Geological classification

What is the name of a stone that looks like a magnet?

Hematite is one of the most mysterious minerals. Only he can take the form of a red glass head or an iron rose. Only it can become like a mirror if it is well polished. He was destined to become the talisman of warlocks. This stone, having a black-gray tint, reminiscent of steel in color, turns into a red-brown powder when rubbed. He is one of several that artists cannot do without. More than 18 years have passed since those ancient times when man brought hematite with him and found its first use. Hematite is a widespread iron mineral and one of the most important iron ores. From the Greek haimatites (like blood), due to the bright red color of the powder. There are several varieties found in nature: – iron mica (obsolete specularite; in ancient times it was used as mirrors) – red glass head (bloodstone; in the form of clusters similar to kidneys) -iron rose (the arrangement of the mineral plates resembles a flower) Despite the wide distribution of the mineral, good collectible specimens are rare. The Iron Rose is a true rarity and a collector’s dream. Sometimes the red-brown color of hematite turns black. Such stones are called “black diamonds.”
Hardness on the Mohs scale is 5,5-6,5. Fragile. Colour: Black to steel in crystals, cherry red in cryptocrystalline and powdery varieties. Sometimes the mineral exhibits iridescence. It is opaque, but translucent in thin plates. The crystals have a metallic luster. The color of the trait is cherry-red, and also from bluish-red to red-brown shades. The works of the ancient Greek philosopher Theophastus are the oldest written source in which hematite is mentioned. He compares the color of this amazing stone to the color of dried blood. M.V. Lomonosov described the stone as follows: “. Bloodstone is a hard, dark-colored, somewhat reddish ore.” In 1817, life and science brought a German mineralogist to Vesuvius. This lucky guy’s name was A. Breithaupt. He was able to see with his own eyes how hematite “grew” in the crack of the volcano. He grew right before our eyes! In 10 days, the formation reached a thickness of one meter.

How to determine the authenticity of hematite.

If hematite is processed, you will notice its considerable similarity with morion or obsidian. But how can you tell them apart? Hematite has a metallic luster and is much heavier than other similarly sized and synthetic specimens. The authenticity of hematite is determined quite simply: run the stone forcefully across unglazed porcelain or earthenware (some plates have a rim on the bottom without glaze). Metal-ceramic imitation, which looks very similar to hematite, does not leave marks. A synthetic analogue of the mineral is called hematin, and has the same color and specific gravity as natural stone.

Hematite deposits.

Hematite has quite a lot of deposits on Earth. More often large accumulations and ore deposits are formed, less often the mineral is found as an impurity in some sedimentary rocks and clays, which is why they acquire pinkish or reddish shades. There are hematite deposits in Russia, Kazakhstan, Great Britain, East Germany, Brazil, Canada, Mexico, USA, Italy, Ukraine and Cuba. The famous Kursk Magnetic Anomaly (KMA) contains both young and very ancient ore deposits that began to form in the Precambrian period (more than 500 million years ago), and some of them go 500-700 meters deep into the earth. The photo shows samples of hematite from Germany. Macro photography. The owner is a private collector Fred Kruijen.

Why does an artist need hematite?

In 1879, wall paintings from the Paleolithic era were first discovered in the Altamira cave in northern Spain, in the province of Santander. Scientists have found that there are several archaeological layers on the stone walls of the cave. The earliest drawings were made more than 18 thousand years ago! The palette of primitive man was meager: only four basic colors – black, white, red and yellow. To obtain white images, chalk and chalk-like limestones were used; black – charcoal and manganese oxides; red and yellow – minerals hematite, pyrolusite and natural dyes – ocher, which is a mixture of iron hydroxides (limonite), manganese (psilomelane) and clay particles. The American Indians were not averse to drawing on their bodies. They also used ocher for these purposes. It is known that ancient Roman warriors rubbed their bodies with hematite powder. Modern artists have a huge variety of colors at their disposal, but hematite, which gives a red-brown color, has not found a replacement. The paint turns out to be very durable. It’s called “iron red lead”. To obtain the pigment, hematite (regardless of the variety) was heated red-hot, and then immediately thrown into water (or doused). This enhanced and refined the color by approximately 10-30%, and also facilitated its grinding. The purity of hematite pigment was determined by its property of producing a metallic sheen when the powder was ground on paper; A drop of water falling on dry powder should turn into a steel-colored ball. Hematite-containing rocks called mummies are also suitable for producing pigment.

Application of hematite.

