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What stones are mined in the Altai region?

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Mineralogical and jewelry tourism is actively developing in Altai. The most interesting places are located in Gornaya Kolyvan – an area of ​​​​stone cutting and mining production. Tourists are attracted by quarries, factories, stone museums, stone cutting.

What ornamental stones are mined in Altai

The first deposits of ornamental stone in Altai were found in the 300th century; today there are about 1802 of them. Indigenous people of rare white jasper were found on the banks of the Khair-Kumira River. Since XNUMX, green-fiber and brocade varieties of jasper were mined near the village of Lazurka on the slope of Mount Revnyukha. Now they are organizing a excursions.

Near the village of Goltsovskoye, blue, gray, gray-green Goltsovsky jasper is mined. Monoliths of valuable jasper lie in the inaccessible valley of the Korgon River:

Near the city of Sycheva there is the Beloretskoye deposit of decorative quartzites; it was discovered in 1784. The raw materials were used to produce tabletops, cane handles, and vases. Modern stone cutters use Beloretsk quartzite (babbles) for the manufacture of decorative and artistic products.

Marble and rose quartz are also mined in the Altai Territory

Jewelry tourism in Barnaul

In the historical part of Barnaul there are two objects of jewelry tourism: the World of Stone Museum (Polzunova St., 39), the Altai Museum of Local Lore (Polzunova St., 46).

“World of Stone”

Part of the exhibition is devoted to the development of stone cutting in Altai, but the main attention is paid to the geological and mineralogical collection, which presents local rocks and minerals and exhibits collected from all over the world.

Fans of jewelry tourism will be interested in the exhibition of decorative, ornamental and precious stones, products of Altai craftsmen made from natural stone. You can buy jewelry in the shop. From May to September, mineralogical tours to deposits, museums, and enterprises of Altai are organized here, lasting from 1 to 3 days.

Local History Museum

Fans of jewelry tourism will be interested in the collection of raw minerals and exhibitions dedicated to mining production:

  • model of the Zmeinogorsk mine;
  • model of the first Russian steam engine made by I. I. Polzunov.

In one of the halls the works of Altai stone carvers are exhibited: boxes, jewelry, a bowl made of stone mined at Korgon field.

Excursion to the village of Kolyvan

The history of the village is closely connected with the famous Russian miners the Demidovs. In 1729, a copper smelter was founded here, and when copper reserves in the mines became scarce, a factory for processing colored stones was built instead.

Since 1802, the stone-cutters of the plant have been making highly artistic products from gems mined in Altai. Masterpieces of world art are in the best museums in the country. Monolithic columns and the “Queen of Vases” can be seen in the Hermitage, fireplaces in the Fersman Mineralogical Museum, and the “Big Kolyvanov Vase” in the Russian Museum.

“The Queen of Vases” weighs 19 tons, its diameter is 504 cm, and its height is 257 cm

The stone-cutting plant named after I. I. Polzunov in Kolyvan still operates to this day. This is a popular jewelry tourism destination in Altai. During the tour you can see:

  • the first factory building, erected in 1802;
  • building built in 1820, in which the “Big Kolyvan Vase” was made, “Queen of vases“;
  • strip saw;
  • raw materials;
  • modern workshops.

You can learn a lot of interesting things about the development of stone cutting in the local museum. In the hall of 1839th-century masters, a cameo “Rodomysl” (1851), medals won at international exhibitions in London (1862, XNUMX), photographs, and documents are exhibited. The museum staff has collected an extensive collection of ornamental stones.

Mountain Kolyvan deserves attention; there are many historical places associated with the origins of the Altai mining industry. The tourism infrastructure is actively developing, routes pass through picturesque places. Watch the video for a tour of the first stone cutting plant Altai region.

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