Rare and valuable minerals

What kind of pearls are sold in jewelry stores?

Dear customers, our store in St. Petersburg in the Nevsky Atrium shopping center is closed! We are working at a new address: Vladimirsky Prospekt, 19, Vladimirsky Passage shopping center, Dostoevskaya metro station, Vladimirskaya metro station, 1st floor, Central Gallery, boutique 1G2. Share The quality of pearls is a combination of many factors, which? We will help you figure it out. We are one of the largest suppliers of pearl products and offer to buy natural pearls in jewelry stores in Moscow or St. Petersburg, or place an order on the website pearl-shop.ru. Our catalog presents classic and modern models to suit every taste and budget. If you have not yet decided which insert to prefer, see our guide and use practical recommendations.

Origin and growing conditions

There are two types of natural pearls: natural (formed in natural conditions) and cultured (grown on a special farm). In both cases, the process of pearl generation is approximately the same. The formation of a pearl begins when a grain of sand or other foreign object enters the shell of a mollusk. Due to the irritant, the oyster actively begins to secrete calcium carbonate. Gradually, the object is covered with layers of mother-of-pearl, thereby becoming a valuable pearl. The difference between a natural and a cultivated mineral is that the former is formed accidentally, while the latter is created by the deliberate introduction of an irritating substance. Natural sea pearls take a long time to form and are distinguished by their brightness and brilliance. But its mother-of-pearl coating is thin, so it requires careful handling. Freshwater counterparts are easier and faster to grow. Although their shine is not so bright, the layer of mother-of-pearl is thicker and more durable. Today, most of the jewelry presented in jewelry stores is inlaid with cultured pearls.

How to distinguish natural pearls from imitation ones

Most often, imitation means applying mother-of-pearl to a ball made of a synthetic base. For example, to achieve the flawless shape characteristic of Majorica pearls, manufacturers use alabaster beads. And for equally famous Swarovski inserts, crystal is traditionally used. Thanks to these technologies, beads with good wear resistance and attractive appearance are obtained. But they still can’t compare with the beauty and energy of natural minerals, right? It is not difficult to distinguish real pearls from artificial ones. Even if you have never owned jewelry with such inserts, you will still be able to determine the origin of the bead thanks to our recommendations.

How to independently distinguish a real mineral from a fake: 5 proven methods

  1. Explore color and shine. Even the most skillful imitation cannot be colored in such a way that an overtone (an additional color different from the main one) and an orient (shimmer) appear. The unique play of color is characteristic only of natural minerals.
  2. Feel the temperature. Real pearls are always a little cool. Only after a few seconds will it warm up in your hand. The simulation usually assumes the temperature of the surrounding space.
  3. Look for differences. Even if we are talking about pearls of the highest quality, inserts that look identical at first glance will have differences. Only artificial samples can be absolutely identical.
  4. Rub the bead on your tooth. A grainy surface and a specific squeak indicate that this is a material of organic origin.
  5. Inspect the drilling site. If you look closely at the imitation, you can detect chips, microcracks and damage to the top layer.

What else should you pay attention to when purchasing?

A clean surface is a sign of high quality. The fewer flaws a natural pearl has, the higher its value. Minor defects (scratches, uneven protrusions) are often hidden by installing or drilling holes.

Pay more attention to the pearls: examine them in artificial and daylight. High quality pearls appear to glow from within. They reflect light evenly and do not lose their original shine during wear. Beads that appear dull or have a chalky appearance are low quality.

Round shaped pearls are the classic that most people think of when they mention this mineral. But in addition to ideally shaped beads, jewelry manufacturers suggest paying attention to:

  • drop-shaped inserts,
  • oval,
  • hemisphere,
  • “flakes” of a flattened shape,
  • Baroque pearls (minerals that can be asymmetrical, oblong, taking on bizarre shapes).

And again we urge you not to be limited by the traditional idea of ​​pearls. In addition to black and white tones, its color palette includes many shades. If we talk about natural minerals, their color depends on the composition of the water, the type of mollusk and other conditions of formation. For example, South Sea pearls are often white and golden, Japanese Akoya pearls are creamy or pinkish, and Tahitian pearls have gray tints.