Hematite began to be used as an ornamental stone back in Ancient Egypt and the states of Mesopotamia. The stone came to Europe in a new status – jewelry. This was at the beginning of the 18th century. Around the same time, the mineral began to be used to polish gold. Stone came to Russia from the Shabrovsky placers in the Urals. Today they have already been fully developed. Buttons, gems, inserts for cufflinks and brooches were cut from hematite. Currently, it is mainly used in jewelry in the form of cabochons, flat inserts or facet-cut stones. Dense hematite formations are suitable for these purposes; after polishing, they delight with their metallic luster and deep color. Despite the fact that the stone is difficult to polish, this has never stopped the craftsmen from achieving their main goal – to give the product a mirror shine. Hematite beads and bracelets look very attractive. And if the beads are made in the form of balls, then from afar the hematite beads can be mistaken for black pearls with incredible shine. Just as before, the mineral continues to be used for polishing precious materials. Hematite polishing powder is called “crocus”.
The decorative qualities of this stone are very unique. A.E. Fersman wrote: “Black stones by their nature have very special features: instead of the colored tones of transparent gems, a metallic sheen appears here.” Hematite very often has a natural feature in the form of cracks that diverge along the boundaries of growth zones. Bloodworm buds no more than 20 cm in diameter with a beam length of 6-7 cm are well suited for jewelry. Rays 1-2 cm long give the best quality. Pure hematite powder has long been used as a paint; it is now used to make red pencils and a mineral pigment for tempera paint. Cast iron is smelted from hematite ores. Hematite in the Middle Ages. The Middle Ages gave hematite the poetic name “stone the color of frozen pigeon blood.” The mineral has a very interesting feature that attracted the attention of the ancients. Individual crystals are similar in color and shine to steel, and for some reason the powder from them is red-brown or scarlet. Its color and shape created a strong association with dried blood. Most likely, it was this property of hematite that gave rise to many beliefs and legends about it, along the way acquiring numerous medicinal properties. Back in the 19th century, hematite bars and sticks were sold in pharmacies, which were bought and carried by people in professions with a risk of injury. In the old days, when a worker fell from the scaffolding, they scraped up this hematite powder and gave him some water to drink. If it was possible to get the victim drunk, then, they say, the matter did not reach the point of serious injury; the worker would return to work after a while. German miners wore hematite buttons, which were polished before each descent into adits or mines. With an increased content of carbon dioxide, the buttons began to turn red – this served as a signal to go to the surface. Hematite healing and magical properties. In Ancient Egypt, priestesses of the goddess Isis (she symbolized femininity and motherhood) wore hematite jewelry when performing rituals. It was believed that hematite protects against dark forces and protects the goddess who descends to Earth during the ritual. Pliny the Elder wrote that hematite bestows the favor of rulers and a happy outcome in court cases. (We note with irony that the courts are losing potential income by still not opening hematite shops for plaintiffs and defendants). Hematite was also given special importance in Ancient Rome, whose warriors, going on campaigns of conquest, did not forget to take with them a piece of this mineral (usually it was a figurine of a household deity). This was to ensure a safe return home. And rubbing his body with finely crushed hematite gave the warrior courage and bravery. In Europe, bloodstone was inaccessible to ordinary people; it was the prerogative of warlocks, for whom it was a magical symbol. Only armed with a ring with hematite could one begin to come into contact with the souls of the dead. Mysterious signs were drawn with this stone, with its help one could protect oneself from evil forces and put conspiracies into action. In Russia, in some provinces, there was a belief for quite a long time that hematite is capable of giving a child special stability, thanks to which the baby will rarely fall and be injured to the point of bleeding. To do this, a treasured pebble was hung above the baby’s cradle. A lot of healing and magical properties are attributed to the stone of magicians and spellcasters, many of which have no scientific evidence. Naturally, they cannot be taken seriously. These include the ability of hematite to protect against astral attacks, bewitch, calm anger, cure blood cancer, nervous diseases, impotence, stop any bleeding, and others. Lithotherapists use the stone to stimulate sexual energy, normalize blood circulation, and increase resistance to stress. There are no miracles here. Iron as a microelement plays a major role in hematopoiesis and hemoglobin production. Its deficiency leads to loss of strength, dizziness, decreased libido, and irregular heartbeat. Hematite restores this to some extent. But don’t forget about regular vitamins and classical medicine. Based on the above, it is no longer surprising that Roman soldiers rubbed themselves with hematite powder. We can say that after this procedure “the blood went to their heads.” Hence the surge of strength for battle, courage and unrestraint. Of course, a significant role in this courage was played by the rubbing ritual itself, a kind of self-suggestion that he would become invulnerable to the enemy. Bloodstone gives its owner courage and confidence, stops him from making mistakes in life, and helps him cope with difficulties in acquiring a profession and starting any business. Hematite is most suitable for Cancer, Scorpio, Capricorn, Libra, Aquarius, Leo, Aries. All other signs can receive support from him on the 11th and 17th lunar days of each month. *The article belongs to the site http://www.feliki.ru/. Full or partial copying is possible with the permission of the site and the mandatory placement of an active link to the page. We try to make it convenient and interesting for you on the pages of our website. If you liked this article, we would be grateful if you recommend it to your friends or leave us a review! Hematite is a popular stone used in jewelry, industry, lithotherapists and magic practitioners. In terms of its properties, it is very multifaceted.

