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What is the most expensive wood for furniture?

Wooden furniture fills the house with warmth and comfort and ideally complements an outdoor gazebo or terrace. It corresponds to the concept of eco-design and is valued for its noble texture, unique pattern and color, solidity and functionality. In order for furniture to provide comfort and preserve the natural beauty of the natural material for many years, the wood from which it is made must be chosen carefully and wisely – based on the totality of aesthetic qualities, strength and wear resistance.

What is the difference between wood and how to make the right choice?

Furniture is made from solid and glued solid wood or panels. In both cases, the original material is untreated industrial wood. The main characteristics of future furniture depend on its quality.

The main differences between the layers of the trunk

The tree trunk is multi-layered. The core with the core is surrounded by sapwood, which is protected by bark. Layers have different characteristics and properties. The strongest and most valuable part is the core, which includes the core. It is denser, cracks less, and is resistant to rotting. This is due to the fact that the water-conducting pores are closed with tannins and resins. Less dense and durable sapwood has a porous structure, due to which water rises from the roots to the crown. Therefore, its value is less. The diameter of the core with the core and the proportion of sapwood depend on the age of the tree and the type of wood. Soundwood species with a dark core and low humidity include oak, walnut, cedar, ash – in mature trees, the proportion of kernel is greater than sapwood and reaches 90%. Sapwood species – alder, birch, maple. In these breeds, the transverse cut of the trunk will be almost the same in color, and darkening in the center will be a sign of decay. Sapwood that is exposed to moisture and wood that is not resistant to rot should not be chosen for furniture used in a bathhouse or outdoors.

Width of rings or annual layers

The thickness of the rings depends on the climatic conditions in which the tree grew and the type of wood. In the northern regions, annual rings are narrower. The density, strength and resin content of such wood are higher, and hygroscopicity is lower. It is less susceptible to deformation. This is true for coniferous wood. Therefore, you need to choose pine, cedar, and juniper with thin rings for furniture. For hardwoods, such as oak or ash, the relationship is inverse – the wider the rings, the harder the tree. Some trees: birch, maple or hornbeam do not have such a dependence.

Which breeds are best to choose for furniture: their differences and advantages

There are several softwood and hardwood species that are best suited for furniture production. A sound breed that is distinguished by medium density and resistance to decay. Northern pine with narrow rings and not wide sapwood is better suited for furniture. The wood has a pronounced texture and a beautiful color – from light yellow to reddish brown. Pine is easy to process, so it is often used for carved furniture. Due to its softness, this wood is susceptible to scratches. Sapwood is less resistant to blue stains. To avoid damage and staining by fungus, furniture must be impregnated with protective compounds. Exceptionally hard soundwood with an impressive texture and densely located medullary rays, giving special expressiveness. The cuttings of mature trees growing on sandy soils have a straw color, and on the coasts they have a pale pink tint. Special attention should be paid to bog oak. It has an almost black color and is well suited for artificially aged furniture. Oak wood does not deform and is not afraid of water or stress. It is ideal for countertops, bar counters, and garden furniture. A sap wood species that is not much inferior in strength and density to oak. It has a cream color, sometimes with a golden or pink tint, and a natural shine. Beech is easy to process, evenly impregnated and painted. Wood reacts to even small changes in temperature and bends when exposed to steam. Its plasticity allows it to be used for furniture with curved parts. Another sapwood species, which, together with beech, is classified as “ever-living” trees due to its sensitivity to temperature changes. It is durable, wear-resistant, easy to grind, sharpen and polish. The wood has a very light color with a slight pinkish or yellowish tint and a silky sheen. Birch is used to imitate valuable species and make bent furniture. Karelian birch with a patterned pattern of twists and inclusions, which is used for the manufacture of designer products, deserves special attention. Hard and durable sound rock, not subject to cracking and resistant to impacts. The wood has a picturesque texture with pronounced rings and a straw shade, which is well emphasized by tinting. Due to its strength and aesthetics, ash is used for premium furniture. It is also great for children’s beds, ladders and slides, which retain their original appearance for a long time and eliminate splinters. Sound breed, which valued for its density, high resistance to moisture and decay. The wood is beautiful – with a pronounced border between the core and the narrow sapwood, a clear transition between the growth rings. Because of this, in cross-section, larch appears striped and looks great under oil. The wood is used for furniture for gardens and terraces, for finishing rest rooms in saunas and baths, and for making kitchen countertops. It not only resists natural influences well, but is also not afraid of wood-boring insects. Very wear-resistant and valuable sapwood. Maple is distinguished by a very light cut color and original texture – striped, wavy and with unique bird’s eye patterns. Maple works well and bends. Due to its instability to moisture, it is used for furniture used indoors and inlays. Wood is tinted and painted, but can change its natural color over time.

