Myths and legends

Where is the largest diamond in the world?

The topic of this article or section is related to Children’s Week, which is an annual event that lasts one week. Once the event is over, this information will generally not be relevant until the following year.

The largest diamond in the world!
Home Orphan child
the end Orphan child
Level of 85 (Requires level 10)
Category Children’s week
Опыт 9.550
(or 16 54 compensation at level 120)
Previous Quest:Children’s Week (Alliance)
Following Assignment: Ice cream for children! (Alliance)
Assignment: Let’s fly a kite! (Alliance)
  • 1 Goals
  • 2 Associated localities
  • 3 Description
  • 4 In progress
  • 5 Completion
  • 6 Experience
  • 7 Notes
  • 8 Series of tasks
  • 9 Changes in updates
  • 10 External links

Goals [ ]

Take the orphan child to King Magni Bronzebeard. Be sure to call your ward if he is not nearby upon arrival.

  • Visit King Magni in Old Ironforge.
  • Children’s whistle (included)

Related areas [ ]

This quest ends in Ironforge:

Description [ ]

I heard that Magni Bronzebeard was the king of Ironforge and turned into a huge diamond! This is true? How can it be possible to turn into a huge stone like that? Maybe you need to be a king to do this, which is why no one has succeeded in doing this before?

Let’s look at Magni! It is located somewhere in Old Ironforge under the High Throne.

In progress [ ]

I’ve never met a king before.

Completion [ ]

So King Magni didn’t want to turn into a diamond? How sad this is.

Listen, shamans deal with stone and the elements of earth every day. Maybe one day they can help the poor king turn back into a dwarf?

Experience [ ]

  • 9.550 experience (or 16 54 compensation at maximum level).

Notes [ ]

Having summoned the orphan, you can observe the following dialogue:

Orphan child says: Yes, this must be the largest diamond in the world! Orphan child says: Very similar to the portraits of King Magni! Did he really do this to himself? Brave Warden Dunsted says: Yes, man. He wanted to carry out one ancient ritual of the titans to protect his people from danger. and this is what came of it. Orphan child says: Wow, I think that was a bad idea. Councilor Belgram says: It’s my fault, my lord. I should have paid more attention to these signs. Orphan child says: I’m so sorry you lost your king. But, in a sense, he will now be with you forever!

Series of tasks [ ]

  1. Quest:Children’s Week (Alliance)
  2. All from:
    • Mission: Journey to the Abyss
    • Assignment: The largest diamond in the world!
    • Quest: Malfurion is back!
  3. All from:
    • Assignment: Ice cream for children! (Alliance)
    • Assignment: Let’s fly a kite! (Alliance)
  4. Assignment: Guardian of the Alliance

Diamond Cullinan – the largest natural gem-quality diamond ever found on our planet. Recovered from a mine in South Africa January 25 1905 years, this crystal weighed an incredible 3106,75 carats (621,35 grams). The stone was named after the mine owner Sir Thomas Major Cullinan (Sir Thomas Major Cullinan). The diamond had exceptional purity and a white-bluish color. During cutting, it was split into 9 large parts and about 100 small fragments. The result was nine large diamonds, named Cullinan I to Cullinan IX, as well as 96 small diamonds. All Cullinan diamonds are the property of the English Crown.

The history of the largest diamond in the world

How Cullinan was found

The famous diamond was found by accident. Luck fell on the Premier mine in the Transvaal, near the city of Pretoria in what is now South Africa. On January 25, 1905, mine manager Frederick Wells made his nightly inspection of the mine. When he descended to a depth of five meters, in the reflections of the setting sun in the wall above his head, he noticed a flash of light. At first, Frederick thought that one of the miners was joking and stuck a piece of glass into the wall of the mine. However, he still came closer and, using a pocketknife, extracted from the rock a crystal about ten centimeters long, six centimeters wide and seven centimeters high.

The find was immediately sent for examination. The stone turned out to be the largest natural diamond in the world! Before Cullinan, the world’s largest diamond was considered Excelsior weighing 995,2 carats, found in 1893, also in South Africa. Since 1905, Excelsior has become the second largest diamond, and the first place began to belong undividedly to Cullinan.

