Stones by zodiac signs

Why was amber called the sun stone?

Amber is a stunning work of nature: a stone that, in fact, is not even a stone. It is precisely because of the inexplicability of the origin and essence of amber that an incredible number of legends and myths have been created about it in the course of human history. Can any precious stone boast such a history as amber? It is interesting how the attitude towards this amazing stone – amber – has changed with the course of human history. It all started with faith in the magical power of amber, with an attitude towards it as a talisman. Moroccan and Korean warriors wore amber amulets in the belief that they would keep them alive in battle. Roman patricians placed small amber pendants around the necks of newborns and their nurses to protect their owners from witchcraft and the “evil eye.” For the same purpose, in Russia, amber necklaces were put on mothers and nurses. The Greeks and Romans burned amber incense to exorcise evil spirits from people. In Lithuania, such a ritual was performed for newborns, hunters, and newlyweds. Young girls, not without reason, believed that this radiant gem gave the skin a matte appearance and a beautiful color. Patients suffering from goiter hoped that beads made from raw amber would cure them or at least alleviate their suffering. And it’s not without reason that these beliefs arose. The warm sunstone was loved, beautiful sad legends were written about it, in which it was most often a symbol of faithful and ardent love. There is a beautiful Lithuanian legend about the sea goddess Jurata and the simple fisherman Kastytis, who dared to fall in love with each other and were cruelly punished for this by the king of the seas Perkunas: he killed Kastytis, destroyed the amber castle of the unfortunate Jurata and forever chained the inconsolable goddess to its ruins. And to this day, the waves of the harsh Baltic Sea carry fragments of the castle onto the coastal sand – large pieces of amber, and Jurate’s tears – small transparent ambers. Legends about amber and guesses about its origin are based not only on the rich imagination, but also on the subtle observation of ancient people. There is an ancient Greek myth about the young Phaeton, the son of Helios, the powerful sun god. Being young and self-confident, Phaeton wanted to rush across the sky in his father’s solar chariot, but the horses did not obey the inept driver and, deviating from the right direction, came so close to the ground that the chariot caught fire. The phaeton crashed into Eridanus and died. His sisters, the beautiful heliades, who mourned their brother on the banks of the river, were turned by the gods into poplars, and their tears into amber. This myth conveys a guess about the plant origin of the beautiful Baltic gem – amber. However, for a long time it remained just a guess. Scientists could not agree and come to unanimity on this issue. According to some, amber was a certain substance that is formed in silt under the influence of sunlight, while others believed that it was the result of special chemical processes occurring in whale amber. Although Tacitus already made the following assumption in the 1st century AD: “Amber, as can easily be seen, is nothing more than the juice of plants, since animals and insects are sometimes found in it, enclosed in what was once a liquid juice.” And Aristotle correctly classified amber as a natural resin. This opinion lasted until the XNUMXth century. But after the discovery of the amber-bearing layer of “blue earth”, scientists of that time came to the conclusion that amber is a fossil substance, and it is born in the bowels of the earth. Even the plants and insects encased in amber could not shake this gaze in them. Only a hundred years later, the brilliant Russian scientist M.V. Lomonosov, in his scientific work “On the Layers of the Earth,” brought back to life the only correct understanding of the origin of amber and gave its correct definition: “Let’s look at the place where amber is found and what it does. The Prussian shores especially show that they catch it with nets in shallow places, after strong winds. Waves and winds from the depths of the seabed do not raise anything that is buried in the water. And so closer to his birth one must look for him, so that the waves of the sea rinse from the shores and from the shoals, where their action can reach. In Italy, amber occurs in places where rock oil is obtained. But this, as shown above, comes from turf and coal, and these lie with denuded forests. All this shows that amber is a product of the plant kingdom. Whoever does not accept such clear evidence, let him listen to what the worms and other reptiles included in the amber say.” Thus, it turns out that we received most of the truthful information from amber itself, in which for thousands of years not only stunning collections of trees that were once “amber forests” have been stored, but also the entire variety of plants that grew under their canopy. Amber also contains the richest collections of insects and small animals. Many people mistakenly call amber the very resin of coniferous trees, the ancestors of amber. Meanwhile, amber in the form in which it is mined from the bowels of the earth is no longer the original resin that flowed out from under the bark of an amber-bearing pine, but succinite, a product of resin that turned into a golden stone under the influence of the forces of nature, the environment, which the resin ended up being buried more than forty million years ago. The bulk of the world’s