Mineral Review

Where is the ring with Pushkin s emerald kept?

Receive one of the most read articles by email once a day. Join us on Facebook and VKontakte. You can unsubscribe at any time. Seven rings of Pushkin: the mystery of the great poet “Keep me safe, my talisman” – these lines are familiar to everyone from school, but few people know what role talismans played in the life of Alexander Pushkin. In total, the Russian torch had seven rings, and each had mystical powers. According to one version, the fatal shot in a duel with Dantes turned out to be fatal due to the fact that Pushkin specially put on a ring with carnelian, which could protect against betrayal, but was powerless in the face of violent death. V.A. Tropinin, portrait of A.S. Pushkin, 1827. On the ring finger there is a twisted ring with carnelian, on the thumb there is a ring with emerald Art historians know a lot about Pushkin’s rings. There were seven rings in total in the poet’s collection. This number in itself is magical, granting immortality. Pushkin’s favorite stone was carnelian; it is believed that it was his example that “infected” the Bohemia of the Silver Age with a love for jewelry with this semi-precious stone. Karl Maser, Posthumous portrait of Pushkin The poet got his first ring with carnelian when he became a member of the Green Lamp secret society. A Pythian tripod is engraved on Pushkin’s stone; this sign indicated his talent for foresight. Pushkin gave the second ring as a prize for a charity auction. Its owner was Maria Raevskaya, the future wife of Count Sergei Volkonsky. With this ring, 5 years later, she will follow her Decembrist husband into exile in Siberia. The ring was passed down from generation to generation in the Volkonsky family, until in 1915 it was transferred to the Pushkin House Foundation. Imprint of a signet ring, a drawing by Pushkin depicting a ring The fate of the third ring with carnelian is the most interesting. It was presented to the poet by Countess Vorontsova, with whom he had a secret affair. The rings of Vorontsova and Pushkin were paired; secret lovers used them as seals when sending letters to each other. Pushkin valued this ring very much, and it was this that he put on when going to the duel with Dantes. The second owner of the ring was Zhukovsky (according to the will of the dying poet himself), later Turgenev, and then Pauline Viardot, who donated the relic to the museum of the Tsarskoye Selo Lyceum. It is not possible to see Pushkin’s posthumous ring today; according to the official version, it was stolen during one of the exhibitions. K. Bryullov. Portrait of V.A. Zhukovsky, 1937 I.Repin. Portrait of I.S. Turgenev, 1879 Pushkin’s collection also included the famous ring with an emerald. There is an opinion that among the owners of this ring were Tsar Ivan III, the daughter of Boris Godunov, or even Tsar Solomon. This ring allegedly endowed its owner with exceptional literary talent. Dying, Pushkin gave it to Dahl; the connoisseur of Russian literature later compiled a dictionary, and his name went down in history. Now the ring is kept in the St. Petersburg Museum, but some art historians do not believe in its authenticity and are also sure that the ring was stolen, and there is a copy of it in the collection. Emerald ring given to Dahl Pushkin’s fifth ring was a ring with turquoise, fried by his friend Pavel Nashchokin. It was this ring that was supposed to protect its owner from violent death, but ironically, Pushkin gave it to his lyceum student friend Danzas just before the duel. Later, Danzas lost the ring in a snowdrift; it was never found. Manuscript of the poem Talisman Pushkin got his sixth ring on his wedding day, but during the ceremony the ring was dropped on the floor, which was considered a bad sign. The great poet was buried with this ring. The seventh ring appeared in Pushkin thanks to Anna Kern in 1827.
The history of the duel between Pushkin and Dantes still causes a lot of controversy. For Russian culture, the death of the great poet was an unbearable loss, but the fate of Pushkin’s killer turned out very well! Did you like the article? Then support us click: For people of the “golden age of Russian literature,” rings, rings, and bracelets with natural stones were not only jewelry, but also talismans.
Talismans are always shrouded in mystery. Talismans belonging to great people are doubly so. Even during his lifetime, legends circulated about Pushkin’s rings; after the poet’s death, the meaning of the rings acquired an almost mystical meaning. The talisman ring, which Pushkin treasured and never parted with until the end of his life, was a large twisted gold ring with a large carnelian intaglio and an inscription carved on it. Judging by the prints, an octagonal stone was inserted into the ring. It was presented to Pushkin by E.K. Vorontsova in Odessa, before leaving for exile in Mikhailovskoye in 1824. One of the poet’s most remarkable poems, “The Talisman,” written in 1827, is associated with this event and the ring. There are these lines: “. There is a sorceress caressing
She handed me a talisman.
And, caressing, she said:
“Save my talisman:
It has mysterious power!