How to distinguish a fake from an original?

Natural hematite stone has a rather porous surface; when it is polished, it acquires a mystical, even shine. Very often the price of the finished product depends on the quality of the insert. Some jewelry manufacturers use substitutes for natural materials, keeping silent about their origin. Natural stone reacts more slowly to temperature changes. If you squeeze a natural mineral into your fist, you can feel a pleasant chill. Pendants that have been in contact with the body for a long time accumulate human warmth, cool slowly, and remain warm for several minutes in the cold. These properties of hematite stone are of natural origin. Upon closer inspection, you can see the porous structure of the mineral, which also indicates its authenticity. If you run it over a harder surface, a reddish line should remain, but it is better not to do this so as not to damage the product. Hematite is suitable for strong-willed individuals with a strong character.

The magical properties of hematite

The stone sympathizes with people who are self-confident and always strive for their goals. Who is the mineral suitable for? By temperament – sanguine. Their emotions are controlled by blood. The strongest temperament, the most stable psychologically and emotionally. People whose temperament is inferior to the confidence of sanguine people will not be able to awaken the power of the talisman in hematite, but they will be able to use its magical properties. It is better for melancholic people to avoid wearing hematite; it will increase their depressive and tearful state. Red iron ore is a symbol of courage and vitality. Many practicing magicians, whose strength depends on the element Earth, use knives made from this material. It does not have to be a blade, but there must be a stone in the inlay of the handle. Since childhood, the stone has been able to protect its owner. If you put hematite in a small child’s cradle, it will protect him from damage or the evil eye. Such a talisman will become a protector and ally for life.

The magical properties of hematite are best revealed in combination with silver.

Horoscopes believe that this stone is perfect for representatives of the water element, especially Cancer. Vulnerable by nature, they cannot always stand up for themselves, open up in their feelings and desires, but bloodstone hematites will help in this matter. Aries and Scorpios will also be excellent guardians of the stone and its magical properties. Hot-tempered by nature, these signs are real warriors. For unbalanced Gemini, the stone can become fatal. Hematite products do not always bring happiness. If the stone was given as a gift or inherited, it must be cleaned under running water. It has a memory of the actions of all its owners. Only if representatives of this sign have a clear goal, stand confidently on their feet in life, and are not in a state of eternal search for truth, is it permissible for them to sometimes wear jewelry made from the mineral hematite. The stone will give a special charm to the fair sex. For women, this is the key to sexuality, it will help to open up and blossom. Wearing the mineral for a long time can be harmful. This is the stone of first dates and timid kisses, for which you need to put in a lot of will and decide on a risky act. The color of hematite is determined by its chemical formula. By its nature, it is nothing more than iron oxide of natural or artificial origin. Products with a metallic sheen will add a certain charm to their owner, and the magical properties of the stone will give them the strength to make an important, sometimes life-changing decision.

Medicinal properties

Bloodstone is able to heal blood diseases and stop bleeding. This characterization of it by ancient healers led to the fact that this stone became a talisman for warriors. It is still believed that it is able to stop bleeding and protect against blood poisoning through wounds or cuts. Hematite bracelets have recently become very popular among all age groups of the world’s population. Jewelry can affect blood pressure. If a person suffers from hypertension, then the bracelet should be worn on the right hand; if a person suffers from hypotension, the bracelet should be worn on the left. The hematite stone is also suitable for children; it protects children from the evil eye, protects adolescents from early sexual contacts, while in adults, on the contrary, it awakens sexual instincts. The healing powers of the mineral extend to the female genitourinary system. Hematite will be a good helper and amulet for girls and women suffering from chronic inflammatory processes. The healing properties of hematite grow with the Moon; the stone reveals itself best during the full moon and during the waxing moon phase. In magic, sorcerers use this unusual property to increase their power. The stone can slow down the growth of malignant and benign tumors. The ancient priests believed that men who suffer from premature ejaculation should wear red iron ore, preferably in its raw form. For men who are not in a permanent relationship, the stone will help arrange their personal life, to discern the only one that can bring happiness and spice to life. Hematites are minerals that contain iron, but do not have magnetic properties. This unusual property is used by witches to remove love spells and damage. Hematite greatly influences a person’s destiny, it strengthens his character and gives him the ability to act. Hematite rings are a symbol of magicians and witches. If a woman is engaged in magical rituals, then in her arsenal she needs to have various jewelry with iron oxide. Many women go to see fortune tellers and sorcerers so that they don’t steal their luck; you should also wear rings or beads to see such an unusual specialist. Hematite mineral: its colors vary from light steel to dull, the brighter the mineral, and the more expressive its shine, the more pronounced its healing properties.

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