Experts soon discovered an interesting feature of the shape and structure of its crystal. It turned out that Cullinan was part of a much larger stone. Once upon a time, nature split a huge diamond, and most of it remains unfound.

royal gift

The discovery of the world’s largest diamond became a real sensation. It not only aroused public interest, but also gave a powerful impetus to the development of the diamond mining industry. Particularly exciting was the fact that part of the diamond from which Cullinan had broken off still remained in the ground.

Mine manager Frederick Wells received £3500 for the find. The diamond itself was purchased from Sir Thomas Cullinan by the Transvaal government for £150. On the initiative of the Prime Minister of the Transvaal, General Louis Botha, it was decided to give the diamond to the English King Edward VII in honor of his 000th birthday. Thus, the country intended to express gratitude to him for recognizing the constitution of the Transvaal, the territory of which became part of the British Empire in 66 as a result of the Boer War.

The decision to give Cullinan to the King of England was made by vote. Oddly enough, the majority of the Boers supported this decision, while the English part of the country’s population, on the contrary, was against it. The final word remained with the king himself – whether to accept the gift or not. A significant role in Edward VII’s decision to accept the stone was played by the future Prime Minister of England Winston Churchill, who actively advocated showing mercy to the Boers defeated in the war.

Arrival of the Cullinan Diamond in England

In 1905, Cullinan had to be transported to England for ceremonial presentation to the king. Unprecedented security measures were taken to ensure the safety of the cargo. Several detectives from Scotland Yard arrived especially from London. In addition, additional security guards were hired. The diamond was loaded with honors onto a ship bound for Great Britain. However, upon arrival at the place, the priceless stone was not there.

The fact is that the noisy and public dispatch was just a distraction. Instead of the diamond, a copy of it was brought to the ship under guard. It was decided to send the real Cullinan in a different way. As a result, he arrived safely in England. via an ordinary registered postal parcel. One can only envy the steely nerves of the British of that time, as well as their absolute faith in Royal Mail – the Royal Mail of England.

In November 1907, the world’s largest diamond was presented to King Edward VII of Great Britain on his 66th birthday. At a gala reception in the presence of guests and royalty from other countries, the Secretary of State, on behalf of the monarch, announced that he was receiving it “for himself and his successors.” There was also a guarantee that “this great and unique diamond will be kept and protected among the rest of the historical stones that make up the heritage of the crown.”

Transforming the largest diamond into the Cullinan Diamonds

Even with modern technology, cutting diamonds is a complex business. At the beginning of the 20th century, turning a diamond into a high-quality diamond was practically an art.

With the approval of the king, the cutting of the diamond was entrusted to a famous Amsterdam company IJ Asscher & Co. Company of hereditary cutters Asherov became famous for being the first to patent the original “Asscher” cut in 1902, which is now classified as a classic cut. In addition, the Dutch company in 1903 successfully cut the Excelsior diamond, the largest in the world before the Cullinan.

Several months were spent studying the diamond. The examination showed the presence of cracks and small internal defects, which made it impossible to cut it into one diamond. Also, in the center of the stone there was a dark spot surrounded by a lighter area. This indicated the presence of internal tension inside the diamond, which significantly complicated the work.

The actual cutting of the Cullinan began on February 10, 1908. The work was carried out by the head and owner of the company, Joseph Asher. A cut was made in the stone, half an inch deep (about 1,25 cm), into which a specially designed knife was inserted. The blow to the knife split the diamond into two parts, exactly the dark spot, as planned. There are legends that at the moment of the first blow the knife broke and Joseph Asher fainted. However, Lord Ian Balfour, in Famous Diamonds, refutes these stories, claiming that Joseph Usher celebrated his first strike by opening a bottle of champagne. Each of the parts was subsequently split several times. As a result of cutting and polishing, nine large diamonds of exceptional quality and 96 small ones were born. The largest of the nine diamonds was named Cullinan I, the smallest, respectively, Cullinan IX. Mentions of the first two of these nine famous diamonds can be found in our specially prepared Table of the Largest Diamonds in the World.

Nine Famous Cullinan Diamonds

Cullinan I or “Great Star of Africa” is the largest of all diamonds produced by the Cullinan diamond. It weighs 530,20 carats and is pear-shaped with 76 facets. Until the introduction of the 1990-carat Golden Jubilee diamond in 545,67, the Cullinan I was the largest diamond in the world. Now he occupies second place. However, this “eldest son” of the famous diamond is considered the largest colorless diamond (D color according to the international classification) and the largest pear-cut diamond.