It was given to you by love. “. A.S. Pushkin sincerely believed in the miraculous power of the stone. According to the testimony of the first of Pushkin’s biographers, P.V. Annenkov, the poet “. he even combined his talent with the fate of a ring, dotted with some cabalistic signs and carefully kept by him.” Before his death, the poet gave this ring to Zhukovsky. He was so fascinated by the ring and the mysterious signs carved on the stone that he constantly wore it on the middle finger of his right hand next to the wedding ring. He said that Pushkin and his wife occupy an equal place in his heart. In one of the letters from S.M. To Sokovkin in 1837, Zhukovsky wrote a postscript: “My seal is the so-called talisman; The signature is Arabic, I don’t know what it means. This is Pushkin’s Ring, praised by him and taken by me from his dead hand.” Zhukovsky’s son gave this ring to I.S. Turgenev. Turgenev later said: “I am very proud of owning Pushkin’s ring and, like Pushkin, I attach great importance to it. After my death, I would like the ring to be handed over to Count L.N. Tolstoy, when the hour comes, the count will hand over this ring of his choice, a worthy follower of Pushkin’s traditions among the newest writers.” After Turgenev’s death, Polina Viardot donated the poet’s ring to the Pushkin Museum of the Alexander Lyceum. The ring was stolen from the museum. All that remained were the imprints of the stone on wax and sealing wax. From the prints we can say that an octagonal intaglio stone with an inscription in Hebrew was inserted into the ring. Pushkin obviously did not know what the inscription on the stone meant, where “. holy words were inscribed on it by an unknown hand.” Later the inscription was deciphered. It read as follows:
“Simcha, son of the venerable Rabbi Joseph, may his memory be blessed.” It is unknown when Pushkin acquired a gold ring with a square emerald. For a long time after the poet’s death, it was kept by the heirs of the doctor and writer V.I. Dahl. “I received from Pushkin’s widow,” Dahl writes in his memoirs, “an expensive gift, a ring with an emerald, which he always carried with him and called – I don’t know why – a talisman.” in a letter to V.F. Odoevsky on April 5, 1837, he writes: “Pushkin’s ring, which he called – I don’t know why – a talisman, is now a real talisman for me. I can tell you this. You will understand me. As soon as I look at him, a spark runs through me from head to toe, and I want to get down to something decent.”
V.I.Dal The ring was brought to the Moscow anniversary exhibition in 1880 by Dahl’s daughter. Then it was kept by the President of the Imperial Academy of Sciences, Grand Duke Konstantin Konstantinovich, and he bequeathed it to the Academy. In 1915, the ring entered the Pushkin House. Currently, the ring with the emerald is kept in the collections of the A.S. Pushkin Apartment Museum on Moika, 12. In 1827, while in Moscow, the poet posed for the artist Tropinin, who painted his portrait in a dressing gown. On the thumb of A.S. Pushkin’s right hand, lying on the table on top of a stack of white paper, you can see a ring with a green stone resembling an emerald. On the index finger of the same hand there is a twisted ring, very reminiscent of the ring with carnelian given to the poet Vorontsova. Only the stone with the inscription is turned in the opposite direction.
Pushkin had several rings with semi-precious stones, to which the poet attached magical meaning. One of them is a thin gold ring with a modest, lightly colored carnelian. Three cupids are carved on the stone, sitting in a boat. In 1915, the grandson of Princess Volkonskaya donated this relic to the Pushkin House. The ring was accompanied by a note from Volkonskaya’s granddaughter: “I ask you to accept and donate to the Pushkin House of the Imperial Academy of Sciences the enclosed ring that belonged to A.S. Pushkin. It was put into a lottery drawn in the house of N.N. Raevsky and won by my grandmother, Maria Nikolaevna, the wife of a Decembrist, and given to me by my father, Prince Ser. Volkonsky, when I graduated from high school. in 1880.” M.N. Volkonskaya wore this ring like a great jewel during her stay in Siberia, and before her death she passed it on to her son. Pushkin also had another ring – with turquoise, a gift from P.V. Nashchokin. Shortly before his death, the poet gave the ring to Danzas, a lyceum comrade and future second in a duel. According to Nashchokina, Pushkin handed it to Danzas and said: “Take and wear this ring. This is a talisman against violent death.” To Danzas’s great chagrin, he lost the turquoise ring. Pushkin had a gold bracelet with, according to the poet, turquoise inserted into it. In a letter to V.P. Zubkov in 1826, Pushkin writes: “I value my turquoise, no matter how vile it is” (Pushkin. T.13. P.563). Later it turned out that it was not turquoise, but green jasper. At the time of Ekaterina Ushakova’s passion for Pushkin, he gave her this bracelet. Ushakova’s fiance broke it in the heat of jealousy. But her father, after Pushkin’s death, ordered the poet’s initials to be cut out on the other side of the stone and inserted into the ring. Further traces of the stone were lost. Canes of A. S. Pushkin with knobs: amethyst, ivory and a button from the camisole of Peter I
A walnut stick with an amethyst knob has been preserved, which after the death of A.S. Pushkin was presented by his relatives to Doctor I.T. Spassky. A thin, beautiful stick with a gold rim at the junction of the tree and the amethyst was among other things at the 1880 exhibition in St. Petersburg. Now it is kept in the apartment-museum of A.S. Pushkin.

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