History of use

What is the name of a stone that looks like an emerald?

Very often, when we pick up a stone, we evaluate only its appearance and do not attach importance to the power that this natural material conceals. And, as it turned out, only one color of a gem or mineral endows this natural fossil with a number of characteristics that are very important for humans. Of course, this also applies to the group of green minerals, of which there are a lot hidden underground. First of all, such stones symbolize life, development and growth. A person also needs them in order to achieve mental balance and harmony both with himself and with others. It is the green color that will never irritate its owner, because it is considered neutral. Today, jewelry makers offer original and beautiful jewelry that can decorate both women and men. Such gems are mainly chosen by men and women who are distinguished by their kindness and generosity. This stone is loved by those who are always ready to sympathize and empathize. These natural resources help a person maintain good self-control. Green stone is not just a “psychological” decoration, but also a very expressive and bright detail of the image. They are usually combined with precious metals such as gold and platinum. A tandem of green and silver would be good. Such minerals are not afraid of proximity to other stones. Those stones that can be used in construction today do not lose their soothing properties. Typically, such materials are used for facing work. A person decorates his home with them, which means he tries to surround himself with this color. And this is a good decision, because the green stone will help you calm down, concentrate, and quickly come to your senses.

What do stones of this color influence?

Not only jewelry is made from these natural materials. Amulets and talismans are made from them. In order for the stone to truly protect mental and physical strength, they try to wear a talisman made from it. After all, in addition to everything else, these stones are excellent protectors from negative influences from the outside. And there will always be plenty of envious people and ill-wishers.

Precious

Today you can find green minerals in a variety of shades. Both yellow-green and blue-green solutions are considered as such. Emerald shades are also popular. These fossils are found almost all over the world. And among this mass of stone, jewelers and cutters choose the best precious and semi-precious options.

Emerald

The most famous green stone is, of course, emerald. And only the best emeralds have a bright, rich color. Emerald green, with characteristic transparency – this stone is known to everyone. Emerald, which is also called the “king of the kingdom of crystals,” is highly valued. They love it for its transparency and purity of shade. These qualities are made possible due to the presence of chromium in the composition. It can be of different shades: from the lightest to the darkest.

Demantoid

Also in the list of beautiful green stones there is a demantoid, which can be equated to a diamond if it has a high refractive index. But tourmaline can be different, including green. It can change color depending on the angle at which sunlight hits the stone.

Tourmaline

We have already written about tourmalines, both red and purple. And it comes in green too. Truly a wonderful stone. A real find for jewelers.

Semi-precious

Malachite

Well, of the ornamental stones, the most famous and recognizable is, of course, malachite. It is easily recognizable in any product. A not very sophisticated person might confuse it with a serpentine, but the latter has less saturated tones. There is still a chance to identify yourself when you see a product made of pressed malachite on the counter – it can be distinguished by its weight, but this is a task for a more experienced person.

Chrysolite

Grass-green peridot is not as popular as the stones described above, but it has its fans. It looks great in rings and earrings.

Diopside stone

Because of their green color, some varieties of chrome diopside are even called “Siberian emerald.” The deposit of such stones is known in the Aldan Highlands, in Siberia. Another variety is called Baikolit and has a bluish-green color. This stone is used quite often in the jewelry industry.

Aventurine

Real aventurine is not so often seen these days; most of what we see on the shelves are artificial analogues, but this is not the most important thing. The main thing is that it can be green too!

Seraphinite

Ornamental stone. Products made from it can be found in almost any store.

Serpentine (serpentinite)

Used as an ornamental and construction material. For example, it was used to cover columns in the Moscow metro. Beryl is a deep green stone, but there are variations with shades. Despite the predominance of one color or another, beryl attracts good luck and helps a person to always be self-confident.
Green garnet is also a favorite among jewelers. He is not just beautiful, but amazing. It was used for decoration back in the days of Ancient Rome and Mesopotamia. And these are not all green stones; Mother Nature has dozens of them, and she generously gifts people with them. But green stones are needed not only for decoration. This material is often used during construction. Thus, green slate, which is more than a million years old, is a natural material that contains substances such as actinolite and chlorite, carbonate and albite, quartz and a host of other minerals. At a construction site, this material can be found in the form of slabs, which can reach 20-50 cm in width and 2-3 cm in thickness. This slate is most often used for finishing floors in a home, office and other premises. Craftsmen work with rectangular or square tiles. Also, sometimes craftsmen use diamond-shaped tiles in their work. Such slate can be mined today on almost all continents. But the largest deposits are in Germany. There are also fossils in the Urals. Gray-green sandstone is a mineral sedimentary rock cemented by lime and clay, containing mineral substances. Under the ground, this natural material lies in slabs, which can be of different shapes. You can recognize this rock by its gray-green color. It also has characteristic brown markings. Stones of green shades have an extremely beneficial effect on humans. This means that you don’t need to be afraid of a large number of green tones, but rather try to surround yourself with them.

