Mineral Review

What wood is used to make furniture?

Furniture made from natural wood is always relevant – it is beautiful, practical and serves its owners for many years without losing its visual appeal. Whatever style the interior is decorated in, solid wood furniture will look great in it. Various types of trees with different textures and densities are used to make furniture. In the production of furniture sets, medium-density wood is mainly used, it is quite easy to process, the furniture is practical and durable. Soft wood is also used in furniture production; facades and decorative elements are made from it. Hard wood is the most difficult to process, which affects the price of furniture sets made from this type of wood. Such products can withstand high levels of humidity and temperature changes. Classification of wood by degree of hardness:

  • soft: pine, spruce, cedar, linden;
  • medium hard and hard: larch, oak, cherry, walnut, ash, beech;
  • super-hard: hornbeam, mahogany, yew, acacia, Karelian birch.

Pine, ash, beech, oak and birch are the most commonly used types of wood for the production of modern furniture. These types of trees are common in our latitudes, they are well processed and have good performance characteristics. Furniture made from wood of these species looks aesthetically pleasing and has an affordable price.

Each type of wood has its own advantages and disadvantages:

  1. Birch – used for the production of furniture and load-bearing structures. It has a beautiful light shade and natural shine, giving the furniture an aesthetic appeal. Birch is often used to make furniture for children’s rooms. Durable wood is resistant to damage and can withstand heavy loads. Its disadvantage is low moisture resistance.
  2. Pine is well processed, contains resins that protect furniture from fungus and give the wood a pleasant smell. It releases phytoncides, the influence of which has a beneficial effect on the atmosphere of the home and the human nervous system. The disadvantages include instability to mechanical damage.
  3. Beech is a popular species for the production of furniture and decorative elements. Beech wood is as durable as ash and oak. It has a beautiful shade from milky white to pinkish beige, and the shade almost does not change after processing. Beech furniture is durable and can last a long time, but it must be protected from moisture.
  4. Oak is often used in the production of solid wood furniture due to its practicality, beauty and high strength. Oak wood is one of the hardest, has a beautiful pattern, the color range varies from golden to brown depending on the age of the tree and the place of growth. Artificially aged and stained oak look original and are widely used to create stylish interiors. Oak furniture is resistant to moisture, fungus, and pests, so it retains its qualities and can be used for decades.
  5. Ash – the wood is easy to process, easy to cut, and resistant to mechanical damage. Furniture made from ash has a matte sheen, shades from silver-pearl to yellowish, and looks good in a classic interior. The ease of processing allows you to create furniture from ash with beautiful decorative elements.
  6. White acacia is the hardest tree among hardwoods and has a high resistance to friction. Acacia is difficult to process and is used primarily for cladding softer wood. It has an expressive texture, a beautiful yellow-brown tint, and lends itself well to polishing.
  7. Larch has the strongest wood among conifers. Used in the production of furniture and carved parts, it has an interesting reddish tint. Wood is difficult to process due to its high resin content.

Tips for choosing furniture from different types of wood:

  • furniture made of light wood – ash, birch, beech – will make a small room visually larger; pastel colors make the room lighter and form an effective combination with bright decor;
  • furniture made of dark wood creates coziness in the room, but visually reduces the space, suitable for spacious rooms;
  • The kitchen is characterized by temperature changes and high levels of humidity, so it is better to choose furniture made of durable wood.

Once upon a time, all furnishings were made from natural materials – artificial ones simply did not exist yet. Now we have a choice, but those who know a lot about quality will always prefer real wood. What wood the furniture is made from depends on what properties and what appearance you want to give it.

Features of different types of wood

Which wood to choose for furniture can only be understood after familiarizing yourself with the properties of different species. Here are the most popular:

  • Maple – strong and heavy, easily painted in different shades.

Furniture made of maple wood with laconic facades is suitable for the loft style

  • Rubber woodFor example, Hevea Brazilian is a lightweight material, it is used to create cabinets, sofas and other things.

