Therapeutic properties

What resources are there in the Altai Territory?

The Altai region is located on the border of one of the largest plains in the world – the West Siberian and the vast mountain system of Asia. Due to greater continentality and fewer cloudy days, the territory of the region receives more sunlight and heat than areas of the European part of Russia located at the same latitude. The air of the Altai region is clean, saturated with pleasant and beneficial fumes from the coniferous pine forest, and ionized. The Altai region is rich in deposits of mineral medicinal and medicinal table waters. There are about 13000 lakes of varying sizes, flow rates, and salinity, many of which contain large reserves of medicinal mud. In terms of the totality of therapeutic factors, the region, according to the Federal State Budgetary Institution “Tomsk Research Institute of Balneology and Physiotherapy of the Federal Medical and Biological Agency of Russia”, belongs to the 1st rank areas – especially favorable for recreation and climatic treatment. The Altai Territory is rightfully considered not only the leader of the health industry beyond the Urals, but also one of the largest resort centers in the Russian Federation. In the region, several zones of active formation of health-improving complexes can be identified. This: Barnaul zone: Barnaul, Pervomaisky district. Biysk zone: Biysk, Biysk district. Foothills zone: Belokurikha, Altai, Smolensk, Zmeinogorsk districts. Zone of steppe Altai: Zavyalovsky and Slavgorod districts. The undisputed leader of the sanatorium and resort complex of the Altai Territory is the resort town of Belokurikha, which for the third year in a row was recognized as the best federal resort in Russia. There are 15 sanatorium and resort institutions located here, including 2 children’s health resorts at the regional and federal levels. The resort was founded in 1867. Currently, Belokurikha is a modern balneological resort complex that can accommodate up to 5000 people at a time. The main healing factor of the resort is radon waters, which belong to the group of nitrogen-siliceous radon-containing thermal waters with a high fluorine content and a wide range of microelements. With their help, in Belokurikha sanatoriums they successfully treat diseases of the musculoskeletal system, cardiovascular, nervous, endocrine systems, female and male urological ailments, diseases of the skin, digestive and respiratory organs. Radon water reduces pain, relieves inflammation, improves immunity, and calms the nerves. The list is long. They also add “prevention of aging” to it. Holidays on the bitter-salty lakes of the Altai steppe have gained great popularity in the field of health tourism. Currently, the most popular among tourists and, accordingly, the most developed in this regard are the bitter-salty lakes Bolshoye Yarovoye in the Slavgorod region and the lakes in the Zavyalovsky region. Zavyalovsky district is located in the eastern part of the Kulunda Plain. The nature of the Zavyalovsky district is unique. Here, on an area of ​​about 220 thousand hectares, there are 330 lakes, which have been mentioned in the World Encyclopedia of Resorts next to Monaco and other famous resorts on the planet since the 80s of the last century. These places have a unique complex of therapeutic and health factors: silt-sulfide salt mud; pelloid freshwater mud; brine from Salt Lake, swimming in which has a healing effect similar to swimming in the Dead Sea; gorgeous blue clay; unique medicinal table mineral water; generous steppe sun and healing air of a ribbon pine forest. The Altai Territory, as a resort area, is not limited to offering classic services of sanatorium and resort organizations. A unique tourism product in the field of health improvement is actively supported and promoted – pantotherapy on the basis of health centers and deer breeding farms of the region. The basis of pantotherapy is antlers – young, non-keratinized horns of Altai deer. Their main value is mineral salts, complex organic compounds, enzymes, high concentrations of hormone-like substances, vitamins and amino acids. Antlers have been a favorite product for many centuries, used in oriental medicine to produce various medicinal mixtures that have a strong healing effect. The total area is 168 thousand km2 (3,85% of the territory of the Siberian Federal District, 0,98% of the territory of the Russian Federation). The length from north to south is 400 km, from west to east 600 km. Administrative division There are 694 municipalities in total, of which: municipal districts – 56; municipal districts – 4; urban districts – 9; urban settlements – 7; rural settlements – 618. Administrative center – city of Barnaul Population (as of January 01.01.2023, 2) – 131 thousand people, in terms of population – 5th place among the 10 regions of the district. Population density – 12,7 people. per 1 sq. km. The share of the urban population is 58,3%, rural – 41,7%. Big cities Barnaul (623,3 thousand people, as of 01.01.2023/XNUMX/XNUMX) Biysk (181,7 thousand people, as of 01.01.2023/XNUMX/XNUMX) Rubtsovsk (124,7 thousand people, as of 01.01.2023/XNUMX/XNUMX) National composition (according to the 2020 All-Russian Population Census) – other nationalities – 