Mineral Review

What is the oldest gemstone?

One of the most ancient stones is zircon. The age of the stone depends on its deposit; the oldest is the mineral mined in Australia. Its age is more than 4 billion years. Zircon gemstone has unique physical properties, amazing color and brilliance. However, despite this, although it deserves a place among the most expensive, it was never fully recognized by people.

Sad fate

The reason why the precious mineral was never recognized is man himself. Since the mineral has a wide range of colors, in ancient times it was often confused with other precious stones, such as ruby, topaz, citrine or sapphire. White zircon, or rather transparent, was perceived as a type of diamond. With the development of science, having assessed all the physical properties of natural material, scientists were able to create cubic zirconia – an artificial diamond. Over time, this creation of human hands began to be called zirconium because of the consonance of the words cubic zirconia and zircon in English. And although zirconium, artificially made by scientists, is very different from the natural mineral, the consonance of the names has led to the fact that zircon and zirconium today are perceived by many as the same stone. Because of this, the value of a truly unique material has become even lower. Its wide distribution does not play the best role either. The mineral is deposited in the following countries:

  • Australia;
  • Russia;
  • Thailand;
  • Korea;
  • Brazil;
  • Norway;
  • Cambodia;
  • Tanzania;
  • Vietnam;
  • Nigeria;
  • Sri Lanka;
  • Madagascar.

These countries have the most extensive zircon deposits. However, there are other countries where this mineral is mined.

Stone types

Not only the physical, but also the supernatural properties of zircon stone depend on its variety. There are 5 main types of this mineral based on deposit and color. Transparent stones, called Matar diamonds, are mined in the south of the island of Sri Lanka. The stone, called molokan, is dark brown in color and is found mainly in Norway.

The yellow mineral can have several shades, namely: golden, smoky yellow and straw. All stones of yellow shades have a single name – slang. There are jargon deposits in Australia, Sri Lanka, Madagascar and southeast Asia. In all these countries, expensive stones are mined for jewelry.

Red zircon is mined in Russia, Vietnam, Thailand and 8 other countries around the world. It is called hyacinth. In addition to the red tint, the mineral can be orange or red-brown. Pink hyacinth is also found.

Green stones are rarely used to make zirconia jewelry. They are too dangerous because they contain radioactive elements. In a jewelry store you can only find products with light green stones, in which the concentration of hazardous substances is low. However, it is not recommended to wear such jewelry all the time. But dark green zircon is allowed to be stored only in specialized museums, subject to all safety standards.

Surprisingly, if you heat the mineral well, it will change its color. Thus, malacon (brown stone) will turn blue, which is called starlite.

The rarest and most expensive types are colorless and black stones.

Medicinal properties

Many believe that the healing properties of zirconium are due to its unique shape. The noble mineral has the shape of a double pyramid, which is known to have many healing powers. The stone has all these properties, doubling the effect. The healing effect of the jewelry depends on what type of zircon mineral is in the jewelry.

For example, to combat constipation and normalize intestinal function, it is best to choose blue zircon. The brown mineral can cure any cold and also protects against hypothermia. Jargon (yellow zircon) increases appetite, and hyacinths, stones of red shades, are suitable for cleansing the body.

The zircon mineral, called Matar diamond, improves metabolism, which helps to get rid of excess weight.

Black zircon has a wider spectrum of action. Most often it is used to normalize sleep if a person suffers from insomnia. In addition, the stone can relieve nightmares. In case of hypertension accompanied by nosebleeds, it is also recommended to wear black stones.

The therapeutic effect that all types of mineral have is the normalization of the endocrine system. Its effectiveness is especially pronounced in cases when it comes to diseases of the thyroid gland.

After a serious illness or surgery, it is recommended to wear this mineral. The best is hyacinth, whose characteristics contribute to the speedy restoration of physical and spiritual strength.

Magic of crystals

Zirconium jewelry and the stone itself have always been popular among magicians and sorcerers, since time immemorial. Its magical properties are amazing and diverse; in the right hands, the stone can become a powerful weapon against evil and deceitful people. There have been cases where people have solved crimes using zircon.

