Geological classification

What is the name of the largest pearl found in 1934?

Dear customers, our store in St. Petersburg in the Nevsky Atrium shopping center is closed! We are working at a new address: Vladimirsky Prospekt, 19, Vladimirsky Passage shopping center, Dostoevskaya metro station, Vladimirskaya metro station, 1st floor, Central Gallery, boutique 1G2. Share The fragility of pearls, only a few centuries in ideal museum conditions, evokes a touching, even reverent attitude towards them. Today in the world there are several pearls that amaze the imagination with their size. Their stories are shrouded in legends about extraordinary incidents associated with their discovery and appearance. The fragility of pearls, only a few centuries in ideal museum conditions, evokes a touching, even reverent attitude towards them. Today in the world there are several pearls that amaze the imagination with their size. Their stories are shrouded in legends about extraordinary incidents associated with their discovery and appearance.

Pearl of Allah

Until 2016, the world’s largest pearl was the Pearl of Allah. According to legend, its history began in Ancient China. The great Lao Tzu, the founder of Taoism, wanted to show his students that the three most widespread beliefs in the country – Buddhism, Confucianism and Taoism – could coexist unhindered in a single space. He asked his student to engrave three faces on a jade amulet: Buddha, Tao and himself, Lao Tzu. Then the jade pebble was planted in a pearl oyster. Century after century, followers of Taoism passed the unusual pearl from hand to hand, transferring it into larger shells. One day, when the stone was placed in the shell of a huge tridacna, the ship carrying the luggage was caught in a storm off the coast of the Philippines. Since then it was considered lost. The modern history of the Pearl of Allah begins in 1937 off the coast of the island of Palawan. A local boy diver who found a huge tridacna could not free himself from the slammed shell and died. His fellow tribesmen cut the muscle of a pearl oyster to free the hand of a tragically deceased swimmer. Inside they found a pearl, shaped like the head of a man in a turban. It was thanks to this similarity that the mullah of the island gave the stone the name Pearl of Allah. Now the precious mineral with a diameter of 140×240 mm, weighing approximately 6,4 kg has the official status of a record holder in the world of pearls and is kept in the private collection of the American Victor Barbish. In 1939, at an exhibition in a museum, the Chinese Li saw it and, bringing together ancient Chinese legends, understood it. that this is the same pearl that the followers of Taoism lost in a shipwreck in the 18th century, however, there is no scientific evidence of this fact.

New record holder in the world of pearls

The largest pearl to date, weighing 34 kg, was also found off the coast of the Philippines. According to the old fisherman, he caught it in 2016 and kept it at home, under his bed, as a talisman of good luck. The city authorities decided to leave the gigantic mineral in the city to attract tourists. The stone was named “Puerto Princess.” The miraculous discovery of the mineral happened unexpectedly. During a storm, the anchor of a fishing junk caught on a snag and he had to dive into the water. Imagine his surprise when he saw a huge pearl oyster. Only after the fire, when his hut burned down, did the fisherman decide to show people his find. The mineral is currently awaiting certification. Other large pearls that are world famous:

  • Pearl of Peregrina (La Peregrina), one of the famous owner – Elizabeth Taylor;
  • Regent (La Regente) – kept in Napoleon’s treasury;
  • The Abernathy Pearl is the only large freshwater pearl in the world;
  • The Great Southern Cross consists of 11 pearls fused together in the shape of a Catholic cross;
  • The Pearl of Asia, it was owned by the Indian Shah Jahan, who built the Taj Mahal;
  • Princess of Palawan, found in 2000 in the Philippines.

Peregrine’s Pearl by Elizabeth Taylor:

People interested in jewelry and jewelry topics know that world experts regularly compile ratings of the most expensive and largest pearls. This information is interesting in its own way – such jewelry has a unique history, they are given their own names, people discuss their mystical features. For a long time, the Pearl of Allah (Lao Tzu, as it is also called) found in the Philippines was present in the ranking of the five largest pearls in the world, but not so long ago it was “pushed up” by a new item weighing 34 kilograms. The latter, by the way, was found in the same area as the first, and it lay for 10 years in the hut of a fisherman who did not realize the value of his find.

Types of pearls: natural and cultured, sea and river

To correctly understand pearl ratings, it is worth understanding a little about the material itself and the evaluation criteria. Usually, beginners do not dive into details much, but they play an important role. There are two main types of pearls:

The first is grown by nature itself without human intervention. It is considered the most expensive and is found less and less every year. Today it can still be found in the coastal waters of the Pacific Ocean, the Persian Gulf, and the Red Sea. 98% of pearls on the market are cultured. To obtain it, mother of pearl is extracted from an oyster, a ball is made, which is wrapped in a piece of the mantle of one mollusk and placed inside another. Thus, it is possible to grow pearls in a few years.

