History of use

Why is hyacinth called the flower of rain?

Collage by Irina MAKSIMENKO The flower deserves such a poetic name because in its homeland in Asia Minor it blooms with the first spring rains. Since ancient times, first in the East, and then in Europe, hyacinth has been highly valued for the splendor of its blooms, the variety of flower colors and its subtle, but very strong and persistent aroma. In the 10th century in Holland, the hyacinth gained popularity no less than the tulip had a hundred years before. They say that hyacinths, just like tulips, made many Dutch people rich and ruined. In secular society, a hyacinth pinned to a lady’s dress spoke of her nobility and wealth. It was in Holland that the first terry hyacinth was bred. Hyacinth is a perennial bulbous plant of the lily family. It blooms in April-May or February-March and does not fade for three weeks. The bulbs are large, round in shape. The larger the bulb, the more inflorescences. For normal flowering next year, hyacinth bulbs must be dug up annually and stored until autumn at a certain temperature. The age of normally flowering bulbs can reach XNUMX years, sometimes more.

Hyacinth petals can be poured with vodka, infused, diluted with water and used as a lotion to smooth out wrinkles.

Hyacinth is a very light-loving plant, afraid of drafts and strong winds. It is best to plant hyacinths on a flat area, preferably with a slight slope, to ensure the drainage of excess water. He loves permeable, well-fertilized soils with a high content of humus, but fresh and slightly decomposed manure is unacceptable. River sand and peat are added to clayey and slightly decomposed soil. Acidic soils are not suitable for hyacinths. Water carefully, avoiding stagnation of liquid in the ground, and make sure that water does not get on the buds, as this can cause them to fall off. In March, many stores sell pots of flowering hyacinth bulbs. This early spring or even winter flowering of bulbs is called forcing. In order for flowering to be more abundant, the plant is taken to a room with a lower temperature as soon as the first buds appear. Water moderately. What to do then, when everything has faded? Moths and dust mites do not like the smell of dry hyacinth. Mosquitoes cannot tolerate the smoke of dry hyacinth petals. While the hyacinth leaves are still green, keep the pot with the bulb on a bright, cool windowsill and water it moderately. When the leaves begin to turn yellow, gradually reduce watering and then stop completely. When the leaves turn yellow, you can remove the plant from the window. After the hyacinth leaves have dried, remove them and leave the bulb in the pot until summer; then dig up the bulb, dry it and store it indoors (in a dry, ventilated place) until autumn planting in the garden. After forcing, hyacinth bulbs retain good quality, and sometimes they are even used for re-forcing, but it is still better to let the plant recover under natural conditions by planting the hyacinth bulb after forcing in the garden, and then (after wintering in the garden) if desired, use it again for forcing.

Having hyacinth in the house is good for all people who are prone to changes in mood and are especially prone to depression. For melancholic people, hyacinth gives self-confidence and peace of mind.

Bulb storage is the most critical period during which inflorescences form in the bulb. Dug up hyacinths are more demanding of heat than tulips or daffodils. Immediately after digging, the bulbs are dried for 5-7 days at 20° in a dark, ventilated room, cleaned of soil and root debris, then sorted by size and placed in boxes in no more than 2 layers. Small children are not separated. The bulbs are kept for at least 2 months at -25-26°, and then 1 month at 17°. Maxim Maximov Especially for Vesti Hyacinth or “rain flower”. A genus of plants in the Asparagus family. Now about 100 varieties are known, differing mainly in the color and shape of the flowers. Hyacinth is a real star in the world of flowers. This beautiful flower, with its graceful bells and rich aromas, has won the hearts of many gardeners and beauty connoisseurs. The name “hyacinth” comes from the ancient Greek word “hyákinthos”, meaning flower or plant. This name probably refers to hyacinth as a symbol of spring and rebirth.

History

In Europe, hyacinth appeared thanks to a shipwreck. A box of bulbs was washed ashore by the waves, where they sprouted. Hyacinth is the favorite flower of Peter I, who was a fan of everything connected with Holland. The Dutch learned about hyacinth by accident – a ship was wrecked near the coast of this country, with many bulbs on board. The load was thrown to the ground, and they blossomed.

