Geological classification

What to do if you find gold jewelry?

Today I found a gold ring in the store. Will I face any liability if I sell it? August 10, 2014, 17:19 , Evgeniy, Kotlas
Lawyers’ answers
Alexander Krasilnikov
Chat Hello, Evgeniy! If you actually found the ring, you will not be held criminally or administratively liable. By law you must report your find to the Police or local government authority. After making a claim, you can keep the ring until the owner of the item is identified, and then demand a reward from him in the amount of up to 20% of its value. If, within six months from the moment you report the find, the owner is not identified, the ring will become your property legally (Articles 227-229 of the Civil Code of Russia). In general, in any case, you have nothing to fear. 10 August 2014, 17: 54
Anton Pryanichnikov
Lawyer, Nizhny Novgorod
Chat Conclusion: The courts confirm that there is no legal liability of the person who concealed the find, however, a criminal case can still be initiated.

Article 227
1. The person who finds a lost thing is obliged to immediately notify the person who lost it, or the owner of the thing or any other person known to him who has the right to receive it, and return the found thing to this person. If an item is found on premises or in a vehicle, it must be handed over to the person representing the owner of this premises or vehicle. In this case, the person to whom the find is handed over acquires the rights and bears the responsibilities of the person who found the thing. 2. If the person who has the right to demand the return of the found thing or his place of stay is unknown, the finder of the thing is obliged to report the find to the police or local government (as amended by Federal Law No. 07.02.2011-FZ dated 4/3/07.02.2011) (see text in the previous edition) 4. The person who finds the thing has the right to keep it or deposit it with the police, a local government body or a person specified by them. (as amended by Federal Law dated 4/XNUMX/XNUMX N XNUMX-FZ) (see text in the previous version) editors) A perishable item or an item, the storage costs of which are disproportionately large compared to its value, can be sold by the finder of the item with receipt of written evidence certifying the amount of proceeds. Money received from the sale of a found item must be returned to the person authorized to receive it. XNUMX. The finder of a thing is liable for its loss or damage only in the case of intent or gross negligence and within the limits of the value of the thing.
Article 228
1. If, within six months from the date of reporting the find to the police or to a local government body (clause 2 of Article 227), the person authorized to receive the found thing is not identified or does not himself declare his right to the thing to the person who found it or to the police or to a local government body, the finder of the thing acquires the right of ownership to it. (as amended by Federal Law dated 07.02.2011/4/2 N XNUMX-FZ) (see text in the previous edition) XNUMX. If the finder of the thing refuses to acquire ownership of the found thing, it becomes municipal property.

The appropriation of what was found cannot be regarded as theft of someone else’s property. The judicial panel overturned the verdict of the Volokolamsk City Court of the Moscow Region, rendered in a special manner, in relation to A., convicted under paragraph “c” of Part 2 of Art. 158 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation, the criminal case was discontinued due to the lack of corpus delicti in the act. During the preliminary investigation, as follows from the indictment, it was established that defendant A., noticing that citizen R. had a mobile phone fall out of his pocket, did not inform him about what happened, and, after waiting for the victim to leave, he picked up the phone and took it. Thus, A. did not take any active actions aimed at unlawfully confiscating property from the victim. The panel of judges indicated that, in accordance with Art. 227 of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation, a find is the discovery of someone else’s thing that has left the owner’s possession against his will. This rule of law is equally applicable both in cases where the finder of the thing knows who the owner is, and in cases where the owner of the thing is unknown to him. Under current legislation, a person who conceals a find or does not report it does not bear criminal liability. Thus, A.’s actions do not contain the corpus delicti provided for in paragraph “c” of Part 2 of Art. 158 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation. The cassation ruling makes reference to the recommendations contained in the resolution of the Plenum of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation dated December 05.12.2006, XNUMX “On the use by courts of a special procedure for the trial of criminal cases”, if the cassation appeals or submissions contain data indicating a violation of the criminal procedure law, incorrect application of the criminal law or the injustice of the verdict, court decisions taken in a special manner may be canceled or changed if the factual circumstances of the case do not change.
(Extract from the ruling of the judicial panel for criminal cases of the Moscow Regional Court dated June 21.06.2011, 22 N 4060-XNUMX)