EMERALD AND ITS ANALOGUES USED IN THE JEWELRY INDUSTRY

Kapitanova E.S.
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For many centuries, emerald has been one of the most revered and expensive precious stones, an extremely rare gem of amazing color in nature. It is the color that is the main qualitative feature of this stone. The best clear emerald crystals are dark green in color. They began to imitate jewelry stones, that is, to obtain stones similar to natural formations, long ago, as soon as they learned to value jewelry. Products in which the stones significantly exceeded the cost of the setting and work were worn very rarely – only on special occasions. For constant wear, duplicates were made from the same metal, but the inserts were made of glass, the color and cut exactly matching the natural ones. As for natural stones, there are very few that are truly similar to emerald. Externally similar to emerald can be chrysoprase, dioptase, chrome diopside, tourmaline, peridot, grossular, alexandrite in daylight, giddenite and fluorite. Chrysoprase belongs to the group of translucent green chalcedony (from blue-green to emerald green and apple green, silicon oxide). The more translucent a mineral is and the thicker its green color, the more expensive it is. More transparent and green chrysoprase has a jewelry quality. Dense green translucent faceted chrysoprase can even be confused with emerald. Name dioptase comes from the ancient Greek words dm – through and optikos – visual. Other names for the mineral and its varieties: copper emerald, ashirite. Transparent emerald-green crystals of the mineral were first mistaken for emeralds: small prisms sparkled in the sun and soft green sparkles sparkled through the bright green of their faces. However, further study of the find showed that the first impression was deceptive: the composition of the mineral, its low hardness, and perfect cleavage convinced scientists that the stone had nothing in common with a real emerald. Chrome diopside is a bright green variety of diopside. The name of the gem consists of two words “chrome” and “diopside”, which means diopside, colored emerald green by chromium. Diopside and chrome diopside occur in nature in the form of prismatic crystals or aggregates, represented by granular solid masses. Peridot is a transparent variety of the mineral olivine, a silicate of iron and magnesium. Sometimes the stone is called the evening emerald, because under artificial light the yellow tint disappears, and the stone appears pure green. Word grossular comes from the Late Latin grossularia – gooseberry. Other names for the mineral and its varieties: hessonite (eseonite), cinnamon stone, hyacinth, jacinth, lecogarnet, rosolite, succinite, colophonite, viluite, garnet jade, South African jade, Pakistani emerald. Grossular is a calcium garnet. The color of the mineral varies: pale olive green, yellowish, orange, pink, reddish brown, bright green or almost colorless. The shine is glassy. The color saturation is determined by the concentration of iron ions in these minerals. If there are very few of them (less than 2%), grossulars are almost colorless. Such stones are sometimes called leucogranates (Greek leikos – “white”). Chromium impurities give grossulars a bright green color. Brown stones are called hyacinth – garnets. Sometimes there are grossulars of amber-yellow color – the so-called succinites. Fluorite (“fluorspar”) mineral, calcium fluoride. It occurs in the form of cubic crystals or solid masses. It has a wide range of colors: from colorless and white to blue-black. The color is often zonal, alternating yellow-orange-red, gray-green-blue, blue-violet colors. When exposed to high temperatures, colors change or disappear. Man-made emeralds are similar to natural stones, but their density and refractive index are lower than natural ones. They are distinguished using filtered ultraviolet radiation (360 nm), to which real emerald does not react, but synthetic emerald exhibits chestnut-brown luminescence. A more accurate imitation are doublets and triplets – gluing together from two and three constituent materials, respectively. Doublets have survived to this day in sufficient numbers and mislead even specialists. The naturalness of the imitation lies in the fact that the upper part of the stone is natural, for imitation ruby ​​- ruby, for sapphire – sapphire, emerald – emerald, and the lower part of the stone was glued from cheaper material quartz or glass. A faceted doublet, if the gluing is at the level of the girdle in the frame, is very difficult to recognize. Another difficulty in determining authenticity lies in the existence of so-called doublets. To make the stone more like a real emerald, a faceted pale emerald is sawed down the girdle and then put back together with a thin layer of green glue between the top and bottom of the stone. Observing such a stone under a microscope, we see that the inclusions seem to continue throughout the entire depth of the stone, which creates the impression of homogeneity. Doublets, composed of two beryls glued together with green glue, which gives the stone the required color, are also a danger for a gemologist or jeweler. In a fixed stone with a closed girdle, such doublets are very difficult to identify. Our examination of jewelry with emerald inserts revealed the authenticity of 5 out of 6 stones (in one of the products the insert turned out to be a synthetically grown emerald). References: 1. J. Stone “All about precious stones”; ed. house “Crystal”, 2004 2. Patlakh V.V. “Encyclopedia of technologies and techniques”; Graduate School, 1993-2007 3. D. Elualla “Artificial precious stones”; “Peace”, 1986 4. Melnichenko T.A “Commodity research of jewelry and folk art goods”; “Phoenix”, 2002 5. Reed P.J. “Gemological Dictionary”, translation from English, “Nedra”, 1986. 6. Marchenkov V.I. “Jewelry business”; High School, 1992 7. Magazine “Diamonds and Gold of Russia” No. 18, 2009 8. Encyclopedia “Stones of the World. The most beautiful and famous”; Avanta +, 2003 9. TU 95.335-88 “Natural processed emeralds”

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