoisseurs associate it with pristine nature. Semi-precious and ornamental stones of different saturations and shades of green are used as a material in the manufacture of household items and decorative elements.

Green ice

Emerald is a type of beryl. The green crystal is completely transparent, extremely rare and highly valued. Its value may exceed the price of a diamond. The chemical element chromium acts as a chromophore, which imparts a rich color.

Typically, the green mineral has a pale color due to the content of vanadium or iron impurities. The hardness of beryl is 7,5-8; for emerald this figure is lower.

Stones of green shades may contain inclusions of gas, microscopic mica plates, and pyrite crystals. Emeralds of hydrothermal origin may contain liquid inclusions.

The green gemstone has attracted the attention of jewelry makers at all times; legends are associated with it, and it is often mentioned in fairy tales of the peoples of the world. Emeralds were known in Babylon and Egypt.

Green gemstones of exceptional quality and purity have been developed over many centuries in Colombia. Green ice (also called stone) of South America became the reason for the campaigns of the Spanish conquistadors for the purpose of conquest.

Even today, the green mineral is mined mainly in Colombia (55-90% of world production). In Brazil, deposits are being developed that supply a quarter of the world market. The emeralds of India have lost their importance.

Small crystals, which are characterized by rich shades of green, are used for jewelry. The more intense the color, the higher the value of the stone. The color of the mineral is stable, but under the influence of a temperature gradient the emerald crystal becomes pale.

Due to inclusions of black tourmaline, large formations of the beryl variety lose their transparency. When the mineral is rotated at a certain angle, the shade and color changes. The property of changing shade depending on orientation in space (pleochroism) is characteristic of all beryls.

The mineral formation is processed using various types of cuts. A transparent gemstone of a thick, rich color is used as inserts in earrings, rings, and pendants. Diamonds are often combined with emeralds in products.

The tandem of 2 precious minerals, differing in chemical composition and properties, looks great in combination with noble alloys of precious metals. A gold ring with such inserts will be an excellent gift for a birthday, anniversary or holiday.

In practice, emeralds are sometimes refined artificially. To do this, natural crystals of the beryl variety are impregnated with cedar oil. This fact can be determined by immersing treated green stones in a solution containing a grease-dissolving detergent.

Green jewel tones

Natural minerals are popular among jewelry lovers. Among them is a group of precious materials that are rarely found in natural conditions.

Among the variety of color shades, a transparent green stone is perceived as associated with the coolness of oases, lush greenery, balance and harmony.

The mineral, whose name is demantoid, is a type of garnet. Gems with a high refractive index, close to diamond, are valuable. The stone is a bright greenish hue. It is used to make set earrings, necklaces and other jewelry, but is most often used as an inlay in a gold ring.

Among tourmalines there are rocks with different colors, and according to their chemical composition they belong to the group of complex minerals. Even the name of the tur crystal Mali means mixed stone. Depending on the angle of exposure to light rays, jewelry material can change color

Sapphire, with physical properties reminiscent of diamond, is a variety of corundum. A transparent green-colored stone is extremely rare in nature.

The chromophore of the mineral is iron, giving it a light shade of green. Jewelry with green sapphire stones is often made in combination with diamonds.

Imitation gemstones

In jewelry production, green gems are used as imitations materials, which are affordable and abundant in nature, including:

  • corundum;
  • dioptase;
  • grossular;
  • tourmaline;
  • jade;
  • zircon;
  • fluorite;
  • chrysolite.

In the CIS countries and Burma, a dark green or emerald-colored chrome diopside stone is mined, which, due to the presence of a chromophore, resembles a gemstone in its external characteristics.

What is the name of the variety of emerald that is at an intermediate stage of synthesis and refinement? This category includes beryls that have no jewelry value. They go through the stage of synthetic growth of the emerald layer. The color of such mineral compounds is light green.

As a result of using the hydrothermal method, a layer of synthetic emerald grows on the base within a day. The stone is opaque or translucent and is characterized by clearly defined cracks.

In retail stores, a ring with a green stone insert costs many times less than the original emerald. A synthetic analogue of a precious material is characterized by the presence of defects.

To determine the authenticity of a mineral formation, it is better to use the services of a specialist. Perfect dark green emeralds with perfect appearance may turn out to be synthetic counterparts.

Other groups of materials

The names of precious, semi-precious, ornamental rocks and minerals are systematized in various reference books, indicating technical parameters, physical and chemical properties.

After all, when processing a material, it is important to know how to preserve its original appearance, improve the play of light, and achieve perfection in revealing the internal texture.

Precious and semi-precious green stones are used in jewelry for the production of costume jewelry.

Semi-precious mineral formations are distinguished by their physical parameters. For example, chrysolite sometimes has inclusions on the surface; a lime-colored stone is found in nature.

Tsavorite is a mineral called grossular and belongs to the garnet group. It is transparent in appearance; due to inclusions of chromium and vanadium, the mineral acquires a green-dark color.

Jasper is distinguished by a variety of colors, among which the green color has many shades. The semi-precious stone is used as inserts in all types of jewelry. The hardness of the rock and the homogeneity of the material significantly expand the range of applications. Figurines and boxes are made from jasper, and rings and earrings are made from monolithic blanks.

Aventurine is a type of silicate compound (quartz) with a heterogeneous composition and a layer of mica. Natural material is polished or subjected to primary processing. You can often find on sale a ring with a green aventurine stone, used as inserts in inexpensive products.

Seraphinite contains layers and inclusions in the form of fibers and spots, giving the stone a rainbow of colors. Serpentenite, reminiscent of snakeskin, has a silky sheen. It is used to make bracelets, pendants, beads, and boxes.

Beryl is a green mineral that can sometimes appear as an emerald. Malachite, like some other semi-precious stones, is an opaque material. It is mined in significant quantities in the Urals and used to make household items and jewelry.

The jade ornamental stone is a semi-precious stone. Its distinctive feature is its heterogeneous color and resistance to the external environment.

Transparent diopside formations are often used to make jewelry. As an ornamental stone it is used in pendants and pendants.

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