DECISION of April 11, 2013 in case No. 4у/9-2143/13
Magistrate of the judicial district No. 179 of the Ramenki district of Moscow Borisov E.V. Judge of the Nikulinsky district court of Moscow Bobkov A.V.
Judge of the Moscow City Court O.V. Svirenko, having considered the cassation (supervisory) complaint of lawyer A.E. Levina. in the interests of the convicted B. to review the verdict of the magistrate of court district No. 179 of the Ramenki district of Moscow Borisova E.V. dated December 04, 2012 and the decision of the Nikulinsky District Court of Moscow dated January 29, 2013 upholding the verdict of the magistrate without change and the appeals without satisfaction,
By the verdict of the magistrate of court district No. 179 of the Ramenki district. Moscow Borisova E.V. dated December 04, 2012 B., who had no previous convictions, was convicted under Part. 1 Art. 158 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation to a fine of 30 rubles to the state’s income. The fate of the material evidence was decided by the verdict. The decision of the Nikulinsky District Court of the city. Moscow dated January 29, 2013, the verdict against B. left unchanged.B. found guilty of committing theft, that is, the secret theft of someone else’s property. The crime was committed in the city. Moscow under the circumstances detailed in the verdict. In the cassation appeal, Levin’s lawyer A.E. in the interests of the convicted B. expresses disagreement with the court decisions taken as illegal, unfounded and unfair. Requests court decisions regarding convicted B. cancel, terminate the criminal proceedings. At the same time, it indicates that the conclusions of the court set out in the verdict do not correspond to the actual circumstances of the case, the verdict is based on assumptions and contradictory testimony of witnesses who were not eyewitnesses of the incident, the courts violated the criminal procedure law and incorrectly applied criminal law. Believes that in the actions of B. there is no corpus delicti under Art. 158. 1 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation, since he did not commit active actions aimed at unlawfully confiscating property from the victim, and the appropriation of what was found cannot be considered a crime. When checking the arguments of a cassation (supervisory) complaint of a lawyer based on the materials of a criminal case, grounds for transferring a cassation (supervisory) complaint are identified with a criminal case for consideration in a court session of the court of cassation. So, part. 1 Art. 158 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation provides for liability for theft. Moreover, the objective side of such a crime provides for the seizure of someone else’s property from legal possession and is characterized by direct intent and selfish purpose. According to the verdict of B. found guilty of the fact that on June 22, 2012 at 16:50, while in the hall, taking advantage of the absence of the owner of the property, he stole from the windowsill a mobile phone that had previously been left by the victim in the indicated place. From the testimony of convicted B. It follows that he paid attention to a rectangular object lying on the windowsill, sat down at his desk with a laptop, periodically watching the object to see if anyone would come back for it. After sitting in the hall for several minutes, and without waiting for anyone to come for the item, he – B. I thought someone had lost it. After that he is B. walked up to the windowsill and took the object lying on it in his hand, realizing that it was a mobile phone. He put the mobile phone in his bag, came to his place of residence and put it in the nightstand. Also B. explained that he wanted to return the mobile phone to its owner. From the testimony of the victim E. It follows that on the day of the incident, at approximately 16:6, she was sitting on the window sill located on the left side of the entrance to the XNUMXth floor hall; she placed her mobile phone on the window sill next to her. Then she and her friend walked to the wall with advertisements and left the phone on the windowsill. Then she – E. and G. I went to the course inspector’s office, deciding that I would pick up my mobile phone after I handed over the documents to the course inspector. At approximately 17:20, having handed in the bypass sheet, she returned to the window sill, but there was no mobile phone on it. Refuting the arguments of the defendant and the lawyer that B. found the phone and concealed the find, the court motivated the verdict in the presence of B’s intent. for theft in that he, having ascertained the absence of the person to whom the telephone belongs, secretly stole it, and the owner has the right to leave his property in any place not prohibited by law (l. 7 of the verdict).At the same time, according to Art. 227 of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation, a find is the discovery of someone else’s thing that has left the owner’s possession against his will. This rule is applicable in cases where the finder of the thing knows who its owner is, and in cases where the owner of the thing is unknown to him. Moreover, the current legislation does not provide for the legal liability of the person who concealed the find or did not declare it. These circumstances and the provision of the law by the court when rendering the verdict and by the court of appeal was not taken into account, which could have affected the correctness of the decisions made. Based on the above, I believe that the arguments of the cassation (supervisory) appeal of lawyer A.E. Levina deserve attention and are subject to verification by a collegial composition of the court of cassation – the presidium of the Moscow City Court. Based on the above, guided by Art. Art.
Submit the cassation (supervisory) complaint of lawyer A.E. Levina. in the interests of the convicted B. to review the verdict of the magistrate of court district No. 179 of the Ramenki district of Moscow Borisova E.V. dated December 04, 2012 and the resolution of the Nikulinsky District Court of Moscow dated January 29, 2013 with a criminal case for consideration in a court session of the cassation court – the presidium of the Moscow City Court.
Judge of the Moscow City Court O.V. SVIRENKO

