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What stone is considered the most expensive in the world?

Precious stones have always attracted increased attention. They surprise, enchant and delight, making jewelry truly unique. Previously, serious battles and intrigues were fought for the right to possess them, so the history of many stones is entangled in a kind of “criminal flair.” But today we will not delve into the often bloody history of individual gems, because they are certainly not to blame for the actions that individual representatives of humanity went to in order to get them. Today we will talk about the most expensive precious stones that can be found in the world today. And this is far from just a noble diamond, which many immediately thought of. There are several very rare stones that exceed diamonds in value, so we have compiled a kind of TOP for you – this is the real elite of the jewelry world, some representatives of which can only be found at well-known world auctions.

How did we create this rating?

Often in similar articles, which provide a rating of the most expensive and rare stones in the world, examples of truly valuable, but very peculiar gems that are not even cut are given. For example, grandidierite is a mineral that has different shades of green in combination with blue, indigo and other colors. There are no more than two dozen such stones in the world, which makes them extremely expensive. But you are unlikely to find jewelry with grandidierite anywhere, and if there are any, they are in some private collection of people who are not used to attracting attention to themselves. Our list includes precious stones that are used in the manufacture of various premium jewelry. They are of incredible beauty and rarity, making them a coveted prize for anyone interested in the world of jewelry and luxury gemstones. The data is taken from open sources, so these are not just numbers out of thin air. Our TOP of precious stones includes specimens that are of interest to lovers of premium jewelry, collectors, as well as investors, because any of the representatives of our list is a serious investment in the future.

10th place: Blue garnet

Blue garnet was discovered in Madagascar about 30 years ago – before that it was believed that stones of this color simply did not exist in nature. Then gems began to be found in other places on the planet: in the USA, Tanzania, etc. The high value of the stone is due to its rare color for garnets, as well as the “Alexandrite effect”, when the gem changes its color depending on the lighting. In daylight, blue garnet acquires green, blue and blue tints, and in artificial light it can change its hue to red. The average price is about $1500 per carat.

9th place: Demantoid

This is a gemstone with a rich green color. Specimens with a pure shade without foreign inclusions are most valued. The name of the gem can be translated as “diamond-like,” which is due to its play of color flashes, which can be observed in cut diamonds. The stone is found in different countries:

  • Russia (magnificent specimens are found in the Middle Urals).
  • Namibia.
  • Kenya.
  • Pakistan.
  • Tanzania, etc.

The popularity of this stone among jewelers and fans of premium jewelry is gradually increasing. The average price for 1 carat is $2000, but keep in mind that the prices given are approximate and may change over the course of several months.

8th place: Emerald

Stones of rich dark green color are often included in various ratings of valuable minerals. They can hardly be called very rare, but this does not affect their value in any way. Individual specimens of this subspecies of beryl are incredibly expensive. Thus, the “Fura” stone weighing 2 kg, which was found in Colombia, was valued at $150 million.

This is a first-order gemstone that can easily compete with diamonds in its price. But prices for this gem vary, because it all depends on the purity of the stone and the saturation of its color. The price per carat can be $2000, but individual pieces cost many times more – about 20-25 thousand dollars.

7th place: Red spinel

A deep red mineral that was previously confused with ruby ​​because they have similar physical properties and, of course, hue. The stone has always been associated with power and wealth, because it used to adorn the crowns of emperors in Russia and Great Britain. The most famous mineral is spinel, which is called the “Black Prince Ruby”. It was presented to the ruler of Wales, Edward, and weighs about 170 carats.

The most beautiful specimens are found in Myanmar (formerly Burma). This is a fairly rare mineral, the popularity of which is growing every year. Spinel, as a rule, is not refined, so these are always exclusive stones. The mineral has sufficient hardness that it allows cutting of different types. The price of the most expensive specimens can reach $10 per carat.

