Therapeutic properties

How do Yakut diamonds differ from ordinary ones?

What are Yakut diamonds? Many people ask: “Yakut diamonds – what are they?” In the popular consciousness, the term means quality, but what kind of diamonds actually are these? Let’s find out!
The history of Yakut stones begins in 1454, it was then that the first diamond was cut and used as decoration. And in 1866, the first diamond was found on the African continent. In 1883, De Beers was created, which would become the most popular company in the rough and polished diamond market. By 1902, the company already controlled 95% of the world diamond mining market. And now to the Yakut diamonds themselves – in 1949 the first diamond was found on the territory of Yakutia and in 1954 the first diamond pipe “Zarnitsa” was opened in the USSR.
What is unique about Yakut stones? Yakut diamonds differ from, for example, African diamonds in exactly the same way that gold mined in Yakutia differs from gold mined in Africa – only in the geographical location of the deposit. Gold is graded by its fineness, and diamonds by color, clarity, quality of cut, and neither the GIA system nor the Russian GOST has a “place of origin” criterion. The origin of cut colorless diamonds cannot be determined by any existing method. What is the fundamental difference between the “Russian cut” and why are such Yakut diamonds 10% more expensive? On the world market, cut quality is determined according to the 4C’s system proposed by the GIA (Gemological Institute of America), and for stones with proportions close to “ideal” (i.e., those where the maximum light entering the diamond comes out back, which ensures it maximum game). This cut is designated Excellent. It doesn’t matter where, when or by whom the stone was cut. If, as a result of certification, the cut is determined to be Excellent, this does not mean that it was necessarily cut in Russia. Yakut diamonds are more expensive, since in order to obtain ideal proportions, diamond losses increase, and this leads to an increase in cost! The richest deposits, the high quality of Yakut diamonds and the work of many specialists have made Russian companies leaders in diamond mining. More than 60% of mined minerals go to elite jewelry stores in Europe and America. Cartier, Tiffany and Chopard – the jewelry presented in these boutiques will be made with diamonds from Yakutia. The largest stones of Yakutia are sorted exclusively by hand. Armed with microscopes and magnifying glasses, experts evaluate the shape, quality and purity of minerals. Every hour, dozens or even hundreds of large and smaller diamonds pass through the hands of sorters, each of which is looked at three times. The world leader in diamond mining in carats is the Russian company ALROSA. Thus, in 2013, the enterprises of the ALROSA group produced about 37 million carats of diamonds! The company produces 97% of all diamonds in Russia and about 30% (that is, a third) of the world’s reserves. At the same time, 95% of the total volume (by value) is made up of gem-quality stones. Diamond cutting in Russia is one of the lowest-profit manufacturing industries, with profits not exceeding 5%. Russia occupies 4% of the world cutting market, and more than 60% of all diamonds produced in the world are cut in India. In Russia, high-quality diamonds larger than 0,5 carats are mainly processed. It is possible to make diamonds of any cut from Yakut diamonds. This is a long process of polishing the stone, after which its best properties – its shine and color – appear in all their glory. In addition to the most common round cut, there are many other shapes: oval, pear (drop), marquise, princess and others. The main requirement for such cuts is maximum reflection of light rays and the bright shine of the stone. Therefore, even inexpensive diamond jewelry looks flawless. The jewelry workshop of the Orthodox Gifts store produces jewelry with diamonds of any complexity.

Buyers often ask: “What kind of diamonds do you have? Yakut?