Flower meaning

This amazingly beautiful plant is a symbol of sadness. In mythology, the flower grew after the death of Hyacinth, Apollo’s favorite. Hyacinth symbolizes the awakening of nature and is most often used in spring arrangements. Bouquets of hyacinths are given to beloved women in the spring simply as a sign of love and devotion.

Interesting Facts:

Ancient Greek women decorated their hair with hyacinths on their wedding day. The French tried to use hyacinth as a murder weapon in the 18th century. The plant was doused with poison and then given to enemies. Most varieties of hyacinths are called “viper onions.” The oil of the flower is used in making scented candles. A bouquet of hyacinths portends victories and is a symbol of rebirth.

Botanical description

Hyacinth is an elegant plant with abundant spike-shaped inflorescences consisting of many small flowers. Depending on the variety, hyacinths can have a variety of shapes and sizes, from small compact flowers to large, eye-catching ones. Hyacinth flowers most often come in rich colors such as blue, pink, white, purple or yellow.

Characteristics of the stem, leaves and peduncles:

The stems of hyacinths are erect, strong and reach a height of 15 to 30 centimeters. Hyacinth leaves are narrow, linear, green, and they usually form a tuft at the base of the stem. Hyacinth peduncles rise directly above the leaves and end in inflorescences consisting of many flowers.

Description of the flower:

Hyacinth flowers are bell- or star-shaped and consist of six petals. They are usually surrounded by petals, which can be narrow or wide depending on the variety. Hyacinth flowers have a unique aroma that spreads over a considerable distance and fills the air with a sweet smell when they bloom. The scent of hyacinth is often described as sweet, rich and attractive, making this flower especially popular among flower lovers and gardeners.

Species and varieties

There are several main types of hyacinths, each with their own unique characteristics. Among them are the oriental hyacinth (Hyacinthus orientalis), which is the most common in cultivation, and the wild hyacinth (Hyacinthus non-scriptus), which grows in the wild, especially in Europe.

Popular varieties and their features:

1. Hyacinth “Blue Jacket” – Color: deep blue. – Dimensions: compact inflorescence, stem height up to 20 cm. – Aroma: intense, sweet, with notes of fruit. 2. Hyacinth “Pink Pearl” – Color: soft pink with hints of peach. – Dimensions: large flowers, stem height up to 25 cm. – Aroma: delicate, with light fruity notes. 3. Hyacinth “White Festival” – Dimensions: lush inflorescence, stem height up to 30 cm. – Aroma: rich, sweet, with light citrus undertones. 4. Hyacinth “Yellow Queen” – Dimensions: compact inflorescences, stem height up to 20 cm. – Aroma: rich, sweet, with hints of vanilla. These varieties of hyacinths represent only a small part of the diversity of this beautiful flower. All of them have expressive colors, an attractive aroma and can decorate any garden or bouquet.

Geographical distribution of hyacinth in the world:

Hyacinths are found in various parts of the world, but their main habitats are in western and central Asia, as well as in northern and eastern Africa. These flowers are also native to Europe, especially along the Mediterranean coast. In addition, hyacinths are widely cultivated in many countries around the world in gardens, parks and as cut flowers.

Habitats:

Hyacinths live in a variety of natural environments, including meadows, forest edges, meadow steppes and even deserts. They prefer well-lit places and a temperate climate. Hyacinths thrive in a variety of soil types, including sandy, clay and fertile soils, but prefer those that drain well. They also tolerate periods of drought well, but they need sufficient moisture for active growth and flowering. The climatic features of hyacinth habitats vary depending on their geographical location. Some hyacinths grow in temperate climates with cold winters and warm summers, while other species prefer hotter, drier climates. However, in general, hyacinths are able to adapt to different climatic conditions and can thrive in different parts of the world, provided they are provided with suitable conditions for growth and development.

Cultivation

Requirements for soil, lighting and humidity:

Hyacinths thrive in fertile, well-drained soil. They prefer soils that are neutral or slightly acidic. Good drainage helps prevent bulbs from rotting during periods of heavy rain or watering. When it comes to lighting, hyacinths prefer bright light, but they can also grow in partial shade. However, for abundant flowering, it is better to choose places with good access to sunlight. As for humidity, hyacinths need moderate moisture, especially during the period of active growth and flowering. However, they do not tolerate stagnant water, so it is important to avoid waterlogging the soil.