What wood to choose for garden furniture and how to process it?

Garden furniture is outdoors almost all year round. It is exposed to sunlight and rain, and due to high humidity there is a risk of blue stains and fungus. When choosing wood and caring for it, you need to take these factors into account, then the furniture will last for many years. For garden benches, tables, and deck chairs, hardwoods that are resistant to moisture, rot, and biological damage are used. These are pine, oak and larch. Excellent for garden furniture and more expensive teak. This exotic wood with a pronounced texture is very strong and looks especially beautiful under oil, which effectively emphasizes its natural color. Such furniture does not need to be removed from the street for the winter – teak can be used in difficult weather conditions. But this does not mean that the furniture can be left wherever necessary; it must be put away under a canopy. Any wood must be well dried before use. This will give the products stability and minimize the risk of cracking and deformation while naturally regulating humidity. The corners are turned and rounded. The surface is carefully sanded to ensure uniform impregnation and ensure tactile pleasure. Finally, the furniture is treated with antiseptics and oil, providing protection from atmospheric factors.

How to choose wood for a beginning carpenter?

Natural wood requires proper handling. Experienced carpenters have their own secrets of craftsmanship. Beginners need to carefully approach the selection and processing to avoid mistakes. When choosing suitable wood, you need to take into account the basic properties of the species:

  • Pine – sands well and planes along the grain, but it is difficult to make a smooth end cut. For work, it is better to choose dry wood chips – pine with a minimum of resin.
  • Oak is easy to process and bends easily. When making furniture, difficulties can arise due to knots and knots. Caution is needed when working with stained wood – it splits easily.
  • Beech can be processed in any way. It is cut, sanded along and across the fibers, bent, glued and evenly impregnated when painting and tinting.
  • Birch is easily processed by hand and on machines. The cuts are clean, the surfaces are very smooth when turned and polished. There is zero chance of chipping. The wood can be easily tinted to resemble walnut and mahogany.
  • Ash – requires skills when processing. Wood is difficult to cut across the grain, so it is not used for small elements. It bends easily, is sharpened on machines, can be ground to a matte shine, but cannot be polished.
  • Larch is difficult to cut and sand due to the resin that clogs the tool and sandpaper. Before starting work, it requires de-resining, and when handled with care, it can split and split, creating long splinters.
  • Teak is processed only with a sharp tool and greatly dulls the cutting edges. It planes and sands well, but is prone to splitting along the fibers and does not glue well.
  • Maple – thanks to its uniform density, lends itself to any processing: cutting, bending, sanding. Soft varieties are suitable for fine carvings and complex products.

When choosing an array, you need to pay attention to the texture. Beginner carpenters often miss this point. It is advisable to assemble the wood so that the pattern on one element matches the pattern on the other. This will make the furniture more beautiful and the joints invisible.

Common questions about wood for furniture

There are a number of questions that most often arise when choosing wood.

What is the reason for the high price of solid wood furniture?

Solid solid wood is ideally clean and homogeneous wood without joints, in which all the beauty of its natural texture is visible. It is difficult to find, so such furniture is not mass-produced. The cost of the finished product is determined by the price of raw materials, the complexity of preparing the material and the work.

What is furniture made from?

Furniture is made from solid wood and glued or spliced ​​panels. Glued panels are made of lamellas connected only along the width. They are uniform in color and texture. Finger-joined panels are made from lamellas connected along the length and width.

What wood is best to choose for furniture?

Deciduous and coniferous wood is used for furniture. When choosing, they take into account the operating conditions, the characteristics of the wood – strength, resistance to moisture, rot, biological damage and aesthetics.

Which rocks are the most durable?

Of the types of wood that are used for furniture, the hardest include teak, hornbeam, acacia, boxwood, amaranth, Canadian maple, ash, European walnut and red oak.

Which wood is best to use for a table?

For kitchen countertops, it is better to choose solid, moisture-resistant oak, walnut, and larch wood. Maple and cherry are suitable for desktops.

What breeds are the cheapest and most expensive?