Magical properties inherent in any type of mineral:

  • denouncing lies and deceit;
  • revelation of vices and evil intentions;
  • endowing the owner with the gift of clairvoyance.

This stone loves clean and honest people; when it falls into the hands of a worthy owner, zirconium jewelry develops intelligence and intelligence, and instills confidence in one’s own strengths. It relieves emotional stress and is able to protect its owner from the negative influence of dark personalities.

What is the difference between types of stone? Despite the fact that all of the above properties are inherent in any zircon, each type of mineral also has its own abilities.

Thus, red zirconium protects during travel, helps scientists and traders. In addition, in ancient times it was believed that hyacinth could prevent unwanted pregnancy.

Yellow colored stones enhance sexuality and attract love. Jargon can bring its owner out of severe and advanced depression. Attractiveness to people, not sexual, is guaranteed by jewelry with orange zircon.

Green stones promote success in business, increasing the income of their owner. Starlite, a blue mineral, fills life with harmony. A brown stone talisman is suitable for farmers as it promotes a good harvest.

The brother of diamond, transparent zircon, guides a person at the moment of making important decisions and promotes the development of philosophical thinking.

Artificially created zirconium can also have magical properties, although in this case the “power” is endowed by a person.

What do the stars say?

Horoscope influences the lives of many people. Both ordinary citizens and rulers believe in predictions from the stars, and this has always been the case, since the creation of the world. Therefore, it has long been noted who this stone is suitable for and who should choose another jewel.

So, one of the signs favored by the mineral is Sagittarius. People born under his auspices often cannot find harmony between the physical and spiritual worlds. Zirconium helps to cope with this problem, then Sagittarius gets the opportunity to fully reveal their business and leadership qualities.

People born under the sign of Aquarius will be able to develop their intuition with the help of zirconium talismans. For Taurus, the stone will give confidence in their own abilities and maintain vital energy.

The effect of the mineral on different zodiac signs is actually the same. The differences lie only in the character traits of people, which he reveals.

He also singles out such signs as Cancer and Pisces. But the difference is that wearing the mineral is contraindicated for them, since it enhances the not-so-good qualities of these signs. For example, Cancer becomes self-centered, and Pisces can plunge into the world of illusions and their own fantasies.

Of all the jewelry, it is best to choose rings. In addition, the mineral is more suitable for men than women.

Since the discovery of the first gems, since the discovery of the first pearl in a shell, precious stones have become an object of desire for both women and men. The ancient Romans believed that diamonds neutralized poisons, while in medieval England they were considered poisonous. Amethyst was credited with the ability to keep its owner sober even after taking a decent dose of alcohol, and pearls were considered an effective way to make your lover suffer. History provides many examples of stones becoming legends, but these five are perhaps the most famous.

Since the discovery of the first gems, since the discovery of the first pearl in a shell, precious stones have become an object of desire for both women and men. The ancient Romans believed that diamonds neutralized poisons, while in medieval England they were considered poisonous. Amethyst was credited with the ability to keep its owner sober even after taking a decent dose of alcohol, and pearls were considered an effective way to make your lover suffer. History provides many examples of stones becoming legends, but these five are perhaps the most famous.

Diamond Hope

According to legend, this diamond was stolen from the eye of an Indian statue, a stone of extraordinary beauty and rarity, it was a large blue diamond weighing 44.52 carats. In 1668 it was sold to the French king Louis XIV. Louis ordered the jewel to be placed on the French crown. During the French Revolution it was stolen and nothing was known about it for 20 years. It then appeared during the Napoleonic Wars in London and was acquired by the English banker Henry Hope, in whose family it remained until 1901 when it had to be sold to cover the debts of Henry’s descendants, who were too fond of gambling. It was bought by the French jeweler Cartier to resell it to the wealthy American heiress Evelyn Walsh McLean in 1911. Evelyn was convinced that the diamond brought her good luck and wore it without taking it off until her death. Given that her son was killed in a car accident, her husband died in a mental hospital, and her daughter committed suicide, it would be interesting to know what Evelyn considered failure. After her death, the diamond was sold again to cover the debts of its owner. Harry Winston purchased it in 1949 and displayed it at exhibitions around the world for 10 years.