amber developments are located on the territory of the Russian Federation. The Kaliningrad land stores in its depths deposits of amber, which make up more than 90 percent of the world’s proven reserves. In the village of Yantarny, at this unique deposit, the world’s largest enterprise engaged in the extraction and processing of amber operates. Amber is mined by open-pit mining. To open the rock, special equipment is used: hydraulic monitors and dredgers. The hydraulic monitor, releasing a powerful stream of water, erodes the layer of waste rock, and then dredgers transport the resulting mixture of waste rock and water—the pulp—through a pipeline into the sea. When the amber-bearing layer—the “blue earth”—is opened, a multi-bucket excavator is put to work. He uses a ladle to grab the amber-bearing rock and feed it to a conveyor, from where the “blue earth” goes to the processing plant. The next step: to separate the amber from the ground. Special separators are designed for this. This is how the amber is thoroughly washed. More thorough cleaning of amber pieces takes place in barrels of water using coarse sand. Next, the amber must be dried – for this it is placed in calorific furnaces. The last stage is sorting, carried out using a special device – a vibrating screen, where amber is placed on vibrating horizontal sieves with holes of different diameters. From here, taking into account the size and quality, the amber will be sent to various workshops: jewelry, pressing, paint and varnish. Production of amber products Amber products produced in the Kaliningrad region are known throughout the world; This glory comes primarily from jewelry created by the inspiration of artists and the skill of those who bring their ideas to life. According to the methods of processing amber and the purpose of the products, they can be divided into four groups: stone-cut, the design of which includes metal (beads, bracelets, mouthpieces); jewelry (brooches, earrings, necklaces, pendants, cufflinks, tie clips, rings), in which amber is combined with metal; small plastic products and souvenirs; single items (boxes, vases, caskets, writing instruments). Each piece of amber is unique. Each carries a riddle, a secret, an indescribable play of light, a slight haze, spider-like cracks, depressions; The scale of its color range is very rich. There is amber that is almost colorless. From this, at the end of the 17th century, magnifying glasses and glasses for glasses began to be cast. Emperor Nero once compared his wife’s hair to the golden-yellow color of amber, and since then this color has become a great honor among noble Roman women. Red and cherry-colored amber (“dragon’s blood”) was highly valued in China and Japan. There they made jewelry, amulets, and rosaries from it. In the Amberhall online store you can buy jewelry made from amber, in each of which the craftsmen have achieved a unique sound for the stone, even in mass production – amber in its natural form is combined in a special way with a variety of decorative materials – metals, stones, leather. It has created its own direction for the development of Baltic gems, with its own traditions and its own creative style. New amber processing technologies Innovations are also emerging in amber processing technology. Thus, to improve the decorative qualities of pieces of amber, the heating method was developed. Heated amber can be recognized by its color – thick honey, rich, as well as by the umbrella sparks shimmering in the depths of the stone. Such sparkling noble amber looks great in a gold frame, so you can often find it in gold items. The most fastidious beauty would not refuse to wear a ring with mysteriously shimmering amber. Rings made of amber in combination with silver are also elegant. They will look great paired with earrings and pendants made of amber in silver, giving every woman’s face a warm matte shade – the reflection of this radiant gem seems to be reflected in the eyes, making them deep and pure. One of the most ancient jewelry is amber beads. The collection of our store includes several hundred different types of beads and bracelets, which you can choose as a set or separately. Beads can be selected by length: long, medium, short threads; by type and size of beads: round, diamond-shaped, square, five- and hexagonal. There are countless variations. There is also a special method of processing amber for beads and bracelets – rolling small ambers in specialized drums, where only the top layer is carefully removed from them, due to which the natural shape of the stones is slightly rounded, but still remains naturally wild, devoid of obsessive geometry. Beads, necklaces and bracelets made from such amber attract attention with their naturalness and will appeal to the most discerning fans of the solar gem. In the process of producing amber jewelry, there is a constant search for new design and technological solutions, and more and more new models of amber products are produced. The masters of the Baltic sunstone are constantly preparing their new works for fans and connoisseurs of amber. Sunstone attracts success and luck. But what kind of miracle is this? Feldspars are called sunstone; they are inexpensive and often of ornamental quality. They are framed with inexpensive metal, costume jewelry is made, and less often expensive jewelry is made using precious metals. Also included in the solar family are amber and citrine. They are not related either by chemical formula or physical properties. They are united only by sunshine and mystical warmth, sparkling from within.