In the mass consciousness they mean quality, but what is a Yakut diamond? Let’s try to figure it out.
Its history goes back to 1454, it was then that the first diamond was cut and used as decoration. For centuries, until the beginning of the 18th century, the main source of diamonds was India, which gave way to Brazil, which became the world center for the extraction of these stones. But perhaps the most significant event was the discovery in 1866 of the first diamond on the African continent. And a little later, in 1883, the De Beers company was created, the history of which is inextricably linked with the formation of the rough and polished diamond market. By 1902, the company controlled 95% of the world diamond mining market! In 1946, De Beers launched an advertising campaign with the slogan “Diamonds are forever,” which not only increased sales, but also moved gems into the “affordable luxury” category, making them a traditional engagement gift and other significant events. Let’s return to Russia: documented cases of diamond discovery date back to the 1930th century, but full-fledged geological exploration work began only in the late XNUMXs. In 1949, the first diamond was found on the territory of Yakutia and in 1954 the first diamond pipe “Zarnitsa” was opened on the territory of the USSR. Despite the harsh climatic conditions of Siberia, new kimberlite pipes were discovered and developed, including Mir, International, Udachnaya, etc., infrastructure was built, enterprises and entire cities grew. The volume of diamond production in the 50s of the last century did not exceed 30 carats per year, but at least 000% had a weight of more than 30 carats and a quality that allowed them to be used in jewelry. At the same time, the volume of the domestic diamond market was zero. There are no reliable data on the volume of diamond exports from the USSR in the 50s in open sources, but we can say with confidence that almost all of them were exported and bought by companies affiliated with De Beers. On the one hand, the development of mining and the creation of cutting production could bring the USSR as a serious player in the world diamond market, on the other hand, the structure of costs for the creation of industrial infrastructure in the conditions of Siberia ensured negative profitability of the Soviet diamond miracle. The unprofitability of production in Yakutia made it impossible to compete with De Beers on the world market. In 1960, an agreement was signed between the USSR and De Beers, which excluded the possibility of the USSR independently entering the world market and obligated De Beers to buy all diamonds produced in the USSR for export. The enormous costs of the diamond industry could only be offset by intensive production rates, and they grew, but the world market could not absorb such volumes of raw materials. In 1963, cutting production began in Smolensk, which later became part of the developed Crystal cutting system with branches in Gomel, Kyiv, Barnaul, Vinnitsa, Yerevan, Chita, Shakhrisabz. Thanks to the development of cutting production, the USSR begins “multi-channel export”. From the 60s of the last century until the collapse of the USSR, the cutting industry developed steadily. Strict cutting standards were developed, resulting in the resulting gemstones with ideal proportions, which is why the term “Russian cut” arose on the world market. What is the fundamental difference between the “Russian cut” and why such diamonds are “sold at a premium (i.e. more expensive) 10%” On the world market, the quality of cut is determined according to the 4C’s system proposed by GIA (Gemological Institute of America), and for stones with proportions close to “ideal” (i.e. e. with those when the maximum of light entering the diamond comes out back, which ensures its maximum play). This cut is designated Excellent. In fact, it does not matter where, when and by whom the stone is cut. If, as a result of certification, the cut is determined to be Excellent, this does not mean that it was necessarily cut in the USSR or Russia. They cost more, since in order to obtain ideal proportions, the loss of the starting material (diamond) increases, which leads to an increase in cost! And if all over the world cutters are trying to find the ideal balance between cost (losses) and cutting quality (price of the diamond), then in Soviet times the task was somewhat different. Now a few facts 1. Diamond production in the Russian Federation in 2014 by ALROSA amounted to 36 carats, the volume of exports from the Russian Federation in 212 was 000 carats (sources: ALROSA official website, data from the Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation), that is, they exported more than they produced (volume of rough and polished diamond reserves on the Ministry of Finance website). Russia’s share in the global diamond market is about 30%.
2. Diamond cutting in Russia is one of the least profitable manufacturing industries, the profit does not exceed 5%. 3. Russia occupies 4% of the world cutting market, and more than 60% of all diamonds produced in the world are cut in India. 4. Russian cutters specialize in a certain group of precious stones. Unable to compete with India in cutting costs, they shifted towards processing large goods with rising costs. 5. Russia mainly processes high-quality diamonds larger than 0,5 carats. 6. The sales volume of the Smolensk plant “Kristall” on the domestic market is about 3% (source Rough&Polished), and 97% of production is exported. Thus, the following can be stated:

    The quality of the cut is determined by an international laboratory according to the standards proposed by the GIA. Regardless of where the diamond was cut, if the quality of its cut, polishing and symmetry is determined to be Excellent, then it falls within the logic of the definition of “Russian cut”.

Around the world, the best gemstones are designated Triple Excellent (3EX or EX EX EX). That is, if you want to purchase the “perfect” diamond, look for one with a GIA certificate and 3EX cut specifications. This will be a stone with a “Russian cut”; That is, from a practical point of view, “Yakut Diamonds” and “Russian Cut” are Russian brands that are wisely used by companies to increase their own sales, which is generally not bad. You can read more about the main parameters of a gemstone in the “About Diamonds” section. Now you can return to the main page of the site or select jewelry in the “Rings”, “Earrings” or “Pendants” sections.

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