The most budget option is pine. The most expensive include sandalwood, rosewood, ebony, mahogany, rosewood, bubinga, elm, and maple.

What is a Hevea tree?

Solid Hevea is rubber tree wood or Parawood. It is hard, has a beautiful texture and color, and is resistant to stress and rotting. Furniture made from it does not dry out or crack.

What is natural veneer?

This is a thin sheet of natural wood. It can be peeled – made from oak, pine, birch, sawn – made from coniferous trees and planed – from walnut, ash, mahogany, acacia and other wood with a beautiful texture.

Why is laminate furniture worse than solid wood?

Laminate furniture is a modern, economical alternative for creating a variety of interiors. Such furniture is mass produced and offers a variety of textures and shades to choose from. Despite its reliability and resistance to stress, it is inferior to solid wood furniture in terms of durability, environmental friendliness and is not suitable for outdoor use.

How to choose a quality coating?

Natural wood furniture needs protection. A properly selected coating repels moisture, prevents cracking and scratches, the appearance of stains and the development of fungus.

For processing, it is better to use formulations based on natural oils. They penetrate deep into the wood structure, retain the ability to regulate humidity, protect against water and drying out, deformation and cracks.

OSMO offers a line of products for both interior and exterior applications. The vegetable oils and waxes included in the composition provide comprehensive protection. Vapor-permeable coatings give surfaces water-repellent properties and eliminate waterlogging, making the wood resistant to rot and biological damage. Oils are safe and do not contain odorous solvents, so they are suitable for treating children’s furniture.

The line includes compositions for:

  • kitchen countertops in contact with food;
  • light wood species that require coatings that retain their natural shade;
  • high-density exotic rocks that require more liquid compounds to coat;
  • protecting furniture from sun rays that cause yellowing;
  • tinting, staining, intensive coloring, creating various decorative effects.

When choosing a suitable coating, it is necessary to take into account the characteristics of the wood, as well as the purpose and operating conditions of the furniture.

Furniture made from natural wood is not just an interior item. It emphasizes the status of the owner and does not lose its relevance. Such furniture is distinguished by practicality in use and the ability to organically blend into any room design. It has no analogues in terms of environmental friendliness and safety, and its service life will allow you not to think about changing interior items for a long time.

Wood species and their differences

At the moment, there are a large number of types of wood from which furniture is made. They all differ in their density, hardness, texture and other characteristics. Each material has a different density, which determines wear resistance, durability and strength. Wood is divided into four types of density: soft, medium, hard and extra hard. It is medium-density wood that combines optimal characteristics for creating furniture and an adequate price.

The complexity of processing the material also directly depends on the density of the wood, which affects the final cost of the furniture. Soft wood is used for decorative parts and facade elements. Medium-hard wood is a universal material for making furniture. Solid wood is used for load-bearing bases of structures. And super-hard wood is used to make furniture for rooms with extreme fluctuations in temperature and humidity levels.

  1. Soft: cedar, spruce, alder, pine, linden.
  2. Medium and hard: oak, walnut, ash, cherry, beech, maple, birch, larch.
  3. Super hard: Karelian birch, acacia, hornbeam, yew, mahogany.

Among all types of wood, pine, birch, beech, ash and oak wood stand out the most. It is these materials that combine good performance properties, aesthetics and a balanced ratio of cost and quality. In addition, these types of wood are often found in our latitudes and can be processed well, which also has a positive effect on the ratio of the quality of the product and its cost. Each type of wood has its own pros and cons, which you should familiarize yourself with when choosing furniture.


Pine is the most common species of coniferous tree. Trees that grow in sandy soil and on hills are used to make furniture. This wood has an interesting cut pattern with pronounced, narrow growth rings.

The material has an original brown core. The color of the tree itself is most often cream or yellow with reddish splashes. Over time, the wood acquires a darker shade, due to which the cost of a pine product increases.

  • Pine wood is a fairly malleable type of wood. It is easy to process and does not lose its characteristics.
  • Due to the resin content and dense structure, pine furniture is not susceptible to moisture and fungus.
  • Due to its resin content and coniferous origin, the tree has a pleasant smell.
  • The phytoncides released by the tree have a beneficial effect on the nervous system and the atmosphere of the house.
  • Does not tolerate heavy weight.
  • Mechanical damage may leave chips or cracks on the furniture.


