Rare and valuable minerals

Which gold is considered the best?

We all know about such a noble metal as gold. It is considered one of the most valuable resources on earth. But in its pure form it is almost never used anywhere. To give strength and different shades, gold began to be mixed with other metals that have reliable properties. So that the buyer can know exactly how much gold is in a given product, the metal is branded. In Russia, there is a decree of the Government of the Russian Federation dated June 18, 1999 No. 643 “On the procedure for testing and marking products made of precious metals,” which specifies what types of samples of gold and other metals there are. In our country, the metric system has been used since 1927. Jewelers use 375, 500, 585, 750, 900, 958, 999 samples to make gold items. In the USA, Great Britain, the Netherlands, Finland and other Western countries, the carat sample system is used. Each of them corresponds exactly to ours. 375 gold corresponds to 9 carats. Its alloy mainly contains silver and copper, and the color can be red and yellow. 500 gold is 12 carat. It also contains a lot of copper and silver. 585 gold corresponds to 14 carats. Palladium and nickel are also added to its alloy. It does not fade like previous samples and lends itself well to forging. 750k gold (18 karat) may additionally contain platinum. Shades can vary: from green to white. The hallmark 958, which is almost never used in jewelry, corresponds to 23 carats. The highest standard of gold is 999 (24 carats). A very soft metal that is susceptible to deformation. At the beginning of the XNUMXth century in Russia, wedding rings were sometimes made from it. They were very massive and heavy. In Soviet times, there was a gold standard of 583, but in order not to yield to Western standards, they decided to use a gold standard of 585, which corresponds to 14 carats. Gold samples tell us about the content of the precious metal in relation to other components, and what does the color of gold mean? Only what additional metal the base of the alloy was mixed with. White gold, for example, can be of any standard, but 585 and 750 are more commonly used. A stamp containing information about the sample must be on a product made of precious metal, regardless of the shade of the product. What does the old 56-carat gold mean? In tsarist times in Rus’ they used just such a test; it means that for 96 parts of gold there are 56 parts of pure precious metal. This sampling system is called a spool system, where the weight of the parts is determined in English pounds.

What is the best standard of gold for jewelry?

Most often in jewelry we find 585 gold. In addition to the affordable price, the products are more durable and strong due to the copper content in the alloy. Therefore, gold standard 585 is considered the most optimal for all types of jewelry. To create white gold, they no longer use copper, but palladium. Sometimes rhodium is added, this gives the product a cool blue tint. And with nickel, gold will have a yellowish tint. All these metals only help quality gold to be better. The Sunlight hypermarket has more than 11 items made of 000 gold. Customer reviews indicate the good quality of the metal and its durability. For example, one of the most popular rings is made of 585 gold. 585 gold is also used in watch cases. The metal is harder and there are more possibilities to diversify its color. And global brands use 750 gold, maintaining status. They experiment with shades and a variety of accompanying metals. The hallmark or hallmark on a gold watch is placed on the inside of the case or on the strap. Durable and easy to work with, 750 gold is used by jewelers for particularly delicate filigree work. It requires great care and precision, rigor in the execution of the product, so that in the future the buyer will be satisfied with a durable purchase. Sunlight also sells 750k gold items, such as cute baby enamel stud earrings. 375 gold is used less frequently, but buyers are willing to buy products because of their low cost. Despite the fact that this is the lowest standard of gold, there is still a sufficient amount of noble metal that pleases its owners. The highest standard of gold in jewelry is very rarely found on sale. Basically, these are wedding rings or custom-made items. They are made thick and have a large weight – all so that the rings do not bend or break. 999 purity gold is used to form the state gold reserve.

Is there gold without hallmark?

  1. If the gold jewelry is old. Previously, tests for precious metals were not performed or were done very rarely. Also, due to the age of the product, the mark on the soft metal may wear off.
  2. If the product was subject to restoration or alteration, it could be melted down.
  3. If the jewelry was purchased abroad, where trade in unmarked items is permitted.
  4. Jewelry made by hand or made to order may not be hallmarked. Here you will have to take the jeweler’s word for it.
  5. Medical gold is not assayed, but you can find markings indicating the composition and method of applying gold plating. In this article we talked in detail about medical gold.

One way or another, do not rush to be disappointed. Experienced specialists will help you find out the gold standard.

How to determine gold purity?

