Mineral Review

What stones are of volcanic origin?

It is not necessary to study geology, participate in expeditions and study volumes of specialized literature in order to create massive structures using mortar and stones. It is not necessary to study geology, participate in expeditions and study volumes of specialized literature in order to create massive structures using mortar and natural stone. However, it is necessary to know the types of natural stone. Based on the properties and appearance, you can choose the most suitable material for a specific task.

Geological classes of natural stones

There are three of them: stones of volcanic origin, sedimentary rocks and metamorphic stones. Each of the classes has its own distinctive features, properties that play an important role in the work of a mason.

Volcanic stones

They are distinguished by very high density, hardness, they are almost impossible to break, and difficult to trim. This class includes basalt and granite. Such stones are formed under conditions of extreme heat or due to the hardening of magma underground or on its surface.

Sedimentary rocks

These include sandstone and limestone, which, unlike representatives of the previous class, are very easy to process, including trimming and splitting. Such stones are formed from rocks formed as sediment due to the action of ice, wind and water, and then consolidated due to pressure over thousands of years. Today, limestone and sandstone are in great demand among buyers and are easy to find in hardware stores. This is a fairly common building material that allows you to achieve good results in most projects. The reason is their ease of processing.

Metamorphic stones

This class includes stones that have been modified under the influence of heat, pressure and chemical reagents. Metamorphic limestone, for example, is marble. Gneiss and some other types of metamorphic stones are difficult to hammer and the shape is not adjusted in this way, but they have been successfully used in projects involving the use of mortar.

The classification of natural stones is not limited to three main categories; within them there are many other varieties that are used with mortar.

Main types of natural stone

Below we will talk about the types of natural stone that you can easily order from our company if you wish. This is background information designed to help you navigate the types of natural stone, and not to impose a choice. The decision will be entirely yours. Limestone – This is a sedimentary rock that consists of calcium carbonate and is soft. Limestone is easy to work, making it ideal for cladding and other masonry work done with a chisel. It is only important to choose wisely, to weed out damaged or too soft stones, otherwise the entire masonry will suffer. Quartz considered a very hard mineral. Its varieties include chalcedony, opal, agate, flint, and rock crystal. Insertion of this mineral can be found in granite. It should be noted that quartz is quite difficult to process with a chisel or hammer. Quartzite is a stone that is formed from the metamorphism of quartz sandstone. Its main element is quartz, so it is also difficult to shape. Sandstone is a sedimentary rock formed by the compression and cohesion of sand and held together by silica (a natural cement). This stone is great for any project because it is easy to work with. Can be easily shaped, broken or trimmed. To create an attractive design, you can combine elongated horizontal sandstone bars with a small amount of field stones. It is only important to use materials that match the color. Slate – this is the name of metamorphic fine-grained stone that splits into thin and smooth layers. It has the same properties as flagstone. Widely used to create paths and cover kitchen tables. Previously, slate was often used to cover roofs. Obsidian stone was born in the very heart of planet Earth. It is of volcanic origin and is formed as a result of the solidification of lava ejected from the depths of the earth to the surface. The properties of obsidian are determined by the characteristics of its composition. The mineral, which is otherwise called silicon oxide, has an amphora structure. The stone that volcanic lava creates is amazingly beautiful and multifaceted. It is distinguished by a very deep, rich and pronounced palette. This beautiful gemstone is often used to create jewelry. It is valued not only for its high decorative qualities, but also for its amazing healing and magical properties.

The mysterious history of the origin of the mineral

  1. Residents of the Transcaucasian republics call obsidian fragments of Satan’s claws. They believe that the black stone is born in the underworld itself. An ancient legend gives this unusual version. According to it, Satan once flew into a rage and began spewing streams of fiery lava onto the Earth. So he wanted to demonstrate his own strength. It seemed to many people that a dark force wanted to escape from the underworld and take revenge on those who imprisoned him there. Soon the volcanic eruption ended. Black stone pieces remained in its place. People compared them to fragments of the claws of a frightening mythical creature.
  2. The Americans gave the stone another name: Apache tears. There is also an unusual legend associated with it. The ancient warriors, who did not want to become servants of the colonists, decided to escape the invaders at all costs. Gathering all their courage and bravery, they bravely rushed into the mouth of the volcano. The grief-stricken wives bitterly mourned the loss. According to legend, their tears petrified, turning into beautiful stones. The black color of the mineral symbolizes death, separation and grief.

Residents of Hungary do not put forward their own versions regarding the origin of the mineral. But they gave the stone an interesting name: luxury sapphire. The Hungarians explain such an unusual name by the fact that volcanic glass is strikingly similar to a precious stone. They are united by a mysterious shine, shimmer and mysterious glow.