It is the most environmentally friendly material, which is well suited for the manufacture of children’s furniture. It has a light shade, which gives the product made from this material a noble and aesthetic appearance. Often used as a support structure for softer wood furniture.

The color of the wood is soft milky. Sometimes there are darker and yellowish shades with pale pink splashes. Thanks to the narrow and numerous annual rings, the cut of the tree has an interesting, textured pattern. The wood itself has a pleasant, natural shine, thanks to which furniture made from it shimmers interestingly in the light.

  • The homogeneous structure and density allow birch furniture to stand out for its strength and resistance to damage.
  • Thanks to its neutral, pastel shade, furniture made from this wood can add coziness to any room.
  • Birch can withstand heavy loads and not be subject to deformation.
  • Its high environmental friendliness and hypoallergenicity allow you to safely use birch furniture and have a good effect on the condition of the owners.
  • Wood is afraid of moisture. Birch furniture is not suitable for use in rooms with an aggressive damp environment.
  • It is susceptible to pests and therefore requires additional industrial impregnation and processing.


The material that is most often used to create furniture from solid wood. A harmonious combination of beauty, practicality and reliability. It is considered one of the hardest woods. In addition to its strength characteristics, it has an interesting cut pattern and lends itself well to artificial aging.

The color of the material greatly depends on the place where the tree grew and its age. Shades range from light golden to bright brown. Due to the fact that wood lends itself well to staining and artificial aging, its color can stand out with its originality and at the same time look natural.

  • Despite its high strength and toughness, steamed wood bends and is processed well.
  • Due to its unique texture and cut pattern, it is often used as a replacement for rarer types of wood.
  • It is not susceptible to moisture, pests and fungi, so the service life of oak furniture can last for decades.
  • Can withstand heavy weight without deformation.
  • The cost of the material exceeds the price of its analogues.


Its qualities are reminiscent of oak wood. It stands out for its light shade and interesting neutral texture. Well suited for interiors in a classic and neutral style. Thanks to its dense texture, it is resistant to mechanical stress and can withstand large masses.

Ash is famous for its rich hue and pearly silver color with milky or yellow undertones. It has a pleasant matte shine, thanks to which the furniture reflects sunlight well and shimmers beautifully.

  • Easy to process. It bends and cuts well. Thanks to these qualities, ash can be used to create beautiful pieces of furniture with decorations and ornaments.
  • Thanks to its dense and viscous structure, ash is not susceptible to chips, cracks and other defects.
  • As furniture is used for a long time and the wood discolors, the color changes from light cream to a more interesting shade of gray.
  • Difficulty in polishing.
  • Vulnerability to pests. Before making furniture, wood needs to be treated with antiseptics.


It is very popular in furniture production. Its strength is not inferior to oak and ash. It has an interesting cut pattern and a pleasant texture. Widely used both for making furniture and for carved decorative elements.

There are different color palettes. Most often, the tone of the wood varies from a milky shade to a beige-pink tint. The cut of the tree has an interesting pattern, with pronounced growth rings and stem layers.

  • High strength and density ensure reliability and long service life of furniture made from this material.
  • It is not subject to chips and cracks, dries well and is easy to process.
  • The original texture and noble appearance with predominant light shades make beech wood the optimal choice for furniture in an aristocratic style.
  • Practically does not change the natural shade when treated with impregnations and varnishing.
  • Vulnerability to moisture. Beech furniture is not recommended for use in the kitchen or bathroom.
  • What else should you know before purchasing solid wood furniture?

One of the most important aspects when choosing quality wooden furniture is finding a reliable manufacturer. The quality of production processing and the result itself directly depend on this. a professional and experienced manufacturer can make furniture that will serve the owner for decades without losing its presentable appearance.

Our company has extensive experience in the furniture industry. We are distinguished by a modern, streamlined production process and high quality control at all stages of assembly. We use exclusively natural raw materials and environmentally friendly paint and varnish products. We are confident in the final quality of the product and provide a guarantee on all products.

The absence of third parties between the manufacturer and the seller allows us to adhere to an adequate pricing policy and avoid unnecessary markups. In addition, our store constantly runs promotions and special offers. We also provide the opportunity to receive a discount for large orders.

You can go to the site catalog to get acquainted with the largest selection of natural wood furniture in Moscow. Choose a ready-made option or order a product according to your measurements. In addition, we take care of customers and provide the opportunity to purchase furniture with delivery, lifting and assembly on site.

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