Myths and legends

What minerals can be found on the river bank?

A special type of stone is river rock. They form along the shores of lakes and rivers. These are mainly rocks that have been subject to constant exposure to fresh water over a very long period of time. Natural conditions processed and polished the surface of the stones so that they eventually acquired a pleasant to the touch, smooth surface and a surprisingly wide variety of patterns and shades. River stones are very popular in construction and architecture. Almost all of their types are not only construction, but also decorative, and are widely used for arranging and decorating the interior and exterior design of buildings, as well as as a material for a variety of architectural and decorative elements. Since they have the most incredible shapes and textures formed by constant exposure to fresh water, almost each of the river stones is a work of art embodied in stone and created by nature itself. A distinctive feature of river stones is their ability to emit indescribable energy and freshness, charging a person with positive energy and that is why they can be found in any corner of the house as a decorative element or decoration.

What kind of stone can you find in the river?

Before using this natural wealth, you should find out what kind of stone is found in the river and how it can be used. Basically, river stones include: limestone, sandstone, pebbles, boulders and other natural rocks formed at the bottom and under prolonged exposure to water, which received a characteristic texture, shade and properties. Coral limestone or river coral is a sedimentary rock formed primarily from calcite and calcium carbonate. It is widely used in construction because of its amazing qualities – it can be easily processed, compared to other rocks it is quite easy to mine, it is moisture resistant, very beautiful and environmentally friendly, and at the same time very durable. Coral can be of several colors: white, gray, brown with various shades and even black. It is used to make wall blocks, window sills, tabletops, furniture and decorative elements, and even decorate stairs. Pisolite river coral is a type of limestone, which is a carbonate sedimentary rock formed by the gradual cementation of ancient sediments consisting of corals, fossilized shells and other organisms. The appearance is very picturesque and resembles large peas glued together; it has completely different colors, but the main ones are brown, beige and gray-green. Also, coral is often found in pink, brown and black colors. It is used in such areas as agriculture, industry, arts and crafts, but most often in construction as building stone, crushed stone and thermal insulation material and in landscape design as a decorative material. Organogenic river coral is also a type of limestone, but it contains admixtures of gypsum, dolomite and various clay formations, and in appearance it is a large-porous, foamy mineral of yellow, white or light gray color. Organogenic coral has very high frost resistance, due to which it is used as a material for the production of facing and floor tiles. It is also very widely used as a finishing and decorative material.

Collecting stones on the river bank

If you walk along the banks of rivers, you can find a lot of useful construction and finishing materials. All stones on the river bank have undergone natural processing and do not require further polishing. These are excellent decorative elements of any landscape. Boulders are fragments of various rocks, rounded in shape. Depending on their size, boulders are divided into cobblestone, pellet and round timber. Having a variety of shapes and colors, boulders are widely used in construction, paving roads and sidewalks, and in landscape design. River pebbles – to a smooth surface, polished small fragments of various rocks up to 20 cm in diameter. Mainly used as a construction and finishing material, as well as in landscape design. These and other river stones on the river bank will help arrange your life and make your landscape design complete. But there is also a special breed of river stones. They are used in making jewelry. River (freshwater) pearls are rightfully considered the most beautiful, unique and rare – a precious stone that is a very hard round formation formed inside the shell of some mollusks as a result of a foreign body entering it. Usually the color of pearls is white, sometimes pink and cream, yellow, blue, green and black are also found. Unfortunately, freshwater pearls are extremely rare these days, due to their incredible popularity in the Middle Ages, which led to the almost complete destruction of the colonies of river mollusks that produced this unique stone. Rivers have always been helpers for people. They settled near water to make it more convenient to travel long distances, draw life-giving moisture, fish, and use sand and stones lying at the bottom of reservoirs to build houses and outbuildings.Pebbles, washed with water, were such a beautiful material that they were used to make decorative elements in the homes of the nobility and in temples. Nowadays, rocks processed by running river water have not lost their value.

  • 1. Origin of river stones
  • 2. What stones can be found in the river?
  • 3. Areas of application of river stones
    • 3.1. Bath stones
    • 3.2. Collection items
    • 3.3. Landscape design
    • 3.4. Crafts made from river stones

    Origin of river stones

    In essence, river stones are pieces of rock that were pushed to the surface of the earth as a result of the influence of various natural forces on them. They come in several varieties: pebbles, boulders, cobblestones, etc. Water jets processed and rolled stones in the river for many years, as a result of which they acquired a special shape (usually round or oval), a smooth surface and a special structure.