6th place: Paraiba Tourmaline

This gemstone was previously only mined in the state of the same name in Brazil, making it truly rare. It has a sky blue color that can be compared to the magnificent Cote d’Azur.

Now there are deposits of the stone in Mozambique and Madagascar, from where very worthy specimens come to the market. But in price they are inferior to Brazilian ones, amounting to about 8-12 thousand per carat.

Deposits in Brazil have practically dried up, which is very frustrating, because local stones are particularly bright and playful with light. But, if someone wants to make a profitable investment, then he should definitely pay attention to Paraiba tourmaline, because there are fewer and fewer of them, and the demand for them greatly exceeds the supply.

5th place: Padparadscha Sapphire

A stone with an unusual name deserves special mention. The mineral has a pinkish-orange color that resembles a lotus flower (hence its name, padparadscha, which comes from the Sinhala word for “lotus flower”).

Here are a few of its features:

  • Cut. Very few such minerals are found in nature, so when cutting, craftsmen try to preserve as much of the stone as possible. The cut may look a little asymmetrical, but this is an indicator of the authenticity of the mineral.
  • Dimensions. Most often, small minerals up to two carats are found. Stones over 5 carats are a real rarity that can only be found at auctions.
  • Price. It directly depends on the place of origin. The most expensive stones are considered to be from Sri Lanka, while many experts express the opinion that only these minerals can be called “padparadscha”. But the stones are also mined in Madagascar, but their shade is more pink than orange, so their price is 20-25% lower.

Unprocessed minerals are considered the most valuable specimens, but they are extremely rare. The average price is between $10 and $000 per carat. Stones whose color has been improved by heat treatment cost almost 15 times less.

4th place: Blue sapphire

The blue color of sapphire is considered the most valuable, so its price can be very high. There are several versions regarding the origin of the name of this mineral. According to one version, the name comes from the word canipriya, which translates as “beloved by Saturn.” According to another theory, the name comes from the word sappheiros, i.e. “blue stone”

But the history of the origin of the name is not as interesting as the stone itself and its participation in the manufacture of exclusive jewelry. It looks great set in gold in rings, pendants, bracelets and other accessories.

The most valuable specimens are considered to be stones that have not undergone heat treatment, i.e. the so-called “ennoblement”. The highest value minerals are from Kashmir, which can reach $30 per carat. Stones from Sri Lanka cost less, but the price is still quite high – about 000-4500 dollars per carat.

3rd place: Ruby

Another copy that simply had to become part of our rating. This is one of the most famous gemstones, ranking alongside diamond and blue sapphire.

The color of the mineral varies, so in nature there is not only a bright red tint. The price you have to pay for a ruby ​​depends on the color.

The most valuable is the ruby, which is called “pigeon blood”. It has a bright red color with a purple tint. They are also called “Burmese” because they are mined in Myanmar. This “terrifying” name was given to the mineral by a gemologist from Switzerland, who compared the shade of the mineral to the blood of a just shot pigeon. In times of modern political correctness and tolerance, when every thrown word can turn against itself, such a name seems not entirely appropriate, but nevertheless it has stuck.

Burmese rubies can cost tens of thousands of dollars per carat, so it is difficult to put a specific price on them. Thus, the “Sunrise” stone weighing about 25 carats was sold at auction for more than $30 million.

2nd place: Blue Diamond

It would be naive to believe that our rating will do without diamonds. We didn’t include regular colorless diamonds because fancy-colored stones are more valuable. And an honorable second place goes to blue diamond, which is mined in only one diamond mine, located in South Africa.

Boron is responsible for the presence of a blue tint, the content of which will determine the color saturation. Different shades are possible: dark blue, cornflower blue, ultramarine and other shades of blue.

The presence of various inclusions is acceptable, which is not a defect, but only confirms the authenticity of the diamond. Those specimens that have increased purity and a bright blue tint without extraneous colors are incredibly expensive. The average cost per carat can reach from 300 to 400 thousand dollars, so such stones are mainly found in private collections. And the most expensive blue diamond, “Hope,” is kept in the Smithsonian Museum. According to the most conservative estimates, its price is about $350 million and weighs 45,52 carats.

