Therapeutic properties

What minerals are mined in the Altai Territory?

The Zmeinogorskoye and Zolotushinskoye deposits of polymetals are known, which have ores of complex composition and contain copper, lead, zinc, silver, and gold. Tungsten-molybdenum deposits are found in crystalline rocks. Sometimes they are located in limestones cut by quartz veins with a variety of components consisting of tungsten, zinc, copper and rare metals. Mercury deposits are confined to faults of the Alpine mountain building era. The main deposits of cinnabar (mercury ore) are located in the valley of the river. Chui – Aktash and Chagan-Uzun. In the northern part of the Cherginsky ridge, the Sarasinskaya mercury zone has been discovered. There are several iron ore deposits in Altai. The main ones are located in the Kholzunsky ridge area – Inskoye and Beloretskoye with reserves of approximately 500 million tons of magnetite ore with an iron content of 30 to 50%. In the Kulundinskaya steppe, iron ores are located near Lake Kuchuk, st. Kulunda and s. Keys. Kulunda ores contain up to 20% iron. Iron ore deposits were found in the Sailyugem and Chuisky ridges, in the middle reaches of Charysh and Biya. Iron ores of the Altai Territory are the richest reserve for the metallurgy of the West Siberian economic region. Deposits of bauxite, gold and copper ore were discovered on the western slopes of the Salair Ridge. Magnesium ores occur at the junction of the Altai Mountains and Salair. Lakes Kuchukskoe and Bolshoye Yarovoe have healing mud. Radioactive springs have been found in the foothills of Altai, the Belokurikha radon waters, on the basis of which the resort operates, are especially widely known. In the Kulundinskaya lowland, at a depth of 1200-1400 m, there are fresh and mineral underground waters. Fresh water is suitable for domestic and technical purposes, which is important for the arid Kulunda. There are more salt lakes than fresh ones in the Kulundinskaya lowland, some of them are located on the Priobsky plateau. In Kuchuksky, Kulundinsky, Marmyshansky there is mirabilite (sodium sulfate). The brine of the Kuchuk and Bolshoy Yarovoe lakes contains magnesium chloride and bromine salts. The reserves of table salt in Lake Kuchuk amount to 56,8 million tons (1966); in Burlinskoye – 30 million tons. Mikhailovskoye, Tanatar 1, Petukhovskie lakes contain soda, table salt, mirabilite. The total reserves of natural soda in the region are more than 6 million tons, which is approximately 96% of the reserves of the USSR (first place in the country). In terms of mirabilite reserves, the region ranked second in the USSR, after Turkmenistan. Mirabilite is contained in the brine of Lake Kuchuk and lies in it in a layer up to three meters thick. Construction material is available in almost all regions of the region. Clay reserves for brick production are unlimited. In the middle reaches of the Biya there is the Azhinskoe deposit of multi-colored coloring clays – red, blue, yellow, gray and other colors. Mineral paints are made from them. Cement refractory clays are located on the western slopes of Salair. Large Vrublevo-Agafonovskoye field in the area of ​​the station. Golukha has reserves of up to 35 million tons of limestone and 11 million tons of clay. Various types of sand are widespread in the Altai Territory. Quartz sands are used for the production of silicate bricks; glass is obtained from pure quartz sands. Construction sand deposits are located near Barnaul and Kamen-on-Obi. Sand-gravel mixtures are found in the Biya and Katun valleys, in the upper reaches of Aley. Limestone – the most important building material. Their reserves in the region are practically inexhaustible. Large deposits of limestone for roasting are Tugainskoye (Gorno-Altaisk) and Manzherokskoye. Marble – valuable decorative building material. Along the Chui Valley, ridges stretch for tens of kilometers, the main rock of which is white, purple and gray marble. In the Oroktoy deposit (the middle reaches of the Katun), marble is of several colors and shades: fawn and snow-white marbles give way to pink and golden ones. The Taganskaya station of the Moscow Metro is lined with Oroktoy marble. Korgon marble is known (according to Charysh); marble is also found in Salair, in the Pashtulim region. Jasper, quartzite, porphyry and other ornamental stones, multi-colored and high-quality, are found in the Kolyvan, Tigiretsky, Korgon and other ranges of northwestern Altai. Opals, chalcedony, and rock crystal are often found. In the Altai Mountains there are griffin shales, in Salair there is graphite. Gneisses and gypsum are used as building materials. The main deposit of gypsum is near Lake Dzhira in the Kulunda steppe. There are significant reserves of granite, which is used in the construction of durable structures; it polishes well and is therefore used for cladding buildings and monuments. M.N. Sidorenko. Geography of the Altai Territory. Barnaul. 1972 The Altai Territory is located in the southeast of Western Siberia, on the border of continental Asia, 3419 km from Moscow. The territory of the region is 168 thousand square meters. km, in terms of area it ranks 24th in the Russian Federation and 10th in the Siberian Federal District. In the north, the region borders with the Novosibirsk region, in the east – with the Kemerovo region, the south-eastern border passes with the Altai Republic, in the south-west and west – the state border with the Republic of Kazakhstan, the length of which is 843,6 km. Unique, unique and beautiful in every way corner of the Altai region. Not a single one of the people who came here remained indifferent to this region, to its nature, to its air, to the atmosphere reigning here. The Altai region is located in the very center of Asia, and its mountains lie imposingly on the territory of four countries at once. In the world, Altai is usually called part of the mountain system of our country. Tourists have long loved these places because even the air here is considered healing and capable of working miracles. Altai is truly a unique place. It is located at the junction of several natural zones; also, looking at the geography of our country, you can see that Altai is equally remote from both the Indian and Arctic oceans. Despite this, nature generously worked on the creation of Altai, endowing it with endless blue lakes, the water in which is like a child’s tear, and dense forests, giving way to taiga with centuries-old pines and spruces, and steppes, as well as fields, and so on. Coming to Altai you relax not only with your body, but also with your soul. One can sleep well here because of the clean, fresh air; here the mood is never bad, since a person sees all these beautiful places every day. It is also impossible not to say that Altai is famous for its personnel, because a very large number of actors, singers, film directors and so on, all of them call Altai their small homeland. People consider Vasily Makarovich Shukshin one of the most popular fellow countrymen. Every resident of the region proudly protects and preserves his land, his culture, his customs, his nature. Both the flora and fauna are as unique as the region itself. Of course, most of it is occupied by mountains, but there are also flat places that people tend and protect. Another asset of Altai is the legendary Lake Svetloye, popularly known as Swan Lake. This is a national reserve where swans spend the winter every year, and they like it there, since the number of birds only increases every year. Local residents treat birds with care, considering them their talisman and amulet.