Testing gold without a sample is not that difficult. Jewelers will accurately determine the value of the product and give a guarantee. This is the simplest and most reliable solution. But if you want a more serious approach, then the Russian State Assay Office can accept individuals. There they will help you determine the sample and put a damaging stamp on it.

If you want to sell your jewelry, it would be better to go to a pawnshop. There they will be able to accept gold without assay and determine its value. In order to hand over your jewelry, you only need a passport. And if you change your mind, you can buy it back within two months. Convenient pawn shops operate in Sunlight stores, where gold items in any condition can be returned for exchange.

If you want to find out the gold sample at home, then there are several ways to determine the noble metal:

  1. A method known for a long time is testing with vinegar. Dip a gold item into the solution and get results almost immediately. Gold does not change its color.
  2. Another popular method is checking with a magnet. If the item is well magnetized, it means it is made of steel or gold plated, because real gold is not attracted to a magnet.
  3. Gold, like all money, does not smell, unlike any other metal.
  4. If you have unfired ceramic tiles, rub the product against it. Are the marks left dark or gray? Then it’s not gold.
  5. Powder for cauterizing wounds, lapis, can also reveal the nobility of metal. Apply a little lapis to the wet product. If it turns black, it is a fake.

However, you will not be able to accurately determine the gold sample at home, because. special materials are needed: gold chloride, nitric acid and an assay needle.

Gold price

In addition to pawn shops, you can find out the value of your product yourself. The price of 1 gram of gold is set by the Central Bank of Russia.

As of July 2019, this is approximately 2867 rubles per gram. The price of 1 gram of 585 gold in jewelry will vary from 2300 to 3400 rubles. In addition to the cost of the gold itself, the price includes the labor of the jeweler, the complexity of the design, and additional materials (not precious stones). The cheapest gold standard 375 in a pawnshop will cost 900-1000 rubles per gram. The cost of a gram of 750 gold varies from 2000-2100 rubles. And the most expensive gold sample is ~ 2900 rubles. Pure gold is more expensive, but of course it is less common.

Since 2000, the price of gold has risen steadily. In 2011 it reached its apogee ~ 4200 rubles per gram. Afterwards the price began to gradually decrease. Since 2016, the cost has remained approximately at the same level. However, investing in metal is always considered a profitable business, and it is better to buy gold.

Author of the article: Alexandra Naumenko

Gold is a precious metal that has long served as an instrument of wealth and power. It has been used for hundreds of times in making jewelry of various types, which is why it is considered a classic in the world of jewelry.

However, not all gold is created equal. There are several types of this precious metal, each of which has its own characteristic features. This information can be useful when choosing jewelry, because when purchasing it is important to focus not only on their appearance, but also on the properties of the alloy, because such accessories will be exposed to external influences every day. Today we will look at what kind of gold there is, as well as the pros and cons of alloys.

Why is it different colors?

The natural color of pure gold is yellow. Surely on the Internet you have come across photographs of nuggets mined in nature, or bank gold bars that were obtained industrially. In its pure form, this metal is too soft, so in its pure form it is not used for making rings, bracelets and other jewelry.

An alloy is added to the pure metal – these are other types of metals that improve the performance characteristics of gold. Depending on what alloy was added, the final color of the alloy will differ.

Yellow

This is a metal that is very often used to create jewelry. It has a yellow tint, which is due to the presence of a ligature in its chemical composition. Ordinary gold is not pure; it may contain impurities of silver, copper and other metals.

White

It is an alloy of ordinary gold with other metals that change its color to silver or white. Typically, palladium, nickel or platinum are added to white gold. This type of alloy is used to create jewelry that is intended to look more discreet than traditional gold. As a rule, this type of jewelry is in high demand among men. But even among women there are fans of white gold jewelry, because they combine especially well with diamonds.

red

It is an alloy of regular gold and copper, which gives the gold a pink tint. Red gold is actively used in the production of jewelry, which should be more delicate and feminine. At the same time, copper adds strength to the alloy, so jewelry is quite wear-resistant.

Green

It is an alloy of gold and a large amount of silver, which gives the alloy a greenish tint. According to Russian standards, a pure green precious metal is considered an alloy containing 73-75% gold and 25-27% silver. This type of gold is not in wide demand, so the most commonly used colors are white, yellow, and red.

What types of gold are there?

Gold is known for its chemical inertness, corrosion resistance and high thermal stability. In its pure form, this precious metal is not used in the manufacture of jewelry, because such jewelry will bend easily. For this reason, various impurities are added to the alloy composition, which affect its physical properties.