1st place: Red Diamond

Our winner and the most expensive diamond in the world is the red diamond. It is the most valuable not only among its “family”, but also among other precious stones.

What makes this stone so expensive? There are quite a lot of arguments:

  • Red diamond is mined in only one place – Australia. What can be found only on one continent or in one country is a priori considered exclusive and rare.
  • Most of the diamonds found have a very small weight – no more than 0,5 carats. At the same time, stones starting from 0,1 carats are highly valued.
  • Throughout history, only about 100 stones have been found, i.e. This is a truly rare gemstone.

The average price for 1 carat is about $1 million. Perhaps this is the most profitable investment that you can imagine, but the price of such a purchase is affordable only to a limited number of people.

Our rating of precious stones does not include many worthy representatives that are actively used in the manufacture of jewelry. This includes noble black opal, alexandrite, and other minerals, the price of which can also amount to thousands and tens of thousands of dollars. All of them are magnificent and worthy of increased attention, so no matter what stone you choose when buying jewelry, remember that each of them is a work of art that nature gives us. And jewelry craftsmen only emphasize this beauty with different cutting methods, so that you can enjoy their beauty in your rings, earrings, bracelets and other jewelry.

Ask any person what the most expensive gemstone in the world is, and the first version will be a diamond. And it really tops the list of the most expensive stones, but what minerals compete with it? In this article you will learn about the most expensive stones, jewelry created with them and the owners of the jewelry.

Top 13 Expensive Gems

The cost of precious stones per carat can reach up to several million dollars; these are the minerals that fall into this rating. Many jewelry with them are found only at closed auctions, and only a few can afford to own them.

No. 1. Red diamond and other colored diamonds

It is not difficult to answer which is the most precious stone in the world. Of course, a diamond. At the same time, the red diamond is the most expensive and rare not only in its family, but also among all the stones on Earth. Estimated at $10 million per carat. Single finds from 0,1 ct are considered world exclusive. In the entire history of red diamond mining, less than 100 pieces have been found, and only in an Australian mine.

In general, all colored diamonds are expensive (from $1 million per carat), but red diamonds surpass them in value. In second place among colored diamonds are deep blue stones. For example, an Oppenheimer Blue ring with a bright blue diamond weighing 14,62 carats was sold at Christie’s for $58 million.

No. 2. Padparadscha Sapphire

The pink-orange sapphire, with its color reminiscent of lotus petals at sunset, is also one of the most beautiful gemstones. The price for it reaches 30 thousand dollars per carat. We are, of course, talking about untreated stones.

Such high quality sapphires are found in Sri Lanka. They are found in small quantities in Thailand, Madagascar, Vietnam and Tanzania.

No. 3. Pigeon blood rubies

The price for these stones starts from 18 thousand dollars per carat. The main supplies come from Myanmar, Sri Lanka and Thailand. The most expensive precious rubies got their name from their rich red color with a bluish tint. Rubies are most valued for their fluorescence.

A 25-carat Sunrise ring with a pigeon’s blood ruby ​​by Cartier sold for $30,3 million at Sotheby’s.

No. 4. Colorless diamonds

The cost reaches up to 17 thousand dollars per carat, although colorless diamonds are not rare; their deposits are known on all continents. Their popularity and high price are due primarily to their hardness (10 points on the Mohs scale), brilliance, and play of the stone.

From colorless diamonds, Hong Kong jeweler Wallace Chan created the legendary Heritage in Color necklace, consisting of 24 stones that were parts of one Cullinan Heritage diamond weighing 507 carats. The cost of the decoration is $200 million.

No. 5. Tourmaline “Paraiba”

The top 5 gemstones are completed by Paraiba tourmaline. This rare stone with a unique neon blue color is valued at $15 per carat. The main factor determining the value of a mineral is its glow.