When choosing a particular shade, match it with your skin and hair color. Thus, pink and silver beads go well with the first and second skin phototypes, and cream and golden beads go well with the third and fourth.

When choosing jewelry with pearls, we advise you to evaluate the mineral according to several criteria at once. Then your purchase will definitely not disappoint you! See our catalog and purchase your favorite models with the best marine and freshwater specimens.

Chinese pearls are used to make jewelry everywhere. Large-scale intervention of precious stones from the Middle Kingdom into all known world jewelry markets began in 1968. It was then that many farmers in the southern provinces of China began growing cultured pearls using Japanese technology. But the product was valued cheaply, the quality needed to be improved.

Chinese pearls became comparable to the products of manufacturers from Japan, Tahiti, Indonesia, the Philippines and Australia only in the 90s. Continuous improvement of methods has brought the products to a new level. The climatic factor, the composition of the water, the type of mollusk, the ability to give a pearl a beautiful shade, the duration of cultivation – the Chinese took everything into account and achieved extraordinary heights in technology.

Today, the offer from the Middle Kingdom ranges from cheap freshwater pearls of various colors to the most exquisite stone, of the highest quality, called “South Sea Pearl”.

Where are real pearls produced in China?

Zhejiang province is rightfully considered the capital of Chinese river pearls. It is from here that bags of small and large freshwater pearls are sent to jewelry workshops around the world. Shanxiahu farmers work under the auspices of the Grace Pearl holding; the main variety of pearls grown is “Biwa”.

Sea pearls of the highest quality are cultivated in the provinces of Guangxi and Guangdong, located to the south of the Leizhou Peninsula. The Akoya shellfish (akoya) is used as the main producer of an expensive variety, its features:

  • the ability to “bear” only 4-5 pearls. If you consider that it takes up to 12 years for large pearls to build up layers, it is clear why saltwater pearls have a higher value;
  • Sea stone has greater strength and brightness compared to freshwater.

Cultured Chinese pearls are widely in demand within the country. The most ancient tradition, revered for centuries, is associated with the burial of deceased emperors and members of their families, who had a pearl placed in their mouths to protect them from decomposition.

Today the popularity of the mineral in China is also high. Chinese women happily wear various jewelry with iridescent pearls: hairpins, brooches, earrings, necklaces. They are offered for purchase in stores, on online trading platforms and simply on the street.

Where can you buy natural Chinese pearls?

If you are traveling around the capital of the Celestial Empire, the beautiful city of Beijing, then the Hongqiao pearl market will pleasantly surprise you with its prices. Just don’t rush to buy, the seller’s price can be reduced up to 10 times and it’s really profitable to buy pearls.

As elsewhere, in the largest pearl market in China, you can run into fakes, cheap plastic imitation, painted with mother-of-pearl paint. Some beads look very tempting, and if you are not an expert, then you can lose your savings quickly. Street and beach vendors from all markets and resorts in China, Thailand, and India will also rush to take advantage of your incompetence.

How to distinguish a fake

The slight creaking of the mother-of-pearl layer when pressing “on the tooth” is characteristic only of real stones. If you pay attention to absolutely smooth, large pearls, you will most likely become a victim of fraud. Pearls of such high quality are sold mainly at auctions. Immediately after removing the shellfish from the shells, they fall into the interested hands of the owners of retail chains; it is almost impossible to find such a rare product on the street!

Natural pearls can have a lot of disadvantages:

  • inclusion of dark dots on mother-of-pearl;
  • unevenness;
  • geometrically irregular shape.

If you toss a pearl bead lightly and watch it hit a hard surface, such as the floor, you will see it bounce back like a ball. The fake will roll or crack.

The most important indicator of the natural origin of pearls is its cost; natural stone is many times more expensive than imitations.

On our online store website you have a great opportunity to order beautiful jewelry made from cultured pearls. Of course, they will cost more than beads from Aliexpress, but when you receive our parcel, you will be insured against fraud and low-quality goods. Accurate description, transparent prices, impeccable reputation of the company – your guarantees!

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