Legends about the appearance of amber on Earth

People have known about amber since ancient times, but they could not explain its origin. The stone looks like a sundrop. The ancients believed that this was a tear. Different nations have their own legends about the origin of amber, but each of them has a key point: amber is a tear. The ancient Greeks talked about Phaeton, the son of the sun god Helios. One day, a reckless young man wanted to prove to everyone that he was the son of Helios. He stole his father’s sun chariot and set off on it. The horses – the sun’s rays – were so strong and obstinate that they took the chariot in a different direction. Phaeton could not cope with such force. There were fires on Earth, rivers dried up. Gaia – the goddess of the Earth – turned to Zeus for help, she begged him to save the Earth. Zeus was angry, killed the obnoxious youth and threw his body into the Eridanus River, and turned his mother and sisters into tall pine trees growing along the banks of the river. Even in the form of trees, Phaeton’s relatives continued to grieve and mourn for him, shedding hot tears of loss into the cold waters of the river. This is how the stone of the Sun, amber, was born. Large reserves of amber are concentrated on the shores of the Baltic countries. These peoples also have their own legend of his appearance on Earth. In ancient times, there lived a fisherman who often cast nets into the Baltic Sea. One day, the sea goddess Jurate herself got caught in his net. At first she was angry, and then she fell in love with the young fisherman. But their love was short-lived; the fisherman reciprocated the beautiful goddess. The sea king, having learned that his daughter Jurate fell in love with a simple unworthy mortal, became angry and killed the fisherman. And Jurate was forever imprisoned on the seabed. To this day she cries for her fisherman Kastitis, and a sea storm carries her amber tears to the shores of the Baltic. But these were sad legends. And amber is a sun stone that brings good luck. There is another belief about amber. In ancient times, even before the appearance of life on Earth, the sun was able to illuminate its entire surface. But the sky could not withstand such heat; it dropped the bright sun. Sea waves cooled the rays and split them into thousands of fragments. This is how amber appeared in sea waters, which was carried ashore by waves for many centuries.