For example, the 191,87-carat central Paraiba tourmaline in the Ethereal Carolina Divine Paraiba necklace was valued at $125 million.

No. 6. Alexandrite

Alexandrite is a second-order gemstone. Its cost reaches 15 thousand dollars per carat. The chrysoberyl variety is characterized by an alexandrite effect – a color reverse when the color changes depending on the lighting: from greenish-blue in daylight to crimson-red in artificial light.

Alexandrites from the Ural deposit are especially valued for their brightest color reverse. The price of the stone was determined by its features such as rarity, good hardness and alexandrite effect.

No. 7. Red beryl

Red beryl is essentially the same as red emerald, since both belong to the beryl group. The only known deposit is located in the US state of Utah, but today it is closed. The price of red beryl is 10 thousand dollars per carat.

No. 8. Noble spinel

Noble spinel is a third-order gemstone with high hardness, diamond luster, ideal transparency and high dispersion. The most valuable and expensive of the group are considered to be ruby ​​spinel (“Jedi” from Myanmar), soft pink spinel “Bale” and cobalt blue of medium intensity without gray and purple shades. The price for this trio can reach up to 10 thousand dollars per carat.

No. 9. Emerald

Emerald is also included in the ranking of precious stones by value. The price of this green variety of beryl reaches up to 8 thousand dollars per carat. Before colored diamonds began to be found, emerald was one of the three most expensive gemstones in the world. Colombian emeralds are considered the most valuable.

Thus, Princess Katharina Henkel’s tiara with 11 pure Colombian emeralds, weighing about 500 carats, is estimated at $12,1 million.

No. 10. Sapphire

The cost of ordinary sapphires varies from 4 to 6 thousand dollars per carat. The most expensive among them are cornflower blue in color; the best stones are found in Kashmir.

The Blue Belle of Asia diamond necklace, featuring a 392,5-carat Ceylon blue sapphire of excellent purity, sold at Christie’s for $17,3 million to a private collector who wished to remain anonymous.

No. 11. Noble black opal

Among precious opals, black is king. The stone is estimated at 3-4 thousand dollars per carat. According to the Russian system, noble black opal is classified as a second-order precious stone. Australia supplies excellent quality stones.

Mainly, the eleventh number on our list is valued for such a property as opalescence – the ability to flash with almost all the colors of the rainbow from different angles of view.

The most beautiful precious black opal ever found is the 72-carat Virgin Rainbow. The cost of the sample discovered in the Australian city of Coober Pedy was $1 million.

No. 12. Demantoid

A transparent golden-green garnet, whose name translates as “diamond-like,” can cost up to $2 per carat. High quality stones are mined in the Middle Urals, which is why they are also called Ural emeralds.

Inclusions of other minerals, such as bissolite, may be visible inside. Demantoids sparkle brighter than diamonds. Garnets of this group belong to third-order precious stones.

No. 13. Blue garnet

In the 90s of the 1th century, a blue garnet was discovered in Madagascar; before that, it was believed that garnets of this color did not exist. Today the stone is found in Tanzania, the USA, Kenya, Sri Lanka and Russia. The cost is $500 per carat. The mineral is valued for its exceptional garnet color and alexandrite effect.

The online store of the Moscow Jewelry Factory has a large selection of jewelry from
gold with precious stones from the first to fourth order. In assortment
presented rings, earrings, necklaces, bracelets with diamonds, sapphires,
rubies, emeralds and other stones.

Read more about precious stones
The most expensive in the world

The most expensive gemstones Top 13 expensive gemstones No. 1. Red diamond and other colored diamonds No. 2. Padparadscha sapphire No. 3. Pigeon blood rubies No. 4. Colorless diamonds No. 5. Paraiba tourmaline No. 6. Alexandrite No. 7. Red beryl No. 8. B.

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