When choosing jewelry, buyers pay attention not only to the appearance, but also to the gold purity – this is the value that determines the percentage of pure precious metal in the alloy. A mixture of gold with other metals is called an alloy, and this combination can contain from 1 to 99% gold.

999 test

999 standard is pure gold with minimal addition of other metals. It is quite difficult to find any particular practical application for it, so in most cases it is purchased as a profitable investment.

  • A precious metal that is in its purest form.
  • High thermal stability.
  • Does not have any impurities.
  • Does not cause allergic reactions.
  • Highest price.
  • It is not used in jewelry making because it is too soft.

Pure gold cannot be found even in nature, because nuggets always contain one or another amount of impurities. The highest standard 999 is obtained only by industrial methods.

916 test

916 is not the most common hallmark, so in Russia it is impossible to find jewelry with this hallmark. But they are found in other countries. In particular, they are common in the United Arab Emirates, as well as other countries in the Middle East. This alloy is also used to make bullion coins, i.e. In most cases, this is an investment purchase, but jewelry made from 916 is not practical because it is too soft.

  • Exquisite appearance.
  • Pairs perfectly with precious stones.
  • Softer and more scratch-prone than lower grade alloys

750 test

750 gold has a higher content of precious metal – 75%. This alloy has moderate strength, so jewelry requires especially careful handling. In the West, this test is used much more often than in Russia. For example, in Italy, jewelry with a purity lower than 750 is simply not accepted. But, as a rule, Italians do not wear them every day, but only on special occasions. In Switzerland, the sale of jewelry below 750 standard is completely prohibited at the legislative level.

  • Higher strength compared to pure gold.
  • Suitable for making jewelry of original shapes and designs.
  • Higher price compared to the most common 585 standard.

585 test

585 gold contains up to 58,5% pure precious metal, the rest is alloy (copper, silver, palladium, nickel, etc.).

  • Durable alloy due to the addition of more ligature;
  • Affordable price compared to 750 proof.
  • The quality of the alloy directly depends on the type of alloy added.

583 test

Sample 583 contains 58,3% pure gold and 41,7% other metals. This alloy is quite durable, making it an ideal material for everyday accessories. It was the most popular in the USSR, and it was replaced by 585 sample, i.e. they are almost identical in their properties.

375 test

375 is the lowest standard that can be used to make jewelry.

  • Very durable alloy.
  • Low price.
  • This alloy is used to make budget jewelry. This affects their shine and appearance, as well as the perception among buyers – many of them do not even consider such jewelry to be gold.

What is more expensive – yellow or white gold?

With the same amount of gold in these two alloys, the price will depend on the type of alloying elements, as well as their percentage.

Nickel and copper are base metals that have a low price. If they are used in the production of both types of alloy, then on average their price will be the same.

But white gold may contain palladium, which has a higher price. There are alloys from the premium segment that contain platinum. In this case, the price of white gold can be quite high. But the percentage of palladium and platinum is not so high as to dramatically affect the cost.

Which gold is better – red, white or yellow?

When choosing an alloy for a piece of jewelry, it is necessary to take into account personal tastes, because only you know what you are going to combine this or that piece of jewelry with. The very question “which gold is better” sounds a little incorrect, because its value is determined not by its color, but by its fineness, i.e. amount of pure gold in the alloy.

It is believed that red gold is the most affordable option due to the addition of copper. But this is not entirely true, because all 585 alloys have the same content of pure precious metal – 58,5%. If the price differs, the difference is insignificant.

Jewelry with white gold looks great in combination with diamonds and stones of other cool shades. Rubies and emeralds combine effectively with red metal. The yellow frame is universal and looks great when paired with any gemstones.

Regarding the choice of sample, there are several nuances. The most common in Russia is considered to be 585 standard, from which rings and other jewelry that are intended for daily wear are most often made. But this is not a reason to refuse the 750 standard – such jewelry looks extremely elegant and can be worn on some special occasions.

Always be guided by your opinion – this is the only way your purchase will bring real pleasure. To avoid mistakes, we recommend choosing jewelry only from well-known Russian manufacturers, whose products are presented in the “Diamonds are Forever” online store. This is a large number of different jewelry, among which you can find worthy pieces for any occasion – a daily look, a strict business dress code or an evening out.

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