Every thing has its own story. Especially if the item is not new. And jewelry in this case is no exception. For jewelry purchased in a boutique or on the website , there are no questions: the “biography” of such accessories begins with you, because you become their first owners. But with products that have been inherited, bought secondhand from the previous owner, or borrowed from a friend, the situation is completely different. Is it possible to wear found jewelry? ? What about trying on products that don’t belong to you? What to do to cleanse the energy of jewelry? We will try to find answers to these and many other related questions in this article. Let’s start with the fact that modern jewelry, from an energetic point of view, is not much different from its ancestor. In ancient times, when humanity did not master the sciences and worshiped celestial bodies and atmospheric phenomena, perceiving them as the highest essence, jewelry was not only and not so much adorned. Most of them served, first of all, as amulets against the evil eye and protection from the wrath of higher powers. Much has changed over time, but not this. Even today, jewelry often performs a protective function. Take, for example, the gold amulet or cross that many of us wear. Or your favorite ring brought from a trip, or a medallion given by a loved one, which you don’t take off even at night, contrary to the recommendations of jewelers. Once upon a time, jewelry amulets were available only to those in power and healers, to whom the former turned for patronage, help and support. However, even the most ordinary people did not deny themselves the opportunity to wear “accessories” that protected and protected the body and soul. Of course, we were not even talking about gold or silver items back then. The people had access to exclusively natural materials: natural bone and wood, stones, shells, vines, clay amulets made with their own hands, or motanka dolls made from flax fibers and tightly woven herbs. An item that belonged to a specific person was charged with his energy. The wearers of such amulets believed that silent companions protected them from adversity in the same way as we believe in it today. It would seem that around our necks we have an ordinary silver chain with a pendant that our mother gave us. But no: in fact, this is the most valuable thing, losing which is like death. And all because the accessory, which is the carrier of our energy, is capable of influencing our destiny, our decisions and events occurring in our lives. What is this if not a talisman that has powerful powers and provides protection to its owner?

The ban on someone else’s: where the legs grow from

When asked why you can’t wear other people’s jewelry, our great-grandmothers answered in monosyllables: “You’ll bring trouble on your family.” For them this was a completely obvious fact. And our generation, unlike older people, still needs a detailed explanation of causes and consequences. In fact, everything is quite simple. The ban on picking up shiny things from the floor arose in villages and villages when black magic flourished. Well, you know, all these witches, sorcerers, healers. People with supernatural abilities often accepted those who asked to remove damage from them, cure them of a serious illness, or do something worse at their request. But, as you know, the law of conservation of energy, which states that the energy of a closed system does not disappear anywhere and is preserved in time, was also valid in those distant times. To cure one person, it was necessary to transfer dark energy to another. Witchers and witches most often chose the “lucky one” using the folk “poke method”: they transferred bad energy to an attractive thing, and then threw it on the road. Whoever picks it up first will be “lucky.” Another reason why our ancestors were afraid to pick up anything from the ground was the following: often magicians, when conducting their rituals, turned to dark forces for help. If the forces helped the sorcerers, after a successfully performed ritual, the latter had to give the dark forces a payoff, that is, pay for the help. They usually paid with coins, throwing them on the road. And woe to that person who saw a sparkling piece of money in the dust and put it in his pocket. Therefore, our great-grandmothers strictly forbade us to pick up anything from the ground, be it a ring, a piece of a chain or a sparkling gold coin. Such items could contain anything, from damage and a love spell to a crown of celibacy and even sudden death. Even today, in the age of high technology, such stories give me goosebumps. And in ancient times, when science was inaccessible to ordinary people, legends of conspiracies sounded even more convincing. What is there: almost categorically.