By order of King Edward VII, the diamond was mounted into the top of the royal scepter, which is currently on display in the Tower of London.

Cullinan II or “Little Star of Africa”, the second largest of the Cullinan diamonds, weighs 317,4 carats and is cushion cut. He takes fifth place among the largest diamonds in the world.

Cullinan II is mounted on the rim of the Crown of the British Empire, along with such famous stones as St. Edward’s sapphire, Stuart sapphire и ruby black prince. The crown, along with other royal treasures, is on display in the Tower of London.

Diamond Cullinan III It is pear-cut and weighs 94,40 carats. The stone was set on top of the crown of Queen Mary, wife of King George V. The crown was made by the court jewelry firm Garrard & Co for Mary on the occasion of her husband’s coronation, which took place on June 22, 1911. In addition to the Cullinan III, the Cullinan IV diamond was also set on the crown, and the famous diamond was the central decoration Koh-i-Noor. After the coronation ceremony, the diamonds in the crown were replaced with quartz replicas, and the precious stones began to be used in other jewelry.

As a result, the Cullinan III and Cullinan IV diamonds were combined to make a brooch pendant. Queen Mary was famous for her love of jewelry, and this diamond pendant was one of her favorites.

After Mary’s death in 1953, all her jewelry and jewelry passed to her granddaughter, the current Queen of Great Britain, Elizabeth II. Her Majesty Elizabeth II also likes to wear this diamond pendant on different occasions and affectionately calls the jewelry “Granny’s Chips” (“grandmother’s chips”, from the English “chip” – splinter, shavings).

Cullinan IV It is cushion cut and weighs 63,60 carats. It was mounted on Queen Mary’s crown and is currently used in a brooch pendant along with the Cullinan III diamond.

Diamond Cullinan V has a triangular pear-shaped or heart-shaped cut and weighs 18,80 carats. The gemstone is the central part of the brooch, made of platinum and surrounded by smaller diamonds. The brooch was made in such a way that it could be worn alone or mounted on Queen Mary’s crown instead of the Koh-i-Noor. In addition, the brooch was part of the famous Delhi Durbar parure, made of emeralds and diamonds for Queen Mary in 1911.

Cullinan VI weighs 11,50 carats and has a marquise cut. King Edward VII presented it to his wife, Queen Alexandra, as a personal gift. Queen Alexandra adorned her tiara with a diamond. In 1925, the diamond was inherited by Queen Mary. Well versed in gemstones, Queen Mary decided that the Cullinan VI would look great as a pendant on a platinum and diamond brooch, which featured the 6,8-carat Cullinan VIII diamond as the centerpiece. Since then, this decoration has been called the “Cullinan VI & VIII Brooch”.

Diamond Cullinan VII It is marquise cut and weighs 8,80 carats. It is a pendant on a platinum Delhi Durbar necklace consisting of emeralds and diamonds. The necklace, in turn, is one of the six parts of the famous “Cambridge and Delhi Durbar Parure” already mentioned above. The parure was created by Garrard to commemorate the coronation of George V and Mary on June 22, 1911, and their subsequent investiture as Emperor and Empress of India at a special ceremony in Delhi on December 12 of the same year.

The Delhi Durbar necklace was one of Queen Mary’s favorite pieces. Queen Elizabeth II is also very fond of this jewelry and often appears in it at official events. It can be said that the Cullinan VII appeared in public much more often than all other diamonds obtained from the famous diamond.

Cullinan VIII weighs 6,8 carats and has a cut close to the emerald type. In 1911, Garrard set the diamond in a platinum base similar in style to the Cullinan V brooch. In 1925, the Cullinan VI was added as a pendant and the jewel acquired its current name, the Cullinan VI & VIII Brooch. However, the Cullinan VIII diamond can be removed from the brooch and become part of the bodice decoration of the Delhi Durbar parure or attached to the Cullinan V brooch.

Of the nine famous diamonds, Cullinan IX is the smallest. It weighs 4,4 carats and has a pear-shaped round brilliant cut called pendant. In 1911, the diamond was set in a platinum ring. Like Cullinan VII, it has never been set into another decoration. However, this diamond can be called the most unknown. Both Queen Mary and Elizabeth II wore the ring only a few times.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Back to top button