Furniture made from rubber wood, despite its exotic origin, looks quite familiar

  • Oak – solid, reliable and aesthetic. Under Peter I in Rus’, cutting down these trees was strictly prohibited. And in our time, there are also state-protected oaks that are hundreds of years old. But they are also grown to create durable interior items.

Oak furniture can be elegant, like these unusual shelving

  • Walnut also has valuable wood suitable for making furniture. Its texture and color are heterogeneous, so the surfaces turn out to be non-standard – with a complex pattern.

Walnut shelving is the main decoration of the room

  • Red tree – This is sandalwood, teak, mahogany wood. It has red-brown tones.

Mahogany can have either a reddish undertone or a darker, almost brown tone.

  • Mango has a beautiful texture and a wide range of shades – from pinkish to chocolate, with black and yellow stripes.

Mango is not only a delicious fruit, but also an excellent wood

  • Acacia has durable dark brown wood that is scratch and water resistant.

Acacia furniture can even be placed by the pool

  • Pine leads the ranking of the most popular and affordable wood suitable for the production of interior items. Finnish pine is more durable. This wood can be painted in any color.

If pine is used in its natural form, it should be coated with protective compounds – then it will remain the same light even after a long time

  • Ale has low resin content, which makes it suitable for finishing baths. Spruce furniture is simple and natural, and has a pleasant pine aroma.

A “feminine” spruce chest of drawers is suitable for country, Provence, boho and some other styles

  • Birch stronger than pine. It needs proper processing – its quality depends on it. It also needs to be protected from dampness. Usually things made from birch are painted, since in their natural form they look unfinished. Karelian birch It is distinguished by its unusual design – it resembles the surface of marble – and is very highly valued.

An unusual multi-colored chest of drawers made of birch will enliven the interior

Usually more traditional furniture is made from Karelian birch, however, this modern chest of drawers is worthy of attention

  • Ash – light, smooth and flexible. It is great for creating curved elements such as the backs of Viennese chairs.

The chairs are made of ash – this wood easily takes any shape

BTW. Viennese chairs were invented in the 30s of the XNUMXth century by Michael Thonet. He began producing seats on an industrial scale from steam-bent beech wood. Now these chairs are considered universal and are appropriate in interiors in loft, boho, classic styles, and so on.

The famous Viennese chairs are still popular today

How wood is processed

Adding strength to raw materials

  • hardness or softness;
  • durability;
  • plastic;
  • density;
  • moisture resistance and more.

Many qualities of wood and its appearance can be improved by using modern compounds. Raw materials are processed not only by dyeing, but also by tinting. Stain increases the strength of the material, protects it from delamination and rotting.

There are also processing methods such as tarring with a solution of copper sulfate, varnishing and coating. Some types of natural materials can be easily painted with your own hands, while some are best processed only in a factory.

No matter what species the furniture is made from, the wood must always be coated with a special protective compound

Stages of production

  • Delivery of timber to the enterprise. Good furniture factories purchase only certified wood.
  • Cutting trees into boards. At the same stage, the workpieces are sorted and defects such as knots and rot are removed.
  • Steaming raw materials in chambers to improve their properties.
  • Drying wood naturally in the open air. This process takes approximately three weeks.
  • Another sorting.
  • Making shields. These are semi-finished products for creating various furnishings.
  • Cut the shield into parts with specific parameters. Mechanical processing of these parts – drilling holes and so on.
  • Puttying parts to treat small knots and cracks.
  • Coating of parts with various compounds.
  • Packaging and transportation.

Designers develop drawings for both machines and craftsmen. Their work determines how aesthetically pleasing the products will be and how easy they will be to assemble.

Furniture panels – smooth blanks for creating any piece of furniture
See also: How to update a closet.

Selection criteria

When choosing wooden products, it is important to know about their main qualities. Performance characteristics are most influenced by density and moisture resistance.