Types and colors of beautiful obsidians

Contrary to popular belief, in nature there are examples of not only black shades. The luxurious mineral boasts a variety of patterns and colors. It is customary to distinguish 3 main varieties:

  1. Snow obsidian is the most common. It has a rich black color and small light inclusions of cristobalite crystal. The mineral received such an unusual name due to the shape of the inclusions: they resemble tiny snowflakes.
  2. Rainbow obsidian amazes with its variety of shades. It is quite rare to find such pebbles, so they are of particular value. In nature you can find reddish, greenish and even blue minerals. In addition to the unusual shade, they are distinguished by an unusual cut, visually reminiscent of a drop of oil.
  3. Peanut obsidian is quite common. It received this name for its unusual rounded dotted inclusions. Outwardly, they are very similar to peanuts.

Like volcanic rock, obsidian contains a large amount of magnetite. It is this substance that explains the rich black color of the minerals.

Where is obsidian mined?

Since the occurrence of the mineral is directly related to volcanic eruptions, it is mined in seismically active zones. The most developed deposits are located in Ecuador, Mexico, and Japan. The latter country has huge mineral deposits. They are concentrated on the island of Hokkaido. In addition, New Zealand, Kenya, Iceland and Peru are rich in obsidian.

The most valuable samples are imported from the United States of America. In this country, production is carried out in the Mississippi River basin: in Nevada, Arizona, and California. The peculiarity of minerals mined in the USA is their absolute transparency. The stones are amazingly beautiful and original.

Some species are also harvested in Russia. You can see glass erupting from the crater of a volcano in Karelia and Kamchatka. Stone deposits on the peninsula are concentrated on the Sredinny Ridge. It is there in the western part of the mountains that the Itkovaem deposit is developed. They also mine stone materials not far from Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky. The Nachikinskoye field operates there. The North Caucasus is also a supplier of the mineral. There are small deposits in the Khabarovsk region and the Trans-Baikal Territory.

In what areas is this wonderful stone used?

The use of the mineral is possible in various fields. However, most often it is used as an ornamental stone. Before starting to create beautiful products, the mineral is carefully polished. It acquires a smooth surface and a special shine. The stone is often used to create inexpensive jewelry. Obsidian earrings, bracelets and beads are perfect for everyday wear. They are especially suitable for dark-eyed brunettes and emphasize the natural beauty of their owner. Black glass is also used to create interior items: bowls, glasses, vases. Obsidian rosary beads look unusual.

This amazing mineral is incredibly popular in the fields of jewelry and applied arts. Works by famous sculptors and jewelers, which contain elements of volcanic glass, can still be found in various museums around the world. Carl Faberge especially appreciated the unique properties of obsidian. He used the mineral in his works, which are now famous throughout the world.

The mysterious volcanic stone has become widespread in the world of magic. This material is used to create magic balls. Such products have mystical beauty and splendor: their surface shimmers and plays in the light, bewitching all beholders. The familiar images that are initially reflected on the glassy surface of the balls seem to disappear over time. They are being replaced by pictures that allow us to understand the intricacies of human destinies.

Experienced magicians and sorcerers use obsidian balls during mystical rituals and fortune telling. In the darkness, broken only by the timid light of a few candles, they are rotated clockwise. Amazing images are alternately displayed on the shiny surface, from which one can predict the future fate of a person. An obsidian idol is also popular among some magicians, giving strength for new rituals.

The main area of ​​application of the mineral is construction. It is from obsidian that perlite is obtained, a building material with excellent thermal insulation properties.

What magical properties does the mineral have?

The magical properties of obsidian stone were known to our distant ancestors. Ancient people believed in its powerful mystical powers. According to historians, obsidian was used for religious ceremonies by representatives of different cultures in many parts of the world. This fact suggests that the mineral really does have unusual properties, since people all over the world have noticed them. The Sumerians believed that the stone simultaneously received the energy of three planets: Saturn, Uranus and the Sun. That’s why it’s so powerful.

How can obsidian help in real life?

  1. An amazing stone helps its owner make cherished dreams come true. If a person wants to achieve something, he must wear obsidian jewelry. They will definitely help you achieve your plans. Of course, in order for your dream to come true as soon as possible, you need to not only hope for the mineral, but also act.
  2. But if stability has been established in a person’s life and he does not want to change anything, it is better to refuse to wear the stone. It will attract changes again and again.
  3. Obsidian in jewelry is recommended for people engaged in research work. It will help increase concentration and overcome obstacles more easily. The mineral loves active, purposeful and energetic people.
  4. Jewelry with obsidians will help protect against negativity and the evil eye. From them, as if from a mirror, the bad wishes and thoughts of others are reflected.
  5. The stone helps in getting rid of obsessive thoughts and helps cleanse the mind. It will be useful for people who practice meditation.
  6. Some people believe that obsidian has a connection with the subtle world. This means that with its help you can see the future. Constantly wearing the stone allows you to increase your attention and concentration. A person begins to notice various little things and predict the actions of others. He really sees the future only in a literal, and not a mystical sense.

Black and blue obsidian are best combined with silver. Precious metal reveals the mystical qualities of the mineral much better than other materials. Beads, earrings, and bracelets with obsidian will become excellent talismans. For those who do not want others to see the stone, you can choose small pendants with cords. They are easy to hide under clothes. The strength of the talisman does not depend at all on its size.