    River stones, like others, have different origins. Depending on this, they are divided into the following groups:

    Read also: Types of natural stones: photos with names and descriptions, classification and types of minerals

    • Sedimentary rocks, which are formed under the influence of wind, water, microorganisms. These rocks include limestone, marble and sandstone. Rocks of sedimentary origin make up about 75% of all rocks collected from the bottom or banks of rivers.
    • Metamorphic rocks. They were formed many thousands of years ago in the earth’s crust and have since changed under the influence of chemical and physical processes occurring in the bowels of the earth. The most famous specimens of this group include quartzite, a rock consisting of quartz and mica. Metamorphic rocks make up about 20% of all types of rocks found in freshwater rivers.
    • Igneous rocks formed as a result of volcanic activity. The most famous type of this group is granite. It is one of the hardest and densest rocks. The color palette of granite is extremely rich. In nature, stones are found in red, gray, green and brown.

    What stones can be found in the river?

    The rocks that are found at the bottom of rivers are quite diverse. There are several of the most popular types of stones mined from fresh water bodies. Their brief description:

    • Sandstone is a very dense and heavy stone. Its name is related to its structure: the rock resembles a sand block (see photo). This variety is highly valued for its texture and decorative qualities. There are several varieties of sandstone: tuffaceous, polymictic, oligomictic and monomictic. Sandstone is used in construction and facing works. The crumbs of this subspecies are highly valued and are used to make certain types of varnish and glass.

    • Pebbles are small round-shaped pieces of rock. River pebbles are used for filling seams and joints, paving paths, and decorating various objects in landscape design. Small pebbles are an excellent option for decorating an aquarium.

    • Limestone is particles of calcium carbonate tightly bound together with natural cement. As a rule, it is formed from the remains of shells, which over time have been compressed into solid blocks. Depending on the structure, limestone can be layered, building or plate.
    • Boulders are large rock fragments that are usually found near the shores of water bodies.

    Areas of application of river stones

    Stones collected from the bottom and banks of fresh water bodies are widely used in construction. Proof of the durability and reliability of such a building material can be seen in the Egyptian Sphinx, made of sandstone.

    Modern builders also value this material. In addition, interior and landscape designers create various decorative elements from it. Connoisseurs collect beautiful river stones for collection. Craftsmen cut out figures from them.

    Bath stones

    Small river boulders are very good for a bathhouse. Their main property is strength: even under the influence of high temperatures they do not split or crack.

    Granite is often used in saunas: this stone maintains temperature well, perfectly accumulates heat, and is environmentally friendly and safe. For the steam room, you can use large river pebbles. Another advantage of bath cobblestones is aesthetics: they look very attractive because they have rounded shapes. Esotericists believe that this form promotes relaxation and helps avoid disagreements, which is very important for bath procedures.

    Collection items

    Some specimens look so unusual, beautiful, and bewitching that they attract the attention of collectors. Among such stones there are striped, transparent pebbles, rounded pieces of rocks of unusually bright colors – garnet, green, blue, brown, amber, etc. The collection of mineral lovers often includes samples with an unusual pattern or interesting shape.

    Such stones can be used to make spectacular decorative items: fill transparent bottles with them, decorate various surfaces in the apartment, create a collection composition, etc. The rarest stones that can be found in the river include pearls, quartz, fluorite, aventurine, chalcedony and etc.

    Read also: Precious and semi-precious green stones: names with photos, properties, features of product care

    Landscaping

    Decorative stones are used nowhere as widely as in landscape design. Pebbles and boulders are especially popular among designers. Thanks to such elements, the site can be given a natural appearance. Pebbles are often used to decorate artificial ponds in the garden (see photo). Fans of Feng Shui philosophy use a mass of small oval stones to create stone gardens.

    Pebbles can be used to design original flower beds, highlight separately growing shrubs or trees, and create dividing zones in a flower bed. It is indispensable for decorating a rock garden, decorating an alpine hill, designing intricate paths, garden paths.

    Boulders can be a separate element in the garden or part of a stone composition. With their help, they organize a small waterfall on the site, create a rest area or make a durable bench. Boulders are sometimes used to make the fencing of a flower bed, pond or recreation area in the garden.

    Crafts made from river stones

    Pebbles are often used for crafts. With the help of small round stones, creative people create many different products:

    • Decor for frames, flower pots, vases, boxes. If there are similar things in the house that need restoration, with the help of pebbles they can be turned into real objects of art. To do this, you need to cover the surface with flat pebbles, combining them with shells.
    • Transformation of old bottles. You can cover an ordinary bottle with pieces of glass and small pebbles, creating a mosaic on the surface of the container. You can also fill glass bottles with colorful pebbles.
    • Entrance mat. Gluing rocks onto a canvas backing turns it into a very cute porch rug.
    • Bright figurines for the garden. Stones of the appropriate shape can be painted to look like beetles, turtles and even gnomes. Such bright boulders will turn into the highlight of any garden.

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