Is it possible to wear other people’s jewelry?

It would be logical to ask the question of what to do in a situation where the talk about magicians and sorcerers does not come from the word “at all”. After all, a piece of jewelry or accessory may belong to your mother, sister, friend, colleague. And you might just like it. In such situations, we sometimes (if it is appropriate, of course) turn to a loved one or acquaintance with a request to try on a product you like or wear it once on some special occasion. Is this correct? Is it possible to wear other people’s jewelry? Experts involved in astrology, esotericism and other secret knowledge will answer you in unison that no: wearing other people’s jewelry is prohibited. Moreover, they will not argue their point of view with some secret data or arguments that are understandable to them alone. The fact is that any thing that has an owner (and especially jewelry that is constantly in contact with the body of a particular person) takes on the energy of its owner and one way or another reflects the negativity addressed to him. For example, they looked at you askance, and maybe even tried to put the evil eye on you – on purpose or inadvertently. If you wear an amulet or amulet, it will certainly partially or completely take on the negative energy addressed to you and will store it in itself until you cleanse it. Stones cope best with this task. The worst are base metals. And just imagine the situation: you are wearing a piece of jewelry that has absorbed a lot of external negativity addressed to you, without cleaning the product. Suddenly, a friend or relative asks you to try on jewelry. You agree because you don’t feel sorry for anything for your loved one. And the amulet, having established contact with someone else’s body, perceives it as a “vessel” into which you can dump all the energy waste accumulated over the years of service. Afterwards, a person who has recklessly tried on someone else’s jewelry begins to have health problems, difficulties in his personal life, or problems in his career. But he cannot understand why everything is so, because until recently life went on as usual, and he knew how to enjoy every new day. In general, if one day you encounter failures and it seems to you that a dark streak has begun in your life, try to remember if you have been wearing other people’s things for an hour, or trying on other people’s jewelry or hats. Because all the actions listed above are links of one logical chain.

Is it possible to wear someone else’s gold earrings?

  • An unexpected find.Gold earrings can be found anywhere. For example, in a cafe, on the beach, in a public place, in the forest or just on the road. But touching jewelry with bare hands, much less immediately putting earrings into your own ears, is strictly prohibited.
    • What to do. If you cannot pass by, and you are not afraid of the fact that the gold earrings could not have been accidentally lost, but were deliberately left behind by the previous owner, take a textile scarf from your pocket and wrap the accessories in it without touching the metal. At home, the earrings need to be dipped in holy water for three days. Afterwards, for a similar period, they need to be completely covered with fine salt. And then place it on the windowsill for three days, exposing it to direct sunlight. It is believed that such a nine-day cleaning will help rid jewelry of the negativity accumulated in them.
    • What to do. If you are still a little nervous about not being the first owner of gold earrings, dip them in holy water for 15 seconds. To “reset” a piece of jewelry donated by a loved one, this will be quite enough.
    • What to do. This is the case when you should not agree to a fitting. Even if you really want to. A person who is not up to anything bad will calmly react to refusal. But if your friend continues to insist, we advise you to think about why she is showing such noticeable persistence.

    If we are talking about temporary fitting of silver earrings, it is also better to refuse this action. Even if you are 200% sure of the purity of the thoughts of the owner of the jewelry. The fact is that silver absorbs the energy of its carrier much more readily. And trying on such accessories can lead to your energy mixing with the energy of the owner. The earrings will stop “working” as a talisman. Or they will begin to protect the owner less efficiently than before. So trying on silver earrings will harm not so much you as the person who agreed to rent out his jewelry for a short time.

    Is it possible to give your wedding ring for fitting?