Magical and healing properties

A stone of youth, fun and a powerful charge of positivity. The mineral bestows all these properties on its owner. Magicians rarely use amber in their rituals. This stone does not like magical effects. It itself is a source of heat and light and does not require additional manipulation. It is often called the “tear of eternity”, this is no coincidence. The stone is able to prolong youth and give a blooming appearance to the skin. And if fate has prepared grief for the owner of the stone, then amber helps him cope and not lose himself in difficult times. A drop of the sun, precious resin reveals its power better in gold, attracting sunlight several times stronger. Silver is not contraindicated for amber, a sun stone, but it dulls the energy oozing from it. Despite the fact that this is often an affordable craft material, it is a real value in the Middle Kingdom. Previously, only the emperor could wear amber. It was believed that this was the frozen blood of a dragon, which bestows strength and courage only on the true ruler. Amber also has some healing properties. During teething, babies experience sleep disturbances and general anxiety. The solar gem can relieve pain and calm the baby. Excellent for helping children with diseases of the ears, throat and eyes. Petrified resin is a real helper for those who want to lose weight. In recent years, more and more people are overweight. Sunstone normalizes metabolism and accelerates fat burning. Osteochondrosis is a disease that is getting younger every year. Previously, it affected people aged forty and older, but now even thirty-year-olds are affected. Amber fights disease, and is especially good for osteochondrosis of the cervical and thoracic spine. The stone treats diseases of both the lungs and respiratory tract. It can protect smokers from lung cancer, especially if you smoke cigarettes through a mouthpiece made of amber. Astrologers advise representatives of all zodiac signs to wear a sunstone, with the exception of Taurus. Only stubborn Taurus does not succumb to the solar magic of amber; sometimes the stone worsens the well-being of this zodiac sign.

Citrine – solar shard

Solar stones are represented not only by frozen drops of resin from ancient trees. But citrine also belongs to the minerals that harbor sunlight. In terms of its composition, citrine belongs to quartz. For a long time there was no name for this magical mineral. It was only in the 18th century that lemon-yellow quartz received the name citrine, which is translated from Latin as “lemon yellow.” Rarely found in nature, now you can increasingly find citrine artificially created in the laboratory. Whether it has magical and healing properties to the same extent as natural remains a mystery. Citrine is a talisman for speakers and public figures, actors, singers. Those who must hold the attention of the crowd for a long time, absorb thousands of gazes. It perfectly protects against the evil eye and reveals the oratorical abilities of the owner. Citrine is the mineral of doctors and healers. It is believed that it reveals the secret knowledge of medicine and indicates the path to curing the diseases of other people and patients. And the gentle sunshine helps to cope even in the most difficult situation and find a solution at the right time. Solar quartz will also be an excellent assistant in financial matters. This is the gem of bankers and businessmen; the stone reveals its financial capabilities especially well when placed in a ring worn on the little finger. Astrologers believe that citrine is the talisman of Gemini and Aquarius. The mineral will not harm other signs of the zodiac circle, but it will become a real guardian and amulet for air representatives. The golden mineral is able to heal diseases of the musculoskeletal system. But jewelry must be chosen so that the pebble comes into contact with the patient’s skin. It is better if these are beads or a bracelet so that the contact area is larger. Citrine also treats dental diseases and fights yellow teeth. Gold quartz can normalize blood pressure. A ring placed on the ring finger can cure headaches. Traditional healers still believe that citrine can normalize calcium metabolism in the body and relieve magnesium deficiency. For diabetes, golden quartz helps control blood sugar surges. It treats diseases of the liver and pancreas. Citrine will be an excellent amulet for a child. But the mother must put it on her child. It is believed that the Sun stone is able to absorb strong maternal love and be a protector for the child for life. You don’t even have to carry it with you all the time. But if there is such a talisman decoration, then it will always protect its owner. The ancestral decoration, passed on from generation to generation, will be a strong talisman for the whole family. But citrine is a semi-precious stone; family heirlooms are rarely encrusted with it. Magicians prefer to see citrine in gold rather than framed by other metals. Only gold can activate the power of foresight in golden quartz. If you wear jewelry with a gold stone at night, you can see a prophetic dream. Such a dream can be seen not only by a practicing magician, but also by an ordinary person who is the owner of the jewelry. You can get rid of headaches by applying the mineral to your temples or forehead for a few minutes. The stone perfectly develops intuition.

Other Sun Stones

Sometimes, in addition to amber and citrine, the sun stone is called aventurine. Sunstone, or “golden sand,” is the stone of adventurers. It is believed that it is able to indicate to its owner the location of gold in nature and hidden treasure. Adularia is called a moonstone, and its relative selenite is called a sunstone, although in terms of magical properties and in astrology, selenite is closer to the Moon.

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