Healing properties of magic stone

The mineral, whose amazing power has been known to more than one generation of people, is valued not only for its magical qualities. It is widely used in folk medicine as a magical remedy for various ailments.

  1. Stones of blue and black shades are considered powerful cleansers of the body. Our ancestors believed that they remove waste and toxins, acting at the cellular level. This property allows obsidian to be used to treat many ailments, including gout. With this disease, it removes from the body excess salts that accumulate in the joints.
  2. Obsidian products give a person vitality and also help strengthen the immune system. It is believed that the stone quickly defeats colds. Especially those caused by hypothermia.
  3. The characteristics of the stone indicate that it has a powerful energetic connection with the kidneys and adrenal glands. Therefore, the mineral is often used to treat diseases of the genitourinary system.
  4. Wearing such a powerful talisman will help people suffering from diseases of the digestive system. It normalizes the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract and improves digestion.
  5. Energetically, this stone is connected to the adrenal glands and kidneys. It is recommended to wear it for various problems of the reproductive system. Obsidian is also credited with a unique ability to heal the gastrointestinal tract and improve digestion, calm the nervous system and normalize blood pressure.
  6. The mineral is able to calm the nervous system and normalize blood pressure in hypotensive and hypertensive patients.
  7. Obsidian accelerates skin regeneration. It is suitable for use after various injuries and burns.

It is advisable to wear the talisman near the organ that needs help. For example, if a person wants to treat his eyes or respiratory system, he can purchase earrings with obsidian inserts. To treat heart diseases, it is recommended to decorate yourself with beads. Jewelry with this wonderful mineral can be worn not only to get rid of existing ailments. They are also used for preventive purposes.

Surprisingly, obsidian has also been used in traditional medicine. Instruments made from this material are used by certified surgeons during operations.

Which zodiac signs are obsidian suitable for?

Obsidian is not for everyone. As with any other stone, the zodiac sign helps determine its compatibility with a person. The mysterious mineral will bring maximum benefit to Capricorns. People born between December 22 and January 20 have tremendous fortitude. That is why they perfectly tolerate the influence of volcanic glass. The stone can be worn by people who are Gemini and Aquarius according to their horoscope. For representatives of these signs, such a talisman will help them achieve their goals faster and concentrate better.

It is worth highlighting those who should avoid wearing jewelry. Such representatives of the zodiac circle include Cancers and Virgos. Volcanic stone seriously affects the analytical mind and makes people be careful in everything. If Cancer or Virgo wear it, they risk becoming absurdly insecure. These signs already weigh the pros and cons too carefully when planning their next steps.

Obsidian and signs related to the element of fire, that is, Sagittarius, Leo, Aries, go well together. These representatives of the zodiac circle, like the mineral, are protected by the planet Pluto.

How to distinguish real obsidian from a fake?

Obsidian is one of the inexpensive ornamental stones. Despite this, there are craftsmen who try to imitate it. In trade, the mineral is often replaced with painted glass. There are several ways to distinguish real jewelry from a fake:

  1. The first thing to do is to carefully examine the beads, bracelet, rosary or any other product. Natural material has a bright, rich color and shine.
  2. Real stones are able to maintain temperature for a long time. To check, you need to hold the stone in your hand for a few minutes. If after this it remains cold, then it is not a fake.
  3. Obsidian, the color of which is uniform and uniform, is most likely fake. Real minerals have numerous inclusions and intricate patterns.
  4. If possible, you should briefly immerse the stone in clean water. The fake will quickly lose its original appearance. The attractive shine will disappear and the shade will change.

Knowing these simple rules and the properties of stones, you can quickly understand whether this is an original or a fake.

What care do obsidian products need?

Despite their external strength and power, obsidians are among the rather fragile stones. In order for jewelry with beautiful volcanic glass to please you for as long as possible, it is necessary to provide it with proper care.

  1. It is recommended to store beautiful jewelry with obsidian inserts separately from other jewelry. Otherwise there is a risk of scratches on the shiny surface.
  2. To store jewelry, it is better to use a thick box or casket with soft walls. A cloth bag is not suitable for this purpose.
  3. It is forbidden to keep obsidian in direct sunlight for a long time. The stone may fade and fade. You should not leave it in places characterized by sudden temperature changes.
  4. Obsidian jewelry should be treated with extreme caution. They should be carefully protected from chemical and physical influences, which primarily include impacts and falls.
  5. The mineral should not be left in liquid for a long time. In this case, even ordinary water can become destructive.

Like all stones, obsidians require periodic cleaning. Harsh chemicals should not be used for this procedure. Moreover, ordinary soap will cope perfectly with dirt. Jewelry should be thoroughly washed with soapy water and then rinsed in plain clean water. You can leave the items to dry on their own. If you need to speed up this process, you should use a sanitary napkin or soft cloth to dry.

If you follow the above rules, this amazing stone will delight you with its beauty for many years. It will perfectly complement your image, help you achieve your goals faster and provide reliable protection against dangerous illnesses.

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