    A wedding accessory, be it a classic “European” or an engagement solitaire, has unbridled sacred power. Do you think that only the song says that “a wedding ring is a difficult piece of jewelry”? In fact, in reality this is exactly the case. This is an accessory in which invisible magic is hidden, directly related to the personal life of its wearer or bearer.

    For this reason, you should never let anyone try on your wedding ring. However, just like trying on someone else’s wedding decoration. Trying on a product that does not belong to you (unless, of course, we are talking about a new ring) will lead to the fact that all the hardships of someone else’s family life will become the property of your life.

    Is it possible to wear someone else’s cross?

    Another question, asking which you probably know the answer, but at the same time, like any normal and curious person, you need an explanation. A pectoral cross is not a decoration in its classical sense. We are not talking about large accessories strewn with stones, which are usually worn over clothes. We are talking about crosses that symbolize your faith, which should be hidden from prying eyes under your clothes and worn closer to your body. The pectoral cross is perhaps the most sacred of all jewelry existing on the modern market. Perhaps deeply religious Christians will not praise us for this definition, because it smacks of paganism, but the cross is a powerful amulet, it is a talisman that cannot be parted with for a second and with which the wearer is inextricably linked.

    It’s hard to even imagine how your most powerful amulet is tried on by a stranger, right? Therefore, you shouldn’t sin like that either. Never wear crosses purchased at a pawn shop, and therefore previously owned by other people. Do not pick up crosses from the ground: they extremely rarely end up on the floor by accident, and if they do, they are so energetically charged that we would categorically not recommend that you touch such a thing.

    Fire, water and copper pipes: an algorithm for energetic cleaning of jewelry

    We are all human, and therefore we understand perfectly well that it is quite difficult to pass by a gold ring or a chain lost by someone lying on the ground. At a minimum, because the jewelry can be handed over to a pawnshop or gold buyer and receive financial compensation for it. In addition, we don’t want you to think that the situation with the jewelry found is a stalemate. Because there are no hopeless situations. If you find a piece of jewelry, you really like it, and you really want to take it for yourself, well, maybe so be it. But before you put the jewelry on yourself, be sure to do an energetic cleansing.

    This is a multi-step process that is universal for any jewelry: both rings and bracelets; and for silver, and for gold, and for platinum; for both diamonds and semi-precious minerals.

    1. Stage one: water. Ideally, it would be good to wash the found product in a fast-flowing river or a mountain stream. But we understand that for a modern metropolis this is an unaffordable luxury. Therefore, in our situation, running water is quite suitable. Put on a rubber glove, take the jewelry in your hand and place it under a powerful stream of water for 15-20 seconds. If you have a toothbrush and powder (or regular toothpaste) at hand, it would be a good idea to run them over the surface of the jewelry and clean the jewelry not only from negativity, but also from accumulated dust, grease and dirt.
    2. Stage two: air. This is the second element, which takes an integral part in the process of energy cleansing of jewelry. Light an incense stick – absolutely any one: the smell does not matter. Take the jewelry with tweezers, place it under the stream of smoke that emerges from the tip of the incense stick, and hold the jewelry in the smoke for a couple of minutes. Let it completely envelop the product.
    3. Stage three: flame. Now fire comes into play. If you don’t have a candle, use a gas burner. But we would still recommend lighting a candle. A couple of minutes will be enough: grab the jewelry with tweezers so as not to burn your fingers, and move it back and forth through the candle flame, simultaneously imagining how the fire burns all the negativity accumulated in the accessory. After the procedure, let the product cool slightly to avoid getting burned.
    4. Stage four: salt. And finally, the last stage of energy cleansing. To successfully pass it, you need to take fine sea or table (in the absence of sea) salt, pour it into a container in a heap and bury the decoration in the salt. Typically, jewelry is placed in salt for 48 hours. But if you think that this time is not enough, you can keep the product in salt longer.

    That, perhaps, is all the wisdom. Once your jewelry is freed from the salt, rinse it under running water and wipe dry with a paper towel or natural cloth to rid your new jewelry of excess moisture. And wear the product with pleasure, without fear of anything or anyone. Now it’s almost like new. And it is you, and not someone else, who will be the creator of a new biography of the found precious accessory.

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