Diamond “Ko-i-Noor”

According to legend, the Ko-i-Noor (Mountain of Light) diamond was stolen from the sleeping god Krishna. It is mentioned in the Mughal chronicle in 1304 as part of the spoils and remained a Mughal family jewel until 1739, when Delhi was captured by the Persians. The emperor tried to hide the treasure in his turban, but one of the eunuchs of the harem reported the diamond to the Persian padishah, in whose hands both the turban and the jewel soon ended up. Unwinding his turban, he exclaimed “Ko-i-Noor”, which gave rise to the legendary name. The stone remained with the Persian shahs, although there were many attempts to steal it.

In 1849 it was transferred to the British East India Company as part of an agreed indemnity. When the diamond fell into the hands of Queen Victoria, it gained fame as a stone that brings misfortune to male family members and good luck to the female half of the family. Victoria placed it on her tiara. Pakistan, India, Iran and the Taliban each took turns trying to demand the return of the jewel that once belonged to them, but all were politely refused. The Ko-i-Noor is now displayed among other royal jewels in the treasury of the Tower of London.

Black Prince Ruby

The Black Prince Ruby is a 170-carat spinel. The ruby ​​first appeared on the tablets of history in 1367, when King Pedro the Hard of Castile killed its owner. Edward, Prince of Wales (later nicknamed the Black Prince, because he wore black armor), saved Pedro from an unpleasant story and received a ruby ​​as a gift as payment for his services. The Black Prince brought the stone to his native England, and the ruby ​​has remained there ever since. Henry V placed it on his helmet at the Battle of Agincourt, apparently to make the French die of envy before the battle even began. They tried to steal the ruby ​​many times, but each time they were unsuccessful. Now the Black Prince’s ruby ​​is placed in the state imperial crown, which is worn during the opening ceremony of parliament every year. The jewel can be seen in the treasury of the English monarchy in the Tower of London.

Purple sapphire from Delhi

Almost nothing was known about this sapphire until it was rediscovered in the mineralogy gallery at the Natural History Museum in London in 2007. Bequeathed to the museum by the writer Edward Heron-Allen in 1943, the sapphire was in fact an amethyst in a rather ugly silver setting. The stone was brought from India by Colonel Ferris in 1857. While the stone was in the military family, they were haunted by ill luck, health problems, financial problems, and suicides. In 1890, Heron-Allen bought the jewelry, but came to the conclusion that it had a “terrible curse” because misfortunes began to follow him everywhere. After 14 years, he decided to seal the fatal stone in a box with an inscription containing a brief history of amethyst and a proposal to throw it into the sea. He then handed it over to his executors for safekeeping, with the request that the stone be given to the museum after his death. In 2004, the Heron-Allen Society borrowed the sapphire to display at its symposium, but while the stone was traveling across the sea, a huge storm arose and everyone became convinced that the stone was causing trouble. Now the sapphire lies peacefully on the display case of the Natural History Museum and is still behaving well.

Pearls “Pilgrim”

Discovered in the 16th century, these pearls are gigantic in size and pear-shaped. It was first mentioned as a gift from the Spanish King Philip II to his bride Mary Tudor, Queen of England. Maria was crazy about her husband, but she made the opposite impression on him, because at that time she was already very middle-aged and completely ugly, and her husband, under a plausible pretext, hurried back to Spain. After Mary’s death, Philip married twice more, and the pearl remained in the royal family until 1700, when the Habsburg dynasty ceased to exist as a result of an endless series of health-damaging incestuous marriages. In 1969, Pilgrim was purchased by Richard Burton for Elizabeth Taylor. Their remarriage ended in 1976, but Taylor kept the pearls, which became a pendant in a pearl and ruby ​​necklace.

There is no evidence that this jewel brings bad luck, but it clearly did not bring happiness to Elizabeth’s marriage. Can a stone bring bad luck? Perhaps it’s all about people’s superstition, while it is obvious that owning a large, rare diamond is fraught with trouble, especially if you do not have good security.

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