Methods for planting and caring for hyacinths:

Hyacinths are usually planted in the fall to give them enough time to establish roots before flowering in spring. Bulbs should be planted at a depth of approximately twice the size of the bulb. The distance between the bulbs should be about 10-15 centimeters. Caring for hyacinths includes regular watering during dry periods, removing weeds around the plants and fertilizing with organic or mineral fertilizers to stimulate growth and flowering. After hyacinths wither and bloom, you should leave the leaves on the plant so they can continue to nourish the bulb. Only after the leaves have completely died and the stem has dried out can they be removed.

Reproduction and transplantation of hyacinths:

Hyacinths can reproduce both by seeds and daughter bulbs. However, a more common method of propagation is by dividing the bulb. A few years after planting, when the bulbs have grown to a sufficient size, they can be divided into several parts and planted separately. Replanting hyacinths is recommended approximately every 3-4 years, when the bulbs begin to become overloaded and bloom less. It is best to replant in the fall after the above-ground part of the plant dies. The bulbs should be dug up, divided and planted in a new location, following the same planting rules as for the original planting.

Use in floristry

In landscape design:

Hyacinths fit perfectly into various landscape compositions due to their bright colors and rich aroma. They can be used as single accents or to create massive flower beds and walkways. Grouping hyacinths of different colors and varieties can create a stunning blooming effect, attracting attention and pleasing the eye with its colorful appearance. Hyacinths also pair beautifully with other spring flowers such as daffodils, tulips and crocuses to create a variety of arrangements in the garden or park.

To create bouquets:

Due to their bright color and pleasant aroma, hyacinths are perfect for use in bouquets and compositions. They can be used as stand-alone flowers or combined with other flowers and greenery to create elegant and fragrant bouquets. Hyacinth bouquets look great both indoors and outdoors, giving the space freshness and coziness. Their durability and beauty make hyacinths an elegant decoration for any celebration or special occasion.

The meaning of hyacinth in the language of flowers:

Hyacinth is commonly associated with meanings such as: – Beautiful Memory: In many cases, hyacinth is used to convey feelings of tenderness, respect and love to another person. This flower can symbolize pleasant memories of past moments or feelings. – Sincerity: Hyacinth is often perceived as a symbol of sincerity and purity of feelings. It can express honesty and sincerity in relationships between people. – Wishes for good luck and prosperity: In some cultures, hyacinth is associated with wishes for good luck and prosperity. This flower can be given as a symbol of good luck in a new endeavor or an important stage in life.

The symbolic meaning of hyacinth in various cultures and traditions:

– In ancient Greek mythology: In ancient Greek mythology, hyacinth was a symbol of beauty and spring. According to legend, Hyacinth was a young Spartan in love with the god Apollo. His death gave rise to the hyacinth as a symbol of eternal beauty and memories of love. – In the Victorian Era: In the Victorian era, hyacinth was associated with nobility and elegance. It was often used to express deep feelings and honest intentions. – In the modern world: Nowadays, hyacinth is often given as a symbol of friendship, love and respect. It can also be used in bouquets at weddings and other celebrations as a symbol of happiness and prosperity. Hyacinth may have different symbolic meanings in different cultures, but in general it represents beauty, purity and sincerity of feelings.

Who can you give hyacinth to?

Hyacinth is a beautiful flower that can be given to different people and for different occasions. Here are some ideas to whom you can give hyacinth: 1. For your loved one: Hyacinth can be a wonderful gift for your partner or spouse. This flower symbolizes tenderness, love and wonderful memories, so it is ideal for expressing your feelings. 2. Parents or close relatives: Hyacinth can be a wonderful gift for parents or other close relatives. This flower will be a great way to show your care and respect for them. 3. To Friends: Gifting hyacinth can be a wonderful gesture of friendship and support for your friends. He will express your gratitude and wishes for happiness and good luck. 4. Colleagues or Boss: Hyacinth can also be a wonderful gift for colleagues or superiors, especially in the case of work celebrations or anniversaries. This flower can become a symbol of respect and recognition of their contribution to the work. 5. As a gift for holidays or special occasions: Hyacinth is ideal as a gift for occasions such as Birthday, New Year, International Women’s Day or Mother’s Day. It also makes a wonderful gift to celebrate housewarmings or other special occasions. Author: Tsvetomaniya

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