3,25%. Historical information The beginning of the development of the territory dates back to the period from the Early Paleolithic to the middle of the 1747nd millennium AD. Active settlement of Altai by Russians began in the second half of the XNUMXth century. In XNUMX, Altai became the property of the Russian Tsars. In the second half of the XNUMXth century, the Altai Mountain District was formed, which included the territory in which the modern Altai Territory, Novosibirsk and Kemerovo regions, part of the Tomsk and East Kazakhstan regions are located. In 1917, the Altai province was formed with its center in Barnaul. From 1925 to 1937, the territory of Altai was part of the West Siberian Territory; in 1937, the Altai Territory was formed. It included the Oirot (January 7, 1948 renamed the Gorno-Altai) Autonomous Region, the city of Barnaul and 55 districts of the West Siberian Territory. In accordance with the decision of the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation of July 3, 1991, the Gorno-Altai Autonomous Region, which by that time had been transformed into the Republic of Gorny Altai, seceded from the Altai Territory. Geographical position Altai Territory is located in the southeast of Western Siberia of Russia between 49-54° north latitude and 78-87° east longitude. In the west and south it borders with the East Kazakhstan, Semipalatinsk and Pavlodar regions of the Republic of Kazakhstan (the length of the state border is 843,6 km), in the north and northeast – with the Novosibirsk and Kemerovo regions, in the southeast – with the Altai Republic. Features of the economic and geographical position of the region are its distance from the main economic centers of the European part of the country and seaports. The unfavorable location of the region in the depths of Siberia is compensated by the presence of important latitudinal transit routes: a highway connecting Russia with Mongolia, a railway connecting Central Asia with the Trans-Siberian Railway, and international airlines. Natural conditions (relief features) The landscape of the region is represented by three zones: in the east – mountains, in the center – a slightly elevated plain, in the west and southwest – the Kulundinskaya and Aleiskaya steppes. The territory of the region is located within two physical-geographical countries – the West Siberian Plain and the Altai Sayan Mountains. A significant part of it is occupied by the Altai Mountains, the western slopes of Salair and the adjacent flat, foothill areas. The region contains almost all natural zones of Russia – steppe and forest-steppe, taiga, mountains and rich river ecosystems. Natural resources Mineral resources Minerals – polymetals, table salt, soda, mirabilite, coal, nickel, cobalt, iron ore and precious metals. Altai is famous for its unique deposits of jasper, porphyry, marble, granite, mineral and drinking water, and natural healing mud. The advantages of using mineral resources of non-ferrous metals are the location of the resources next to each other, not far from the existing mines of the Altai Territory and metallurgical plants of Kazakhstan; accessibility of railways and highways, airports and telecommunications, high quality. More than 80% of the available reserves of ores and metals are concentrated in deposits that are not yet exploited. The average content of basic metals (copper, lead and zinc) in ores is more than 10%. Ores also contain gold, silver, cadmium, bismuth, selenium, thallium, gallium, tellurium, sulfur, barite and other elements. Deposits of raw materials that are in short supply for Russia, such as manganese, lead, cobalt, chromium, titanium, tungsten, scandium, and rare earth elements, have been discovered, the need for which is met through imports. Forest resources The total area of ​​the region’s forest fund is 4 thousand hectares (428% of the total forest area in the Siberian Federal District), including the area occupied by coniferous species – 1,19 thousand hectares (1% of the area of ​​coniferous species in the Siberian Federal District ). The total standing timber reserve is 449 million m0,76 (523% share in the Siberian Federal District). Recreational resources, tourism There are several resorts in the region that use healing springs with radon waters and healing mud. The resort of federal significance “Belokurikha” uses springs with thermal weakly mineralized radon waters with a high content of silicic acid. Therapeutic mud is widely used in the city of Yarovoye and the Stepnoe Lake health resort. Based on medicinal plants, numerous pure tinctures and decoctions, balms, sea buckthorn oil, pantocrine, honey and propolis are produced. The region has all the opportunities for the development of non-traditional forms of tourism, many architectural, cultural, archaeological and ethnological monuments. The mountains are a wonderful place for climbers and ski tourists. An exciting form of recreation is hunting for bear, deer, elk, fox, wild boar, and wood grouse. Tourism is one of the most promising sectors of the regional economy with great potential for rapid development. A special economic zone of the tourist and recreational type “Turquoise Katun” has been created in the Altai Territory.

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