Geological classification

What is the significance of a mineral in human life?

In addition to proteins, fats and carbohydrates, the complex of nutrients that ensure our existence includes various vitamins and minerals. Today we will take a closer look at the latter and find out their main role in the human body. Having a natural origin, they do not have the ability to be independently produced in our body, therefore, they are ingested along with the food we consume. We cannot do without them at all, since they perform the most important functions of building material for bones and contribute to proper metabolism. But, as with everything else, their balanced ratio in our daily diet is essential.

Essential minerals essential for life

The full list is very large; we list those that help significantly improve our health: – potassium (directly involved in the functioning of the cardiovascular system; the correct level of hemoglobin, the absence of blood pressure problems and the prevention of heart disease are the direct merit of potassium) – calcium (protects and strengthens the human skeletal and muscular system, makes teeth healthy; in addition, it is especially important for young children; its presence in the diet of pregnant and lactating women is appropriate) – phosphorus (plays a similar role, but is primarily found in animal products, while calcium is also present in large quantities in nuts and legumes) – magnesium (one of the sources of energy, directly affects increased efficiency and vigor, prevents mental disorders) — sodium (it is distinguished by an impressive set of unique properties: while simultaneously stabilizing the state of the nervous and cardiovascular systems, it promotes the favorable functioning of the gastrointestinal tract; however, excess sodium can cause negative effects) – chromium (by regulating glucose levels, provides essential prevention of diabetes) – iodine (its presence is necessary for the smooth functioning of the thyroid gland; it also affects the metabolic process. Along with sodium, it is present in iodized salt, so caution should be exercised – too much salt in food leads to edema, and subsequently to heart problems) — iron (one of the most important elements that has a positive effect on the gastrointestinal tract and circulatory system) – zinc (also involved in the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract, but is also distinguished by its unique functions, such as strengthening the immune system) – chlorine (essentially its participation in the functioning of the pancreas and gallbladder; it is also involved in the production of gastric juice) Of course, the given list cannot be called exhaustive, and within the framework of one article it is difficult to list all the minerals with a detailed description of their properties. Due to their large list, there is no point in taking each of them separately. A reasonable alternative is the use of common complexes containing both a set of the most important minerals and most vitamins. They become especially relevant in large cities, where there is no opportunity to eat fresh vegetables and fruits all year round, grown not in industrial greenhouses using growth-stimulating chemicals, but in wild conditions on fertile land. Still, before running to the nearest pharmacy, take advantage of medical advice, take the required tests and get accurate information about which mineral substances you personally are deficient in. This recommendation is important, since they are so useful in precise dosages that they can easily cause direct harm to health in case of excessive concentration. If you are skeptical about pharmaceutical drugs, preferring to get vitamins and microelements from food, it will not hurt to know which products contain much-needed substances. The vast majority are easy to find in the ones we are used to: — dairy products (calcium, phosphorus, fluorine) – cereals and legumes (calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, fluorine) – meat (phosphorus, chromium, zinc, selenium) – fish (iodine, fluorine, zinc, selenium) – vegetables and fruits (potassium, chromium, iron) In this regard, pay primary attention to ensuring that the daily menu is varied, because thanks to this, the required amount of nutrients enters our body at the same time. For the same reason, mono-diets are so destructive, implying the complete exclusion of a certain type of food from the diet (if there are no medical indications for this). We all know that proper nutrition plays an important role in maintaining our health. However, we do not always pay attention to the role of minerals and vitamins in our body. Vitamins and minerals are an integral part of our diet and are key to maintaining the normal functioning of the organs and systems of the body.

The importance of minerals in the body

Minerals are essential substances for our body that perform many important functions. They are building materials for bones and teeth, participate in the formation of hormones, regulate the nervous system, and maintain normal function of the heart and muscles. Without enough minerals, our body cannot function optimally.

Main minerals and their functions


Calcium is one of the most important minerals for our body. Not only is it a building material for bones and teeth, but it is also involved in muscle contraction, normalizing blood pressure and regulating heart function.


Iron is necessary to transport oxygen throughout the body. It is a component of hemoglobin, which is responsible for the transfer of oxygen from the lungs to the tissues. Lack of iron can lead to anemia and a weakened immune system.


Magnesium plays an important role in the body’s metabolic processes, such as protein synthesis, energy production and nervous system function. It also helps strengthen bones and teeth.


Potassium is essential for maintaining normal heart and muscle function. It regulates the balance of water in the body and is involved in the transmission of nerve impulses. A lack of potassium can lead to disruption of the cardiovascular system.


Zinc is an important element for the immune system. It is involved in the formation and functioning of proteins, regulates metabolism and maintains skin health.


Copper is essential for blood formation, collagen formation, and iron absorption. It is also involved in the functioning of the immune system and supports the health of the central nervous system.

The importance of vitamins in the body

Vitamins also play an important role in maintaining the health of the body. They help regulate metabolism, protect cells from damage, strengthen the immune system and ensure the proper functioning of all organs and systems.

Essential vitamins and their functions

Vitamin A

Essential for healthy skin, vision and growth. It helps maintain the normal condition of the mucous membranes and is involved in tissue regeneration.

Vitamin C

It is a powerful antioxidant that strengthens the immune system and helps fight harmful free radicals. It also promotes the formation of collagen, essential for healthy skin and connective tissue.

Vitamin D

Regulates the level of calcium and phosphorus in the body, helping to strengthen bones and teeth. It is also involved in the functioning of the immune system and maintaining normal mood.

Vitamin E

It is a powerful antioxidant that protects cells from damage by free radicals. It helps normalize the immune system and maintain healthy skin.

Vitamin K

Participates in blood clotting and helps maintain bone health. It plays an important role in the formation of certain proteins necessary for the normal functioning of the body.

The importance of proper nutrition and balance of minerals and vitamins

Eating healthy and getting a balance of nutrients in your diet are key to maintaining optimal health. Deficiencies or excesses of certain minerals and vitamins can lead to various health problems and weaken the immune system. Therefore, it is important to include a variety of foods rich in minerals and vitamins in your diet and ensure that you consume enough of them.

Nutrition recommendations

To obtain the required amount of nutrients, it is recommended to maintain a wide variety in the diet. Below are some examples of foods rich in beneficial micronutrients: Calcium: dairy products, greens, nuts, fish · Iron: meat, poultry, fish, spinach, legumes Magnesium: nuts, seeds, vegetables, whole grains Potassium: bananas, potatoes, tomatoes, nuts Zinc: seafood, meat, nuts, seeds Copper: nuts, seeds, chocolate, mushrooms However, it is recommended that you consult a doctor or dietitian for more specific nutritional advice based on your individual needs and health status.


Minerals and vitamins play an important role in maintaining our health and normal functioning of the body. Proper nutrition, rich in a variety of foods high in essential microelements, is the basis for maintaining good physical and psychological well-being.

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