Types of wood by density

Why are some types of wood more valuable? It depends on how rare the tree is, how difficult it is to process, and how hard the products made from it are. Solid wood is more expensive, but it also lasts much longer. This table shows both the softest and the densest rocks:

Hardness degree Wood species
The softest – up to 540 kg/m3 pine, spruce and some other conifers, alder, linden, chestnut
Average – from 550 to 740 kg/m3 oak, walnut, ash, larch, birch, beech
The most dense – 750 kg/m3 and above mountain ash, yew, dogwood, hornbeam

BTW. The hardest wood is considered to be jatoba, or curbaril, native to South and Central America. It is almost twice as dense as oak.

This is what jatoba looks like in nature – it is a tall and spreading tree

Moisture resistance of different breeds

When you need to buy or make a set for a bathroom or kitchen, you should also pay attention to the moisture resistance of the material. This factor determines whether the cabinets will not be destroyed by water. Resistance to moisture is also important for garden benches, chairs and tables.

IMPORTANT. The high density of wood does not mean that it will be moisture resistant. These are different indicators.

Pear and beech are the most afraid of moisture, and the least are acacia, oak and teak, which grows in India and Thailand. Bamboo is also very moisture resistant, although it is not exactly a tree. Thanks to some methods of processing materials, moisture resistance can be significantly increased. You can also increase the strength indicators.

Moisture-resistant furniture can be placed on wet grass, but this should not be abused

Advantages of solid wood furniture

  • Environmental safety: subject to the use of high-quality and non-toxic compounds for processing raw materials.
  • High strength. Fittings – handles, hinges – hold well on natural facades. They do not become loose over time, even if they are unscrewed and screwed in repeatedly.
  • Durability. Proof of this is antique cabinets, tables and chairs made of solid wood. They are hundreds of years old, and they are perfectly preserved.
  • Always a comfortable temperature of the product. Wood does not overheat or overcool, unlike metal or glass, so it is very pleasant to touch.
  • Each piece of furniture made from solid wood is unique in its color and texture. Even if it is a mass-produced product, it will differ from products from the same batch.
  • The ability to age gracefully.
  • A pleasant smell that has a beneficial effect on the emotional state.

BTW. Wood is appropriate in any style of interior. Cabinets with smooth fronts are ideal for high-tech, scandi and minimalism. Deliberately rough items are suitable for rustic and country style. Models with elegant decor – for Provence, boho or other trends, depending on what species they are made of, what color they are painted in and what pattern they have.

Solid wood furniture is more durable, but also heavier
Read more:: Rustic style in the interior.

Features of children’s furniture

Wooden products for a children’s bedroom are an excellent choice. They are environmentally friendly, reliable and, most importantly, beautiful. Thanks to the aesthetic appeal of objects in the children’s room, the child develops good taste.


Beds for children often differ in design from adult furnishings. They are given the shape of cars, houses, ships. And that’s great! But increasingly, the sleeping place for babies is made to look like an adult’s. In the case of a wooden bed, this is especially justified – it lasts a long time, and there is little point in adding new furnishings to the room every couple of years. It’s good if the same crib serves a child from an early age and at least until middle school. Only the mattress will have to be replaced. If there are two or more children and the room is small, bunk beds come to the rescue. Kids like them so much that parents install such models even in spacious apartments. If the child is the only one in the family, you can offer him a loft bed, under which there is usually a desk. Loft beds and bunk models must be extremely reliable – only natural wood or metal can provide this quality, but metal is less preferable for a child’s room.


It is also better to buy wooden cabinets for toys and clothes “for growth” – time flies quickly, and if at first a wardrobe cabinet with a depth of up to 40 cm is enough for a child’s things, then soon he will need a full-fledged wardrobe with a depth of at least 60 cm. So that a very small child can use “ adult” closet, secure the rod in it at the level of his height. And choose fronts that are not too heavy so that the baby doesn’t get his fingers pinched.

Tables and chairs

A baby table, unlike a bed and a closet, cannot remain the same as the child grows. This is where ergonomics comes to the fore. Therefore, use tables and chairs with varying heights, or change the table as your baby grows.

General requirements for children’s wooden furniture

  • No sharp corners. It is better if they are rounded.
  • Availability of a quality certificate from manufacturers.
  • Soft color – pastel or natural.
  • Safe fittings – securely fastened, smooth and not too small, especially in the room of a child under three years old.

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