Minerals

The region produces hard and brown coal, iron ores, manganese, chromium, titanium, vanadium, tungsten, bauxite, nickel, cobalt, polymetals, precious metals (gold, silver, platinum), scandium and rare earths, fluorspar, cement raw materials, gypsum. The Altai region is famous for its unique deposits of jasper, porphyry, marble, granite, mineral and drinking underground water, and mineral medicinal mud. Salt lakes contain significant reserves of mineral raw materials for the food and chemical industries: sodium sulfate, table salt, natural soda, magnesium and bromine salts. The raw material base of polymetals of the region is concentrated in 16 deposits with total balance reserves of 70 million tons of ore. The deposits are located compactly, in areas with well-developed infrastructure in the southwestern part of the region. In addition to the main metals – copper, lead, zinc – the ores of the deposits also contain gold, silver, cadmium, bismuth, selenium, thallium, gallium, tellurium, sulfur and other elements (in some deposits – barite). The raw material base of iron (magnetite) ores is represented by two thoroughly explored deposits with total ore reserves of about 490 million tons. The deposits are in the unallocated subsoil fund. The forecast potential of the raw material base of coal is quite high (200 million tons of hard coal and 600 million tons of brown). The intensification of coal production in the coming years is associated with the Munai lignite deposit. If the entire field with reserves of 34,7 million tons is brought into operation, annual production can be increased to 800 thousand tons or more. Gold is contained in complex polymetallic, gold ore and alluvial deposits. Complex polymetallic gold is concentrated in the 16 above-mentioned deposits. Placer gold deposits are concentrated in 17 gold placer nodes, 8 deposits are being developed. 4 deposits of sodium sulfate have been explored with total reserves of 265 thousand tons. The lake deposit is being exploited. Kuchuk with a production volume of about 309 thousand tons of sodium sulfate per year. The Altai Territory has mineral waters and medicinal mud, on the basis of which the sanatorium and resort system was developed. The Belokurikha resort widely uses springs with subthermal weakly mineralized weakly radon nitrogen-siliceous waters; the Zavyalovskoye deposit of mineral medicinal table underground waters and medicinal mud of Lake are being developed. Maloe Yarovoye (500 m400/year), they are preparing to develop the deposits of medicinal mud from lake. Gorkoye-Zavyalovskoye and lake. Mormyshanskoe. In recent years, geological exploration work has been carried out for brown coal, manganese, chromium, nickel, cobalt, polymetals, gold, fluorspar, phosphorites, underground drinking and mineral waters, and therapeutic mud.

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