There are also artificial pearls. These are glass or plastic balls with a special coating. Imitation is inexpensive, but apart from its appearance it has little in common with natural or cultured pearls.

There are also sea and river pearls – the differences are not only in the place of origin, but also in many other parameters:

  • shape – sea water makes it possible to obtain a ball close to an ideal one;
  • shine – river pearls are matte and look faded in the light;
  • size and ripening time – freshwater pearls are smaller in diameter and grow faster;
  • service life – warm salt water does not harden the material well enough; intensive use can lead to a quick loss of its “marketable” appearance.

The Pearl of Lao Tzu or Allah is a unique miracle of nature

Even people who were never interested in pearls could hear about the amazing miracle of nature – the pearl of Allah (Lao Tzu). It was found in 1934 in the Philippines (Palawan Island). It weighed 6,37 kg and was almost 24 centimeters in diameter. The pearl had an irregular shape and did not have any shine, but this did not negate the uniqueness of the product.

The history of the find deserves special mention. The pearl was pulled out along with the shellfish it was inside after the huge shell slammed shut on the hand of a young fisherman. The young man died, but his memory remained thanks to the find. As you can see, an accident became the reason for the discovery of a real masterpiece created by nature.

The giant pearl has a double name – Allah and Lao Tzu. She received the first one for her resemblance to the head of a man in a turban. Muslims saw this as a special sign of divine presence. Fans of Chinese culture call it by the name of Lao Tzu. There is a legend that the great Asian philosopher carved portraits of Buddha, Confucius, and himself and placed them inside shells. Over time, the amulets became covered with mother-of-pearl and turned into pearls. One of the shells was transported in the Philippines and was lost during a storm. She was found by chance by a young fisherman from an island tribe.

First, the pearl of Allah was kept in the family of the young man who found it, then it was kept by a man named Wilbur Cobb, who once saved the son of a Filipino tribal leader. Some time later, it was bought by jeweler Peter Hoffman for 200 thousand dollars, and then resold to Vitor Barbish, who owns it today. Lao Tzu’s pearl is kept in the vault of one of the largest and most reliable American banks.

The five largest pearls and stories associated with them

In addition to the pearl of Allah, the following natural wonders can be found among the five largest pearls:

  • Pelegrina;
  • Peregrina;
  • Large pink pearl;
  • new record holder with a weight of 34 kg (not yet named).

In last place in our TOP are two very similar shaped pearls, which are often called sisters. The first, Pelegrina, belonged to the Spanish king Philip IV, who gave it to his daughter. Some time later, this pearl ended up in the possession of the Russian princely family of the Yusupovs, who managed to take it out after the revolution. In 1953, Pelegrina became the property of a Swiss jeweler.

Peregrina, or the Wanderer, was found by an unknown slave in the 16th century near Panama. According to legend, a man who was so lucky received complete freedom for his amazing find. Later, the pearl ended up in the hands of King Philip II of Spain, and after that, rulers of various European countries were on the list of owners for a long time.

In the 94th century, Peregrina ended up with Elizabeth Taylor, who made a luxurious necklace based on it, and after the actress’s death, it was sold at auction. The next place in the TOP is the Big Pink Pearl. It weighs 1990 grams and is owned by former diver Wesley Rankin. It was he who found her in 4,7. The large pearl was valued at $XNUMX million. A distinctive feature of a pearl is two things:

  • unique shape reminiscent of the auricle;
  • the ability to shimmer in different colors.

In 2016, the lead in the list of the largest pearls was taken by a find from the Philippines weighing 34 kg. It was she who removed the pearl of Allah from 1st place. For about 10 years, the new record holder lay under the bed of a fisherman from the island of Palawan and acted as a talisman. But everything secret someday becomes clear, and the miracle of nature became known to the general public. The pearl has an irregular shape, which is not surprising given its size (30 by 67 cm).

Let us separately mention one more miracle, but not entirely of nature. This is an artificial pearl, the Beauty of the Ocean, weighing 6 tons. It was created in Mongolia, and the estimated cost is 139 million US dollars. A distinctive feature of this pearl is its ability to glow in the dark due to the presence of fluorite in its composition.

Size is not the only criterion for describing pearls

When we talk about pearls, it would be a mistake to consider size as the most important characteristic. Experts evaluate it according to several criteria:

A natural round pearl with a smooth surface and playing different colors in the light is considered ideal. But such pearls are extremely rare in large sizes. Recently, the demand for pearls of original shapes has increased – they make spectacular necklaces, beads and necklaces, where each element is different from the rest. And pearls of gigantic size remain the property of museums and private collections.

Their heavy weight makes it impossible to comfortably use them as wearable jewelry. Giant pearls are real miracles of nature, created over many years, or even decades. Finding them is not at all easy, it is real luck that accompanies a few.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Back to top button